• Title, Summary, Keyword: Smoking Cessation program

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Effects of the Smoking Cessation Self-efficacy Improvement Program on Smoking Patients after Acute Coronary Syndrome (금연 자기효능감 증진 프로그램이 흡연 급성관상동맥증후군 환자에게 미치는 효과)

  • Yun, Kyung Soon;Cho, Sook Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the program to improve on smoking patients' after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy, carbone monoxide (CO), nicotine dependence, and pain sense. Methods: This study used a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants of this study were 60 ACS patients: experimental group (30), control group (30), who received percutaneous coronary intervention. The study lasted from Aug 16, 2016 to Jan 13, 2017. Smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy, CO, nicotine dependence, and pain sense were measured using the structured questionnaires and CO monitor Results: An examination of the effects of this program revealed the experimental group to have a significant increase in smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy than the control group, and a significant decrease in CO, nicotine dependence and pain sense than in the control group. Conclusion: The findings indicate that this smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program is effective for hospitalized patients after ACS.

A Study on Health-related Quality of Life, Smoking Knowledge, Smoking Attitude, and Smoking Cessation Intention in Male Smokers (직장 흡연남성의 건강관련 삶의 질, 흡연지식, 흡연태도 및 금연의도간의 관계연구)

  • Kim Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.344-352
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the relationship among health-related quality of life, smoking knowledge, smoking attitude, and smoking cessation intention in male smokers. Method: The subjects were 259 male smokers in J city. The data was collected using structured questionnaires from Nov. to Dec. of 2003. The data was analyzed by the SPSS (ver. 10.0)computer program, and it included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and Stepwise Multiple Regression. Result: The smoking cessation intention had a significant positive correlation among health-related quality of life (r=.159), smoking knowledge (r=.161), and smoking attitude (r=.127). These variables account for $26.8\%$ of smoking cessation intention. Conclusion: These results suggested that the smoking cessation program to enhance the health-related quality of life, smoking knowledge, and smoking cessation intention and to increase a negative influence on smoking attitude need to be developed. Therefore, these findings give useful information for constructing a smoking cessation program in male smokers.

Using Focus Group Interview to Explore the Effectiveness of Adolescent Smoking Cessation Program with Music Therapy (음악중재 청소년 금연교실 파일럿 연구: 포커스 그룹 인터뷰)

  • HwangMyung, Hee-Song
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.131-139
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: This pilot study was designed to examine whether the adolescent smoking cessation program with harmonica therapy was effective or not. It was qualitatively explored perceived smoking consequences, cessation and relapse experience, specific harmonica help to overcome smoking urge, preference of harmonica toward cessation, and harmonica intervention planning to quit. Methods: The treatment program was conducted 30-minute, 6-session, and once a week basis. Qualitative data using Focus Group Interview were collected at the completion of the program with 6 participants, and analyzed by Krueger's systematic process. Results: Participants were smoking daily and consumed 3-10 cigarettes. They recognized undesirable smoking consequences in terms of cost, interpersonal relationship, and health that might lead to cessation attempts in the past. Participants who did not want to quit smoking at the program beginning changed their attitude to quit after exploring partial cessation efforts with the help of harmonica therapy. They believe harmonica's consistent help of quitting and leading to success. Conclusion: Adolescent attitudinal change toward smoking cessation has promising insight of motivation enhancement through harmonica therapy that was a major barrier to successful quit.

Effectiveness Evaluation of Peer Education Program on Smoking Prevention and Cessation for Elementary School Students (아동 금연 도우미 교육프로그램 개발 및 효과평가)

  • Kim, Young-Bok;Kim, Shin-Woel;Shin, Jun-Ho
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.15-28
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    • 2004
  • Objectives: This study was performed to examined the effectiveness evaluation of peer education program on smoking prevention and cessation for elementary school students. Methods: Data were collected from 60 students in a rural area through self-administrated questionnaires. Child-leaders participated the peer education program to assist their friend, parent, and adult in community to quit the smoking for 4 weeks. Results and Conclusions: Major conclusions were as follows : 1. The peer education program on smoking prevention and cessation for elementary school students was reinforce to increasing the tobacco knowledge and the cessation skill, learning the communication skill, and improving the empowerment. 2. Image of tobacco, intention of smoking in future, recommendation for smoking cessation, pro of smoking. con of smoking, and level of assert in post-test were higher than those in pre-test. 3. There were significant differences in image of tobacco, con of smoking, and level of assert by grade between the pre-test and the post-test of peer education program. But intention of smoking in future, recommendation for smoking cessation, and pro of smoking were not related to effectiveness of peer education program. 4. Child-leaders for smoking prevention and cessation performed the their task to 1.4 persons per student. 5. Participating students were satisfied with the contents of program, the usefulness of educational materials, and preference of parents, but they were not satisfied with the usefulness of task note, learning time, and lecture room.

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The National "Smoking Cessation Clinics" Program in the Republic of Korea: Socioeconomic Status and Age Matter

  • Kim, Hyoshin;Oh, Jin-Kyoung;Lim, Min Kyung;Jeong, Bo Yoon;Yun, E Hwa;Park, Eun Young
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6919-6924
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    • 2013
  • Background: Between 1998-2009 South Korea experienced significant progress in reducing the male smoking rate from 66.3% to 46.9%. As part of a significant government effort in the area of smoking cessation intervention, the Korean government implemented the national "Smoking Cessation Clinics (SCC)" program in 2004. Materials and Methods: Data covered 804,334 adult male smokers participating in SCC program at 253 public health centers between 2006-2009. We examined participant cessation rates with the SCC program, their characteristics and program intervention components using health insurance status as a socioeconomic status (SES) indicator. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed correcting for intra-class correlations within public health centers. Results: The overall 6-month quit rate was high (46.8%). Higher odds of smoking cessation were positively associated with higher levels of behavioral counseling sessions, but not nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). Cessation rates were lower for Medicaid participants than for regular health insurance participants. Disadvantaged younger smokers were less likely to participate in the program. Older smokers were more likely to quit regardless of SES. Stress was cited as major reason for failure. Conclusions: SES inequalities across different age groups exist in smoking cessation among Korean adult male smokers. There is a need for intervention programs specifically targeting sub-populations of SES by different age groups.

Long-term Effect of Campus Smoking Cessation Program for College Students (대학생을 위한 캠퍼스 금연교육 프로그램의 장기 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Eunhye
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.442-451
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to investigate the long-term smoking effect of college students who participated in the campus smoking cessation education program and succeeded in quitting. The participants were 30 of the successful smokers who quit smoking after participating in a 36-week and 2nd data from the resulf of the campus smoking cessation program at a university in Seoul from 2016 to 2018. The smoking cessation education program of a university in Seoul, which is completely prohibited from smoking on campus, consisted of smoking cessation education and counseling, once-weekly urine cotinine test, and cessation scholarships. After successful quitting in this study, 51.22% of the participants had quit smoking for more than 12 months, and 48.78% of the respondents included non-smokers. The biggest success factor in quitting smoking was the willingness to quit smoking, and the biggest failure in quitting smoking was stress. The campus-led smoking cessation education program for college students was found to be an effective program for converting into a long-term non-smoking maintainer by habitually quitting smoking.

The State of College Freshmen's Smoking and the Application of Cessation Programs (대학 신입생의 흡연 실태와 금연 프로그램 운영 방안)

  • Choi, Gui-Yun;Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.301-309
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: Based on the results of a survey on college freshmen's smoking this study examined the application of smoking cessation programs. Methods: The opinions of 89 smokers who were college freshmen were investigated and analyzed using a survey questionnaire. Results: Among the survey respondents, the largest percentage (47.2%) replied 'little satisfied' to the question on the with campus life. Of the participants, 57.3% considered that their health state was bad because of smoking. As to motives for smoking, 'curiosity' was most frequent. Smokers had more smoking friends than nonsmoking ones. The 82% of the smokers had experience in stopping smoking. Among smoking cessation methods, the self overcoming was most frequent(50.6%). During the survey, 28 smokers applied for the cessation program and they favored e-mails for information. E-mails were sent to them once in a week for 6 weeks and short messages were sent to their cell phone in order to encourage them to read the e-mails. Conclusions: To encourage and maintain smoking cessation, it is recommended to have a personalized or small group program. More researches are needed to execute the program and evaluate results. Colleges need to have an innovative approach on smoking prevention and cessation services.

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Effects of a Tailored Smoking Cessation Program in High School Girls (여고생을 대상으로 한 개별화 금연 프로그램의 효과)

  • Song Yeon-Yi;Lee Kang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.11-27
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a tailored program based on the Transtheoretical Model to smoking cessation in high school girls. Methods: A quasi-experimental research design was used in this study. The participants were 35 industrial high school girls who have been smoking. The girls were allocated to an experimental group(18) and a control group(17) by randomization. For intervention, the experimental group received the group smoking cessation program and individual program which tailored according to the stage of change. A common group smoking cessation program was given to the control group. Data were collected before the program, immediately after and 4 weeks after the program was completed and were analyzed with repeated measure ANOVA. Result: In the experimental group, the daily smoking amount, nicotine dependency and decisional balance(Pros) score were significantly decreased and the self-efficacy score were significantly increased at one month after the intervention in comparison with before and immediately after it. The decisional balance(Cons) and processes of change score of the experimental group were significantly increased at immediately after the intervention and one month after it in comparison with before it, and at one month after it in comparison with immediately after it. A significant difference in the daily smoking amount, urine cotinine, nicotine dependency, decisional balance(Pros, Cons) and processes of change score between the both groups was found after one month of intervention. Conclusions: The tailored smoking cessation program was more effective, compared to the common smoking cessation program on smoking behavior, self-efficacy, decisional balance, processes of change. This program can be used for favorable changes in high school girl's smoking behavior.

Effects of Smoking Cessation Programs in Public Health Centers on High School Smokers' Smoking Behavior and Attitude (보건소 금연교육 프로그램이 흡연 고등학생의 흡연행동과 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Cha, Jae-Sool;Park, Chun-Man;Lee, Jong-Ryol
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: Subjects of this study were technical high school students. It researched students' smoking status, smoking attitude, smoking perception and willingness to quit smoking, providing them with a five-day-smoking cessation program. Methods: Data collection proceeded from April to August 2008. The subjects were the whole number, 38 students, of 1EA technical high school located. The subjects who attended the smoking cessation program were the first and second grade students of the high school whom classroom teachers recommended. As to the subject, I comparatively analyzed differences between the before and after instruction, between after instruction and after consecutive consulting, and between before instruction and after consecutive consulting. The five-day-smoking cessation program took 2 successive hours a day for five days. Results: Average age for them to start smoking was 13.6 and to form smoking habits was 15.5. Average smoking period was 31.6 months and average smoking quantity was 11.2 cigarettes. As a result of the five-days smoking cessation program, 10.5% of the participants quit smoking and smoking quantity also significantly reduced. After instruction, willingness to quit smoking was generally higher than before. Smoking attitude, especially toward adolescent smoking, changed to be more negative than before. Perception of smoking also changed to be positive. Conclusions: The results from the comparative analysis of before and after instruction revealed a decrease on smoking quantity of the participants who attended the smoking cessation program. It also showed a significant change on smoking attitude, willingness to quit smoking and smoking perception.

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The Factors Influencing on Success of Quitting Smoking in Rural and Urban Smoking Cessation Clinics (보건소 금연클리닉 이용자의 지역별 금연 성공요인)

  • Lee, Ju-Yul;Song, Tae Min
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.292-302
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    • 2008
  • - Abstract - Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to determine an efficient operation plan for a smoking cessation clinic in public health centers. To do so, the primary success factors in smoking cessation have been analyzed after classifying the smoking cessation programs of public health centers into urban and rural areas. Methods: A study was conducted with 262,837 smokers age 19 or older who were provided with smoking cessation services for more than 6 months through smoking cessation clinics at public health centers(250 clinics nationwide) from July 16, 2006 to July 15, 2007. Results: Urban areas indicated that gender, age, social security, the frequency of counseling, re-enrollment in the program, the number of cigarettes per day and alcohol problems were all factors that influenced the success of smoking cessation. On the other hand, in the rural areas the total number of counseling, re-enrollment in the program, the number of cigarettes per day and alcohol problems were the influential factors. Furthermore, the urban area confirmed that the frequency of counseling, re-enrollment in the program, the number of cigarettes per day and alcohol problems affected traveling while the rural area was affected by social security, the frequency of counseling and re-enrollment. Conclusions: It has been confirmed that the success rate and factors of smoking cessation clinics can vary depending on the region and enrollment method.