• Title, Summary, Keyword: Smoking Cessation program

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The Effect of Self-Efficacy Promotion Smoking Cessation Program on the Amount of Smoking, CO, Urine Cotinine Level and Self-Efficacy for Adolescent Smokers (자기효능증진 금연프로그램이 청소년 흡연자의 흡연량, 호기 일산화탄소, 소변 내 코티닌 수치 및 자기 효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Choe, Eun-Young;Jeong, Seong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of self-efficacy promotion of the smoking cessation program on the amount of smoking, carbon monoxide level, urine cotinine level and the smoking cessation self-efficacy of adolescent smokers. Methods: The subjects composed of 24 for the experimental group and 28 for the control group who were smoking adolescents at the Middle School in G city. The data collection was done from October 13 to November 18, 2010. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. This program was composed on the basis of Shin (1997)'s Self-Efficacy Promoting Program. The self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program was conducted for 2 hours per week, and lasted for 6 weeks on the experimental group. The control group had a general smoking program. Data was analyzed using SPSS/WIN 14.0 program. T-test was used to analyze outcome measures. Results: The amount of smoking, CO level, urine cotinine level, and self efficacy level of the experimental group was significantly improved more than that of the control group after intervention. Conclusion: Therefore, self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program for adolescent smokers can be recommended for smoking cessation of adolescents.

Effects of '5&6 Smoking Cessation Program' on Perception, Behavior, and Physiology of high school smokers (5&6 금연프로그램이 흡연 고교생의 인지적, 행위적, 생리적 특성에 미치는 효과)

  • Lim, Eun-Sun;Lee, Chung-Yul;Lee, Young-Ja;Kim, Jung-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.115-130
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The Purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the '5&6 smoking cessation program - six classes in five weeks' on the high school students' perception and smoking behavior. Methods: The data collection was done from November to December, 2006. This study was designed using nonequivalent control group pretest - posttest. Experimental group had 24 students, control group had 41 students. The '5&6 smoking cessation program' was applied to the experimental group for two hours per session during five weeks. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics, X2-test, Fisher's exact test, Independent-samples t-test, Paired t-test, Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Results: The experimental group showed significant increase on smoking self-efficacy, stage of smoking cessation behavior change and significant decrease on daily smoking amount, dependancy of nicotine, urine cotinine level than control group. But the experimental group was not significantly changed at self-awareness, Pros. for smoking and Cons. for smoking. Conclusion: In conclusion, the results of this study showed that the 5&6 smoking cessation program, which focuses on self-awareness, is effective in adolescent's smoking cessation behaviors.

An Analysis of the Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Intention of Smoking Adolesoents (흡연 청소년의 금연의향에 미치는 요인분석)

  • Lim, Eun-Sun;Yoo, Jang-Hak
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.253-262
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was done to evaluate the predictive factors of smoking cessation intention of smoking adolescents at H. district in Chungchungnam-do. Method: A convenience sample was recruited from a public health center at H. district in Chungchungnam-do. A total of 100 smoking adolescents were enrolled in this study. A self-report survey method was used to identify the predictive factors related to smoking cessation. Result: A forward stepwise logistic regression analysis identified four factors associated with smoking cessation intention of smoking adolescents: accompanied friends during the smoking cessation program (OR=20.14), preparation for smoking cessation (OR=5.12), smoking cessation knowledge after the smoking cessation program (OR=1.41), and the number of cigarettes (OR=0.15). Conclusion: Based on this study results, the effective programs in reducing adolescent smoking rates should include components to accompany peers, increase the knowledge of smoking impact, and the benefit of smoking cessation.

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The Effects of a Group Smoking Cessation Program among Adult Smokers in a Rural Community (농촌지역 성인흡연자의 집단금연프로그램 효과)

  • Seo, Nam-Sook;Kim, Young-Hee;Kang, Hae-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.1139-1148
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a community-based group smoking cessation program among adult smokers in a rural community. Method: The study design was quasi-experimental with a pre and posttest. A total of 55 adult smokers participated in the study. They were evaluated 1, 3, and 6 months after the program to identify the long-term effectiveness of the program. The program consisted of a total of 5 sessions provided twice a week. To test the effectiveness of the program, urine creatinine, expired air carbon monoxide, nicotine dependence, and smoking-related knowledge were used as dependent variables. Data was analyzed with the SPSS 10.0 program with a t-test, paired t-test, and Scheffe test. Result: Urine creatinine, expired air carbon monoxide, and nicotine dependence were significantly decreased after the program. Also, the rates of continuous abstinence were 81.8% at posttest, 65.5% at 1 month, 54.5% at 3 months, and 54.5% at 6 months follow-up. Conclusion: This community-based group smoking cessation program implemented by a nurse and smoking cessation counselors was effective for quitting smoking and decreasing urine creatinine and nicotine dependence. Therefore, this smoking cessation program could be recommended to induce smoking cessation as health promotion management in the rural community.

Impact of Five-day Smoking Cessation Program Physiological Parameters and Psychological Factors by Correctional Youth Smoking (5일 금연 프로그램이 생리적 지표 및 심리적 요인에 미치는 영향 -교화 흡연청소년 대상으로-)

  • Cho, Hyun-A;Han, Sang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: This study focuses on the effectiveness of a five-day target youth smoking cessation program in terms of smoking behavior, psychological characteristics, physiological changes, and 1-month maintenance of non-smoking. Methods: The participants in this one-group pre-posttest study were 91 youth smokers registered to a smoking cessation school at a hospital in Seoul. Data analyses performed include descriptive statistics, x2-test, paired t-test, and ANOVA. Results: A five-day smoking cessation program significantly decreased expired carbon monoxide level, stress, and depression. In post-intervention urine test, urine cotinine was detected in 14 of 91 participants(15.4%). In a one-month follow-up telephone survey 80.2% responded maintaining non-smoking. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the effect of a five-day smoking cessation program for adolescent smokers.

Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Success during 4-week Smoking Cessation Program for University Students (4주간 금연성공 영향요인에 관한 연구: 금연 프로그램에 참여한 대학생 흡연자 중심으로)

  • Koo, Sang Mee;Kang, Jeong Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Smoking cessation interventions are important because university students are vulnerable to smoking and good health practices during their university lives greatly affects their health status. The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting smoking cessation success among the university students who participated in the 4-week smoking cessation program. Methods: This study was conducted with 101 university student smokers. To identify the factors affecting the success of smoking cessation, a logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: In Model 1, without the smoking cessation aids variable, when the frequency of face-to-face counseling was greater, the success rate of smoking cessation was 1.70 times higher. In Model 2, including the smoking cessation aids variable, when the nicotine dependence score was higher, the success rate of smoking cessation was 0.72 times lower, and when the number of smoking cessation aids used was greater, the success rate of smoking cessation was 1.40 times higher. Conclusion: Smoking cessation aids are essential to increase the success of short-term smoking cessation, and face-to-face counseling and telephone counseling should be provided continuously to maintain long-term smoking cessation.

A study of College Students smoking behavior and smoking related characteristics in one region (일지역 대학생들의 흡연행태와 흡연관련 특성)

  • Kim, Sung-Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.59-76
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This study Development of a healthy college life, and effective for smoking cessation programs for education is to utilize as a basis for. Methods: The study employs frequency analysis, cross-analysis and correlation analysis through SPSS Win 17.0 on 296 (84.6% of total participants) from the entire participants of 350. The significance test is delivered with ${\chi}^2$-test. Results: 1) The participants consist of 47.7% (147) males and 52.3% (161) females. 78.2% (241) has experience of smoking cessation program at high school. 61.7% (190) has parents who are smoking. 40.9% (126) answers that they are currently smoking while 59.1% (182) answers that they are not. 2) When asked about their perception on quitting smoking, 81.2% (250) says that non-smokers are distressed by others' smoking. 74.0% (228) has unpleasant experience with cigarette smoke. 3) The analysis of the relation between smoking cessation program at high school and smoking shows that 63.8% of the ones who have experience of the program are non-smokers while 68.7% of those with no experience of the program are smokers. 4) Among those who have tried to quit smoking, 73.9% have experience of smoking cessation program at high school. 31.8% of these participants also reveal their interest in the cessation program. 5) In the analysis of the correlation between smoking habits, the experience of smoking cessation program at high school is closely related to non-smoking while current smoking habit is highly related to the strong interest in participation of cessation program. Also, the more interest they have in participating, the stronger needs they feel for smoking prevention program at college. Conclusion: Therefore, the last phase of education-related courses at the University of educated and credits granted through open non-smoking pledge, non-smoking club, non-smoking camps, training programs, such as smoking in non-smoking education and programs for students interested in openness and participation must be done will.

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Effects of Smoking Cessation Program applying Aromatherapy Massage on Smoking Cessation in Female College Students (아로마테라피 마사지를 적용한 금연프로그램이 여대생의 금연에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Kyung-Min;Kwon, Young-Soak;Lee, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.608-616
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of smoking cessation program applying aromatherapy massage on female college students' quitting of smoking. Methods: Forty-eight female college students were assigned to a smoking cessation program applying aromatherapy massage or a control group. The treatment group was taught to conduct a self hand massage with aroma essence oil. Lavender extra, Camomile roman and Bergamotte aroma essence oil were used for massage. The results of this study showed that the smoking cessation program applying aromatherapy massage resulted in significant effects on the number of cigarettes smoked per day, anxiety, smoking cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Conclusions: The findings presented above suggest that the smoking cessation program applying aromatherapy massage may be an effective intervention for female college students attempting to quit smoking to alleviate smoking-related anxiety and to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked, smoking cravings and withdrawal symptoms.

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Development of Smoking Cessation Education Program for University Students Majoring in Health Sciences (보건학 전공 대학생 대상 금연교육 프로그램 개발)

  • Jeon, Sangnam;Song, Hyunjong
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.79-93
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to develop a smoking cessation education program and to provide basic data for evaluating program for university students majoring in health sciences. Methods: The education program was developed based on the instructional system design model(ADDIE), that was based on literature review, brainstorming, and interviews of related experts. Education program was implemented for 2 sessions of 3 hours to the 82 university students majoring in health science. Knowledge, competency, and self-efficacy for performance of smoking cessation were analyzed. One group pre- & post-test design was used for evaluation of this program. Results: In the analysis stage, a total of 5 duties, 16 tasks, and 55 task elements were derived. In the design and development stage, based on job analysis, education program contents were composed of understanding tobacco, planning and implementation of smoking cessation program, smoking cessation counseling and drug treatment. After this education program, students achieved remarkable improvement in increasing knowledge, competency, and self-efficacy for smoking cessation counselling and program. Conclusions: It is needed to be included the smoking cessation education in department related to health science regular course.

Effects of a Strength Based I-Change Smoking Cessation Program for Smoking Middle School Boys (강점기반 I-Change 금연프로그램이 흡연남자중학생의 금연에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Jung Hee;Choi, Yeon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.164-177
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop a strength based I-change smoking cessation program for middle school boys and identified its effects. Methods: The study design was a nonequivalent control group pre-post test design. The participants were 97 middle school students from D city, who were in school from April 6 to September 25, 2015. The experimental group participated in the strength based I-change smoking cessation program, while the comparative group participated in a general smoking cessation program. The control group did not participate in any program. Data analyses involved $x^2$-test, Fishers' exact test, Bonferroni test, and Repeated measures ANOVA, with the IBM SPSS for Windows (version 20.0) program. Results: Compared to the comparison and control groups, the experimental group showed significant improvement in knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, behavior change. Also cotinine in urine and modeling of social influence in the experimental group significantly decreased after the strength based I-change smoking cessation program. Conclusion: These findings indicate that the strength based I-change smoking cessation program is an effective intervention for middle school boys who smoke. The findings suggest that such programs can be used at public health centers or through school health education to decrease smoking in adolescents.