• Title, Summary, Keyword: Smartphone Dependence

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The Effectiveness of the SBIRT Intervention on the High-Risk Group of Students for the Internet-Smartphone Addiction in the Community (지역사회에서 인터넷-스마트폰 중독의 고위험 학생에 대한 SBIRT 개입효과)

  • Oh, Jong-Kil;Yoon, JI-Young;Lee, Cheol-Soon;Choi, Jae-Won;Bhang, Soo-Young;Kweon, Yong-Sil
    • 중독정신의학
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is a good example of community involvement model for substance and behavior addiction. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of the SBIRT model for intervention in schools and local child care centers. Methods : From March to October 2017, we surveyed 3,937 students attending schools in Nowon-gu, who were smartphone users. Among them, 180 students were regarded as a high-risk group for addiction and were enrolled in a short-term group intervention program with the permission of their parents. Results : After a short-term intervention program, a significant decrease in the smartphone dependence scale from 16.72 to 14.93 was observed. Male students showed a significant decrease from 17.53 to 15.12, but female students' scores revealed an insignificant decrease from 15.73 to 14.71. The effect of intervention by the school showed a significant decrease from 16.22 to 14.31 in elementary school students. A significant decrease was also present in middle school students whose scores declined from 18.50 to 15.88. Conclusion : We have demonstrated the efficacy of the SBIRT model in the local community in order to introduce evidence-based intervention program. In the future, it would be necessary to induce the healthy use of smartphones in adolescents by appropriate intervention through continuous policy-making and funding.

An Analysis on the Status and Degree of Recognition for Smart Phone Syndrome of Undergraduate Students (대학생들의 스마트폰 증후군에 대한 인지정도 및 실태 분석)

  • Kim, Tae-Hee;Kang, Moon-Seol
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.941-948
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    • 2014
  • As smart phone became popular, a word smart phone syndrome is also commonly used among us. Its excessive uses cause adverse effects on daily lives such as mental and physical health education and individual relationships. This paper targeted to undergraduate students who are mostly using smart phones to analyze on their perception of smart phone syndrome and a reality of typical syndrome such as digital forgetfulness, smart phone addiction and dependence on Kakaotalk. It also suggested basic countermeasures for preventing smart phone syndrome. The perception on smart phone syndrome of undergraduate students using over the average 5 hours a day was resulted to be very low, and it is analyzed smart phone syndrome including digital forgetfulness, smart phone addiction and dependence on Kakaotalk is quite serious, so that proper countermeasures and the actions are required.

Smartphone Usage Influences the Eating Habits of Middle School Students (서울 일부지역 중학생의 스마트폰 사용정도가 식습관에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Soo-Jin;Kim, Ji-Na;Park, Soo-Jin;Shin, Weon-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.199-211
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    • 2018
  • This study was a correlation study to analyze the effects of smartphone usage time on food choice perceptions and behavior in middle school students in Seoul areas. The subjects to be surveyed were middle school students attending junior high schools in Mapo-gu, Seoul. A total of 133, 102, and 102 students were in the first second, and third grades, respectively. The usage time of smartphones was the weekday and weekend usage time except for the call function. Food choice perception and its behavior as dietary habits were constructed referring to previous research and food balance wheels data for the correct dietary habits of the Ministry of Health & Welfare and Korean Nutrition Society. The food choice behavior was categorized into non-recommended food and recommended food. The results are summarized as follows. First, the longer the time spent on smartphones, the less favorable the perception of correct food choices. Second, the higher the dependence on smartphones, the less favorable the perception of correct food choices. Third, the correct perception of food choices has been shown to reduce food choices, known as non-recommended foods. In addition, proper perception of food choices has been shown to increase the choice of recommended foods. In conclusion, the usage time and reliance of smartphones of middle school students was found to affect the food choice behavior by lowering the perception of correct food choices. This research is expected to form the basis for the development of programs and educational materials that can be of assistance to adolescents who are experiencing difficulties.

Smartphone Usage Experience of College students (대학생들의 스마트폰 사용 경험)

  • Kim, Jungae;Cho, Eui-young
    • The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.187-201
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the smart phone usage experience structure for college students. The phenomenology approach was used by conducting 4 times in-depth interviews with the 7 college students age between 20~23. Collected Data was analyzed by Giorgi's phenomenological method. There were 4 general structure descriptions and 28 themes. General structure descriptions were 'Dependence on smart phone', 'Phenomenon of smart phone usage', 'Results of smart phone usage' and 'Relationship between stress and smart phone'. Themes consisted of 'Ambivalence', 'Positive feelings for smart phones', 'Separation anxiety', 'Negative feelings for smart phones'. 'Dependent feelings for smart phones', 'A sense of unity with smart phones', 'Helpful for my life', 'Deeply involved with my life', 'Useful tool in my life', 'Study, communication, relaxation and health care', 'Maintain personal relationship', 'The most important thing in my life', 'Shallow relationship stress', 'Interference with personal relationship', 'Forming a negative relationship', 'Invasion of privacy', 'Forming a Incorrect relationship', 'Unwanted participation', 'No effort to improve relationship', 'Poor concentration', 'Interference with academic study', 'Study assistance', 'Limited help for study in depth', 'Shelter from the stress', 'Amplification of the stress', 'Obsessive focus', 'Feel separation for the reality' and 'Waste of time'. Smart phone usage make college students dependent on smart phones and had negative influence on both personal relationship and academic results. Usage of smart phone also amplified stress. Therefore we need fundamental principles on usage of smart phone and propose to build cultural etiquette that provides reasonable way to use smartphone.

Assessment of a smartphone-based monitoring system and its application

  • Ahn, Hoyong;Choi, Chuluong;Yu, Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.383-397
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    • 2014
  • Information technology advances are allowing conventional surveillance systems to be combined with mobile communication technologies, creating ubiquitous monitoring systems. This paper proposes monitoring system that uses smart camera technology. We discuss the dependence of interior orientation parameters on calibration target sheets and compare the accuracy of a three-dimensional monitoring system with camera location calculated by space resectioning using a Digital Surface Model (DSM) generated from stereo images. A monitoring housing is designed to protect a camera from various weather conditions and to provide the camera for power generated from solar panel. A smart camera is installed in the monitoring housing. The smart camera is operated and controlled through an Android application. At last the accuracy of a three-dimensional monitoring system is evaluated using a DSM. The proposed system was then tested against a DSM created from ground control points determined by Global Positioning Systems (GPSs) and light detection and ranging data. The standard deviation of the differences between DSMs are less than 0.12 m. Therefore the monitoring system is appropriate for extracting the information of objects' position and deformation as well as monitoring them. Through incorporation of components, such as camera housing, a solar power supply, the smart camera the system can be used as a ubiquitous monitoring system.

Study on Information Ethics Education and Production of Tools in Domestic Early Childhood Education Institutions

  • Ha, Yan;Lee, Jong-Man
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.221-231
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    • 2020
  • Due to the fourth industrial revolution, people are excessively exposed to smart devices regardless of age, and the dependence is increasing rapidly. In the same context, various problems on information ethics have emerged to infant teachers and children. Therefore, there is a need to present guidelines for infants on the correct use of smart devices. This study proposes means to promote information ethics education in infant education based on a survey on future teachers attending Department of Early Childhood Education. Also, it suggests development of various teaching materials. The main significance of the research is to provide a balanced information ethics education and to develop interactive teaching materials. It also calls for infant teachers, as wells as infants, to understand the need for information ethics education and to provide desirable media education for infants.