• Title, Summary, Keyword: Smartphone Dependence

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Smartphone Use Patterns of Smartphone-dependent Children

  • Park, Jeong Hye
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the smartphone use patterns of smartphone-dependent children. Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The data were derived from the 2017 survey on smartphone over-dependence conducted by the Ministry of Science and ICT and the National Information Society Agency. The study sample was 595 elementary school students identified as being smartphone-dependent. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, the independent t-test, the x2 test, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The frequency of smartphone use was the factor strongly associated with more severe smartphone dependence in participants. Games were the most commonly used application type among participants, regardless of their degree of dependence. More severe smartphone dependence was associated with greater use of applications such as learning and television/video. Conclusion: As smartphone dependence becomes more severe, children tend to use their smartphones more frequently and to use applications that involve solitary play for the purposes of entertainment and pleasure. The findings suggest that the parents should attentively monitor their children's smartphone use patterns and provide consistent discipline in a way that ensures appropriate smartphone use.

A exploratory study for Influential factors of smartphone over-dependence in elder and older Group (장·노년층의 스마트폰 과의존 영향요인에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Bae, Sung-Man;Koh, Young-Sam
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.111-121
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    • 2017
  • Smartphone use has become a part of everyday life, not only for adolescents but also for elderly and older people. Thus, this study explored the effect of demographic variables, the amount of smartphone usage, type of smartphone use and psychosocial variables on smartphone dependence of the elder group. We analyzed the data of 5627 (50s and 60s) of the Internet overdependence survey data of the Korea Information Society Agency in 2016. As a result of hierarchical multiple regression analysis, More frequency of smartphone use of weekday and weekend, and usage time of smartphone of weekday were related to greater smartphone dependence. More smartphone use for information seeking and games were associated with greater smartphone dependence. And, as loneliness and anxiety increased, smartphone dependence increased, while smartphone dependence decreased, as social capital increased. Through this study, it is necessary to understand characteristics related to smartphone dependence of elder and older group, and to use this knowledge to solve their smartphone dependence. Future studies also need to identify the causal relationship between predictors of smartphone dependence in elderly and older people.

The Mediating Effects of Ego-Resilience on the Relationship between Elementary School Student's Smartphone Dependence and Attention (초등학생의 스마트폰 의존과 주의집중력의 관계에서 자아탄력성의 매개효과)

  • Cho, Eun-Sook;Hwang, In-Ok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.131-143
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate whether ego-resilience has mediating effects on the relationships between elementary school student's smartphone dependence and attention. This study was conducted on 326 5th grade elementary school students in Gimhae city, and SPSS 24.0 program was used for data analysis. The result of this study was as follows. First, elementary school students' smartphone dependence showed a significant negative correlation with ego-resilience. Second, the elementary school students' smartphone dependence showed a significant negative correlation with attention. Third, as a result of analyzing the mediating effect of ego-resilience on the elementary school students' relationship with their smartphone dependence and attention, the ego-resilience has a partial mediating effect. Based on these results, suggestions were as follows: education for good use of smartphone, establishment and dissemination of family model related to smartphone use, and practical efforts and training to improve ego-resilience.

Factors Associated with Dependence among Smartphone-Dependent Adults in Their 20s (스마트폰에 의존하는 20대 성인의 의존 관련 요인)

  • Park, Jeong-Hye
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.366-373
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    • 2020
  • This study explored the factors associated with dependence among smartphone-dependent adults in their 20s. The data was derived from the 2017 survey on smartphone over-dependence conducted by the Ministry of Science and ICT and the National Information Society Agency. The participants were 879 adults in their 20s. The data was analyzed by frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, independent t-tests, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis. The results revealed instant messengers as the most used application by participants. Participants in the high risk category of dependence also used SNS (Social Networking Services), music, and games more than those in the potential risk category. The more serious the dependence, the greater the frequency of smartphone use (β=.16, p=.000), and use of games (β=.10, p=.028), webtoons (β=.14, p=.004), SNS (β=.09, p=.047), and financial transactions (β=.17, p=.000). They did not recognize their smartphone dependence when it was relatively low. However, when this became serious, they then realized that they depended on the smartphone more than others. That means that it is not easy for adults to recognize their smartphone dependence on their own. However, recognition of the problem is the first step for adults to solve their problems. A program that evaluates their problematic smartphone use should be installed and used on all smartphones.

Influence of Smartphone usage Types and Excessive Expectation for Smartphone on Adolescents' Smartphone Overdependence (스마트폰 사용유형과 스마트폰에 대한 과도한 기대가 청소년의 스마트폰 과의존에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Sung-Man
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.65-83
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the effects of smartphone usage types and excessive expectation for smartphone on adolescents' smartphone overdependence. It utilized the data of 3,454 adolescents (1,758 males and 1,696 females), aged between 13 and 19 from a smartphone overdependence survey of the National Information Society Agency. As a result of the hierarchical multiple regression analysis, age and household income had a negative effect on smartphone overdependence. Weekly smartphone usage time positively affected the serious consequences (sub-factor of smartphone overdependence). Among the different types of smartphone usage, information seeking, SNS, gaming, and the excessive expectation for smartphones had positive impact on smartphone overdependence. Smartphone usage for leisure seeking did not affect smartphone overdependence, but it negatively influenced serious consequences. Messenger use did not affect smartphone overdependence, but the use had a positive effect on salience, and a negative effect on serious consequences. The results of this study suggest that it is necessary to identify the types of smartphone use as well as the usage time to understand the smartphone dependence of adolescents. In addition, it seems necessary to recognize and correct the irrational excessive expectation for smartphone in order to prevent dependence and implement effective interventions.

Mother's Perceived Infant Smartphone Over-immersion Prediction Model: Data Mining Decision Tree Analysis (어머니가 지각한 유아의 스마트폰 과의존 예측모형 탐색: 데이터마이닝 의사결정나무 분석 활용)

  • Jung, Ji-Sook;Oh, Jung-A
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2020
  • This study was to identify the main predictors of smartphone overdependece of infants perceived by mothers and to provide basic data useful for education and practice. For this, data-mining decision tree analysis was performed using SPSS program, and the fianl 410 researches were used for analysis. The results. In the case of the whole infants, the most important predictor of smartphone dependence was father's leisure activity parenting participation. For boys, their father's leisure activity was the most dependent on their smartphone dependence. However, even if father's participation in leisure activities was high, smartphone overdependence increased again when mother's overprotection and permissive attitude were high. Finally, For girls, the most influential variable on smartphone dependence was warmth and encouragement among mothers' parenting attitudes.

The Latent Class Analysis for adolescent's dependence on smartphone : Mediation Effects of self-determination in the Influence of neglect to adolescent's dependence on smartphone (청소년의 스마트폰의존 변화유형분석과 방임이 자기결정성을 매개로 스마트폰의존에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Keung-Eun;Yeum, Dong-Moon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.383-394
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed the latent profile for identifying the difference in the dependence on smartphone use among middle school students in the 1st grade using the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS). From the result of this study, first the latent class was separated according to the type of dependence on smartphone use. Class 1 included the students (from fifth grade in elementary school) whose level of reliance on smartphone use was low. Class 2 was selected as the group whose level of reliance on smartphone was high. Secondly, in comparing class 2 to class 1, it was found that the students who have a high probability of being in class 1 were those whose fathers are high achievers, have high early self-esteem and less age attachment. Thirdly, the students in class 1 had a higher sense of neglect than those in class 2. Furthermore, the self-determination of the students in class 2 mediated the effect of neglect on the adolescents' dependence on smartphone use both directly and indirectly.

A Study on the Factors Affecting Chinese Consumers' Smartphone Adoption (중국소비자의 스마트폰 사용 의도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Sun, Zhenbao;Park, Miyoun;Hwang, Kumju
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.149-171
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate factors influencing Chinese consumers' intention to adopt Smartphones. This paper examines Smartphone characteristics factors (situational dependence, diversity and security) and consumer personality characteristics (innovation, self-efficacy and familarity) based on the Technology Acceptance Model. The 320 sets of data are tested against the model using SEM (structural equation model). The research results reveal that diversity and security have significant influences on both perceived usefulness and perceived playfulness. According to the data analysis, self-efficacy affects only perceived easy of use, and familiarity positively affects perceived easy of use, usefulness and playfulness. This study finds that perceived easy of use and perceived usefulness have positive influences on behavioral intention to adopt Smartphones, and situational dependence and innovation directly affect the behavioral intention. The perceived cost has a negative impact on the behavioral intention. Research results are discussed, and limitations of the current study and future research are presented.

A Comparative Study on Elderly Persons' Adoption Patterns of Media Information (Newspaper, Smartphone, Etc.) and Digital Divide

  • Park, Kyoung-ryul;Kim, Jeong-lae
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.127-134
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    • 2018
  • This study found the digital divide of Korean elderly persons on the basis of the 2013-2017 survey data of the perception of media information adopters. The studied media were traditional ones, such as newspaper and TV. The media dependence of those in their 20s to 60s was compared and analyzed. As a result, regarding their dependence on newspaper, elderly persons in their 60s had 20.7% on average, 13.6% higher than the percentage (7.1%) of young persons. Regarding their dependence on TV, those in their 60s had 97.6% and those in their 20s had 63.7%, so that there was a wide gap of 33.9% on average. The smartphone penetration rate of those in their 60s was 61.3%(2015-2017) on average, which tended to rise. The elderly's dependence on traditional media featured Digital Divide which is found in the informatization process. Accordingly, in order to solve their digital divide, it is required to expand education in line with their knowledge level through remote online centers, develop inclusive ICT for convenience, and change philosophical policy paradigm in the dimension of quality of life.

A Proposal of Interactive Contents for Prevention of Smartphone Overdependence

  • Kim, Jae Sun;Lim, Chan
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.70-76
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    • 2019
  • IoT technology application has been part of modern people's everyday life. This technology makes people to depend on smart devices. 'Smartphone' is the most typical example. Despite the advantages given by this device, the bad side effects are also notable. This paper presents interactive content on the dependence of smartphone device. The research objective is to make individuals to reduce the use of smartphones by realizing their own problems of smartphone dependency. Research was progressed by analyzing aspects obtained from users participating in the self-developed interactive game contents. As a result of the analysis, approximately 68% of people were aware of the problem through this content. This indicates the potential of using convergence research in interactive contents with other fields furthermore.