• Title, Summary, Keyword: Slurry viscosity

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Viscosity Study to Optimize a Slurry of Alumina Mixed with Hollow Microspheres

  • Bukhari, Syed Zaighum Abbas;Ha, Jang-Hoon;Lee, Jongman;Song, In-Hyuck
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.403-409
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    • 2015
  • Porous alumina ceramics are involved in many industrial applications due to the exceptional properties of these products. This study addresses the preparation of porous alumina ceramics using hollow microspheres as a pore-forming agent and slip casting as a green-body-forming technique. A uniform distribution of pores is a basic requirement of a porous material. This study investigates three different slurry systems, i.e., as-prepared alumina slurry, alumina slurry electrostatically dispersed by hydrochloric acid (HCl), and slurry dispersed by the commercial dispersant 'Darvan C-N'. At a low viscosity, the hollow microspheres in the slurry tend to float, which causes a non-uniform pore distribution. To avoid this phenomenon, the viscosity of the slurry was increased to the extent that the movement of hollow microspheres ceased in the slurry. As a result, a uniform pore distribution was achieved.

Comparison of the Viscosity of Ceramic Slurries using a Rotational Rheometer and a Vibrational Viscometer (회전형 레오미터와 진동형 점도계를 이용한 세라믹 슬러리의 점도 비교)

  • Ji, Hye;Lim, Hyung Mi;Chang, Young-Wook;Lee, Heesoo
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.542-548
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    • 2012
  • The viscosity of a ceramic slurry depends on the slurry concentration, particle shape and size, hydrodynamic interactions, temperature, shear rate, pre-treatment condition and the method of measurement with the selected equipment. Representative ceramic slurries with low to high viscosity levels are selected from colloidal silica, barium titanate slurry and glass frit paste. Rotational rheometers and vibrational viscometers are used to compare the measured viscosity for various ceramic slurries. The rotational rheometer measured the viscosity according to the change of the shear rate or the rotational speed. On the other hand, the vibrational viscometer measured one point of the viscosity in a fixed vibrational mode. The rotational rheometer allows the measurement of the viscosity of a ceramic paste with a viscosity higher than 100,000 cP, while the vibrational viscometer provides an easy and quick method to measure the viscosity without deformation of the ceramic slurry due to the measurement method. It is necessary to select suitable equipment with which to measure the viscosity depending on the purpose of the measurement.

The Effect of Squeezing Parameters on the Fabrication Behavior of Phosphor Films (스퀴징 공정변수에 따른 형광체막 성형 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Park, J.Y.;Lee, J.W.;Yoon, G.S.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2015
  • It was confirmed that when phosphor slurry is formed in the cavity of an elastic mold, the pressure distribution of the phosphor slurry varies as a function of the major squeegee parameters (squeegee angle, squeegee velocity, and the viscosity of the phosphor slurry). The higher the slurry viscosity, the faster the squeegee velocity, and the smaller the squeegee angle, the higher the filling completeness of the phosphor slurry. The optimum conditions for complete filling of the phosphor slurry were found when the squeegee angle was between 30 to 45 degrees, squeegee velocity at 40 to 70mm/sec, and the viscosity of the phosphor slurry composite was at 6,556 cps (i.e. phosphor content around 50 wt. %).

A Study on the Optimum Mix Proportion of the Stabilizing Liquid Used for Excavation of the Deep and Massive Slurry Wall

  • Kwon Yeong-Ho
    • KCI Concrete Journal
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.151-159
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    • 2002
  • This study investigates experimentally the optimum mix proportion and design factors of the stabilizing liquid used for excavation of the massive and deep slurry wall in LNG in-ground tank before pouring concrete. Considering those site conditions, the stabilizing liquid used for excavation of slurry wall has to be satisfied with some requirements including specific gravity, fluid loss, cake thickness, funnel viscosity and sand content in order to construct the safe and qualified slurry wall. For this purpose, we select materials including bentonite, polymer and dispersion agent. After performing many tests for materials and mix design process, we propose the optimum mix proportion that the upper limit ratio of bentonite is $2.0\%$, polymer is $0.1\%$ considering the funnel viscosity and dispersion agent is $0.05\%$considering the fluid loss of the stabilizing liquid. Also, we select all materials which are consisted of GTC4 as bentonite, KSTP as polymer and Bentocryl 86 as dispersion agent. Based on the results of this study, the optimum mix proportion of the stabilizing liquid is applicable to excavate the deep and massive slurry wall in LNG in-ground tank successfully.

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Manufacturing of mesoporous TiO2 film for dye-sensitized solar cell (염료감응형 태양전지용 나노다공질 TiO$_2$ 전극막의 제조)

  • Lee, Dong-Yoon;Koo, Bo-Kun;Lee, Won-Jae;Song, Jae-Sung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.308-311
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    • 2003
  • The mesoporous TiO2 film for the dye-sensitized solar cell was prepared by the spin coating using nano particle $TiO_2$ slurry. In order to obtain the good dispersion of nano size $TiO_2$ particles in slurry, the pH of solvent, the sort and quantity of solvent additive and the quantity of surfactant were adjusted. The experimental range of pH was $2\;{\sim}\;4$. The basic solvent for slurry was dilute $HNO_3$ and the solvent additives were ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and butylene glycol. The degree of particle dispersion was indirectly estimated by the viscosity of slurry and the microstructure after sintering. As results, the lower the pH of solvent was the lower the viscosity of the slurry became. The addition of ethylene glycol and propylene glycol to dilute $HNO_3$ brought about the lowering of viscosity and the enhancement of stability in slurry. The addition of surfactant lowered the viscosity of slurry. It was possible to obtain the homogeneous and uniformly dispersed mesoporous TiO2 film using the dilute HNO3 solvent of pH 2 with the addition of ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and neutral surfactant.

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Rheology and pipeline transportation of dense fly ash-water slurry

  • Usui, Hiromoto;Li, Lei;Suzuki, Hiroshi
    • Korea-Australia Rheology Journal
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2001
  • Prediction of the maximum packing volume fraction with non-spherical particles has been one of the important problems in powder technology. The sphericity of fly ash particles depending on the particle diameter was measured by means of a CCD image processing instrument. An algorithm to predict the maximum packing volume fraction with non-spherical particles is proposed. The maximum packing volume fraction is used to predict the slurry viscosity under well dispersed conditions. For this purpose, Simha's cell model is applied for concentrated slurry with wide particle size distribution. Also, Usui's model developed for aggregative slurries is applied to predict the non-Newtonian viscosity of dense fly ash - water slurry. It is certified that the maximum packing volume fraction for non-spherical particles can be successfully used to predict slurry viscosity. The pressure drop in a pipe flow is predicted by using the non-Newtonian viscosity of dense fly ash-water slurry obtained by the present model. The predicted relationship between pressure drop and flow rate results in a good agreement with the experimented data obtained for a test rig with 50 mm inner diameter tube. Base on the design procedure proposed in this study, a feasibility study of fly ash hydraulic transportation system from a coal-fired power station to a controlled deposit site is carried out to give a future prospect of inexpensive fly ash transportation technology.

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A Study on the Measuring Method of Ice Slurry Viscosity Using the Falling Sphere Viscometer (낙구식 점도계를 이용한 아이스슬러리의 점도측정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Myoung-Jun;Yu, Jik-Su;Lim, Jae-Keun;Choe, Soon-Youl
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.593-598
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    • 2007
  • The present study has dealt with the measuring method of ice slurry viscosity using falling sphere viscometer. The experimental apparatus was composed by test section and high-speed video system. And the spheres used in this study were alumina and glass. The main parameters were ice packing factor (IPF) and falling velocity of sphere so the acquired results were discussed for these parameters. The viscosity of ice slurry was calculated by using measured falling velocity and moving distance at instantaneous time and the Stokes hypothesis was used for this calculation. It was clarified that possible measuring range was $IPF\;=\;0.06{\sim}0.14$ of this type of measuring device and measuring method. In addition, it was clarified that the viscosity of ice slurry increased to increase of ice packing factor (IPF) of ice slurry.

Optimization of Alumina Tape Casting Process for Building Big Data (빅데이터 구축을 위한 알루미나 테이프 캐스팅 공정 최적화)

  • Kim, Dong Ha;Kim, Shi Yeon;Lee, Joo Sung;Yeo, Dong-Hun;Shin, Hyo-Soon;Yoon, Sang-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.483-489
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    • 2019
  • For machine learning techniques, a large amount of high-quality material property data should be accumulated. In this study, several data for an alumina tape casting process were produced with the variables of slurry viscosity, gap size, and coating speed. The alumina tapes were manufactured in the range of 1,000~6,000 cps for slurry viscosity, $300{\sim}1,000{\mu}m$ for gap size, and 0.5~2.0 m/min for coating speed. As a result, the lower the viscosity, coating speed, and gap size, the more pore-free tapes could be manufactured. The viscosity of the slurry limited the minimum thickness of the tape. Green sheets with high packing density were manufactured from the slurry of 100~6,000 cps slurry viscosity, coating speed of 0.5 m/min, and a $300{\sim}500{\mu}m$ gap size.

Infiltration behaviour of the slurry into tunnel face during slurry shield tunnelling in sandy soil (사질성 지반에서 이수식 쉴드 TBM 적용시 굴진면으로의 이수 침투특성에 대한 해석적 고찰)

  • Roh, Byoung-Kuk;Koh, Sung-Yil;Choo, Seok-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.261-275
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    • 2012
  • This paper presents numerical analysis of the mud cake infiltration behaviour which is influenced tunnel face stability during excavation by slurry shield TBM. This analysis method can make useful data to select proper shield TBM type and to set up the construction plan. But effective analysis did not proposed until now. In this paper, we carried out numerical analysis using by $PFC^{2D}$ fluid coupling simulation which is suitable for sandy soil modelling. As a analysis result, we checked that the slurry infiltration behaviour varied with soil permeability and slurry characteristic(specific weight, viscosity etc). This analysis method is helpful safety excavation through anticipating the proper slurry viscosity at the design stage and verifying the slurry quality at initial excavation stage.

Enhancement of Convective Heat Transfer by Using a Micro-Encapsulated Phase-Change-Material Slurry (피복된 미립 상변화물질 슬러리를 이용한 대류 열전달의 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Dong-Ju;Choi, Eun-Soo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.24 no.9
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    • pp.1277-1284
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    • 2000
  • To enhance heat transfer characteristics of water, micro-encapsulated octadecane of about $10{\mu}m$ diameter was added to water. Viscosity of the slurry was measured by using a capillary tube viscometer. The measured viscosity decreased as the temperature of the slurry increased, and it increased as the fraction of the capsules in the slurry increased. Thermal characteristics of the octadecane were studied by using a differential scanning calorimeter. The melting temperature and the melting energy of the octadecane were found to be $28.6^{\circ}$ and 34.4kcal/kg, respectively. The convective heat transfer characteristics of the slurry were investigated in a flow loop with a constant heat flux test section. Friction factor of the slurry flow was found to be similar to the expected curve by Petukhov. The Nusselt number of the slurry flow was highest when the octadecane melted. Effective thermal capacity of the 14.2% slurry was found to have 1.67 times of the thermal capacity of water.