• Title, Summary, Keyword: Skin permeation/accumulation

Search Result 5, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

Recombinant Human Epidermal Growth Factor (rhEGF)-loaded Solid Lipid Nanoparticles: Fabrication and Their Skin Accumulation Properties for Topical rhEGF Delivery

  • Hwang, Hee-Jin;Han, Sunhui;Jeon, Sangok;Seo, Joeun;Oh, Dongho;Cho, Seong-Wan;Choi, Young Wook;Lee, Sangkil
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.35 no.8
    • /
    • pp.2290-2294
    • /
    • 2014
  • For the present study, rhEGF was encapsulated into solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs). The SLNs were prepared by the $W_1/O/W_2$ double emulsification method combined with the high pressure homogenization method and the physical properties such as particle size, zeta-potential and encapsulation efficiency were measured. The overall particle morphology of SLNs was investigated using a transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The percutaneous skin permeation and accumulation property of rhEGF was evaluated using Franz diffusion cell system along with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The mean particle size of rhEGF-loaded SLNs was $104.00{\pm}3.99nm$ and the zeta-potential value was in the range of -$36.99{\pm}0.54mV$, providing a good colloidal stability. The TEM image revealed a spherical shape of SLNs about 100 nm and the encapsulation efficiency was $18.47{\pm}0.22%$. The skin accumulation of rhEGF was enhanced by SLNs. CLSM image analysis provided that the rhEGF rat skin accumulation is facilitated by an entry of SLNs through the pores of skin.

Anti-obesity Effects and Safety of the Mixture of Herbal Extracts in 3T3-L1 Cells and HR-1 Mice Fed a High Fat Diet (3T3-L1 지방전구세포와 고지방 식이로 유도된 비만 HR-1 마우스 피부에 도포한 한약 추출 복합물의 항비만 효과 및 안전성 평가)

  • Jeong, Eui Seon;Park, So Yi;Lee, Ki Hoon;Na, Ju Ryun;Kim, Jin Seok;Park, Kyung Mok;Kim, Sunoh
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.32 no.6
    • /
    • pp.384-395
    • /
    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to investigate whether a novel formulation of an herbal extracts has an inhibitory effect on obesity. To determine its anti-obesity effects, we performed anti-obesity-related experiments in vitro and in vivo. Thus, our present study was carried out to evaluate the anti-obesity effect of herbal extracts using a high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mouse model and 3T3-L1 adipose cells. The effects of each herbal extracts on lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells were examined using Oil Red O staining. Results showed that treatment with each herbal extracts at $10{\sim}100{\mu}g/ml$ had no effect on cell morphology and viability. Without evidence of toxicity, herbal extracts treatment decreased lipid accumulation compared with the untreated adipocytes controls as shown by the lower absorbance of Oil Red O stain. Futhermore, compared with control-differentiated mature adipocytes, each herbal extracts significantly inhibited lipid accumulation in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In the HFD-fed obese mice, body weight, liver weight and white adipose tissue weights were significantly reduced by mixture of herbal extracts administration in mouse skin. Futhermore, we found that mixture of herbal extracts administration suppressed serum triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TCHO) in HFD-induced obese mouse model. The mixture of herbal extracts of permeability was estimated by measuring the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) value in pig skin. The optimized formulations of herbal extracts (Test 3 formulation) showed skin permeation. However, test 1 formulation containing essential oil as enhancer showed maximum skin permeation. After confirming the enhanced skin permeability, in vivo studies were performed to assess whether skin irritation potential on the basis of a primary irritation index (PII) in rabbit skin. Reactions were scored for erythema/edema reactions at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h post-application. It was concluded that the test 1 formulation was not irritation (PII = 0). The present study suggests that the test 1 formulation might be of therapeutic interest with respect to the treatment of obesity.

Preparation and Evaluation of Titrated Extract of Centella Asiatica Niosome/W/O System Cream for Site Specific Targeting (니오좀을 이용한 병풀 추출물 외용제의 제조 및 평가)

  • Kim, Dong-Woo;Cho, Mi-Hyun;Park, Sun-Young;Lee, Jong-Hwa;Lee, Gye-Won;Park, Mork-Soon;Park, Jin-Kyu;Jee, Ung-Kil
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
    • /
    • v.32 no.4
    • /
    • pp.291-297
    • /
    • 2002
  • For preventing and curing the stretching mark, TECA Niosome/W/O system creams were formulated using Titrated Extract of Centella Asiatica (TECA) which is well known for its excellent wound healing effect. The lipid-water partition coefficients and the stabilities of TECA were evaluated and TECA Niosome/W/O system (TECA N/W/O) creams were prepared with different concentrations of cetyl alcohol and ceramide. TECA N/W/O cream was evaluated with respect to their rheological properties, permeation through excised skin of hairless mouse and in vitro and in vivo accumulation in the skin of hairless mouse. In addition, dermal thicknesses of hairless mouse skins were determined following the in vivo application of TECA N/W/O cream and control cream. TECA N/W/O creams showed pseudoplastic flow and hysteresis loop. The permeation of TECA from formulations through excised skin of hairless mouse did not observed. Amount of accumulated drug in the excised skin of hairless mouse was deσeased with an increase in the concentration of cetyl alcohol and showed no relationship with concentration of ceramide. Amount of accumulated drug in formulation A-3 was higher than in niosome suspension and other formulations. In in vivo experiment, amount of accumulated drug in formulation A-2 and A-3 was much higher than that of niosome suspension. Being treated with the N/W/O cream for 8 weeks, the dermal thickness of hairless mouse skin was increased 3.2 times than that of 16 weeks-control group.

Application of Glucuronic Acid with New Cosmetic Active Ingredient (새로운 노화 방지 성분으로서 글루쿠로닉 애씨드의 기능과 화장품 응용)

  • Lee Geun-Soo;Kim Jin-Wha;Lee Chun-Il;Pyo Hyeong-Bae;Lee Kong-Joo
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.471-477
    • /
    • 2004
  • Exposure to elevated temperatures, chemical (active oxigen), or physical stress (UV light) induces immediate physiological response, the expression of heat shock proteins in cells. Thus, cells with elevated Heat Shock Protein levels become more tolerant to stress conditions that are otherwise lethal. First, we studied on the new function of glucuronic acid (GA) as preventive material of skin aging. The application of the GA shows significant induction of Heat Shock Protein 70 kDa (HSP 70 kDa) in contrast to cells without it. GA at the concentration which can induce HSP 70 kDa, protects the cell death induced by second stress (heat shock and hydrogen peroxide) in NIH3T3 cells. Second, we studied on in vitro transdermal permeation characteristic of GA through the excised mouse skin. In this study, we compared the skin permeability of GA in water with O/W emulsion. As a result, skin permeation parameters of GA shows lag time 1.2 h, partition coefficient 0.114, permeation flult rate $0.83114 mg/cm^2/h.$ In case of lag time, O/W emulsion containing GA increase 2.48 h. Also, the total accumulation permeation content decreased in contrast to GA solution after 24 h. But it has long-term permeability of glucuronic acid. These results suggest that glucuronic acid could be a good cosmetic active ingredient.

The Effect of Methylsulfonylmethane on Hair Growth Promotion of Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate for the Treatment of Alopecia

  • Shanmugam, Srinivasan;Baskaran, Rengarajan;Nagayya-Sriraman, Santhoshkumar;Yong, Chul-Soon;Choi, Han-Gon;Woo, Jong-Soo;Yoo, Bong-Kyu
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.241-248
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) on hair growth promotion of magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (MAP) for the treatment of alopecia. Aqueous solutions of MAP 7.5% with or without MSM 1%, 5% or 10% were prepared and applied onto the depilated back skin of the male mice once a day for 20 days. The degree of hair growth was evaluated by visual scoring using hair growth quantification scale (0-5, 0 being initial state and 5 being complete hair growth). In vitro transdermal penetration and intradermal retention studies of MAP were performed with Franz diffusion cell using hairless mice skin. Hair growth in the group treated with the aqueous solution containing MAP 7.5% and MSM 10% was comparable to or better than the result in the group treated with minoxidil 5% solution. Hair growth promotion of MAP was dose-dependently increased by the presence of MSM used in combination with MAP 7.5% solution. The in vitro transdermal penetration of the MAP was decreased in proportion to the concentration of MSM. However, intradermal retention of MAP was profoundly and dose-proportionally increased as a function of MSM concentration, reaching 802 ${\mu}g/cm^2$ in the presence of MSM 10% (200-fold increase). The effect of MSM on hair growth promotion of MAP was dose-proportional to the concentration of MSM due to the enhanced intradermal retention of MAP in the presence of MSM. Therefore, topical application of MAP together with MSM appears to be useful for the treatment of alopecia.