• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sirolimus

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The Changes of Slit Diaphragm Molecules After Using Sirolimus (Sirolimus 사용 후 사구체 기저막 세극막 관련 분자의 변화)

  • Choi, Jung-Youn;Han, Gi-Dong;Kim, Yong-Jin;Park, Yong-Hoon
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.143-153
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Recently, massive proteinuria has been observed in some transplant patients after switching cyclosporine A (CsA) to sirolimus. To evaluate the pathogenesis of sirolimus-associated proteinuria, we investigated the early changes in slit diaphragm molecules by various administrative conditions of sirolimus and CsA. Methods: In vitro-Mouse podocytes were incubated with buffer (C), sirolimus ($10\;{\mu}g/mL$) after CsA ($10\;{\mu}g/mL$) (C-S), sirolimus only (S) and CsA and sirolimus simultaneously (C+S) for 12, 24, and 48 hours. In vivo- twenty four SPF female Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups buffer (C), sirolimus after 2 weeks of CsA (C-S), sirolimus only (S) and CsA and sirolimus simultaneously (C+S). All groups were treated by intraperitoneal injection every other day for 4 weeks (CsA: 25 mg/kg, sirolimus: 0.5 mg/kg). The changes in mRNA of slit diaphragm molecules were examined by RT-PCR. Results: The mRNA of nephrin was significantly decreased in group C-S and C+S in vitro. In vivo, the mRNA of nephrin in all groups using sirolimus and the mRNA of podocin in group C-S and C+S were decreased. Microscopically, group C-S and C+S showed small vacuolization and calcification in proximal tubular epithelial cells. Immunohistochemistry using nephrin and podocin antibodies did not show remarkable decrease of staining along the glomerular capillaries. Electron-microscopically, focal fusion of foot processes was seen in group C-S and C+S. Conclusion: This study suggests the decrease of slit diaphragm molecules (nephrin and podocin) in podocyte may be one of the causes of sirolimus associated proteinuria, and podocyte injury by sirolimus may need a primary hit by CsA to develop the proteinuria.

Sirolimus and Non-melanoma Skin Cancer Prevention after Kidney Transplantation: A Meta-analysis

  • Gu, Yu-Hong;Du, Jia-Xin;Ma, Man-Ling
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.4335-4339
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    • 2012
  • Background: Whether sirolimus is useful in the prevention of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) remains unclear and we therefore performed this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to test the hypothesis that Sirolimus-based immunosuppression is associated with a decrease in NMSC. Methods: The main outcomes were NMSC, squamous-cell carcinoma and basal-cell carcinoma. The pooled risk ratio (RR) with its 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were used to assess the effects. Results: 5 randomized trials involving a total of 1499 patients receiving kidney transplantation were included. Patients undergoing Sirolimus-based immunosuppression had much lower risk of NMSC (RR = 0.49, 95%CI 0.32-0.76, P = 0.001). Subgroup analyses by tumor type showed that Sirolimus-based immunosuppression significantly decreased risk of both squamous-cell carcinoma (RR = 0.58, 95%CI 0.43-0.78, P < 0.001) and basal-cell carcinoma (RR = 0.56, 95%CI 0.37-0.85, P = 0.006). The quality of evidence was high for NMSC, and moderate for squamous-cell carcinoma and basal-cell carcinoma. No evidence of publication bias was observed. Conclusion: High quality evidence suggests that Sirolimus-based immunosuppression decreases risk of non-melanoma skin cancer, and Sirolimus has an antitumoral effect among kidney-transplant recipients.

Comparison of the Neointima Inhibition Between Paclitaxel- and Sirolimus-Eluting Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene Hemodialysis Grafts in a Porcine Model

  • Baek, Insu;Cho, AJin;Hwang, Jinsun;Kim, Heasun;Park, Jong-Sang;Kim, Dae Joong
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.1663-1667
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    • 2013
  • Neointimal hyperplasia causes vascular access dysfunction in hemodialysis patients with synthetic arteriovenous (AV) grafts. Several studies have reported that paclitaxel- or sirolimus-eluting AV grafts inhibit neointimal hyperplasia and display lower rates of stenosis compared with control grafts. However, there have been few comparative studies of the efficacy of paclitaxel- and sirolimus-eluting grafts. We compared the neointimal hyperplasia of paclitaxel- and sirolimus-eluting grafts. AV grafts were implanted laterally between the common carotid artery and the external jugular vein in 12 female Landrace pigs. The animals were sacrificed six weeks after surgery. The neointimal hyperplasia at the anastomosis sites of the grafts was quantified using the ratio of the intragraft hyperplasia to the graft area (H/G ratio) at the graft-vessel interface. The area of intimal hyperplasia at the venous (paclitaxel 1.06 [0.72-1.56] vs sirolimus 2.40 [1.72-3.0] $mm^2$, P = 0.04) and arterial anastomosis sites (paclitaxel 0.93 [0.57-1.48] vs sirolimus 2.40 [1.72-3.0] $mm^2$, P = 0.04) was significantly different between the two groups. However, the H/G ratios for the venous anastomosis site (paclitaxel 0.25 (0.17-0.38) vs sirolimus 0.38 (0.2-0.66), P = 0.4) and the arterial anastomosis site (paclitaxel 0.19 (0.08-0.39) vs sirolimus 0.41 (0.34-0.50), P = 0.1) did not differ significantly between the groups. In conclusion, there was no significant difference in the inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia by sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting AV grafts.

Precise ultrasonic coating and controlled release of sirolimus with biodegradable polymers for drug-eluting stent

  • Joung, Yoon Ki;Jang, Bu Nam;Kang, Jong Hee;Han, Dong Keun
    • Biomaterials and Biomechanics in Bioengineering
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2014
  • In the current study, a drug-eluting stent coated with biodegradable polymers and sirolimus was developed by using an ultrasonic nanocoater and characterized in aspects of surface smoothness and coating thickness. In addition, in vitro release profiles of sirolimus by changing top coating layer with different biodegradable polymers were investigated. Smooth surfaces with variable thickness could be fabricated by optimizing polymer concentration, flow rate, nozzle-tip distance, gas pressure, various solvents and ultrasonic power. Smooth surface could be generated by using volatile solvents (acetone, chloroform, and methylene chloride) or post-treating with solvent vapor. Coating thickness could be controlled by varying injection volume or polymer concentration, and higher concentration could reduce the coating time while obtaining the same thickness. The thickness measurement was the most effectively performed by a conventional cutting method among three different methods that were investigated in this study. Release profiles of sirolimus were effectively controlled by changing polymers for top layer. PLGA made the release rate 3 times faster than PDLLA and PLLA and all top layers prevented burst release at the initial phase of profiles. Our results will provide useful and informative knowledge for developing drug-eluting stents, especially coated with biodegradable polymers.

Chylous Manifestations and Management of Gorham-Stout Syndrome

  • Cho, Sungbin;Kang, Seung Ri;Lee, Beom Hee;Choi, Sehoon
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.44-46
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    • 2019
  • Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) was first described by Gorham and colleagues in 1954, but its precise mechanism and cause remain to be elucidated. In this condition, voluminous and potentially fatal chylous effusions into the thorax can occur. Herein, we describe a case of GSD in which the patient presented with massive pleural effusions and mottled osteolytic bone lesions. We performed multiple operations, including thoracic duct ligation using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and thoracotomic decortication, but these procedures did not succeed in preventing recurrent pleural effusion and chest wall lymphedema. After administering sirolimus ($0.8mg/m^2$, twice a day) and propranolol (40 mg, twice a day), the process of GSD in this patient has been controlled for more than 2 years.

Sirolimus and Metformin Synergistically Inhibits Colon Cancer In Vitro and In Vivo

  • Mussin, Nadiar;Oh, Seung Cheol;Lee, Kwang-Woong;Park, Min Young;Seo, Sooin;Yi, Nam-Joon;Kim, Hyeyoung;Yoon, Kyung Chul;Ahn, Sung-Woo;Kim, Hyo-Sin;Hong, Suk Kyun;Oh, Dong Kyu;Suh, Kyung-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.9
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    • pp.1385-1395
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    • 2017
  • We estimated the effect of various immunosuppressants (ISs) and metformin (M) to provide theoretical background of optimal therapeutic strategy for de novo colon cancer after liver transplantation (LT). Three colon cancer cell lines (HT29, SW620, and HCT116) were used in in vitro studies. HT29 was also used in BALB/c-nude mice animal models. Following groups were used in both in vitro and in vivo studies: sirolimus (S), tacrolimus (T), cyclosporin A (CsA), M, metformin/sirolimus (Met/S), metformin/tacrolimus (Met/T), and metformin/cyclosporin A (Met/CsA). 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was performed and western blot analyses were performed for mTOR pathway proteins, apoptosis proteins, and epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) proteins. Tumor volume was measured for 4 weeks after inoculation. MTT-assay revealed significant cell viability inhibition in all 3 colon cancer cell lines in groups of S, M, and Met/S. Of note, group Met/S showed synergistic effect compare to M or S group. Western blot analysis showed significant low levels of all investigated proteins in groups of S and Met/S in both in vitro and in vivo experiment. Tumor growth was significantly inhibited only in the Met/S group. Combination of Met and S showed the most potent inhibition in all colon cancer cell lines. This finding might have application for de novo colon cancer.

Drug-induced Gingival Overgrowth Related to Sirolimus and Felodipine

  • Park, Youn-Jung;Lee, Joo-Hee;Kim, Young-Gun;Kwon, Jeong-Seung;Ahn, Hyung-Joon;Choi, Jong-Hoon
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.20-24
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    • 2017
  • Drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) is an adverse drug reaction mainly described with three types of commonly prescribed drugs, namely, calcium channel blockers (CCBs) (nifedipine, diltiazem, and verapamil), anti-convulsants (phenytoin), and immunosuppressive agents (cyclosporine). Numerous reports have associated gingival overgrowth with the newer generation of immunosuppressive agents (tacrolimus, sirolimus, and everolimus), and CCBs (amlodipine, felodipine, nicardipine, and manidipine). Especially, patients concomitantly medicated with an immunosuppressive agent and CCB have a higher DIGO chance. Dentists need to be aware of drugs that induce gingival overgrowth, the possibility of DIGO, and risk factors, and also prevent the progression of DIGO by early detection of DIGO, consultation about the drug change, and the maintenance of strict dental hygiene regimes.

Interstitial Lung Disease (간질성 폐질환)

  • Chung, Man-Pyo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.71 no.3
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    • pp.163-171
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    • 2011
  • Recently published articles on interstitial lung disease (ILD) have focused on the accurate diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), serum biomarkers, acute exacerbation of IPF, the prognostic factors of ILD and the trial of new treatment. In particular, reports on the serum biomarkers such as CC-chemokine ligand 18, surfactant protein, circulating fibrocytes, and acute exacerbation of IPF are sufficient to be mentioned here. Pirfenidone therapy is the most important trial for the treatment of IPF. Other newer treatment trials such as interferon-gamma, sildenafil and imatinib have been reported to be unsuccessful. On the other hand, the sirolimus trial for lymphangioleiomyomatosis is promising. Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema and IgG4-related disease are established to be the new disease entities of ILD.

The evaluation for Clinical usefulness and Safety of Sirolimus-eluting stent and Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction (급성심근경색증 환자의 일차적 관동맥 스텐트 삽입술 시 삽입된 Sirolimus-eluting stent 와 Paclitaxel-eluting stent의 임상적 안정성 및 유용성 평가)

  • Min, Gye-Sik;Han, Man-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 2012
  • There is a still unsettled issue about the comparison of long-term clinical effects between sirolimus-(SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) for the patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Therefore, we performed a retrospective analysis to evaluate the 4-year clinical outcome of SES as compared with PES after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with AMI. From January 2004 to August 2006, all consecutive patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) underwent primary PCI and acute NSTEMI underwent PCI by implantation either SES or PES were enrolled. The occurrence of death, cardiac death, recurrent infarction, target vessel revascularization (TVR) and stent thrombosis were analyzed. The composite of major adverse cardiac events (MACE; death, recurrent infarction and TVR) were also analyzed. During the study period, total 668 AMI patients had visited. Of them, total 522 patients (299 with SES and 223 with PES) were enrolled. During 4-year clinical follow-up, there were similar occurrences of death ($18.3{\pm}3.0%$ vs. $14.6{\pm}2.2%$, p=0.26), cardiac death ($11.2{\pm}2.6%$ vs. $6.8{\pm}1.52%$, p=0.39), re-infarction ($6.4{\pm}1.8%$ vs. $3.3{\pm}1.1%$, p=0.31), and stent thrombosis ($5.4{\pm}1.7%$ vs. $3.2{\pm}1.1%$, p=0.53) between the two groups, consecutively. The occurrences of TVR ($10.0{\pm}3.0%$ vs. $4.0{\pm}1.2%$, p=0.008) and MACE ($29.4{\pm}3.5%$ vs. $19.4{\pm}2.5%$, p=0.003) were significantly higher in patients treated with PES than SES. In AMI patients treated with either SES or PES implantation, SES had a significantly lower risk of TVR and MACE during 4-year clinical follow-up. Rates of death, cardiac death or recurrent infarction, and stent thrombosis were similar.