• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Single-stranded DNA template

검색결과 6건 처리시간 0.038초

Recyclable single-stranded DNA template for synthesis of siRNAs

  • Ali, Mussa M.;Obregon, Demian;Agrawal, Krishna C.;Mansour, Mahmoud;Abdel-Mageed, Asim B.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.11
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    • pp.732-737
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    • 2010
  • RNA interference is a post-transcriptional silencing mechanism triggered by the bioavailability and/or exogenous introduction of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) into cells. Here we describe a novel method for the synthesis of siRNA in a single vessel. The method employs in vitro transcription and a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) template and design, which incorporates upon self-annealing, two promoters, two templates, and three loop regions. Using this method of synthesis we generated efficacious siRNAs designed to silence both exogenous and endogenous genes in mammalian cells. Due to its unique design the single-stranded template is easily amenable to adaptation for attachment to surface platforms for synthesis of siRNAs. A siRNA synthesis platform was generated using a 3' end-biotinylated ssDNA template tethered to a streptavidin coated surface that generates stable siRNAs under multiple cycles of production. Together these data demonstrate a unique and robust method for scalable siRNA synthesis with potential application in RNAi-based array systems.

Compiling Multicopy Single-Stranded DNA Sequences from Bacterial Genome Sequences

  • Yoo, Wonseok;Lim, Dongbin;Kim, Sangsoo
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 2016
  • A retron is a bacterial retroelement that encodes an RNA gene and a reverse transcriptase (RT). The former, once transcribed, works as a template primer for reverse transcription by the latter. The resulting DNA is covalently linked to the upstream part of the RNA; this chimera is called multicopy single-stranded DNA (msDNA), which is extrachromosomal DNA found in many bacterial species. Based on the conserved features in the eight known msDNA sequences, we developed a detection method and applied it to scan National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) RefSeq bacterial genome sequences. Among 16,844 bacterial sequences possessing a retron-type RT domain, we identified 48 unique types of msDNA. Currently, the biological role of msDNA is not well understood. Our work will be a useful tool in studying the distribution, evolution, and physiological role of msDNA.

Asymmetric Polymerase Chain Reaction-Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphism (Asymmetric PCR-SSCP) as a Simple Method for Allele Typing of HLA-DRB

  • Kang, Joo-Hyun;Kim, Kyeong-Hee;Maeng, Cheol-Young;Kim, Kil-Lyong
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.529-534
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    • 1999
  • Asymmetric PCR and single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) methods were combined to analyze human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB allele polymorphism. Asymmetric PCR amplification was applied to generate single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) using the nonradioactive oligonucleotide primers desinged for the polymorphic exon 2 region. The conformational differences of ssDNAs, depending on the allele type, were analyzed by nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and visualized by ethidium bromide staining. The ssDNAs were clearly separated from double-stranded DNA without interference and obviously migrated depending on their allele type. This method was applied to the genomic DNA either from homozygous or from heterozygous cell lines containing the DR4 allele as template DNA using DR4-specific primers, and satisfying results were obtained. Compared to the standard PCR-SSCP method, this asymmetric PCR-SSCP method has advantages of increased speed, reproducibility, and convenience. Along with PCR-SSP or sequence-based typing, this method will be useful in routine typing of HLA-DRB allele.

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돼지 써코바이러스 2형의 진단을 위한 PCR법 적용 (Application of PCR for diagnosis of porcine circovirus type 2)

  • 박효선;이효상;나기복;이관복;강수정;문순화
    • 한국가축위생학회지
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2006
  • Porcine circovirus (PCV) is a small, nonenveloped virus that contains a single-stranded circular DNA genome of about 1.76 kb and belongs to the family circoviridae. The PCV-2 has been incriminated as the cause of post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) , an emerging disease in pigs. In the present study, a PCR assay was applied to detect PCV-2 in tissue samples. The presence of PCV-2 antigen in the porcine tissues was confirmed by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) with PCV-2 specific monoclonal antibodies. And then DNA extracted from PCV-2 positive tissues was used as a template. One oligonucleotide primer suitable for PCR was selected from a published PCV-2 sequence (Genbank). Amplified PCR product was detected the same fragment lengths of 416 bp as a control. Based on these results, it was suggested that the PCR is a simple and sensitive method for support diagnostic purposes.

닭 뉴캐슬병 바이러스의 특이 검출을 위한 polymerase chain reaction 법 (Polymerase chain reaction for the detection of Newcastle disease virus)

  • 여상건;김도경;박선자
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.565-573
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    • 1998
  • To study the specific tools for the diagnosis of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in chicken, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and its presumable conditions were evaluated for the detection of hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) gene of NDV RNA. For these purposes, Kyojeongwon strain of the NDV was propagated in allantoic cavity of SPF embryonating chicken eggs, and viral RNA was extracted from fractionated virus after the allantoic fluids were ultracentrifuged with sucrose gradient. The first-strand cDNA was then made for the HN gene of NDV RNA by reverse transcription at $42^{\circ}C$ for 1 hour using specific primer complementary to the HN gene. The single-stranded cDNA was used as template in the PCR of the HN-DNA, and various conditions of the PCR were evaluated to set up method for the specific detection of the HN-DNA. The PCR conditions promising for the detection of HN gene consist of preheating at $94^{\circ}C$, 5 min, 30 cycles of denaturation at $94^{\circ}C$, 1 min, annealing at $55^{\circ}C$, 1 min and polymerization at $72^{\circ}C$, 2 min, and a cycle of extension at $72^{\circ}C$, 5 min. when NDVs of allantoic fluids without fractionation were applied to the above PCR condition, the HN genes were detected effectively not only from Kyojeongwon but from other velogenic strains such as Herts and a field isolate.

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팔딱이 지렁이(Perionyx excavatus) DDX3 유전자의 동정 및 특성 (Identification and characteristics of DDX3 gene in the earthworm, Perionyx excavatus)

  • 박상길;배윤환;박순철
    • 유기물자원화
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.70-81
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    • 2015
  • Helicase는 NTP 결합의 화학적 에너지를 이용하여 이중가닥의 DNA와 RNA를 단일가닥으로 분해하여 다양한 생체반응에 기여하는 단백질로 알려져 있으며, 이 중 DEAD-box의 단백질은 주로 RNA와 관련된 대부분의 생화학적 반응에 작용하는 ATP 의존성 helicase로 알려져 있다. 또한 이 단백질 부류에 속하는 DEAD-box3 (DDX3) gene은 척추동물뿐만 아니라 무척추동물에서의 유성 생식과 무성 생식에서 생식세포 발달 및 재생과정 중 줄기세포 분화에 중요한 역할을 하는 인자로 알려져 있다. 이에 본 연구는 강한 재생능력을 가진 것으로 알려져 있는 팔딱이 지렁이(Perionyx excavatus)에서 DDX3 gene을 동정하고 그 발현양상을 알아보고자 환대를 포함하는 성체 지렁이의 두부를 절단하여 total RNA를 추출하고, 이를 주형으로 RT-PCR을 수행하여 full length의 DDX3 gene인 Pe-DDX3를 검출하였다. Pe-DDX3는 607개 아미노산 서열로 이루어져 있으며, DEAD-box 단백질 그룹 내에서 특이적으로 보존되어 있는 9개의 motif가 존재하고 있다. 다른 분류군에 속하는 동물들과의 multiple alignment를 통해 서열 내에 보존되어 있는 아미노산 서열을 확인할 수 있었으며, 아미노산 차원에서의 계통수 분석을 통해 DDX3 (PL10) 하부그룹에 속하는 것을 알 수 있었으며, 또한, 같은 그룹에 속하는 동물 중 P. dumerilii의 PL10a, b 단백질과 가장 가까운 유연관계를 확인 할 수 있었다.