• Title, Summary, Keyword: Silhouette

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Three-Dimensional Analysis of the Shapes of Gathered Skirts (개더스커트 형상프로포션의 3차원적 해석)

  • Lee, Myung-Hee;Jung, Hee-Kyeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.30 no.11
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    • pp.1598-1607
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the proportion of gathered skirts using a three-dimensional measurement system. And in this experiment, we have attempted to accumulate three-dimensional data of wearing model and find out adequate methods for analyzing shape of clothes. The experimental design consists of two factorial designs. We established three different kinds of fabrics, ratio of gathers. The measurement tool for three-dimensional model was whole body 3D scanner(Exima-WBS2H). Analysis program used in experiment is RapidForm 2004 PP1 and Pattern Design 2000. Data analysis utilizes SPSS WIN 10.0 Package. As the results show, there were different effect of gather and proportion of shapes among the measurements of width, thickness and areas made by different lines of vision in cross-sectional silhouette. And there were difference shapes of section area at each part of gathered skirts between vertical-outline silhouette and vortical-plane silhouette made by gathering conditions. And also the cross-sectional silhouettes and vertical silhouettes were related to shape of clothes.

A Study on the Classification of the Women's Pants Silhouettes by Their Pattern Construction (여성 팬츠의 패턴 구조에 따른 스타일 분류)

  • Yoon, Mi-Kyung;Nam, Yun-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.741-751
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    • 2009
  • In order to design and develop the various silhouette of pants pattern for standardized pants patterns, this study is to classify the pants style by the silhouette and to characterize each pants pattern which are classified. Recent 37 ready-made pants patterns of various style were collected in order to analyze their silhouette from April to July 2007. Measurement of each region of the pants pattern were compared and analysed. After analyse the standard deviation, coefficient of variance, minimum, maximum, range about the measurement of each region of the pants pattern, major pattern design factors were extracted. Five major factors are the angle of center front line and center back line, the crotch extension, the position of center back line against center front line, the curvature of center back line, and amount of waist dart. As a result, pants style were grouped as the culottes, formal, basic and tight style after considering the extracted design factors, and analysing correlation, degree of dispersion of the measurement by part. As the silhouette of pants classification from culotte to tight, the fits are closer to the figure, crotch depth increases, crotch extensions are shorter, and angle of the center back increases. The shape of the connected front and back center lines is U-shape for culotte and is closer to V-shape as the silhouette becomes tight.

Extraction of Human Body Using Hybrid Silhouette Extraction Method in Intelligent Robot System (지능형 로봇 시스템에서 하이브리드 실루엣 추출 방법을 이용한 인간의 몸 추출)

  • Kim Moon Hwan;Joo Young Hoon;Park Jin Bae;Cho Young Jo;Chi Su Young;Kim hye Jin
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.852-857
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    • 2005
  • This paper discusses a human body extraction method for intelligent robot system. The intelligent robot system requires more robust silhouette extraction method because it has internal vibration and low resolution. The new hybrid silhouette extraction method is proposed to overcome this constrained environment. The temporal and gradient information is combined as hybrid silhouette. The motion region model is used to adjust combining parameters in hybrid silhouette. Finally, the experimental results show the superiority of the proposed method.

Robust Recognition of 3D Object Using Attributed Relation Graph of Silhouette's (실루엣 기반의 관계그래프 이용한 강인한 3차원 물체 인식)

  • Kim, Dae-Woong;Baek, Kyung-Hwan;Hahn, Hern-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.25 no.7
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents a new approach of recognizing a 3D object using a single camera, based on the extended convex hull of its silhouette. It aims at minimizing the DB size and simplifying the processes for matching and feature extraction. For this purpose, two concepts are introduced: extended convex hull and measurable region. Extended convex hull consists of convex curved edges as well as convex polygons. Measurable region is the cluster of the viewing vectors of a camera represented as the points on the orientation sphere from which a specific set of surfaces can be measured. A measurable region is represented by the extended convex hull of the silhouette which can be obtained by viewing the object from the center of the measurable region. Each silhouette is represented by a relation graph where a node describes an edge using its type, length, reality, and components. Experimental results are included to show that the proposed algorithm works efficiently even when the objects are overlapped and partially occluded. The time complexity for searching the object model in the database is O(N) where N is the number of silhouette models.

Images Differences of Design Variations in One-Piece Dress Using a 3D Virtual Clothing System (3차원 가상착의 시스템을 활용한 원피스드레스의 디자인 변화에 따른 이미지 차이)

  • Uh, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the differences of visual image on variations in the length and princess line, in a silhouette of a one-piece dress with the application of the 3D Virtual Clothing System known as i-designer. Eight sample were examined: 2 variations of the length and 2 variations of the princess line, 2 variations of the form of a silhouette. The data was obtained from 66 fashion design majors. The data was assessed by a t-test and a multi-way ANOVA and factor analysis. The results were as follows; The visual image according to the design variables, four factors were selected; the attractiveness factor, the activeness factor, the practicality factor, the elegance factor. In these factors, the attractiveness factor is estimated by the most important factor. As a result of analyzing the effect of the interaction in the visual image according to the design variables, the influence of the main effect was found to be great in each factor. In the activeness factor, a significant difference was noted in the two-way interaction between the length and the princess line, the length and the silhouette. In the elegance factor, a significant difference was noted in the two-way interaction between the length and the silhouette. However, the influence on three-way interaction among the length, the princess line, and the silhouette was not significant.

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A Study on the Visual Evaluation According to Changes in Silhouette of Wide Pants (와이드 팬츠의 실루엣 변화에 따른 시각적 평가)

  • Lee, Jung-Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to recognize the differences of visual evaluation by variations in silhouette of the wide pants. The stimuli are 9 samples: One control group, 3 variations of the width of hem line and 3 variations of the silhouette. The data has been obtained from 57 fashion college students. The data has been analyzed by Factor Analysis, Anova, Scheffe's Test. The results of the study are as follows: The visual evaluation by silhouette of wide pants are composed of 5 factors(i.e., physical characteristics, complexity, attractiveness, originality, and stiffness and softness). Among these factors, the physical characteristic is evaluated to be the most important factor. The straight pants were the most attractive and modern when the width of the hem line was 66cm (1st stage), while the pants were uncomfortable and unwearable when the width of the hem line was 98cm (3rd stage). The bell-bottom pants were evaluated to be the most attractive with the average width of the hem line. When the width of the hem line of the flare pants were too wide, it was uncomfortable and unwearable but had its unique originality. When the width of the hem line was narrow, the visual image changed as the pants' silhouette varied. However, when the width of the hem line was wide, the visual image did not change by silhouette.

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A Study on the Changes of Social Meaning of Androgynous Image in Fashion Magazine(II) -Focused Fashion Design Element- (패션잡지에 나타난 양성이미지의 사회적 의미변화에 관한 연구(II) -디자인 요소를 중심으로-)

  • 유홍식;황선진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.111-124
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze how the women´s fashion with the design elements(silhouette, material, color, detail and trimming) of androgynous image which has appeared on our specialized fashion magazine from 1986 through 2000. As a result of this study I drew the following conclusion. 1. The bon silhouette led the market in the first stage of mid 1980. The wool and leather with the masculine image, cotton and soft material with unisex image were used to express the androgynous image. The dark and mono tone with the masculine image were used a lot in color. In women´s fashion the minimalism style with simple image was expressed escaping from the decoration, in which the detail and trimming was not found as in men´s wear. 2. It showed that more and more feminine image was accepted in the second stage of early 1990. Women´s wear silhouette with the androgynous image has changed from masculine box silhouette boomed in the first stage to hourglass silhouette and slim silhouette. The wool and leather were used a lot as the materials in the first stage but the usage of the cotton with unisex image and soft texture were getting increased. The main colors were the black and the blue but the usage of the white and the red were on the increase showing the range of the use was extending. In the meantime, the detail and trimming were hardly used like in the first stage. 3. In the third stage of the late 1990, the silhouette has changed to slim style. The wool and leather were mainly used as the materials but the cotton and silk were on the increase showing that the materials of the feminine image were used in the women´s fashion with the androgynous image as well as the materials of masculine image. In color, the black and the white of the masculine image were used increasingly by the effect of the minimalism and the usage of the colors were various for the rising frequency of the trend colors usage.

A Study on Impression Formation According to Design Elements of Wedding Dresses and Perceiver's Gender(Part I) -Emphasis on Silhouettes and Necklines of Wedding Dresses- (웨딩드레스의 디자인 요소와 지각자 성별에 따른 인상형성 연구(제1보) -실루엣과 네크라인을 중심으로-)

  • 이미연;이명희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.724-735
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    • 2000
  • The objectives of this study were to identify the dimensional structure of female impression formation based on silhouettes and necklines of wedding dresses, and to analyze the effect of silhouettes, necklines, and perceiver's gender on impression formation. The experimental design was 3$\times$6$\times$2 (silhouettes$\times$necklines$\times$gender) factorial design by 3 independent variables. Samples were 432 males and females. Four factors derived to account for the dimensions of impression formation. These were attractiveness, neatness, feminity, and prettiness. Dome silhouette had a positive effect on impression of attractiveness. Bell silhouette increased the impression of femininity and prettiness. Tubular silhouette had a negative effect on the impressions of attractiveness, femininity, and prettiness. Neckline had a significant effect on impression of attractiveness and negative on prettiness. Sweet-heart neckline has a positive effect on impression of attractiveness and negative on prettiness. Off-shoulder neckline increased the impression of prettiness. Round neckline decreased the impression of attractiveness. On the interaction effect according to the neckline and perceiver's gender, the men perceived high-necklines to be more feminine than did women, while the women perceived off-shoulder necklines to be more feminine than did men. There was interaction effect between silhouette and neckline on prettiness. In dome silhouette, heart-shape neckline was perceived to be prettier than the others, while in bell silhouette, off-shoulder neckline was perceived as prettier than the others.

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Silhouette Denoising for the Stone Cultural Heritages (석탑 문화재의 실루엣 추출을 위한 노이즈 제거)

  • Kim, Hak-Ran;WhangBo, Taek-Keun
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.381-388
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    • 2009
  • This paper proposes a denoising method for the contour edges and crease edges of silhouette obtained from 3D scanned data of stone cultural heritages. It is often the case that the silhouette involves noise in the form of short-length line segments, due to rough surfaces of stone cultural heritages, weathering, and technical difficulties arising in data acquisition. Thus the removal of the short-length line segments from the contour edges and crease edges can result in a clear and accurate silhouette. An efficient computational algorithm is introduced to count the continuity of line segments; edges having not more than 3 line segments are removed. It has been verified that the new method is more effective than threshold-based silhouette extraction methods for stone heritages. Our method is applicable for various other data which are deteriorated by short-length line segments.

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Characteristic to Express Maximalism Fashion Appearing in Fashion Collection (패션컬렉션에 나타난 맥시멀리즘 패션 표현유형 분석)

  • Jeong, Sun-Hwa;Jung, Hyun-Joo
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.155-167
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    • 2009
  • This study reviewed the basic principle of "Maximalism" fashion and analyzed the properties of fashion types with found the frequencies of various styles and design factors of "Maximalism" fashion in collection. The limits of this study is from 2001, s/s, maximalism was embossed in a modem fashion, to 2007, f/w, and collected the fashion collection pictures from www.samsungdesign.net and www.style.com. The results of this study are as follows. First, the most frequent style of "Maximalism" design showed in International fashion collection was "exaggerated style." Second, the design factors of "Maximalism" fashion were also examined. In case of silhouette, "hourglass silhouette" was the most frequent silhouette. In case of pattern, "solid" color was the most frequently used. In case of materials, the soft materials were the most frequently used. Third, the frequencies of design factors of maximalism by presentation types was compared and analyzed. In case of expansion, "bulk silhouette" was the most frequent silhouette to be appeared, and about multi-ethnic, futurelism, and elegance, "hourglass silhouette" was frequent appeared. In case of pattern, "solid" color was the most frequently used in all types. In case of materials, the hard materials were the most frequently used in expansion, multi-ethnic and futurelism. "Maximalism" fashion which is most splendid trend would grow up rapidly in the modem fashion market and influence on the other fashion trend in our every day life. Consequently, this research can be referred as practical information in fashion marketing and it will contribute to the future fashion research as well.

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