• Title, Summary, Keyword: Silhouette

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The Middle Age Women's Image Evaluation of Tailored Jacket according to the Body Type and the Degree of Satisfaction with the Body - Focused on Silhouette - (중년여성의 체형과 신체 만족도에 따른 테일러드 재킷의 이미지 평가 - 실루엣을 중심으로 -)

  • Park Jong-Hee;Ryoo Sook-Hee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.481-493
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the image evaluation of tailored jacket according to the body type and the degree of satisfaction with the body of middle-aged women. The subjects used for this study were three hundred and twenty three middle-aged women ranging from 35 to 50 years old. We measured their bodies and asked them report to the questionnaire. The results are as follows. There was a significant difference in the image evaluation of tailored jacket according to the body type of middle-aged women. The women of the type I evaluated that X silhouette was the most fascinating, elegant, active, and tender, and the women of the type II, A silhouette. The women of the type III evaluated that H silhouette was the most fascinating, elegant, active, and tender, and the women of the type IV, H silhouette. There was a meaningful difference in the image evaluation of tailored jacket according to the degree of satisfaction with their bodies. As satisfied with the girth of the body, weight, and figure they evaluated X silhouette was more attractive, graceful, active, and soft.

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A Study on the Change of Silhouette (Mainly on Wonen's Costume) (Silhouette의 변천(變遷)에 관(關)한 고찰(考察) - 여자(女子)의복(衣服)을 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Lee, Sun-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.1
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    • pp.131-150
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    • 1977
  • The new sense of costume is controlled by silhouette. The sense of the times is sensitively reflected in silhouette. For we can perceive the transition of the times through silhouette it is significant to know what course of changes the western costume, which almost became the international costume today, had been going through. I began with the definition and condition of silhouette in this study of silhouette. I took a general survey of silhouette study-ing various kinds of silhouette and the relation between the material and silhouette. I sought the factors which causec the changes in costume and also studies the process of the changes The process of the costume changes is studied by the order of ancient times, mediaeval times, mordern ages and present days. I selected one representative silhouette of women's costume of each period. The darpery form of the ancient time's costume became the tunic form and the tunic form became the tight tunic form today. From this we can perceive that the Gothic period was the limitation of westrn costume. It means that the ancient times was the period of drapery, the midiaeval times was the period of transition from tunic into tight tunic and the modern ages is the period of development of tight tunic. In Egyptian period thin materials were used for costume which was worn in exposed style. In Greek period the costume had the drapery style. The Roman's magnificent costume resembled the Greek's. The mediaeval costume was formed in Byzantium where the northern Europe style of costume was mixed with the gay oriental costume. The Romanesque and Gothic period followed the Byzantine period completing the midiaeval costume. Tight tunic is developed in modern ages. Italian fashion of tight tunic was the first fashion of the modern ages. Germanic and spanish fashion came after it. As Baroque period opened the French royal costume became magnificent and added Brition fashish to it. With the commencement of the modern ages the royal fashion came to an end. Modernages became peaple's period and the costume was simplified. After the First world wav designers and fashion books appeared with the development of technology. Thus the period of fashion industry came. For the designers in 20th country competed to create new designs, the fashion was changed year by year. The simplicity and practicality are not ignored in design, arid the designers added more atristic sense to dresses.

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The Parametrization and Structure Analysis for a Perspective Silhouette of a Canal Surface (Canal 곡면의 투시 윤곽곡선의 매개변수화 및 구조 분석)

  • Kim, Ku-Jin;Lee, In-Kwon
    • Journal of The Korea Computer Graphics Society
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2001
  • We present an efficient and robust algorithm to parametrize a perspective silhouette curve of a canal surface. We also detect each connected component of the silhouette. A canal surface is an envelope surface of a moving sphere with varying radii, which is defined by the center trajectory C(t) and radius function r(t) of the moving sphere. A canal surface can be decomposed to a set of characteristic circles. We derive the equations for the silhouette points on each characteristic circle, then parameterize the silhouette curve by using the equation. The sphere $S(t_*)$ with center point $C(t_*)$ and radius $r(t_*)$ intersects with the canal surface at a characteristic circle $K(t_*)$. The perspective silhouette of the sphere $S(t_*)$ from given view point consists of a circle $Q(t_*)$. By finding the values of t at which K(t) and Q(t) tangentially intersect, we detect each connected component of the silhouette curve.

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A Study on the Princess Line by Body Types (Part I) - Focused on Body Types of A & H -

  • Kim, Sook-Jung;Suh, Mi-A
    • The International Journal of Costume Culture
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.182-194
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    • 2001
  • The main purpose is to study lines on different body types and to disguise any imperfections by using diverse princess lines. We separated festers body shapes into specific body types, A, H by applying both the direct and the indirect measurements. Following are the results of the study: 1. nose are the resulting illusion effects when the shoulder width of the princess line was fixed. In case of the armhole princess line, the illusion that the waist intervals were narrow or wide in A-line silhouette. In case the shoulder princess line, when the waist interval was narrow, it appeared to show narrow shoulder in A-line silhouette. While the wide waist interval shows the wide shoulder width in H-line silhouette. It regards body type H in the same light as H-line silhouette when the waist interval is narrow, it appeared to show narrow shoulder width in A-line silhouette. When the waist interval was wide, it appeared to give the narrow shoulder width. 2. When the princess lines waist width was fixed in order to study illusion effects of waist widths. Generally, for body type A, Whether the waist interval princess line is narrow or wide, the princess line is located comparatively wide, in A-line silhouette appeared to show relatively slender waist. For body type H, whether the waist interval is narrow or wide, the princess line us situated comparatively narrow interval, H-line silhouette appeared to show sum waist but the differences are not significant 3. The illusion of the hip were studied by fixating the width of the skirt and varying the locations of princess line and waist widths. For the location of both armhole and shoulder princess line in H and A-line silhouette, the narrow shoulder width and the waist appeared to show narrow hips. mile they are wide appeared to show wide hips. 4. With both waist and skirt width fuel, all two body types showed taller and slender postures when the princess line originated from the shoulder compare to the armhole.

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Analysis of Bulky Silhouette Coat Trend in 2013/14, 2014/15 F/W Season of Women's Ready to Wear Collection: With Paris, Milan, London and New York Collection (2013/14, 2014/15 F/W 컬렉션에 나타난 벌키 실루엣 코트 경향 분석)

  • Lee, Shin-Young;Shin, Kyoung-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.121-133
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    • 2017
  • This study investigates the design relation between shoulder line and sleeve line for designing bulky silhouettes as well as examines the trend sensitivity and design difference of each city through a comparison of the four cities collection (Paris, Milan, London, and New York). The results are as follows. In the four major fashion capitals, the rates of all-season coats were higher in 2014/15 F/W than those in the 2013/14 F/W season. At the 2014/15 F/W season, the proportion of the bulky silhouette coat, (including the fur and cape coat) increased and confirmed the bulky silhouette fashion trend. Second, an examining of the proportion of bulky silhouette coats manufactured by leading brands in major cities, indicated that London brands readily followed the trend of bulky silhouette coats when compared to other cities. This trend was also accepted by most brands in New York. Most brands in London and New York are highly compliant with the latest fashion trends. Third, the drop shoulder design was mostly presented in the shoulder pit of the bulky coat. In case of the sleeve, the shape of the jar was kept wide at the elbow line and made narrower toward the beak in most bulky silhouette coats. The importance of shoulder and sleeve design is clearly highlighted in the bulky silhouette coat. Fourth, detail design trends were different according to type of sleeve and shoulder fit. The results show the relationship between shoulder and sleeve design.

Group Search Optimization Data Clustering Using Silhouette (실루엣을 적용한 그룹탐색 최적화 데이터클러스터링)

  • Kim, Sung-Soo;Baek, Jun-Young;Kang, Bum-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2017
  • K-means is a popular and efficient data clustering method that only uses intra-cluster distance to establish a valid index with a previously fixed number of clusters. K-means is useless without a suitable number of clusters for unsupervised data. This paper aimsto propose the Group Search Optimization (GSO) using Silhouette to find the optimal data clustering solution with a number of clusters for unsupervised data. Silhouette can be used as valid index to decide the number of clusters and optimal solution by simultaneously considering intra- and inter-cluster distances. The performance of GSO using Silhouette is validated through several experiment and analysis of data sets.

Effective Internal Pattern Expression Using 3D Vector Data (3D 벡터 데이터를 이용한 효과적인 내부문양 표현)

  • Park, Sung-Jun;Cho, Jin-Soo;WhangBo, Taeg-Keun
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.645-646
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    • 2008
  • Silhouette extraction is widely used in many computer graphics applications. In this paper, we proposed a method for extracting 3D silhouette and internal pattern from 3D vector data. To do this, we first make an edge-list, secondly define the silhouette, and finally remove hidden lines. After getting the silhouette, we extract internal pattern using adjacent edge's dihedral. The proposed method not only effectively improves the performance of extracting 3D silhouette and internal pattern from 3D vector data but also reduces the computational complexity.

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Sensitivity Analysis of Width Representation for Gait Recognition

  • Hong, Sungjun;Kim, Euntai
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, we discuss a gait representation based on the width of silhouette in terms of discriminative power and robustness against the noise in silhouette image for gait recognition. Its sensitivity to the noise in silhouette image are rigorously analyzed using probabilistic noisy silhouette model. In addition, we develop a gait recognition system using width representation and identify subjects using the decision level fusion based on majority voting. Experiments on CASIA gait dataset A and the SOTON gait database demonstrate the recognition performance with respect to the noise level added to the silhouette image.

Studies on three-dimensional Measuring Technique for Garments - Effect of Flare Ratio on Hem-Line Shapes of Flared Skirts - (의복의 3차원 형상 계측에 관한 연구 -플레어 스커트의 헴라인 형상에 미치는 플레어 양의 영향-)

  • Suh, Jung-Kwon;Rhee, Jung-Uk
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.33 no.11
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    • pp.985-991
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this paper is to identify the characteristics of three-dimensional shape of flared-skirts by employing a three-dimensional shape measuring equipments designed for this study. To achieve this purpose, this study examines the effects of hem-line shape of flared-skirts by using different flare ratio, that is, waist size and skirt length remain constant while hem-line varies from 3 times to 5 times the waist size, respectively. The skirts were constructed by three kinds of fabrics under the same conditions. The wave-height in the shape of hem-line tended to increase as the flare ratio increased. The number of nodes highly was correlated with the flare ratio, but significant differences were little shown in the types of samples. As a result, it was found that as the flare ratio increased, regularity and uniformity of node seemed to be diminished. The silhouette index and calculated silhouette angle of skirt were smaller as the amount of flare increased. It should be noted that the silhouette index and silhouette angle were represented as the ratio of a width of skirt appeared under the shapes of hem-line and that the silhouette angles were obtained by measuring the angles of a side line. Finally, it was concluded that the increase in the flare ratio had an effect on those in the shape of hem-line and silhouette of flared-skirt.

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Silhouette Changes in Bell Bottom Pants and Visual Evaluation (벨보텀 팬츠의 실루엣 변화와 시각적 평가)

  • Cho, Eunhye;Lee, Young ju
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2017
  • A literature review and survey were conducted regarding the silhouette changes in bell bottom pants and the overall visual evaluation in accordance with the changes. The survey was disseminated from December 2015 to January 2016 to 245 women in their 20s living in Busan. The variables used for the silhouette changes in bell bottom pants were the volume of flare and the flare's starting point, and 20 pairs of terms were selected for visual evaluation. The results of the study are as follows: 1. Visual evaluations according to the volume of flare in bell bottoms indicated that females in their 20s appraised pants with a flare volume of 54 cm close to a straight silhouette and flare volume of 62 cm (recognized clearly as characteristic of bell bottom pants) to be more attractive and sophisticated than pants with flare volumes of 70 cm and 78 cm. 2.Visual evaluations according to the starting point of the flare in bell bottom pants showed that women appraised their legs as looking thinner when the flare started near the thighs. In a vertical visual evaluation, women appraised that their legs looked longer when the flare started near the knees and pants fit tightly around them. 3.The analysis of silhouette factors affecting the visual evaluation of bell bottom pants indicated that the volume of flare has more effect visually than the starting point of the flare.

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