• Title, Summary, Keyword: Silage

Search Result 799, Processing Time 0.063 seconds

A Study on the Quality of Tuber silage of Jerusalem Artichoke ( Helianthus tuberosus L. ) (배합사료를 혼합한 돼지감자 ( Helianthus tuberosus L. ) 사일리지 제조시험)

  • 고영두;안병관
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.157-161
    • /
    • 1987
  • In order to utilize the tuber of Jerusalem artichoke (Jerusalem tuberosus L.) which has been considered one of the most economical resources for bioenergy, the tubers of the plant were processed into silage in 11 lab-silo with three levels of mixture of concentrates i.e. 10, 20, 30%. The silage was stored for 20 to 40 days before analyses. The quality of silage was compared with those of the tube-only silage without concentrates. Aproximate composition, pH, ammonium nitrogen, total nitrogen, and organic acids were analyzed. The results obtained are summarized ; 1. With the mixture of concentrates, the water content of the silage was able to be adjusted to 70 percent and NDF significantly increased (P<0.05) while ADF significantly decreased. 2. The content of water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) was significantly decreased in silages of the mixture of concentrate and the tuber (P<0.05), while total nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen increased. 3. Tube-only silage gave satisfaction in fermentation, particularly organic-acid fermentation. As the storage period extended, Flieg's score of the silage was improved. Conclusively, the tuber of Jerusalem artichoke found to satisfy the requirements of good silage and to be recommended as a good resource for all-inane silage provided the tuber was ensilaged with 20 to 30 percent concentrate.

  • PDF

Quality Analysis of Fresh Rice Straw Wrapping Silage by Softening Treatment of Fresh Rice Straw and Colors Effects of Wrapping Stretch Film (생볏짚의 연화처리와 피복스트레치 필름의 색깔에 따른 랩사일리지의 품질분석)

  • 이성현;김종근;최광재;유병기;오권영
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.335-340
    • /
    • 2002
  • Recently, in Korea, round bale wrapping silage made by fresh rice straw are partially utilized. The colors of stretch film using far wrapping the fresh rice straw round bale are white, green and black. The light transmittance of green and white color stretch film was not founded the difference. However, the light transmittance of black color stretch film was largely difference of two stretch films. This study was carried out to measure qualities of fresh rice straw wrapping silage by softening processing of fresh rice straw and colors effects of wrapping stretch film. The analyzed factors were the light transmittance of stretch film, variation of the temperature in fresh rice straw round bale and qualities of the silage in crude protein, ADF, NDF, organic acid, etc. It was difficult to find in this study the colors effects of stretch film on silage qualities by the silage wrapping. But, when make fresh rice straw wrapping silage, wrapping silage fermentation effect goes well more if handle softening the fresh rice straw.

NUTRITIVE VALUE OF NAPIER GRASS (PENNISETUM PURPUREUM SCHUM.) SILAGE ENSILED WITH MOLASSES BY GOATS

  • Yokota, H.;Okajima, T.;Ohshima, M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-37
    • /
    • 1992
  • Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) harvested at an early growth stage was ensiled with 4% of molasses in a polyethylene bag silo which contained 15 kg of chopped forage each. Dry matter (DM) content of the silage was so low as 14.75%, although chemical quality of the silage was very high. Ratio of ammonia nitrogen to total nitrogen was 6.59%, and the pH value of the silage was 3.79. Nutritive value of the silage was estimated using goats and compared to that of a timothy hay as a reference ration. Feeding level of each rations was adjusted to a level of nitrogen (N) recommendation. DM and N digestibilities of the silage were 65.0 and 54.5%, respectively, but those of the timothy hay were 37.6 and 37.2%. Feeding of the napier grass silage maintained body weight and kept positive N retention. Ammonia N concentration in the rumen fluid in goats fed the napier grass silage increased after feeding, but blood urea concentration was constant. Feeding of the timothy hay did not increase ammonia N concentration in the rumen fluid, but increased blood urea concentration. These facts indicated that the napier grass silage had enough digestible DM and N for maintenance ration to goats.

Effects of Intake on Digestibility of Grass Silage Harvested at Different Cutting Dates (예취시기를 달리한 Silage의 섭취량이 소화율에 미치는 영향)

  • 성경일;김창주;김동암
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
    • /
    • v.5 no.3
    • /
    • pp.176-179
    • /
    • 1985
  • Digestion trials were conducted to evaluate intake and digestibility of grass harvested at different dates. Silage was prepared from first-growth forage (predominantly timothy) which cutting dates; 4 June (vegetative, called early-cut) and 30 June (heading, called late-cut). The silage was fed to wethers at restricted and ad libitum levels of intake. The crude protein and crude fat of silage decreased with advancing maturity, while contents of fibre increased. DM intake of early-cut and late-cut silage were $99g/W_{kg}^{0.75}\;and\;75g/W_{kg}^{0.75}$, respectively. In digestibility and TDN, significant differences (p<0.01) between early-cut and late-cut silage were found. There was no significant difference in DM digestibility of early-cut silage between restricted and ad libitum feeding, but DM digestibility was decreased markedly in ad libitum feeding that out of account in fecal condition. Digestibility of all composition in early-cut silage, except for hemicellulose, was not observed with increasing levels of intake. Digestibility of crude protein, NDF and hemicellulose in late-cut silage were decreased (p<0.05) in ad libitum when compared with restricted feeding. Results of this study suggest that digestibility of early and late forages harvested as silage varies with levels of intake. Thus, relationship levels of intake and digestibility must be considered cautiously.

  • PDF

Studies on the Utilization of Wastes from Fish Processing II -Changes of Chemical Properties of Skipjack Tuna Viscera Silage during Storage by the Processing Method (수산물 가공부산물의 이용에 관한 연구 II-가공방법에 따른 가다랭이 내장 silage의 저장 중 성분변화)

  • YOON Ho-Dong;LEE Doo-Seog;SUH Sang-Bok
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.8-15
    • /
    • 1997
  • For an effective use of fish by-products from the skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) canning manufactures, the changes of chemical properties of skipjark tuna viscera silage by the processing method during storage were investigated. The acid treated skipjack tuna viscera silage (ASS) were higher in the contents of moisture, lipid, protein and mineral but lower in the contents of carbohydrate and polyunsaturated fatty acids than those of fermented skipjack tuna viscera silage (FSS) by L. bulgaricus, KCTC 3188 and L. plantarum, KCTC 1048. Especially, the contents of total n-3 fatty acids in FSS increased remarkably during storage. The dominant amino acids in ASS and FSS were glutamic acid (Glu), aspartic acid (Asp), leucine (Leu), glycine (Gly) and alanine (Ala). And the contents of tryptophan (Trp) decreased by $30\%$ in ASS and $5\%$ in FSS in comparision with that of raw skipjack tuna viscera after 42 days of storage. The concentration of vitamin $B_1\;and\;B_2$ in FSS increased gradually during storage but the concentration of vitamin $B_2$ in ASS decreased. In the organoleptic evaluation, ASS gave a grayish brown color and a fishy odor. On the other hand, FSS had reddish brown color and sour taste by the production of lactic arid during storage.

  • PDF

Studies on the Quality and Utilization of Pumpkin Silages (호박 Silage의 품질(品質) 및 이용성(利用性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Y.K.;Kim, S.K.
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.77-84
    • /
    • 1976
  • The preservation efficiency, quality and utilization of silage from 3 species of pumpkins (Mammoth pumpkin, Queensland blue pumpkin, Korean pumpkin) without and with 10, and 20% wheat bran additive were studied in this experiment. Silages were analysised and tested the chemical composition, pH and quality of silages between at 40-60 days and egg performance were carried out with mammoth pumpkin silage without additive. The results were summaried as follows. 1. The losses of all silage ware lower and similar as about 15% at 6 monthes following after silage-making but all raw pumpkins were spoilaged during the winter storaging. 2. The moisture content of silages were higher as about 97% in mammoth pumpkin silage, 94% in Queensland pumpkin silage and 91% in Korean pumpkin silage without additive and all nutrient content of silage without and with additive were depended on its content of raw silage material of pumpkins and wheat bran. The contents of moisture and N-free extract were slightly decrease but not significantly difference during the silaging and other contents were not so much changed. 3. Good quality of silage were made from all pumpkins with and without additive. Organic acid contents were 2.09-2.93% of lactic acid, 0.68-1.71% of acetic acid and 0% of butyric acid and it was pH 3.8-4.0 in silages. 4. Feed intakes, egg production and quality of egg were showed good result in 5.0 and 7.5% silage feeding group as D.M. base for egg performance. (P<0.01) 5. It was concluded that good quality of silage were made from pumpkins with and without wheat bran additive and it was suggested that poor quality feedstuff may be improved it feeding value by extended palatability with pumpkin additive silage.

  • PDF

The Intake and Palatability of Four Different Types of Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum) Silage Fed to Sheep

  • Manyawu, G.J.;Sibanda, S.;Chakoma, I.C.;Mutisi, C.;Ndiweni, P.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.16 no.6
    • /
    • pp.823-829
    • /
    • 2003
  • Four different types of silage from new cultivars of Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum), cv. NG 1 and NG 2, were fed to eight wethers in order to evaluate their preference and intake by sheep. The silages were prepared from direct-cut NG 1 herbage; pre-wilted NG 1 herbage; NG 1 herbage with maize meal (5% inclusion) and NG 2 herbage with maize meal (5% inclusion). All silages were palatable to sheep. Maize-treated silage had high quality fermentation, characterized by high Fleig scores and low pH, volatile fatty acids (VFA) and ammoniacal nitrogen contents. The pH, Fleig score, in vitro digestible organic matter (IVDOMD) and ammoniacal-N contents for maize-treated cv. NG 1 silage were 3.7, 78, $540g\;kg^{-1}$ dry matter (DM ) and $0.18g\;kg^{-1}$ DM whereas, in maize-treated cv. NG 2 they were 3.6, 59, $^458g\;kg{-1}$ DM and $0.18g\;kg^-1$ DM, respectively. The superior quality of maize-treated silages made them more preferable to sheep. Among the maize-fortified silages, palatability and intake were significantly (p<0.001) greater with cv. NG 1. Although direct-cut silage had better fermentation quality compared to wilted silage, wilted silage was significantly (p<0.001) more preferable to sheep. However, there were no significant differences (p<0.05) in the levels of preference and intake of wilted silage compared to maize-treated cv. NG 2 silage, even though the latter tended to be more palatable. There were indications that high pH (4.6 vs 3.5) and IVDOMD content (476 vs $457g\;kg^{-1}%$ DM) of wilted silage contributed to higher intake, compared to direct-cut silage. It was generally concluded that pre-wilting and treatment of Napier grass with maize meal at ensiling enhances intake and palatability.

Effect of Replacing Rolled Corn with Potato Pulp Silage in Grass Silage-based Diets on Nitrogen Utilization by Steers

  • Aibibula, Y.;Okine, A.;Hanada, M.;Murata, S.;Okamoto, M.;Goto, M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.20 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1215-1221
    • /
    • 2007
  • Three Holstein steers fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulae were fed grass silage-based diets supplemented with potato pulp silage as a substitute for rolled corn at levels of 0%, 50% and 100% on a DM basis in a $3{\times}3$ Latin square design to investigate the effect of potato pulp silage on nitrogen (N) utilization in ruminants. Organic matter (OM) intake, and rumen and total tract digestibilities did not differ among treatment diets. Rumen and post-rumen starch digestibilities were similar among treatments, although starch intake decreased (p<0.01) with potato pulp supplementation. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) in ruminal N utilization and non-ammonia N supply to the duodenum of steers fed grass silage supplemented with potato pulp silage as a substitute for rolled corn. There were no treatment differences (p>0.05) in rumen pH, volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration or the molar percentages of acetate and propionate. The ammonia-N concentration in rumen fluid tended to decrease (p<0.1) when rolled corn was substituted with potato pulp silage. Ether extract intake and post-ruminal digestibility significantly (p<0.01) decreased in steers fed diets containing potato pulp silage. Concentrations of total cholesterol and phospholipids in serum markedly decreased (p<0.01) with potato pulp silage supplementation without adversely affecting liver function. These data suggested that potato pulp silage has a similar value as rolled corn as an energy source for rumen microorganisms.

Whole Crop Silage Making of Barley Produced in Paddy Find of Central and Northern Region (중북부지역 답리작 보리담근먹이 조제이용 연구)

  • Kim, W.H.;Shin, J.S.;Seo, S.;Chung, E.E.;Rim, Y.C.;Park, G.J.;Choi, S.H.;Lee, J.K.;Ryu, G.C.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.289-292
    • /
    • 2003
  • A series of three separate experiments was contucted to investigate the effect of working time quality and animal palatability of barley whole crop silage by trench and round bale in paddy field of Central and Northern region from 1999 to 2001. Dry matter yield of trench and round bale silage was 12,562 and 12,555 MT per ha, respectively. Quality and animal palatability of silage by trench was slightly higher than those by round bale. Work time of trench silage and bale silage per ha were 4.9 and 5.7 time. Silage making areas by trench and round bale were 4 and 3ha per day, respectively, The results demonstrated that silage making by round bale was good for production cost over 7 working days.

Silage Productivity of Korean-Improved and Introduced Corn Genotypes in the Southern Part of Korea (남부지방에서 국내육성 및 도입옥수수 품종의 Silage 생산성)

  • 이석순;김태주;배동호;함태수
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.156-161
    • /
    • 1986
  • Silage productivity and resistance to rice black streaked dwarf virus (RSDV) of six Korean-improved and six US introduced corn genotypes were tested in the southern part of Korea. There was a negative correlation between culm length retarded by RBSDV and coefficients of variance of culm length. Frequency distribution of culm length could be classified as three genotypic groups according to the type of distribution and percentage of RBSDV diseased plants. There were negative correlations between percent RBSDV diseased plants at harvest and culm length, percent ear bearing plants, silage yield, or ear yield, but percent RBSDV diseased plants did not related to the ear/silage ratio and stover yield. Silage yield of Pioneer XCF38 was highest, but that of Suweon 89 and NC 6131 was lowest. However, there was not signi-ficant difference in silage yield among the remaining genotypes. Pioneer XCF38, Suweon 89, and Jinjuok were quite resistant to RBSDV, but Suweon 19, Kwangok, Hoengseongok, Jecheonok, and Pioneer 3424 were susceptible and NC 6131 was most susceptible to RBSDV. Although Jinjuok and Suweon 89 were resistant to RBSDV, silage yield was not high because of early senescence of leaves after silkillg.

  • PDF