• Title, Summary, Keyword: Shelter

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A Study on the Planning of Civil Defense Shelter and Design 2 - Focused on Planning and Design of Defense Shelter the U.S. - (민방위 대피시설 계획 및 설계 방안에 관한 연구 2 - 미국의 대피시설 계획 및 설계를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Namkwun;Kwon, Taeil;Kim, Twehwan
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.442-451
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    • 2014
  • Over 20,000 defense shelters are currently designated and operated in Korea. However, only few sheltershave the capacity to defend against CBR attack or terror from North Korea. Furthermore, as public defense shelters are only equipped with air-raid shelters, it is urgent to establish standard for CBR attack.This study focuses on shelter-in-place(SIP), a kind of CBR shelter in the U.S., and aims to draw up construction plan and planning of Korean defenses helter.

Study on the Selection of the Tsunami Shelter Using AHP and GIS analysis (AHP와 GIS분석을 이용한 지진해일 대피소 선정)

  • Choi, Jong-Ho;Kang, In-Joon;King, Sang-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.30 no.6_1
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    • pp.503-509
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    • 2012
  • The cities keep growing due to industrialization and the risk of disaster gets higher as the society gets sophisticated. The center of current disaster plan has spent more efforts on post processing of disaster and it is the current status that the plan for shelter that minimizes the life and property damage has not been established effectively. Especially, the whole area of Noksan Industrial Complex at Noksan-dong, Gangseo-gu, Busan Metropolitan City was designated as danger area of tsunami, but the shelter has not been selected. Thus, this paper is willing to select the shelter using AHP analysis and GIS method that is multi criteria decision making analysis after grasping the buildings that can be selected as the shelter.

Growth Characteristics of Juvenile Abalone, Haliotis discus hannai by Reared Methods in order to High Density Intermediate Culture in Land-based Tank (육성수조 내 북방전복, Haliotis discus hannai 치패 고밀도 중간양성 사육방식별 성장특성)

  • Lee, Si-Woo;Kim, Byeong-Hak;Park, Min-Woo;Kim, Tae-Ik;Son, Maeng-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2015
  • The effect of different intermediated rearing method by expanding the attached floor space in order to highly density culture on the growth characteristics and survival rate of the juvenile abalone, Haliotis discus hannai, were investigated in land-based tanks. The intermediated culture methods was determined thru the shelter counts and layer for 10 month with two replicates : the single layer shelter (SLS), the double layer shelter (DLS), the triple layer shelter (TLS) and the single layer shelter under net cage (SLSNC). In addition, the culture on shallow race way tank had to set up as culture of the ditch raceway tank (CDRT) and the floor race way tank (CFRT). In the growth performance of reared abalone (initial mean shell length $54.18{\pm}7.39mm$ and weight $1.93{\pm}0.14g$) at experimental tanks, that the absolute growth rate (ARG), daily growth rate (DGR) and specific growth rate (SGR) to the shell length and shell breadth was not significant at each experimental tanks except SLSNC. As well as too, weight gain (WG), daily weight gain (DWG) and specific weight gain (SWG) to weight was not significant at each experimental tanks except SLSNC, too. Survival rates of CDRT and CFRT was lower than those of different experimental tanks (P < 0.05). Therefore, these results is showed that high density different intermediated rearing method by expanding the attached floor space for juvenile H. discus hannai was not have difference as growth performance and survival rate both one layer shelter and multi layer shelter. Also, it is considered that shallow race way tank was not useful rearing for the juvenile intermediate culture of H. discus hannai in land based.

Investigation on the Conservation Environment for the Shelter of Stone Cultural Properties (I)-Focused on the Standing Stone Buddhist Triad in Bae-ri, Gyeongju and Rock-carved Triad Buddha in Seosan (석조문화재 보호각의 보존환경 연구(I)-경주배리석불입상, 서산마애삼존불상을 중심으로)

  • Hong, Jung-Ki;Eom, Doo-Sung;Chung, Young-Jae;Masayuki Morii
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.141-164
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    • 2005
  • Most of the stone cultural properties is exposed to the weathering factor(rain, windetc.), so the shelter is constructed for reduction of its direct effect. But the shelter is indicated some problems that inharmoniousness of the surroundings, in section disturbance for insufficiency of light, the loss about the value of cultural properties and so on. So we have investigated on environmental condition (temperature, relative humidity, wind etc.) at the Standing Stone Buddhist Triad in Bae-ri, Gyeongju and Rock-carved Triad Buddha in Seosan because check the effect of the shelter. As the result, the Standing Stone Buddhist Triad in Bae-ri, Gyeongju is located a pine wood and a lot of bamboo grow naturally in nearing. Environmental difference on inside and outside of the shelter is not found because opened on all sides. But there is so dim for the direction of the sunlight that can't see the Standing Stone Buddhist. The base rock of Rock-carved Triad Buddha in Seosan well develop with crack and break, and the vegetation(trees, moss, lichen etc.) grow naturally in surroundings. Environmental difference on inside and outside of the shelter is found because closed on all sides and opened the front gate only inspection time. Inside of the shelter was too calm(air-velocity not detected) and humid(over 75%RH). Also the surface is occurred the dew(at 2-4 pm) and the efflorescence for effect of the water(rain, dew etc.). Besides the head of the central Buddhist is so dangerous for crack.

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Growth and Seed Yield of Safflower in Plastic house (하우스 재배(栽培) 잇꽃의 생육(生育) 및 종실수양(種實收量))

  • Kim, Ki-Jae;Shin, Jong-Hee;Park, Chun-Hong;Park, So-Deuk;Choi, Boo-Sull
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.269-274
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    • 1999
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of rain shelter cultivation on the its quality of safflower. The development and growth of safflower, especially the number of secondary branches per plant was increased by rain shelter. Under the rain shelter started earlier, the seed yield was increased by 95% compared with that of non-shelter condition. The number of plants in a unit area the number of flower buds and seeds per plant and seed weight were increased in rain shelter condition. As those plants were cultivated under the rain shelter, lightness(L) of their seeds was increased but redness (a) and yellowness (b) were decreased.

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A Spatial Analysis of Shelter Capacity Using Floating Population (유동인구를 활용한 대피소 수용 능력 분석)

  • Kim, Mi-Kyeong;Kang, Sinhye;Kim, Sang-Pil;Sohn, Hong-Gyoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2016
  • Seoul, a mega city, contains many features of the modern city. When the disaster or emergency occurs in Seoul, the place for shelter is required for evacuation urgently. There are currently the numbers of shelters in Seoul City, which can hold the twice more capacity of population of Seoul. However, the population distribution fluctuation in the day and the night needs to be considered. Therefore, in order to analyze the actual capacity of shelter, it is necessary to consider the dynamic characteristics of population distribution in the metropolitan area. In the study, the substantial accessibility and the capacity of shelters in Seoul were analyzed by the floating population data of the metropolitan area. The accessibility of shelter was investigated through a network analysis that includes the pedestrian road data, while the capacity of shelter was analyzed by the local differences of daytime population distributions. Finally it was possible to identify the vulnerable areas on the basis of the distribution of shelter in the region.

Comparison of Growth Characteristics by Varieties and Effects of Rain Shelter and Mulching on the Production of Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) (아스파라거스이 품종간 생육특성 비교와 비가림, 멀칭에 의한 생산성 향상 효과)

  • Ki Cheol Seong;Jung Su Lee;Sang Gyu Lee;Byong Chun Yoo
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.187-196
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    • 2001
  • Asparagus varieties popular in the foreign countries were collected and tested on their productivities and qualities for five years under rain shelter and open field conditions. Among the tested varieties, cultivars of UC309 and Excel showed superior productivity to the others in spear weight but the initial growth was not different among the tested varieties. However, the growth index was higher than the other varieties. According to the result from eight-year experiment, the best variety in productivity and quality were UC309 and Excel both for rain shelter and open field cultivations. To avoid the damage caused by stem blight, rain shelter and soil surface mulching treatments were tested with var. Excel. The spear sprouting and first harvesting date were a few days earlier in rain shelter cultivation than in open field, but there were no differences among the mulching materials. The number of spears and the spear weight per plant were increased in rain shelter cultivation, especially with rice straw and black P.E. mulching treatments. Marketable yield also increased by 253% in black P.E film mulching in rain shelter cultivation compared to non-mulching in open field. The stem blight examined in the autumn, 1997 was not observed under rain shelter treatment, but severe damage was observed in the open field regardless of the mulching materials. In the experiments, high asparagus yield could be achieved by black P.E. film mulching in rain shelter cultivation without the occurrence of stem blight.

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Growth and Tkber Development of 'Black Magic' Calla Lily as Affected by the Rain Shelter and Tuber Size (유색칼라 생육 및 구근 비대에 미치는 비가림 재배와 구근 크기의 효과)

  • Choi, So-Ra;Lim, Hoi-Chun;Choi, Dong-Chil;Choi, Sik-Joung;Ryu, Jung;Choi, Yeong-Geun;Eun, Jong-Sun
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2002
  • Growth and tuber development of ‘Black Magic’calla lily as affected by the rain shelter with 50% shading and the tuber size were investigated. Tubers of five grades in size were cultivated in the rain shelter or in the open field (control). Days to emergence of shoots in the rain shelter was accelerated by 4.2 days as compared to the open field. Emergence ratio was higher as the tuber was larger, tubers grown in the rain shelter showed the significance in the growth characteristics as compared to the control. There were no significant differences in the number of flowers per tuber between the rain shelter and the open field. Flower quality was 12.2 cm longer than that in the open field. flowering characteristics was improved with the increasing tuber size. Low infection of soft rot disease of 3∼22% was found in the rain shelter as compared to the that of 19∼83% in the open field. Thus tubers produced under the rain shelter showed improved quality, Even if the small tubers with diameters of 0.5∼1.0 cm were cultivated in the rain shelter, the weight and diameters of tuber harvested after approximately 7 months were 50.2 g and 5.7 cm, respectively.

Characteristics of Cold Hardiness and Growth of Grapevines Grown under Rain Shelter Type Cultivation System in the Vineyard (간이비가림시설에서의 포도 내한성 발현 및 생육 특성)

  • Ahn, Soon Young;Kim, Seung Hui;Choi, Sung Jin;Yun, Hae Keun
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.626-634
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    • 2012
  • There are variations among grapevine genotypes in the levels of tolerance to cold, and cold-hardiness of grapevine has been affected by the change of short-term environment during over-wintering. In this study, the responses of vines to cold in open field and rain-shelter system were investigated to obtain useful information in increasing the tolerance to cold in grape cultivation. Total carbohydrate content of bearing mother branches was higher in the rain-shelter system than in the open field, and lower in the branches of 'Muscat Bailey A' than in 'Campbell Early' and 'Kyoho'. Bud-burst and shoot growth were better in the rain-shelter system than in open field, whereas there is no significant difference among the treatments of net beside vines. There was also low incidence of gray mold in rain shelter system. Stilbene compounds such as t-piceid, resveratrol, piceatannol, c-piceid were accumulated in the cold-treated shoot from vine cuts harvested in rain shelter system. Genes of chalcone isomerase, manganese superoxide dismutase, proline rich protein 2, and temperature induced lipocalin were highly expressed in the cold-treated shoot from vine cuts harvested in rain shelter system. While there was not change of air temperature, but high reduction of wind speed in the rain shelter system compared to open field, and increase in the reduction of wind speed by net treatment. The damage of grapevines by cold in the extreme low temperature could be reduced by keeping them in the rain shelter system with net during winter season.

Residents' Recognition of House Entrance at Eoeun Village - The Case of Eoeun-Ri, Yiungcheon City - (어은리 주민들의 출입구에 대한 인식 -경북 영천시 금호읍 어은리의 사례-)

  • 이관희
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2001
  • This research is related to house entrance recognition of residents, who have long kept the entrance without a closing door in Eoeun village, Geumho, Keongbook. The purpose of the research was to interpret the recognition of a house entrance in Eoeun village with the theories of cultural ecology. Final results suggest the belief for all the inhabitant\`s welfare through anthropological adaptation to habitat. The fish in the Geumho River had sought the shelter from the heavy rain in summer. The Eoeun forest at the entrance of the village provided good shelter for the fish. The Eoeun residents thought that the safe shelter fur the river fish is also semantic for the people. They believed that if the fish could not find shelter, i.e., the Eoeun forest and left, the village could be not safe for their life. Therefore, even the entrance of house should be structurely opened for the fish shelter in a symbolic sense. The entrance without a closing door has implied that their life should depend upon their natural environments because they have believed that till now there have been no considerable accidents in the village.

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