• Title, Summary, Keyword: Shelter

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Feeding Behavior of the Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans in Two Different Habitats (다른 두 서식지에서 섬참새의 채식행동)

  • 채희영
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.405-411
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    • 1997
  • Feeding behavior of the Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans was studied in two different types of habitats, shelter belts and isolated forests, in south-eastern Hokkaido, Japan, during the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996. Predominant foods were determined as Caterpillar, Coleoptera, Diptera, Ephemeropera, Odonate and some other insects. The composition of the nestiling foods were not the same by season, region, and year. Larger foods in size were used by birds in isolated forests more frequently than in shelter belts. Amount of food per feeding was significantly larger in isolated forests than in shelter belts. Although food supply were more abundant in isolated forests than in shelter belts, the feeding frequency did not significantly differ between these two habitats. The nest density was higher in isolated forests than in shelter belts. Results of this study indicate that when the feeding condition is poor, birds tend not show specific food selection behavior, the feeding range is therefore larger, and the feeding interval is longer. Contrarily, the birds show a specific food selection behavior when they are in good feeding condition, the feeding range is therefor smaller and the feeding interval decreases.

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Predicting the Living Status of Homeless Youth: Living on the Street or in a Shelter

  • Kang, Min-Ju
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2012
  • Information about the characteristics of street-living versus shelter-residing youth is vital for tailoring prevention and intervention efforts to the unique needs of runaway and homeless youth. The present study compared two samples of youth [street-living (n=73) versus shelter-residing (n=205)], between the ages of 14 to 17 years, on behavioral and emotional factors and service use. Based on the different characteristics of the two groups, the predictors explaining the living status of the runaways and homeless youth were explored. In general, street-living youth reported more severe substance use, depressive symptoms, and risky sexual behavior, but less lifetime service involvement compared to shelter-residing youth. The factors that predicted shelter-residing status were related to younger age, prior service care experience, more knowledge about HIV, and engaging in less delinquent and risky behavior. Given the little overlap among youth in service involvement and the greater severity faced by street-living youth, the conclusions highlight the need for increased funding and attention towards facilitating the ability of street-living youth to find and enter mental health and reintegration services.

학술자료-2007년 광주 동물보호소 분석을 통한 효과적인 관리방안 제시

  • Myeong, Bo-Yeong
    • Journal of the korean veterinary medical association
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.555-575
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    • 2008
  • The role of animal shelter is important for animal welfare. From this year, the animal shelter have clinic system and veterinarian. So adoption rate increased to 45%, die of illness decresed to 258% in the dog and adoption rate increased to 489%, die of illness decreased to 258% in the cat. The disease and condition of each animal is improved, also belief of adoption is improved too. veterinarian is necessary to animal welfare and systemic, professional model of animal shelter will contribute to animal welfare.

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Effect of the Rain Shelter Cultivation on Disease Occurrence Inhibition and Growth in Peony(Paeonia lactiflora Pallas L.) (작약 비가림재배에 따른 병 발생 억제효과 및 생육 특성)

  • Kim, Se-Jong;Park, Jun-Hong;Kim, Jung-Hye;Park, So-Duck;Choi, Boo-Sull
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.150-155
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    • 2001
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of rain shelter cultivation on growth characteristic and yield on Paeonia lactiflora Pallas. The sprouting time and flowering time of rain shelter cultivation were 9days and 15days, more quickly than that of field conditions, and stem length and number of stem per plant were many more or larger. The disease occurrence rain shelter cultivation was decreased of rust, anthracnose, powdery mildew and root rot disease compared to field conditions, and leaf spot disease was to similar. The root length, number of root and root diameter were to be good in the rain shelter cultivation. Root color and commercial ratio of rain shelter cultivation were better lighten and improved than field cultivation. Root yield of rain shelter was 2,395kg/10a, this was increased 9% and 27% respectively, compared to 2,201kg/10a, 1,892kg/10a of field A and field B.

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Spatial Structure Analysis and Post Occupancy Evaluation of Jungja(Pavilion) Shelter for Rural Village Regeneration - On the Jungja Shelter in Gimcheom city and Kyeongsan city - (농촌마을 재생을 위한 정자쉼터 공간구조분석과 이용 후 평가 - 경산권, 김천권 정자쉼터를 대상으로 -)

  • Koo, Min-Ah;Eom, Boong-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 2017
  • This study is to analyze the spatial structure and POE of Jungja(pavilion) shelter for rural village regeneration. 14 Jungja shelter space at rural villages in Gyungbuk province, were investigated. An interview questionnaire was conducted for total 139 residents as POE. The use behavior and satisfaction for Jungja shelter space, were investigated. The statistical analysis were mean of satisfactions, reliability, factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The results and discussions can be objective data for rural village regeneration. In satisfaction level, 'Continuous use intention'(3.99), 'Well-suited approach'(3.87), and 'Helpful in resident living'(3.84) were shown to be high points of agreement in 5 point Likert type scale. But, the mean points were low as 2.01 in 'Surrounding landscape', 'Creation of green areas'(3.22), and 'Traffic safety'(3.22), respectively. Within use satisfaction, 5 factors were categorized, 'Use', 'Safety', 'Facility', 'Management' and 'Users'. By the result of multiple regression analysis, variables of 'Continuous use', 'Convenient location', and 'Image improvement', were shown to be main affecting variables to overall satisfaction. Furthermore, in spatial structure analysis, 4 types were categorized with the aspect of landform, roads, and location in village. The levels of satisfaction were shown to be high in village type of semi-open, road type of circular, and location type of center/back. Conclusively, these findings could be utilized as basic data and useful tool of space-structural satisfaction analytic method, and for each stage of planning/design and remodeling for rural village regeneration.

A Study of Sound Insulation and Structure Safety of the Shelter from the Firing of the Large Caliber Gun (포 발사에 따른 쉘터 구조물의 차음 및 구조안전성 연구)

  • Lee, HaeSuk;Heo, DongEun;Park, NoSeok;Na, TaeHeum;Jang, YoHan;Hong, JunHee
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.639-646
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    • 2017
  • This paper describes the sound insulation and structural safety of the shelter which may be used for shooters. The noise level of the shelter should be less than 100 dB on the basis of the Industrial Safety and Act, the World Health Organization and the MIL-STD. The sound insulation design was designed for the shelter structure. The designed shelter performance was verified by the real measurement after completing the construction of the shelter. The system was also designed using the finite element method with data of sound pressure measured in the test. Its response was obtained numerically. It is proved that the shelter structure is sufficiently safe considering the calculated maximum stress level with the allowable stress of structural property.

Effects of Shading material of Rain Shelter on Growth and Quality in Panax Ginseng C. A. Meyer (비누수 해가림 재배가 인삼의 생육 및 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chung-Yeol
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.291-295
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the optimum shading material of rain shelter in Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer. Results obtained from our experiment can be summarized as follows. From photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) as shade materials on sunny day, temperature under rain shelter was low in comparison with that under polyethylene net. It was ranged from 3 to $5^{\circ}C$ Survival rate of 3,4, and 5 year-old ginsengs under shade materials of rain shelter was lower than that under polyethylene net. Root fresh weight in ginseng grown under rain shelter was increased into about 5.0g in 3 year-old, 10g in 4 year-old and 8g in 5 year-old ginsengs. From investigating root grade of 3, 4, and 5 year-old ginsengs, we confirmed that rain shelter was more effective than the other as shading materials. Root size of 3, 4, 5 year-old ginsengs grown under rain shelter is distributed in bigger size than that grown under polyethylene net. Also, in the case of saponin contents, the ginseng grown under the shade material of rain shelter was higher than that under polyethylene net.

A Study on the Planning of Civil Defense Shelter and Design 1 - On the ideas of the State of Civil Defense Shelter & Design Criteria - (민방위 대피시설 계획 및 설계 방안에 관한 연구 1 - 민방위 대피시설의 현황 및 설계기준을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Namkwun;Paik, Sungkun
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.358-365
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    • 2014
  • North Korea has been preparing for WMD(Weapons Mass Destruction) using asymmetric force since it recognized the economic effects of CBR (Chemical, Biological, Radiological) weapons system operation and the limitations of conventional weapons. However, the threat only to conventional bombs, missiles and etc. is considered on the current Civil Defense Shelter, which could increase civil damages, not responding appropriately to disasters such as CBR weapons, terror attacks and etc. Therefore, this study confirms the current situation of Civil Defense Shelter and design criteria focused on CBR disasters so that we could make a plan and design of Civil Defense Shelter. In addition, we suggest the research result and improvements on Civil Defense Shelter and Design.

Numerical Analysis of Airborne Infection Control Performance of Germicidal Systems in a Temporary Shelter (수치해석을 이용한 임시대피소 내 공기감염확산 저감장치의 성능 분석)

  • Park, Jeongyeon;Sung, Minki;Lee, Jaewook
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2015
  • Purpose : When natural disaster occurs, the victims are evacuated to temporary shelters such as indoor gymnasiums or large space buildings until their homes are recovered. If someone in this temporary shelter is infected with an airborne infectious disease, it becomes easier for the disease to spread to the other people in the shelter than it would be under normal conditions. Therefore, temporary shelters need to provide not only water and food but also hygienic indoor conditions. Methods : In this study, the use of mechanical systems such as ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) systems and air cleaners were simulated using numerical analysis to find out how these systems can control airborne infection in temporary shelters. An indoor gymnasium was selected as a temporary shelter for the numerical simulation model considering Korea's post-disaster response system. Influenza A virus was assumed as an airborne infectious disease and the diffusion of the virus was made by one person in the shelter. Results : The result of this study showed that the UVGI systems disinfected the virus more effectively than the air cleaners by creating a more stable airflow after the disinfection process. The air cleaners could remove the virus but since it created an unstable airflow in the temporary shelter, the virus was condensed to a certain area to show a higher virus concentration level than the source location. Implications : In the temporary shelter, it is necessary to use UVGI systems or air cleaners for hygienic indoor conditions.

Multiple Noise Analysis and Derivation of Noise Prediction Equations for Shelter System (쉘터시스템 복합소음분석 및 소음예측수식 유도)

  • Cho, Jae-sang;Lee, Sock-kyu;Baek, In-gi;Kim, Sang-hyun;Lee, Jeung;Choi, Ji-ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.616-624
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    • 2016
  • Design of shelter system requires consideration of noise at operators’ positions, because noise can injure person’s health. That is why studies which analyze and predict noise at operator’s positions is essential. To analyze noise sources of shelter system, this study measured noise of each equipment and obtained new equations by comparing the measured noise data and the equation which is relation noise and distance. The new equations predict noise level at operators’ positions. Actran analysis is performed to obtain noise level at operators’ positions too. At last, the noise level at operators’ positions measured in real shelter system is compared with the noise level predicted the new equations and Actran analysis.