• Title, Summary, Keyword: Shelter

Search Result 516, Processing Time 0.026 seconds

Analysis of the Space Planning Guidance about the Temporary Shelter Emphasizing Habitability for Disaster Victims in U.S. (거주성 관점의 미국 이재민 임시대피시설 공간계획 관련 지침분석)

  • Kim, Mi-Kyung;Choi, Seon-Mi;Choi, You-Ra
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.42-51
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the information about the disaster temporary shelter space planning guidance described in the U.S. shelter guidelines in terms of the habitability for disaster victims and to address the implications and potential impacts of its findings for the improvement of the shelter design standards and guidelines in Korea. The researchers reviewed four federal and non-governmental organization shelter field and design guidelines and attributes regarding the shelter space planning were classified in accordance with four habitability categories: Safety, Health, Convenience, and Comfort. Three major findings emerged from this study: 1)A total of 72 items about the shelter space planning were extracted from guidelines, and the majority of items are concerned with dormitory areas and sanitary spaces. Other items were about accessibility, children respite care area, signage, health service areas, food preparation and serving areas, parking and drop-off areas, registration and waiting areas, shelter manager and staff areas, lounge and storage areas, and household pets area. 2)Most of these items are strongly related to the convenience category(66.7%), followed by comfort(40.3%), safety(30.6%), and health(25.0%). 3)The habitability of the disaster temporary shelter can be established with considerations on the needs of disaster victims and vulnerable people, minimum occupancy space per person, separate sanitary spaces for the privacy, safe and convenient access routes to the shelter, and the provision of children areas for safety and comfort. The study findings will contribute to the development of the disaster shelter guidelines in Korea by suggesting shelter space planning indicators related to the habitability for the governmental and non-governmental organizations' immediate and systematic responses to the disaster.

Evaluation of shelter performance following the 2013 Moore tornado

  • Scott, Pataya L.;Liang, Daan
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.369-381
    • /
    • 2015
  • Moore, Oklahoma was hit by an EF5 tornado on May 20, 2013. The tornado track slightly overlapped with two previous tornadoes that occurred on May 3, 1999 and May 8, 2003 respectively. A research team from Texas Tech University was deployed to investigate the performance of shelters based on observation of their post-storm conditions. Sixty-one shelter units were further documented by size, manufacturer, and date of installation if available. Then they were crossed referenced with the external databases to determine their compliance with design and construction standards by the International Code Council/National Storm Shelter Association and/or criteria from the Federal Emergency Management Agency publications. Wind intensity was estimated for each shelter location using the EF scale. Results showed a marked increase in the number of exterior underground shelters as well as the popularity of a new in-garage floor underground shelter design. All of the units provided protection for their occupants with no loss of life reported. However, one older shelter had a door failure due to neglect of maintenance. Recommendations were made to improve future performance of shelters.

Visual Preference Factor Analysis for the form of bus stop shelter (버스정류장 쉘터 형태의 시각적 선호요인 분석)

  • 유상완;온순기
    • Archives of design research
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.405-412
    • /
    • 2003
  • This research investigated the preference factor which has an effect on the forms of bus stop shelter in order to grasp the visual preference factor, which is necessary for planning and designing of bus stop shelter centering around user, starting with the question of the research regarding that a shelter is preferred by what kind of factor when the environmental conditions are regular. This research examined the relation between visual preference and preference factor which has an effect on it with Multiple Regression Analysis after evaluating visual preference for shelter form by user as applying of scoring system of Interval Scale. The result of the factor analysis by visual evaluation for the form of bus stop shelter through the said research result will have an great effect on the design of bus stop shelter centering around its user. Therefore, this research result will give a knowledge which is necessary for the plan and the installation of bus stop shelter, and contributes to shelter design and bus stop promotion which can maximize the satisfaction of user. As well, concerning the management of bus stop facilities, it will give useful guidelines for planning strategically the shelter management centering around user. In particular, It is estimated that the preference factor analysis by visual evaluation of the mass transportation user in daily life will be the cardinal point for bus stop plan.

  • PDF

The shelter course guidance system using a sensor network (센서 네트워크를 이용한 대피경로 안내시스템)

  • Kwon, Jung-Il;Roh, Young-Sup
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
    • /
    • v.13 no.5
    • /
    • pp.237-246
    • /
    • 2008
  • When a fire occurs in a large-scale or complicated facility there is a possibility of large-scale loss of life if there is no information on the location of fire and the location of emergency exits for people to take shelter. Consequently, the fire or disaster prevention system and the shelter course guidance system that optimally guides the shelter course are necessary to reduce the loss of life. This paper proposes a shelter course guidance system using a sensor network to reduce the loss of life in a building where a fire occurs. The experimental result of this research shows that the shelter course guidance system provides the optimum shelter course to people in infrastructure when a fire occurs.

  • PDF

The disease status of stray dogs admitted to an animal shelter in Gwangju, Korea (광주 동물보호소의 유기견 현황 및 질병 조사)

  • Myung, Bo Young;Yi, Yu Kyung;Paik, Il Youp;Chung, Gyung Min;Lim, Sun;Suh, Guk Hyun;Kang, Seong Soo;Shin, Sung Shik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.49 no.4
    • /
    • pp.297-307
    • /
    • 2009
  • Animal shelters are potentially vulnerable to constant exposure to a variety of diseases for both animals and humans, because thousands of animals with unknown histories are being admitted to each shelter on a yearly basis in Korea. The control of disease spread, therefore, can be a major challenge to veterinarians in most shelters. This study investigated the health status of stray dogs admitted to the Gwangju Animal Shelter during the year of 2008, and analyzed types of disorders at the time of admission as well as newly acquired diseases while housed in the shelter. Canine heartworm disease was the most prevalent infection among stray dogs at the time of admission, while the respiratory disorder was the most common shelteracquired disease. The majority of dogs (93.5%) was either small or middle-sized breeds with Maltese (19.7%) and Shih Tzu (16.0%) being the most commonly found stray dogs. Out of 1,143 dogs admitted to the shelter, owners of 128 dogs (11.2%) visited the shelter and found their lost dogs, while 518 dogs (45.3%) were adopted to new families. Results of this study strongly indicate that stray dogs in Korea are exposed to a variety of diseases and the disease control by veterinarians is one of the most important aspects of the shelter management.

Fruit Set and Fruit Characteristics of Highbush Blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum cvs. Bluecrop, Coville, and Northland) in an Open Field and a Rain Shelter

  • Kim, Su Jin;Kim, Jin Gook;Ryou, Myung Sang;Park, Kyo-Sun;Kim, Hong-Lim
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.701-706
    • /
    • 2014
  • Three highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum cvs. Bluecrop, Coville, and Northland) grown in an open field and in a rain shelter were compared to evaluate the potential benefits of rain-sheltering systems on growth and fruit quality. Shrubs grown in rain shelter flowered 5-14 days earlier and were in full bloom earlier than those in the open field. All three cultivars set fruit by nearly 90% of flowers when they were grown in the open field, but was markedly reduced when they were grown in the rain shelter, to approximately 50% for 'Bluecrop' and 'Coville'. Fruit sets ratio of 'Northland' grown in the in the rain shelter was 14.5. Fruit from greenhouse-grown 'Northland' were larger, heavier, and had more seeds per berry. Soluble sugar content (SSC) of fruits varied both with the cultivars and growing conditions. SSC of fruits grown in the greenhouse was higher in 'Bluecrop' compared to that grown in the field, but this pattern was reversed in 'Northland'. Titratable acid was significantly higher in fruits from rain shelter-grown shrubs of both 'Bluecrop' and 'Northland' than in fruits from open field-grown shrubs (P < 0.05), although there was no difference in TA with respect to growing conditions for 'Coville'. The number of seed per fruit, fruit length and diameter, weight, SSC, and TA were similar in 'Coville' shrubs grown in the open field and the rain shelter. Fruit firmness of 'Bluecrop', 'Coville', and 'Northland' was higher in the rain shelter than in the open field. 'Coville' and 'Northland' fruits harvested in the open field had higher blue chroma than those harvested in the rain shelter. However, this pattern was reversed for 'Bluecrop'. On the whole, sheltering from rain affected most fruit characteristics of the three cultivars differently. Therefore, suitable blueberry cultivars for the rain shelter should be chosen by purpose.

Growth and Fruit Characteristics of Zyziphus jujuba Mill by the Types of RainShelter House (비가림하우스 유형별 대추의 생육 및 과실 특성)

  • Lee, Kyeong Hee;Park, Hee Soon;Oh, Ha Kyung;Lee, Jong Won;Kang, Hyo Jung;Lee, Seong Kyun;Shin, Hyun Man
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.477-481
    • /
    • 2018
  • Background: Recently, jujube (Zizyphus jujuba Mill.) has been attracting attention as a fruit, and its cultivation in rain shelter house is increasing to produce the high quality fresh jujube. This study was carried out to investigate the growth and fruit characteristics of jujube according to the types of rain shelter house. Methods and Results: The characteristics of 5-year-old Bokjo cultivar cultivated in 3 types of rain shelter house, multi span rain shelter house with roof vent (Type I), single span house with a column in the center and roof vent (Type II) and single span house with a column in the center and without roof vent (Type III), and open field were examined. The sprouting and blooming period were different among the types of rain shelter house. The diameter of main stem was higher in rain shelter houses than in the open field. There was no a significant difference in fruit number per leaf stem among the types of cultivation. The incidence of fruit cracking in open field cultivation which was 51.2% was much higher than that in Type I 21.6%, Type II 19.3%, and Type III 25.5%. The fruit size and weight in rain shelter houses, especially in Type III rain shelter house were higher than those in the open field and the soluble solids content of fruit in Type I and Type II was higher than in Type III rain shelter house and the open field. Conclusions: The results show that the growth and fruit quality of jujube were improved by cultivation in rain shelter house, and affected by the types of rain shelter house.

Effects of Formulated Diet or Macroalgae ( Undaria pinnatifida) on the Growth and Body Composition of Juvenile Abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) Cultured in Different Water Temperature and Shelter Type (수온과 shelter형태를 달리한 참전복 사육에서 배합사료 및 미역 공급 효과)

  • LEE Sang-Min;PARK Chan-Sun;GO Tae Seung
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.32 no.3
    • /
    • pp.284-289
    • /
    • 1999
  • A 15-week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect of formulated diet or macroalgae (Undaria pinnatifida) on the survival, growth and body composition of juvenile abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) under the different rearing environmental conditions (four shelter types and two water temperatures). Water temperature was maintained to $16.4^{\circ}C$ by heated and $13.7^{\circ}C$ by not heated natural sea water. The survival rate, weight gain and shell growth of abalone were affected by diet and water temperature (P<0.001). Survival rate of abalone fed the formulated diets was higher than that of abalone fed the Undaria pinnatifida at natural sea water (P<0.05), but this value was not influenced within abalone stocked at heated sea water in each shelter group (P>0.05). Weight and shell growth of abalone fed the formulated diets were significantly higher than those of abalone fed the Undaria pinnatifida at each temperature or shelter (P<0.05). Moisture, lipid and ash contents of the soft body were mainly affected by feeding diet than temperature or shelter (P<0.05). This study indicate that formulated diet used in this experiment could improve the growth of abalone independent of water temperature or shelter. and heated water could show a better growth of abalone in winter season.

  • PDF

The study about the development of snow shelter connecting serial tunnel for reducing the micro-pressure wave (연속터널에서 터널출구 미기압파를 저감 할 수 있는 스노우 쉘터 개발에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Hyeon;Kang, Bu-Byoung
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.335-340
    • /
    • 2001
  • There are many tunnels located apart short distance from each other in mountainous country like Korea. Serial tunnels are connected by snow shelter in many cases. This study presents some countermeasures against micro-pressure wave at the tunnel exit using snow shelter. Through 1/60 scale model laboratory test, we find that snow shelter with 3.6m slit and slit cover show the effect of reducing the micro pressure wave to about 50.6%.

  • PDF