• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Shelter

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거주성 관점의 미국 이재민 임시대피시설 공간계획 관련 지침분석 (Analysis of the Space Planning Guidance about the Temporary Shelter Emphasizing Habitability for Disaster Victims in U.S.)

  • 김미경;최선미;최유라
    • 한국실내디자인학회논문집
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.42-51
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the information about the disaster temporary shelter space planning guidance described in the U.S. shelter guidelines in terms of the habitability for disaster victims and to address the implications and potential impacts of its findings for the improvement of the shelter design standards and guidelines in Korea. The researchers reviewed four federal and non-governmental organization shelter field and design guidelines and attributes regarding the shelter space planning were classified in accordance with four habitability categories: Safety, Health, Convenience, and Comfort. Three major findings emerged from this study: 1)A total of 72 items about the shelter space planning were extracted from guidelines, and the majority of items are concerned with dormitory areas and sanitary spaces. Other items were about accessibility, children respite care area, signage, health service areas, food preparation and serving areas, parking and drop-off areas, registration and waiting areas, shelter manager and staff areas, lounge and storage areas, and household pets area. 2)Most of these items are strongly related to the convenience category(66.7%), followed by comfort(40.3%), safety(30.6%), and health(25.0%). 3)The habitability of the disaster temporary shelter can be established with considerations on the needs of disaster victims and vulnerable people, minimum occupancy space per person, separate sanitary spaces for the privacy, safe and convenient access routes to the shelter, and the provision of children areas for safety and comfort. The study findings will contribute to the development of the disaster shelter guidelines in Korea by suggesting shelter space planning indicators related to the habitability for the governmental and non-governmental organizations' immediate and systematic responses to the disaster.

Evaluation of shelter performance following the 2013 Moore tornado

  • Scott, Pataya L.;Liang, Daan
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.369-381
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    • 2015
  • Moore, Oklahoma was hit by an EF5 tornado on May 20, 2013. The tornado track slightly overlapped with two previous tornadoes that occurred on May 3, 1999 and May 8, 2003 respectively. A research team from Texas Tech University was deployed to investigate the performance of shelters based on observation of their post-storm conditions. Sixty-one shelter units were further documented by size, manufacturer, and date of installation if available. Then they were crossed referenced with the external databases to determine their compliance with design and construction standards by the International Code Council/National Storm Shelter Association and/or criteria from the Federal Emergency Management Agency publications. Wind intensity was estimated for each shelter location using the EF scale. Results showed a marked increase in the number of exterior underground shelters as well as the popularity of a new in-garage floor underground shelter design. All of the units provided protection for their occupants with no loss of life reported. However, one older shelter had a door failure due to neglect of maintenance. Recommendations were made to improve future performance of shelters.

버스정류장 쉘터 형태의 시각적 선호요인 분석 (Visual Preference Factor Analysis for the form of bus stop shelter)

  • 유상완;온순기
    • 디자인학연구
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.405-412
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 이용자 중심의 버스정류장 쉘터를 계획, 설계함에 있어서 필요한 시각적 선호요인을 파악하기 위하여 “주변 환경이 일정할 때 쉘터는 어떠한 요인에 의해 선호되어지는가?”에 대한 연구의문에서 출발하여 버스정류장 쉘터 형태에 영향을 미치는 선호요인을 구명하였다. 본 연구는 등간척도의 점수부가체계를 적용하여 이용자에 의한 쉘터 형태의 시각적 선호를 평가한 후 시각적 선호와 이에 영향을 미치는 선호요인들과의 관계를 다중회귀분석방법으로 검정하였다. 이상의 연구 결과를 통하여 버스정류장 쉘터 형태의 시각적 평가에 의한 요인분석 결과는 이용자 중심으로 한 버스정류장 쉘터 디자인에 큰 영향을 미칠 것이다. 그러므로 본 연구 결과는 버스정류장 쉘터의 계획 및 설치에 필요한 지식을 제공해 주고 이용자의 만족을 극대화할 수 있는 쉘터 디자인과 버스정류장 조성에 기여할 것이다. 또한 버스정류장 시설물 관리에 있어서 이용자 중심의 쉘터 관리를 전략적으로 마련하는데 유용한 지침을 제공할 것으로 판단된다. 특히 일상생활에서 대중교통 이용자의 시각적 평가에 의한 선호요인 분석은 버스정류장 계획에 요체가 될 것으로 판단된다.

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센서 네트워크를 이용한 대피경로 안내시스템 (The shelter course guidance system using a sensor network)

  • 권정일;노영섭
    • 한국컴퓨터정보학회논문지
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.237-246
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    • 2008
  • 대규모 시설물이나 복잡한 시설물에 화재가 발생하였을 때 대피해야 할 사람들에게 화재의 발생 위치와 비상구의 위치에 따른 적절한 대피 안내가 이루어지지 못한다면 대규모의 인명피해를 입을 수 있다. 따라서 화재 방재시스템의 적용 및 인명 피해를 최소화 할 수 있도록 최적의 대피경로를 안내하여 줄 수 있는 대피경로 안내시스템이 필요하다. 본 논문에서는 화재 발생에 따른 인명피해를 줄이기 위한 방법으로 센서 네트워크와 결합한 최적의 대피 경로 안내시스템을 제안하였다. 본 연구의 실험 결과에 따르면 제안된 대피경로 안내시스템은 최적의 대피경로를 구조물 안의 대피인원들에게 화재 상황에 따라 적절하게 실시간으로 안내하여 줌으로써 대피에 소요되는 시간을 줄일 수 있음을 확인 할 수 있었다.

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광주 동물보호소의 유기견 현황 및 질병 조사 (The disease status of stray dogs admitted to an animal shelter in Gwangju, Korea)

  • 명보영;이유경;백일엽;정경민;임선;서국현;강성수;신성식
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.297-307
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    • 2009
  • Animal shelters are potentially vulnerable to constant exposure to a variety of diseases for both animals and humans, because thousands of animals with unknown histories are being admitted to each shelter on a yearly basis in Korea. The control of disease spread, therefore, can be a major challenge to veterinarians in most shelters. This study investigated the health status of stray dogs admitted to the Gwangju Animal Shelter during the year of 2008, and analyzed types of disorders at the time of admission as well as newly acquired diseases while housed in the shelter. Canine heartworm disease was the most prevalent infection among stray dogs at the time of admission, while the respiratory disorder was the most common shelteracquired disease. The majority of dogs (93.5%) was either small or middle-sized breeds with Maltese (19.7%) and Shih Tzu (16.0%) being the most commonly found stray dogs. Out of 1,143 dogs admitted to the shelter, owners of 128 dogs (11.2%) visited the shelter and found their lost dogs, while 518 dogs (45.3%) were adopted to new families. Results of this study strongly indicate that stray dogs in Korea are exposed to a variety of diseases and the disease control by veterinarians is one of the most important aspects of the shelter management.

Fruit Set and Fruit Characteristics of Highbush Blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum cvs. Bluecrop, Coville, and Northland) in an Open Field and a Rain Shelter

  • Kim, Su Jin;Kim, Jin Gook;Ryou, Myung Sang;Park, Kyo-Sun;Kim, Hong-Lim
    • 한국자원식물학회지
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.701-706
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    • 2014
  • Three highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum cvs. Bluecrop, Coville, and Northland) grown in an open field and in a rain shelter were compared to evaluate the potential benefits of rain-sheltering systems on growth and fruit quality. Shrubs grown in rain shelter flowered 5-14 days earlier and were in full bloom earlier than those in the open field. All three cultivars set fruit by nearly 90% of flowers when they were grown in the open field, but was markedly reduced when they were grown in the rain shelter, to approximately 50% for 'Bluecrop' and 'Coville'. Fruit sets ratio of 'Northland' grown in the in the rain shelter was 14.5. Fruit from greenhouse-grown 'Northland' were larger, heavier, and had more seeds per berry. Soluble sugar content (SSC) of fruits varied both with the cultivars and growing conditions. SSC of fruits grown in the greenhouse was higher in 'Bluecrop' compared to that grown in the field, but this pattern was reversed in 'Northland'. Titratable acid was significantly higher in fruits from rain shelter-grown shrubs of both 'Bluecrop' and 'Northland' than in fruits from open field-grown shrubs (P < 0.05), although there was no difference in TA with respect to growing conditions for 'Coville'. The number of seed per fruit, fruit length and diameter, weight, SSC, and TA were similar in 'Coville' shrubs grown in the open field and the rain shelter. Fruit firmness of 'Bluecrop', 'Coville', and 'Northland' was higher in the rain shelter than in the open field. 'Coville' and 'Northland' fruits harvested in the open field had higher blue chroma than those harvested in the rain shelter. However, this pattern was reversed for 'Bluecrop'. On the whole, sheltering from rain affected most fruit characteristics of the three cultivars differently. Therefore, suitable blueberry cultivars for the rain shelter should be chosen by purpose.

비가림하우스 유형별 대추의 생육 및 과실 특성 (Growth and Fruit Characteristics of Zyziphus jujuba Mill by the Types of RainShelter House)

  • 이경희;박희순;오하경;이종원;강효중;이성균;신현만
    • 한국약용작물학회지
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.477-481
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    • 2018
  • Background: Recently, jujube (Zizyphus jujuba Mill.) has been attracting attention as a fruit, and its cultivation in rain shelter house is increasing to produce the high quality fresh jujube. This study was carried out to investigate the growth and fruit characteristics of jujube according to the types of rain shelter house. Methods and Results: The characteristics of 5-year-old Bokjo cultivar cultivated in 3 types of rain shelter house, multi span rain shelter house with roof vent (Type I), single span house with a column in the center and roof vent (Type II) and single span house with a column in the center and without roof vent (Type III), and open field were examined. The sprouting and blooming period were different among the types of rain shelter house. The diameter of main stem was higher in rain shelter houses than in the open field. There was no a significant difference in fruit number per leaf stem among the types of cultivation. The incidence of fruit cracking in open field cultivation which was 51.2% was much higher than that in Type I 21.6%, Type II 19.3%, and Type III 25.5%. The fruit size and weight in rain shelter houses, especially in Type III rain shelter house were higher than those in the open field and the soluble solids content of fruit in Type I and Type II was higher than in Type III rain shelter house and the open field. Conclusions: The results show that the growth and fruit quality of jujube were improved by cultivation in rain shelter house, and affected by the types of rain shelter house.

수온과 shelter형태를 달리한 참전복 사육에서 배합사료 및 미역 공급 효과 (Effects of Formulated Diet or Macroalgae ( Undaria pinnatifida) on the Growth and Body Composition of Juvenile Abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) Cultured in Different Water Temperature and Shelter Type)

  • 이상민;박찬선;고태승
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.284-289
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    • 1999
  • 수온, 먹이 및 shelter가 참전복에 미치는 효과를 조사하기 위하여 먹이종류 (배합사료, 미역)$\times$shelter 형태 (4종류)$\times$사육수온-(자연수, 가온수)$\times$2반복으로 평균체중 142mg인 참전복을 대상으로 15주간 사육 실험하였다. 생존율은 먹이종류와 사육수온에 따라 차이를 보여 자연수의 미역 공급구들이 대체로 낮은 경향을 보였다 (P<0.05). 증체율은 동일 수온에서 shelter 종류에 관계없이 배합사료 공급구가 현저히 높았으며 (P<0.05), 동일 먹이 공급구내에서는 가온수가 자연수보다 높았는데 특히 배합사료 공급구에서 이러한 차이는 더 현저하였다 (P<0.05). 실험 종료시 가식부의 수분 함량은 먹이와 수온에 따라서는 차이를 보였으나 shelter 종류에 따라서는 차이가 없었다. 단백질 함량은 실험구간에 유의한 차이가 없었으며 (P>0.05), 지질 함량은 자연수에 배합사료 공급구가 미역 공급구보다 전반적으로 높은 경향을 보였다 (P<0.05). 본 실험의 결과로부터 저수온기에 적당히 수온을 상승시킴과 동시에 해조류보다 배합사료를 공급하는 것이 사용 shelter 형태에 관계없이 참전복의 성장을 개선시키고 생존율을 높일 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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연속터널에서 터널출구 미기압파를 저감 할 수 있는 스노우 쉘터 개발에 대한 연구 (The study about the development of snow shelter connecting serial tunnel for reducing the micro-pressure wave)

  • 김동현;강부병
    • 대한기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.335-340
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    • 2001
  • There are many tunnels located apart short distance from each other in mountainous country like Korea. Serial tunnels are connected by snow shelter in many cases. This study presents some countermeasures against micro-pressure wave at the tunnel exit using snow shelter. Through 1/60 scale model laboratory test, we find that snow shelter with 3.6m slit and slit cover show the effect of reducing the micro pressure wave to about 50.6%.

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