• Title, Summary, Keyword: Shell cooler

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An Experimental Study on the Heat Exchange Performance at Various EGR Cooler Types (EGR 쿨러 Type에 따른 열교환성능에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Shon, Jungwook;Woo, Seungchul;Park, Jongwook;Chun, Taesoo;Lee, Kihyung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.608-614
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    • 2015
  • Nitrogen oxide(NOx) emission reductions are required to meet the strict emission regulations for environmental protection. Most of the Exhaust Gas Recirculation(EGR) system applied to a diesel engine can relatively decrease the NOx at a low cost, but it has a disadvantage in that the PM generation is promoted due to the hot intake air temperature. Thus, high heat exchange efficiency of the EGR cooler is required for an effective removal of NOx. In this study, heat exchange efficiency for various types of heat exchangers used in EGR cooler was measured under same conditions, and determined best heat exchange performance shape depending on type of heat exchanger.

Evaluation of Structural Integrity and Heat Exchange Efficiency for Dimpled Tube Type EGR Cooler (딤플 튜브형 EGR Cooler 구조건전성 및 열효율 평가)

  • Seo, Young-Ho;Lee, Hyun-Min;Park, Jung-Won;Ku, Tae-Wan;Kim, Jeong;Kang, Beom-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.554-559
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    • 2008
  • Most of vehicle manufacturers have applied exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system to the development of diesel engines in order to obtain the high thermal efficiency without $NO_X$ and Particulate Matter (PM) emitted from the engine. EGR system, which reflow a cooled exhaust gas from vehicles burning diesel as fuel to a combustion chamber of engine, has been used to solve this problem. In order to confirm the safety of the EGR system, finite element analysis was carried out. The safety of EGR system against temperature variation in the shell and tubes was evaluated through the thermal and structural analysis, and the modal analysis using ANSYS was also performed. Finally, the performance of EGR system was verified through the experiment and numerical simulation using effectiveness-NTU method. Program for the estimation of the heat exchange efficiency of the EGR system with regard to the dimpled tube shape was developed.

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A Study on the Analysis of a Negative Pressure in the Seawater Line of a Main Centeral Cooler (MCC) for a Large LNG Ship (대형 LNG선 주냉각기 해수라인의 부압현상 해석에 관한 연구)

  • Jin, Chang-Fu;SaGong, Woon-Gon;Kim, Jong-Gyu;Kim, Chung-Sik;Song, Young-Ho;Choi, Soon-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.893-900
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    • 2008
  • The heat exchangers in the ships have been changed from the conventional shell & tube type to the plate type due to some merits as a compactness, a high thermal efficiency and a light-weight. In recent. it is reported that the vacuum phenomena were occurred in the seawater outlet piping of a main central cooler (MCC) on the ships. From the viewpoints of a common sense, the vacuum pressure in the seawater piping is rare event and difficult to be convinced because the seawater is pumped into the piping by a seawater pump with a high discharge head. However, the occurrence of a vacuum pressure in the seawater line of an MCC is real situation and often gives a severe damage to a rubber gasket of an MCC with a plate type heat transfer area. In this study, we analyzed the vacuum pressure in the seawater line of an MCC by using the simpl Bernoulli's equation and found that the vacuum pressure in the seawater line of an MCC is inevitable untill the installation postion of an MCC is not lowered.

Photometric Orbit of TX UMa (TX UMa의 측광학적 궤도 요소)

  • 오규동
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 1986
  • Two-photometric light curves(Oh and Chen 1984) of the eclipsing binary TX UMa have been analyzed by the method of differential corrections of the model of Wilson and Devinney (1971). The system found to be simi-detached with the cooler and less massive component filling its Roche lobe. The absolute dimensions have been derived from the results of the photometric solutions with the spectroscopic elements of Hiltner(1945). It is assumed that the B8V primary component is on the zero main sequence stage of the core hydrogen burning and the secondary is at the core contraction stage after the shell hydrogen burning stage according to the Iben's (1967) evolutional tracks for $3.0m_\odot$ and $1.0m_\odot$ .

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Development of 3th Effects Evaporative desalination system for Solar Desalination System (태양에너지 해수담수화를 위한 3중 효용 증발식 담수기 개발)

  • Hwang, In-Seon;Joo, Hong-Jin;Yun, Eung-Sang;Kwak, Hee-Youl
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.201-201
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    • 2010
  • The evaporative desalination system with solar energy would be the efficient and attractive method to get fresh water. This study was described the development of Multi Effect Distillation(MED) with solar energy desalination system. The system was designed and manufactured Multi effect distillation on the capacity of $3m^3$/day. The experimental apparatus consists mainly of ejector pump, Hot water pump, flow meter, demister, cooler, evaporator and condenser. Evaporator and condenser were made Shell&Tube Heat Exchanger type with corrugated tube. The experimental variables were chosen $75^{\circ}C$ for hot water inlet temperature, 40, 60 and $80{\ell}$/min for hot water inlet volume flow rate, 6.0 and $8.0{\ell}$/min for evaporator feed seawater flow rate, $18^{\circ}C$ for sea water inlet temperature to cover the average sea water temperature and the salinity of sea water is measured about 33,000 PPM (parts per million). for a year in Korea. This study was analyzed the results of thermal performance of Multi Effect Distillation. The results are as follows, The experimental Multi effect distillation is required about 40 kW heat source for production of $3m^3$/day fresh water. Various operating flow rate was confirm in the experiments to get the optimum design data and the results showed that the optimum total flow was $8.0{\ell}$/min. Comparison of Single Effect Distillation with Multi Effect Distillation showed MED is at least more than double of SED.

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Recent Progress in Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Research : A Review of Papers Published in the Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering in 2016 (설비공학 분야의 최근 연구 동향 : 2016년 학회지 논문에 대한 종합적 고찰)

  • Lee, Dae-Young;Kim, Sa Ryang;Kim, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Dong-Seon;Park, Jun-Seok;Ihm, Pyeong Chan
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.327-340
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    • 2017
  • This article reviews the papers published in the Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering during 2016. It is intended to understand the status of current research in the areas of heating, cooling, ventilation, sanitation, and indoor environments of buildings and plant facilities. Conclusions are as follows. (1) The research works on the thermal and fluid engineering have been reviewed as groups of flow, heat and mass transfer, the reduction of pollutant exhaust gas, cooling and heating, the renewable energy system and the flow around buildings. CFD schemes were used more for all research areas. (2) Research works on heat transfer area have been reviewed in the categories of heat transfer characteristics, pool boiling and condensing heat transfer and industrial heat exchangers. Researches on heat transfer characteristics included the results of the long-term performance variation of the plate-type enthalpy exchange element made of paper, design optimization of an extruded-type cooling structure for reducing the weight of LED street lights, and hot plate welding of thermoplastic elastomer packing. In the area of pool boiling and condensing, the heat transfer characteristics of a finned-tube heat exchanger in a PCM (phase change material) thermal energy storage system, influence of flow boiling heat transfer on fouling phenomenon in nanofluids, and PCM at the simultaneous charging and discharging condition were studied. In the area of industrial heat exchangers, one-dimensional flow network model and porous-media model, and R245fa in a plate-shell heat exchanger were studied. (3) Various studies were published in the categories of refrigeration cycle, alternative refrigeration/energy system, system control. In the refrigeration cycle category, subjects include mobile cold storage heat exchanger, compressor reliability, indirect refrigeration system with $CO_2$ as secondary fluid, heat pump for fuel-cell vehicle, heat recovery from hybrid drier and heat exchangers with two-port and flat tubes. In the alternative refrigeration/energy system category, subjects include membrane module for dehumidification refrigeration, desiccant-assisted low-temperature drying, regenerative evaporative cooler and ejector-assisted multi-stage evaporation. In the system control category, subjects include multi-refrigeration system control, emergency cooling of data center and variable-speed compressor control. (4) In building mechanical system research fields, fifteenth studies were reported for achieving effective design of the mechanical systems, and also for maximizing the energy efficiency of buildings. The topics of the studies included energy performance, HVAC system, ventilation, renewable energies, etc. Proposed designs, performance tests using numerical methods and experiments provide useful information and key data which could be help for improving the energy efficiency of the buildings. (5) The field of architectural environment was mostly focused on indoor environment and building energy. The main researches of indoor environment were related to the analyses of indoor thermal environments controlled by portable cooler, the effects of outdoor wind pressure in airflow at high-rise buildings, window air tightness related to the filling piece shapes, stack effect in core type's office building and the development of a movable drawer-type light shelf with adjustable depth of the reflector. The subjects of building energy were worked on the energy consumption analysis in office building, the prediction of exit air temperature of horizontal geothermal heat exchanger, LS-SVM based modeling of hot water supply load for district heating system, the energy saving effect of ERV system using night purge control method and the effect of strengthened insulation level to the building heating and cooling load.