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An Empirical Study on Knowledge Sharing among Individuals in Public Institutions : A Social Exchange Theory Approach (공공기관 내 구성원간의 지식공유에 관한 연구: 사회교환이론 관점에서)

  • Ma, Eun-Kyung;Kim, Myung-Sook
    • Information Systems Review
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.195-217
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    • 2005
  • Individual recognizes knowledge sharing as a transaction action. This transaction occurring in knowledge sharing is considered as a special and complicated transaction derived from employee's relationship rather than a economic transaction. In addition, It is important that knowledge sharing among individuals is established through a closed interrelationship with situation. In this point of view, knowledge sharing can be explained by a social exchange relationship. Therefore, there are two study's purpose as follows. First, The study draws factors affecting to knowledge sharing in the view of social exchange theory. The study reviews factors that are presented at previous social exchange theories and affecting to knowledge sharing focused on organization contingency traits, relationship traits, and individuals traits among individuals in an organization. Second, even though trust and organization involvement is resulted in above affecting factors, most previous studies are mainly examined as the same level to other factors affecting to knowledge sharing. Thus, this paper focused that the above factors affect to trust and organization involvement that affect to knowledge sharing intention. That is, this study presents that when affecting factors mediate trust and involvement, there is a knowledge sharing intention for creating organization knowledge. For the study, 160 government employees are administered for the survey so that the research model and hypothesis are developed. Empirical study shows that in public organizations knowledge sharing affects to relationship traits factors and individuals traits affects trust and organization involvement. Also, it is examined that trust and organization involvement affecting to knowledge sharing intention in such a sequence.

A Case Study on the Co-Child Care Sharing Space of the Healthy Family Support Center: Focusing on the Physical Environment of Interior Space in Incheon (건강가정지원센터의 공동육아나눔터에 관한 사례연구: 인천소재 공동육아나눔터의 물리적 실내공간환경을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jae-Soon;Cho, Jeong-Hyun;Kong, Eun-Hee
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.263-278
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    • 2016
  • Recently in South Korea, family-friendly living environment in resident communities have emerged as an important issue in addressing problems created by personalized and fragmented family in urban areas. Since their foundation in 2005, Healthy Family Support Centers provided a variety of community activities for both parents and children through the Co-Child Care Sharing Programs. That being said, it is certain that the Healthy Family Support Centers play a central role in making a family-friendly environment. This study surveyed the physical environment of the co-child care sharing space and suggested further improvement. The content of this survey represents the characteristics of co-child care sharing space in Incheon such as operation status, physical space, prepared facilities, and preference for facilities. This study also explored the field of two co-child sharing spaces (Bupyung-gu and Seo-gu) as an example case. The subject of this study was 14 co-child sharing spaces of nine Healthy Family Support Centers in Incheon investigated from July 2014 to October 2014. This study indicated three results: first, the size of the co-child care spaces, their composition and facilities are very different from each center and require standards and guidelines for the co-child sharing space in regards to physical space, composition, and facilities. Second, co-child sharing space should be provided with individual special programs and diversified activities in addition to playing activities. Third, many healthy family support centers operate over two co-child sharing spaces along with an out-located co-child sharing space that require mutual organizing and operational networking between each co-child sharing space to effectively share programs.

A Study on Design Elements and Infrastructure System of Library Space as a Place of Shared Culture (공유문화의 장으로서의 도서관 공간의 설계요소 및 인프라 체계 연구)

  • Hwang, Mee-Young
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.86-97
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    • 2018
  • In modern times, pluralistic social phenomena in which various values are pursed and recognized appear. The modern society called hyper-connected, intelligence information and zero marginal cost society in which shared value is commonly emphasized faces a paradigm shift to shared society system. In particular, sharing-based activities related with intelligence information sectors more prominently emerge in the high-tech informatization which has been accelerated. The purpose of this study is to understand design factors related with how attribution of the sharing culture is expressed in library spaces and examine how sharing infrastructure is established in users' spaces. As a research method, it initially conducted theoretical consideration of the sharing culture and information spaces, which can be regarded as sociocultural phenomena in modern times. Then, it drew sharing culture-based spatial design factors-access, openness and plurality. It analyzed configuration of spaces for sharing information-Cultural Commons (CC), Information Commons(IC) and Learning Commons (LC) - and infrastructure of information spaces, for library cases-five domestic and foreign public libraries-. The findings show that modern library spaces reflect historical needs for the sharing culture and actively serve their roles through spatial infrastructure including contents (programs) and services for sharing knowledge. The study is determined to be valuable as basic data in establishing the infrastructure of information spaces reflecting modern social trends and cultural phenomena, in expecting spatial structures in which knowledge is reproduced and planning spaces of libraries in the future.

The Effect of Knowledge Sharing within and Outside the Team on the R&D Performance : The Moderating Role of R&D Stages (팀 내외 지식공유가 R&D 성과에 미치는 영향 : 연구개발단계의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Ho Min;Lee, Sang Kon;Park, Jong Tae
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.191-208
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    • 2018
  • This study explores the role of knowledge sharing activities among team members and performance in R&D setting. Knowledge sharing activities are classified into two : Knowledge sharing activity within/outside team. And the relationships between the knowledge activities and R&D performance are also examined according to three R&D stages : basic, applied, and developmental research. A empirical study was conducted at a research institute of large company that leads the advanced research and development of the domestic chemical industry. Data was collected 292 copies out of 500 copies (Response rate 58.4%). The result indicated that knowledge sharing within and outside the team has a positive effect on R&D Performance. In particular, knowledge sharing within the team has a greater effect on R&D outcomes in basic research stage. Knowledge sharing outside the team has a greater effect on R&D outcomes in the development research stage. In the R&D organization, it is important that members of the team are well-connected and understanding each other, but they should encourage positive relationships with external members of the team. Depending on the R&D field of the team, the basic research field should concentrate more on knowledge sharing within the team, while the development research field should focus more on knowledge sharing outside the team.

Information Sharing and Creativity in a Virtual Team: Roles of Authentic Leadership, Sharing Team Climate and Psychological Empowerment

  • Hahm, SangWoo
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.4105-4119
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    • 2017
  • Creativity is crucial in an ever-changing e-business environment. The creation of new value is essential for companies to gain the competitive edge and to pioneer new markets in e-business. Hence, many companies in e-business operate virtual teams as they are suitable to generate creativity. Even so, virtual teams possess the inherent weakness of a lack of cohesiveness. Hence, for a virtual team to be creative, team members should help each other and share information. This study emphasizes the importance of information sharing that is supposed to improve creativity and explains how to increase them for virtual teams. To explain these relationships, three dimensions are routinely examined in organizational behavior studies: leaders, teams, and members. As a consequence, and through empirical analysis, authentic leadership, sharing team climate, and psychological empowerment enhances information sharing and creativity through their respective roles, in addition to information sharing directly increasing creativity. To improve creativity and information sharing of virtual team members in e-business, this article has highlighted the importance of the three roles stated prior. Such factors can increase information sharing and creativity, and will help virtual teams and organizations to be more successful in e-business.

Analyzing the Economic Effect of Mobile Network Sharing in Korea

  • Song, Young-Keun;Zo, Hang-Jung;Lee, Sung-Joo
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.308-318
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    • 2012
  • As mobile markets in most developed countries are rapidly coming close to saturation, it is increasingly challenging to cover the cost of providing the network, as revenues are not growing. This has driven mobile operators, thus far mostly involved in facility-based competition, to turn their attention to network sharing. There exist various types of mobile network sharing (MNS), from passive to active sharing. In this paper, we propose a model, based on the supply-demand model, for evaluating the economic effects of using six types of MNS. Our study measures the economic effects of employing these six types of MNS, using actual WiBro-related data. Considering lower service price and expenditure reduction, the total economic effect from a year's worth of MNS use is estimated to be between 513 million and 689 million USD, which is equal to three to four percent of the annual revenue of Korean mobile operators. The results of this study will be used to support the establishment of a MNS policy in Korea. In addition, the results can be used as a basic model for developing various network sharing models.

Analysis of load sharing characteristics for a piled raft foundation

  • Ko, Junyoung;Cho, Jaeyeon;Jeong, Sangseom
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.449-461
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    • 2018
  • The load sharing ratio (${\alpha}_{pr}$) of piles is one of the most common problems in the preliminary design of piled raft foundations. A series of 3D numerical analysis are conducted so that special attentions are given to load sharing characteristics under varying conditions, such as pile configuration, pile diameter, pile length, raft thickness, and settlement level. Based on the 3D FE analysis, influencing factors on load sharing behavior of piled raft are investigated. As a result, it is shown that the load sharing ratio of piled raft decreases with increasing settlement level. The load sharing ratio is not only highly dependent on the system geometries of the foundation but also on the settlement level. Based on the results of parametric studies, the load sharing ratio is proposed as a function of the various influencing factors. In addition, the parametric analyses suggest that the load sharing ratios to minimize the differential settlement of piled raft are ranging from 15 to 48% for friction pile and from 15 to 54% for end-bearing pile. The recommendations can provide a basis for an optimum design that would be applicable to piled rafts taking into account the load sharing characteristics.

Economic Effect Analysis for Bike-Sharing in KOREA - Focus on Goyang and Changwon City - (공공자전거 경제적 효과 분석 - 고양시 및 창원시를 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Dong-Jun;Jeong, Seong-Yub;Han, Sang-Yong;Shin, Hee-Cheol
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 2014
  • PURPOSES : The aim of this study is to analyze economic effect of bike-sharing after its introduction in Korea. METHODS : This study reviews current bike-sharing situations in Korea and other nations. We conduct surveys on bike-sharing system's bike usage patterns and economic benefits in Changwon and Goyang cities where public bikes are the most popular in the nation. Economic benefits are itemized after reviewing relevant previous studies. Then, the survey is implemented using the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM). Then estimated benefit is compared to the cost which is necessary for bike-sharing introduction and operation. RESULTS : Using the average WTP per household, the total economic benefit of bike-sharing is estimated as much as 1.75 billion KRW to 3.75 billion KRW in Goyang and Changwon city. Using estimated benefit, economic effect of bike-sharing are calculated as 0.69 and 1.00, respectively. CONCLUSIONS : The result of this study shows bike-sharing could be useful economic policy in Korea. However, economic effect of bike-sharing differs by city.

Knowledge Sharing Influence on Innovation: A Case of Textile and Garment Enterprises in Vietnam

  • HOA, Nguyen Dinh;THANH, Vu Ba;MAI, Vu Thanh;TUNG, Le Van;QUYEN, Huynh Vo Thuc
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.7
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    • pp.555-563
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    • 2020
  • The study seeks to investigate the relationship between knowledge sharing and innovation in garment and textile enterprises. While previous research has found many factors influencing knowledge sharing, little research has been done about the influence of knowledge sharing on innovation in enterprises in developing countries like Vietnam. In particular, the textile industry plays an important role in export, but outsourcing is accounting for a high proportion of trade; it is necessary to increase innovation in order to increase the competitive advantage by internal capacity. The data is collected from a survey of 245 employees at 20 textile and garment enterprises in Vietnam to study the knowledge sharing influence on innovation. The methodology includes pilot study and quantitative method. The pilot study tests the questionnaire on the respondents. The quantitative method applies SEM analysis to measure the knowledge sharing influence on innovation. The results identify eight factors that positively impact knowledge sharing: rewarding, teamwork, management support, joy of knowledge sharing, communication, trust, commitment, and information technology. This study also shows that knowledge sharing affects innovation. The main findings are discussed for textile and garment enterprises to apply innovative capacity in the context of increasing global integration.

Analysis of the Bicycle-Sharing Economy : Strategic Issues for Sustainable Development of Society

  • Kim, Hwajin;Cho, Yooncheong
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - This study posits that sustainable mobility of the sharing economy plays a key role to consider environment benefits. The purpose of this study is to investigate the bicycle-sharing economy as an emerging and alternative mode of transportation service and provide managerial and policy implications. The bicycle-sharing economy is still at an early stage of introduction as a transportation mode, while the governmental sector is promoting public bicycle-sharing to encourage bicycle as a substitute for private cars. Research design, data, and methodology - This study analyzed the current status of bicycle sharing programs through a survey that was distributed randomly to users and non-users across the country. Using factor analysis, satisfaction and loyalty for the existing users and intention to use and expected satisfaction for the potential users were examined in relation to utility factors. Results - The results show that economic utility affects satisfaction for user, while storage, mobility, and economic utility affects intention to use for potential users. The findings of this study indicate that in order to promote a bicycle-sharing scheme, it would be better to focus on the scheme's economic advantage to be truly effective. Conclusions - The findings of the study could be applicable to future directions of the sharing economy as a means to achieve the sustainable development of society.