• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sexual knowledge

Search Result 334, Processing Time 0.051 seconds

Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of Korea College Students and Effects of Sexual Education on Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes (대학생의 성지식, 태도, 행동실태 및 성교육 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 전경숙;이효영;이선자
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.45-68
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study was done to examine the sexual knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of Korea college students and investigate the effects of sexual education programs on college students with respect to their sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes. For these objectives, a single 92 item sexual questionnaire was administered to 213 college students (113 in the experimental group and 100 in the control group) as a pretest one day before the experimental group participated in a sexual education program. Then a three week sexual education program was given to the experimental group and a posttest was administered to both groups day after the program. The findings from the pretest; 1) The main sources of sexual information were friends, Internet, books and magazines. College students in this study showed relatively high scores on their overall sexual knowledge but showed low scores on their knowledge of venereal disease and HIV/AIDS. Female students had a higher sexual knowledge of physiology, pregnancy and sexual abuse than male students. 2) The overall sexual attitudes of college students were subjective. They showed especially strong liberal attitudes to premarital intercourse, had few double standards and agreed on induced abortion. Male students showed a more liberal attitude to premarital intercourse and extramarital intercourse (X²=50.679, p<.001). Christian students showed the lowest rates of permissiveness for induced abortion than students of other religions. 3) 64.9% of the subjects in this study had experience in intercourse. The gender and age of students did influence the experience rates of intercourse. Male students had much higher rates of intercourse than female students (X²=13.565, p<.001) and older students had higher experience rates of intercourse. 4) From the analysis of the relationship between sexual knowledge, attitudes and behaviors, this study revealed that sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes of college students have a correlation 6=0.324, p=0.000). Students' experience of intercourse did not influence their sexual knowledge scores, but did influence their sexual attitudes. Students who had experience of intercourse showed more liberal sexual attitudes than those students who did not (t=2.677, p<.050). And students who were exposed to sexual media such as pornography, sexual magazines, sexual books and the Internet, also showed more liberal sexual attitudes than those students who were not. The findings from the comparison of pretest and posttest ; 1. The sexual knowledge of the experimental group that participated in the sexual education program was significantly increased after the program compared to before the program (p<.001). However the control group did not show any significant change in their sexual knowledge. 2. The sexual attitudes of the experimental group were also changed significantly becoming less liberal (p<.001). The control group also showed significant change in their sexual attitudes, also becoming less liberal (p<.001). Therefore, the sexual education program used in this study was effective in increasing college students' accurate sexual knowledge, but had little effect on their sexual attitudes.

Sexual Maturity, Sexual Knowledge, and Sexual Attitude in Late Elementary School Children (후기 학령기 아동의 성성숙도, 성지식과 성태도)

  • Oh, Jin-A
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.305-314
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify sexual maturity, sexual knowledge and sexual attitude in late elementary school children and to provide basic data to develop more concrete and practical applications for sexual education. Method: The participants were 1,959 fifth and sixth graders from 8 elementary schools in Busan and Gyungnam. Result: Sexual maturity for boys was at the $1.3{\pm}\;.6$ stage and pubic hair $1.2{\pm}\;.6$. Breast maturity for girls was at the $2.3{\pm}\;.7$ stage, and pubic hair, $1.7{\pm}\;.8$. Of the boys, 5.9% had experienced nocturnal emission, and of the girls, 20.9% had experienced menarche. Sexual knowledge was lower than the mean. They were not well informed about contraception and sexual disease. Sexual knowledge of girls and of sixth graders was higher than boys and fifth graders. The more mature students had higher sexual knowledge. Sexual attitude was generally positive but was more positive for girls than for boys. Sexual maturity, sexual knowledge, and sexual attitude were positively correlated. Conclusion: Because sexual maturity comes earlier, systematic sexual education is needed for elementary students. Institutional and economic support should continue to be given to the sexual education programs in school, home and community.

  • PDF

A Study on Knowledge, Attitude, and Experience in Sex and Sexual Autonomy of College Students (대학생의 성지식, 성태도, 성경험, 성적 자율성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Myung-Sook;Ha, Na-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.10 no.4
    • /
    • pp.318-330
    • /
    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure knowledge, attitude, experience of sex, sexual autonomy and the need of sex education of college students in order to provide sex information. Method: The subjects of this study were 356 college students. The data were collected from October 26 to December 5, 2003 by using a structured questionnaire. Result: The respondents' score of sexual knowledge was relatively low as 53.7 mean score on the basis of 100. However, the scores of sexual knowledge related to masturbation, induced abortion, and contraception were relatively high. The respondents' score of sexual attitude was 3.09. The respondents' score of sexual autonomy was 3.89. The percentage of subjects that experienced sexual intercourse was 41.6% and there was a difference between the gender. There was a positive correlation between sexual knowledge and sexual autonomy and between sexual knowledge and sexual attitude. There were significant differences in the sexual knowledge, sexual attitude and sexual autonomy depending upon the experience of coitus. The respondents expressed the need of sex education in college. Conclusion: An integrated sex education program should be developed and contents must have a concrete and honest education which is appropriate to college students.

  • PDF

Relationship among Sexual Consciousness, Reproductive Health Knowledge and Sexual Experience in High School Students (고등학생들의 성의식, 생식건강지식, 성 관련 경험에 대한 상관관계연구)

  • Cho, Mi-Ock;Kim, Jeung-Im
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.59-65
    • /
    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to look at the relationship among sexual consciousness, reproductive health knowledge and sexual experience. Method: the subjects were 276 high school students in 4 high schools in Gyonggi Province and Chungnam Province. The data was collected from August 1 to September 10, 2003. Result: The average age of the subjects is 16.5 years old, composed of male students, 154 persons(55.8%), and female students, 122 persons(44.2%). The mean scores of sexual consciousness, reproductive health knowledge and the mean level of sexual experience are 28.9, 10.5, and 1.7 respectively. There is a significant difference in sexual consciousness and sexual experience by sex (t=-3.22, p<.001; t=8.17, p<.001), the male students have more sexual experience than the female students, while the girls have a higher sexual consciousness than boys. Sexual consciousness has a negative relationship with reproductive health knowledge and sexual experiences(r=-0.13, p=0.04;r=-0.17, p=0.01). Sexual experience has a positive relationship to reproductive health knowledge(r=0.21, p<.001). Conclusion: We can conclude that sexual consciousness and reproductive health knowledge are weakly related to sexual experience. In addition we suggest developing an educational program to enhance sexual consciousness for high school students considering sexual differences.

  • PDF

Relationship between Adolescents' Sexual Knowledge and their Sexual Values and Interests (청소년의 성지식과 성가치관 및 성관심간의 관계)

  • Min, Ha-Yeoung;Lee, Young-Mi;Kim, Kyong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.171-179
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between the sexual knowledge of adolescents and their sexual values and interests with regards to gender and grade. The case subjects were 272 middle and high school students in Keoungbok 154 boys and 118 girls, who completed the study questionnaire. Statistical techniques used for the investigation were crosstabs, t-test, Pearson's partial correlation and hierarchical multiple regression. The results of this study were as follows: (1) There were gender and grade differences in the adolescents' sexual knowledge and their sexual values and interests. (2) The adolescents' sexual knowledge showed a positive correlation with their own sexual values and interests. (3) The adolescents' sexual interests were a stronger predictor of sexual knowledge than sexual values, gender or grade.

A Survey of Sexual Behavior, Attitude and Knowledge of Juvenile Delinquence Adolescents (비행 청소년의 성에 대한 경험, 태도, 지식에 관한 연구)

  • 이영숙;심미정;황란희
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.149-162
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate of the sexual behavior, attitude and knowledge of delinquence adolescents. Data were collected by self-report from 224 delinquence adolescents of the juvenile protection and education organizations in Gwangju city from June 18 to 21, 2002 in Korea. The results were as follows; The concern of subjects on sexual education was pregnancy, delivery and miscarriage(17.4%), date with boy-girl mends(13.9%) and sexually transmitted disease/AIDS(13.1%). The experiences of sexual behavior was masturbation(86.5%), sexual intercourse(79.6%), sexual desire(70.0%) and pregnancy(27.6%). There were statistically significant differences between age and contraception(p<0.05), age and pregnancy(p<0.05). The average score for sex attitude was 38.32. The average score for sex knowledge was 7.65. There were statistically significant correlation between sex attitude and sexual intercourse(p<0.01), sex knowledge and intercourse(p<0.05), sex knowledge and contraception(p<0.05), sex attitude and pregnancy (p<0.05), sex knowledge and sexual desire(p<0.05). In conclusion, juvenile delinquence adolescents should be educated on sexuality continuously to express there sexual behavior patterns with the right morality and knowledge in any sexual arousal situation.

Effect of Sexual Education Program on Female College Student's Sexual Knowledge and Sexual Autonomy (성교육 프로그램이 여대생의 성지식과 성적 자율성에 미치는 효과)

  • Chun, Na-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.108-116
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the sexual education program on female college students' sexual knowledge and sexual autonomy. Methods: The integrative 5-week (15 hour) sexual education program reflecting control and coping aspects of sexual autonomy was developed based on self-determination theory. 59 female students were assigned to the experimental (n=29) and the control group (n=30). Students completed the sexual knowledge and the sexual autonomy questionnaires at prior to the program, right after and 10 weeks after the completion of the program. Independent t-test were used to test the effectiveness of the program. Results: Significant group differences were found on sexual autonomy score right after and 10 weeks after the completion of the program. No significant group differences were found on sexual knowledge at any time after the program completion. Conclusion: The results indicate that the 5-week Sexual Education Program was effective in increasing female college students' sexual autonomy. Nursing professors majoring women's health nursing may contribute to improving college students' sexual autonomy by opening the sexual education program as a general elective curriculum. Strategies to improve sexual knowledge need to be considered for better effectiveness of the program.

Elementary School High Grade Students' Perceptions of Sexual Violence (초등학교 고학년 아동의 성폭력 인식에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Hee-Jung;Park, Kyung-Min
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.45-54
    • /
    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify sexual violence, sexual knowledge of elementary school high grade students and develop the sexual violence protect promotion program. Method: The subjects of the study were 365 elementary school high-grade students in Daegu, Gyeongbook. The instruments used in this study were sexual violence(8items) by Yom et al.(2001) and sexual knowledge (20items) by Ha(2000). The data were collected between November 26 and December 1, 2001 by using a self-administered questionnaire. Analysis of data was done by using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient. t-test, A-NOVA and Duncan test with SPSS program. Result: 1) 78.4% of the subjects were educated for sexual knowledge. Source of knowledge for sex-related knowledge is the most teachers. 2) 50.9% of the subjects were educated for sexual violence. Source of knowledge for sexual violence is the most teachers. 3) 18.4% subjects experience sexual harassment. 8.8% of the subjects experienced serious sexual contact and 2.1% of the subjects were raped. 4) The average score of sex related knowledge was 8.93. The average score of misconception related sexual violence was 2.30. 5) Misconception of sexual violence was correlated with such demographic variables as grade(F=4.788, p=0.009), sex(t=2.971 p=0.003), region(t=3.614, p=0.000), father's education level(F=3.170, p=0.014), mother's education level(F=2.528, p=0.041), family income(F=5.577 p=0.004) 6) In the correlation between the scores of sex-related knowledge, misconception related sexual violence was a negative correlation. Conclusion: According to this study, it is needed to develop the program about sexual violence education for elementary school high-grade students.

  • PDF

The Effects of a CD-ROM Educational Program for Sexual Violence Prevention on Sexual Knowledge of Middle School Students (성희롱.성폭력 예방교육 CD-ROM이 중학생의 성폭력예방 지식에 미치는 효과)

  • Yom, Young-Hee;Lee, Kyu-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.499-508
    • /
    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study analyzed the effects of a CD- ROM educational program for the prevention of sexual violence in relation to the sexual knowledge of middle school students. Method: A one group, pre-test-post-test design was used. The subjects of this study were 171 middle school students in Kangwon Province, Korea. The questionnaire included 34 items relating to overall sexual knowledge, and included questions on sexual violence. The collected data were analyzed using the mean, standard deviation and paired- t tests. Result: There were significant differences in the sexual knowledge by demographic characteristics between the pre- and post- tests. Of the 34 items, 20 showed significant differences in the sexual knowledge between the pre- and post- tests. Conclus ion: The overall level of sexual knowledge of the students increased after taking the CD- ROM educational program. Further testing will be required to determine the effects of the CD- ROM using a control group and random sampling.

  • PDF

A Study on the Relationship between Sex Knowledge and Contraception Knowledge and Attitude of Nursing Students in an Area (일개지역 간호대학생의 성지식과 피임지식 및 성태도와의 관계 연구)

  • Jung, Yun-kung;Lee, Jeong-hwa
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1275-1288
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study examined the status of sexual knowledge, contraception knowledge and sexual attitude of nursing students and analyzed the factors affecting the differences, relationships and variables among the three variables according to the general characteristics provided basic data for planning practice of sex education and counseling programs for nursing students. Methods: To measure the sexual knowledge, contraception knowledge and sexual attitude of nursing university students, questions were organized using the questionnaires of kim1), Heo2) and Ho2). The study subjects were university students, the collected data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 program. Results: The results obtained from this study are as follows. the sex knowledge of nursing college students was 77.5 and contraceptives 62.5. the higher sex knowledge they have and the more open sex attitude they have, the higher sex and contraception knowledge they have. the relationship between sex knowledge, contraception knowledge and sex attitude of nursing university students has been found to be correlated. Conclusion: The significance of this study is that it provided basic necessary data for planning practice of sex education and counseling programs for nursing university students by investigating the status of sexual knowledge, contraception and sexual attitude among nursing university students.