• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sex education

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A Study on Sex Consciousness, Sex Problems and Sex Education of Urban Adolescents -Focusing on the Validity and the Necessity for Enforcement of Sex Education- (도시 청소년의 성의식 및 성문제와 성교육에 관한 조사 연구 -성교육 실시의 타당성과 성교육 지도방향 개선의 필요성을 중심으로-)

  • 이문희;정옥분
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.41-58
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the sex consciousness, sex problems and sex education of adolescence emphasizing the validity and necessity for the systematic enforcement of sex education. For this purpose, a questionnaire representing six categories, the relationship, with the opposite sex, sexual knowledge, sex consciousness, sex morality, sex problems, and sex education, was developed by the researchers. The subjects of this study was 224 middle school students and 267 hight school students in Seoul. Sex ratio of these subjects was about the same; For the satistical analysis of the collected data, frequency, Chi-square, and severed one way ANOVA’s and two way ANOVA’s were performed.05 was used as a significance level in this study. The most important findings in the study showed that most of the students wanted the systematic sex education in school, especially by the professionals in the sex education field.

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Need for Sex Education in Middle School Students (중학생의 성교육 요구)

  • Park, Choon-Hwa;Park, Geum-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.124-137
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the need for sex education in middle school students Research subjects were 194 students who attended at I seminary in B city. The period of data collection was from July to August, 2001. Research instrument was composed of 61 structured items 17 items related to demographics and sex, 44 items related to the need of sex education. Data were collected through the self-report method by the researcher and one trained assistant. The instrument developed by the researchers was employed to measure the need of sex education and it's Cronbach's $\alpha$ = 0.9349 in this research. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage factor analysis and t-test using SPSS WIN Program. The findings of this study are summarized as follows : 1. The highest score among characteristics of sex was 'less interest about sex(42.6%)', 39.0% of subjects got information about sex from friends or elders. 52.3% of subjects consulted friends or elders about sex problems. The number of sex education lessons was 1-2 times in school during last semester (61.0%). Education by the school nurse was 35.9% to students. 43.1% of subjects announced moderate satisfaction on sex education. 2. The mean score of the need for sex education was $2.88{\pm}0.47$ (lowest value 1, highest 4). The most wanted sex education factor was 'chastity and sexual responsibility($3.33{\pm}0.67$)' and followed by 'family and marriage ($3.26{\pm}0.62$)' and 'considerations of sex($3.07{\pm}0.69$)'. Meanwhile, the lowest wanted sex education factor is 'physiological characteristics of male ($2.47{\pm}0.72$)', followed by 'sexual behavior ($2.49{\pm}0.75$)'. The most wanted sex education item was 'the meaning of family ($3.54{\pm}0.75$)' and followed by 'the cautions to prevention from sexual abuse ($3.49{\pm}0.78$)' and sexual activity and responsibility($3.43{\pm}0.77$)'. Meanwhile, the lowest wanted sex education item is 'masturbation ($2.16{\pm}0.97$)', followed by 'circumcision($2.32{\pm}0.97$)'. 3. There is no significant difference between boys and girls in mean score about the need for sex education(t=-.715, p=.476). Sex education factor that girl-students wanted was 'physiological characteristics of female'. Sex education factor that boy-students wanted was 'family and marriage'. Sex education items that girl-students wanted were 'cautions during menstruation', the relation of ovulation and pregnancy', caution to prevention from sexual abuse' and sexual behavior and responsibility'. Sex education items that boy-students wanted were 'the meaning of family', 'the importance of marriage', 'male's sex organs', 'a wet dream', 'the method to resolve sexual curiosity', 'sexual intercourse' and 'the connection with the other sex'. In conclusion, the mean score of the need for sex education is medium. The route to attain knowledge about sex and sexual problem is through consulting friends and elders. Therefore, it is necessary to give sex education that is suitable to the subject's needs and methods. Also, it is necessary to give differently strong point about sex education between female and male students.

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An Analysis of the Contents of Sex Education for Middle and High School Students (중·고등학교 성교육 관련 교과의 교육내용 분석 -제7차 교육과정을 중심으로-)

  • Han, Sunhee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.289-300
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to offer basic data on sex education for middle and high school students through content analysis of sex education subjects. The objects of this study were sex related subjects in the 7th grade curriculum and sex education guide books. The results were as follows: According to the results of analyzing sex education topics classified by grade, the 7th grade accounted for 35.2% of total topics, the 8th grade 2.9%, the 9th grade 2.9%, and the 10th grade 32.3%, the result of analyzing sex education topics classified by subject, showed 76.4% of total topics in sex education guide book, 29.4% were technique and domestic subjects, 20.5% were physical subjects, 17.6% were moral subjects, 8.8% were science subjects, 2.9% were society subjects. The domains which were chiefly concerned in sex education curricula for middle school students were "Human Development", "Relationship", and "Sexual Health". On the other hand, the domains which were mainly concerned with sex education curricula for high school students were "Relationship", "Sexual Behavior" and "Sexual Health". Most sex education subjects provided less instruction concerning "Personal Skills" and "Sexual Behavior" than other domains. The suggestion according to the results were as follows: It is desirable to teach sex education as an integrated subject. Especially, sex education should be a part of a comprehensive school health education program. Because this study focused on analyzing materials for teachers, further research is recommended to analyze sex education materials for students.

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Effects of Sex Education on Sex-Related Knowledge and Attitudes of Middle School Girls (성교육이 여자 중학생의 성지식과 성태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Ha, Sook-Young;Kim, Chung-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.227-238
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    • 1999
  • The goal of this study is to discover the effect of sex education on sex-related knowledge and attitudes of middle school girls. Non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The number of experimental group students was 134 and the number of control group students was 134. A total of 268 second grade middle school girls were selected for a convenience sampling method. This study was carried out in a middle school located in Taegu City, Korea, from February 5 to February 18, 1998. To des cover the needs of sex education, the researcher sent a predesigned questionnaire to 1464 girls in 19 different middle schools. The sex education curriculum was designed on the basis of this survey's results. 'The Sex Education Teaching Plan' (published by the Research Institution of Korean School Health Education) and 'Sex and Happiness' (published by the Seoul City Education Ministry) were used to redesign the sex education curriculum and content. Fifty minute long sex education classes were taught to the experimental group every other day and the total number of classes was five. The contents of the teaching -learning plan for sex education were: 'The Characteristics of Adolescence', 'Pregnancy and Contraception', 'Friendship with the Opposite Sex and Prevention of Sexual Violence', 'Prevention of Venereal Disease', and 'Sex and Society'. To measure the degree of sex knowledge of the subjects, the researcher used the modified sex knowledge tools of Kim(l995) and Han(1997). The reliability values of these sex knowledge tools range from 0.71 to 0.74, using Cronbach's alpha. To measure the degree of sex attitude in the subjects, the researcher used the modified sex attitudes tools of Han(l997). The reliability values of these sex attitude tools range from 0.73 to 0.78 using Cronbach's alpha. The PC-SAS package program was used to analyse the data along with Frequency, Percentage, XLtest, t -test, and a paired t -test The results of this study were as follows; 1. The first hypothesis was accepted. The experimental group showed more change in sex - related knowledge than the control group(t =22. 76, p=0.0001). 2. The second hypothesis was accepted. The experimental group showed more change in sex-related attitudes than the control group (t=11.91, p=0.0001). In conclusion, the level of sex-related knowledge and sex-related attitudes of middle school girls who received sex education was higher than that of the girls who did not receive sex education. According to this research, planned sex education was effective in forming accurate knowlege and appropriate attitudes related to sex. Clearly, we must carry out a well-designed step by step sex education program that is well-suited to the sex education needs and the developmental level of the students.

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A Study on Systematizing Contents of Sex Education in Elementary School (초등학교 성교육 내용체계에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Dong-Oh;Park, Young-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.95-106
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to be of use for the preparation of more desirable sex education system at elementary school, by making content analysis of the current textbooks related to sex education and surveying what opinions the persons concerned had about it. The purpose of this study were as follows; Elementary school textbooks were analyzed to find out what kind of sex education was included in them. And questionnaires on how to improve school sex education content were prepared, by which 207 male and female teachers were surveyed in the city of Paju and Koyang, Kyonggi province. The conclusions were as follows; 1. Content Analysis of Textbook Sex Education The content related to sex education was relatively much included in textbooks of the right life, morality and physical education. Although morality was a subject to be instructed for the third-grade students or older, elementary school students virtually received sex education from the first grade, as the right life and the joyful life were a subject for the lower-grade students, and this met the goal of sex education or the need of the times. However, sex education content leaned heavily toward family, family life or parental love. There was no mutual complement among subjects, and no link among grades, either. 2. Teacher Opinion on Sex Education Content for Each Grade When the subjects were asked about if sex education content was appropriate for each grade, they answered 20 items should be more emphasized and 6 items might be left out. And there were 6 items regarded by them as one that should be rearranged in consideration of grade. 3. The Ideal Opinion of Sex Education Content The following model could be recommended for elementary school sex education, which was designed to meet the objectives of school sex education as much as possible and to offer a systematic link among grades, based on the findings by textbook analysis and Questionnaire survey, and on elementary school sex education materials recommended by the Ministry of Education: The content selected for the first grade of elementary school was my body, cleanness of genitals, male-female cooperation, and family cooperation. For the second grade, the selected content was male-female physical difference, male female psychological difference, parental and I(origin of a birth). For the third grade, the selected things were important a body(cleanness of genitals), birth of a life, and male-female comprehension and cooperation. For the fourth grade, the selected things were physical development, management of genitals, physiology and management of menstruation, propagation and growth of organism, concern for the other sex, comprehension of and cooperation with the other sex, and prevention of sexual violence. Four the fifth grade, the selected things were secondary sex characteristic, physiology and management of menstruation, operation for phimosis, understanding of seminal emission, structure and function of the genital organs, birth and growth of a baby, television/sex information, and mass communications/sex information. For the sixth grade, the selected things were secondary sex characteristic, understanding of seminal emission, male-female cooperation, male and female role, male-female manners, mass communications/sex information, family and family life. Finally, what should be taught in sex education must be studied constantly, as it should be revised or supplemented periodically, according to student's sexual maturity or social, cultural changes.

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School Sex Education in Korea and the U.K. (한국과 영국의 학교 성교육 비교연구)

  • 김정옥
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 1996
  • Sex education in the U.K. follows an ideal model, co-operation where ever possible between homes, schools, and communities, whereas in Korea schools are mostly responsible for sex education. Moreover, Central Government and LEAs are deeply involved in school sex education in the U.K., in contrast, the concrete help at Government level is very limited in Korea though the necessity of sex education is acknowledged. These differences be accounted for by the different social and cultural backgrounds of the two countries, especially given the different thoughts of the people-oriental and occidental-. In the U.K., sex education has been a compulsory subject in secondary schools since 1994 (by the Education Act 1993), and it is well managed with the support at Government level as compared with that of Korea. Sex education in the U.K. may give some lessons for practising and developing sex education in Korea because the people in both countries have similarly conservative thinking about school sex education and it is implemented very carefully in the U.K.. In this article, a general comparison of background, policy, aims, content, management, teacher training, and materials of sex education between the two countries is made.

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An Analysis of School Health Nurses' Attitude Toward Sex Education: A Q-methodological Approach (양호교사의 성교육에 대한 태도 유형분석 : Q방법론적 접근)

  • Chung, Yaung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.197-211
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    • 1995
  • This study was designed to identify school health nurses' attitudes toward sex education through a Q-methodological approach. Research was done from Apr. 3, 1995 to Oct. 15, 1995. A final Q-sample was selected to 37 statements out of initial 128 statements after consultation from counselors, educators and writers related to sex education. The P -sample was consisted with 32 school health nurses in Chonbuk province. The collected data were analyzed by Quanal program on PC. The results of the study were as follows: School health nurses are categorized into 6 types. The first type, receiving type with cognition deficiency about general learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 4 subjects. The second type, valuing type with cognition deficiency about general learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 6 subjects. The third type, adopting behavior type with cognition deficiency about specific learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 5 subjects. The fourth type, receiving type with cognition deficiency about specific learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 5 subjects. The fifth type, making sense of information type with cognition deficiency about specific learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 5 subjects. The sixth type, adopting behavior type with cognition deficiency about general learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 7 subjects. As a result of this study, we may realize necessity of prepared sex educators. Sex the educators must be fully cognitive and affective toward sex education before practicing sex education.

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Development and Evaluation of a Comprehensive Sex Education Program Based on Nonviolent Communication Model (비폭력대화(NVC)모델에 근거한 포괄적 성교육 프로그램의 개발 및 평가)

  • Kang, Hyun Jin;Kim, Ju Hee
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.80-90
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: Sex education should be given priority to address dating violence. Comprehensive sex education has been developed based on a nonviolent communication model between couples for the smooth resolution of problems with the opposite sex. The purpose of this study was to develop and apply Comprehensive Sex Education for unmarried couples in their 20s-30s and to examine the effects on sex communication, problem-solving communication, and relationship competence. Methods: This study developed a total of six web-based sex education sessions. A comprehensive sex education program combined with nonviolent communication between couples was developed based on the UNESCO Sex Education Guidelines. A pre- and post-equivalence control design was used to provide moderation-based sex education to compare the effects on gender communication, communication dissatisfaction, and relationship development. Results: We developed a comprehensive sex education program for couples that took three minutes per episode, on a web-based basis. Sex communication, problem-solving communication, and love relationship competence showed significant pre- and post-test differences between the experimental and control groups. Conclusion: The program of this study is an attempt to introduce Korea to comprehensive sex education, which has already been shown to be effective through numerous verification processes abroad and will provide assistance in forming future relationships between lovers.

Sex Knowledge and Need for Sex Education among University Students (대학생의 성지식과 성교육 요구에 관한 연구-인천시 일개 대학을 중심으로-)

  • 이영휘;박미라;송미숙;유진희;최순남;한유미;황윤정
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 1997
  • This study was done to examine knowledge about, and need for sex education among university students in Korea. This study design was descriptive survey design. The data were collected from 540 university students from June 10 to June 30, 1996, using questionnaires developed by the authors. The results are as follows : Those who had sex education had higher scores in sex knowledge than those had not had sex education. The average score for sex knowledge was 71.9 of a maximum score of 100. Knowledge of sexually transmitted disease was scored highest of 79.8, and knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system was scored lowest at 60.9. The subjects who answered 'yes' about the necessity of sex education numbered 529(98%) and the most important reason given for needing sex education was to cope well with physical and psychological developments. Regarding the content of sex education, a choice of relevant contraceptive methods was given the highest rating. Anatomy and physiology of reproductive system was the least choser subject as the first priority among five topics. Yet, sex education for university students should include anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system, considering the low level of knowledge on this topic in the subjects of this study and its importance as a part of sex education.

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Comparison of Teaching Status and Capability of Sex Education between School Health Educators and Teachers in Elementary Schools (초등학교 보건교사와 일반교사의 성교육 실시정도와 수업능력 비교)

  • Lee, Jung-Ran;Ahn, Suk-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was a descriptive research to compare the teaching status of sex education and to examine differences in understanding teaching capability for sex education between school health educators and teachers working in elementary schools. Methods: A total of 307 subjects participated in the research including 182 school health educators and 125 teachers who gave sex education in elementary schools in Busan, Korea. Data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire and analyzed with frequency, t-test and $\chi^2$-test using SPSS WIN (version 10.0). Results: This study found that the school health educators carried out sex education more than the teachers, and perceived a higher level of teaching capability for sex education than the teachers when they were given four areas of sex education contents: physical and psychological development; sex and health; sex, culture and ethics; and understanding of personal relationships. In addition, a larger number of school health educators perceived that they were more qualified and more highly recognized as sex educators than the teachers. Conclusions: The results suggest that the school health educators must be more active as sex educators and that sex education should be adopted as a regular course and the school hours for sex education must be secured.