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The Effects of Sex Education on the Knowledge and Attitude toward Sex in Sixth Grade Elementary School Students (집단 성교육이 초등학교 6학년생의 성 지식 및 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Moon Young Im;Park Eun Sook;Park Ho Ran
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 1999
  • It is very important for elementary school students in sixth grades who are reaching the age of puberty to acquire right knowledge and desirable attitude toward sex so that can overcome psychological instability caused by physical growth, be responsible for their behaviors and lead happy lives. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to find out the effects of sex educatin in the population of primary school students. The subjects of this study were 767 six-grades in one private and two public elementary school in Seoul. The research tool was a questionnairebased on a literature review. The sex education given to the subjects included 50 minutes lecture. The research methodology included data collection done before and the sex education was given to the subjects, to assess their knowledge of, and attitude toward sex, one week later after the sex education was given to assess change in knowledge of, and attitude to, sex. The data was analyzed through pc-SAS program. real numbers, percentage, 1-test, and ANOVA were utilized. The results of this study are as follows : 1. After sex education, the score of sixth grade elementary students’ sex knowledge was higher than before(t=11.92, p=0.0001) 2. After sex education, the score of sixth grade elementary students’ sex attitude was higher than before (t=2.08, p=0.0373). From the above findings, it can be said that sex education given to the children reaching the age of puberty significantly influences their knowledge of, and attitude toward. Therefore, for children to have the sound knowledge and positive attitude of sec, it is suggested that sex education should be included in their curriculum in order that systematic sex education be practiced.

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The Effects of a Sex Education Program on Sex-related Knowledge and Attitude of 5th-Grade Elementary School Students (성교육 프로그램이 초등학교 5학년 학생의 성 관련 지식 및 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Kwan-Sun;Lee, Chung-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.25-39
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the sex education program on the elementary school students' sex-related knowledge and attitude. The research method used in this study is an equivalent control group pre-test and post-test and post-test design in a quasi-experimental research format. The subjects of this study were the 5th-grade elementary school students(63 in the experimental group and 60 in the control group) in O and O elementary school in G city. The data was collected from April 4th to July 3th, 2003. The experimental group received a sex education program while the control group did not receive any treatment. The sex education program was implemented for 40 minutes every 2-3 days which total twelve sessions over 4 weeks. Using the SPSS 10.0 program, the data was analyzed by $X^2$ - test, Fisher exact test, t-test, and a repeated measures ANOVA., Rrsults : The experimental group who received the sex education program showed a significantly higher sex-related knowledge score than the control group (F=140.52, p=.001). The experimental group showed a significantly higher sex relatied attitudes score than the control group (F=40.80, p=.001). This study concluded that the sex education program was effective in both sex-related knowledge and attitudes for elementary school students. Therefore, it appears to be effective for 5th-grade students to receive intensive sex education. It es recommended that the schools and government develop education media and a sex education program for parents, have a sex education teacher and a place where students can be counseled, and a professional consultant who can effectively counsel the students regarding sex-related issues.

Sex and Sex Reversal of Bivalves (이매패류의 성과 성전환)

  • Lee, Jung Sick
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.315-322
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    • 2015
  • The sex of bivalves is classified into gonochorism and hermaphroditism, and hermaphroditism is further divided into simultaneous (synchronous or functional), and sequential (asynchronous). The sequential hermaphroditism signifies sex reversal in accordance with seasons. In general, in the case of gonochoristic bivalves, manifestation of sex as female and male, after having identified the morphological sex, is limited to a period of the life cycle in any given individual. In order to accurately identify sex, continuous monitoring of changes in the sex during life cycle is necessary by tagging the sex. In the bivalves, sex reversal and sequential hermaphroditism has been reported in the Ostreidae, Pectinidae, Veneridae and Arcidae etc.. Most of these studies have reached this conclusion based on evidence derived from sex ratio change in accordance with the age within same populations. Sex change in the sequential hermaphroditic bivalves normally occurs when the gonad is undifferentiated between spawning seasons. Two factors are involved in sex determination and sex change in bivalves, namely genetic and environmental. However, more detailed research is needed on the effect of the genetic and environmental factors involved in sex determination and sex change of bivalves.

A Study about Research of Needs for Development of Sex Education Program on University Entrants (대학생 성교육 프로그램의 개발을 위한 요구도 조사연구)

  • Yeom, Gye Jeong;Kim, Il-Ok
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to explore the experiences and needs about sex education of university entrants in Korea, and to identify the relationship among the levels of sex-related knowledge, sexual attitude and reproductive health promoting behavior. Methods: Totally 188 freshman year of two different university were recruited to reply. The design of study was a exploratory research, using a cross-sectional survey. A self-administered questionnaire was used to measure the experiences and needs about sex education. The data were analyzed with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: 95.2% of the experienced sex education but the level of satisfaction about sex education was 38.3%. The sex education methods that subjects wanted were comfortable and interesting using videos and practices. Sex-related knowledge significantly differed according to sex. Sexual attitude differed according to the experience of sex, the line of dating and the route of information about sex. There was positive correlations among sex-related knowledge, sexual attitude and reproductive health promoting behavior of female entrants. Conclusion: So sex education program, composed of knowledge, attitude and behavior should be interesting and helpful in order to fit current trends and fulfill university entrants' needs.

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An Analysis of the Contents of Sex Education for Middle and High School Students (중·고등학교 성교육 관련 교과의 교육내용 분석 -제7차 교육과정을 중심으로-)

  • Han, Sunhee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.289-300
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to offer basic data on sex education for middle and high school students through content analysis of sex education subjects. The objects of this study were sex related subjects in the 7th grade curriculum and sex education guide books. The results were as follows: According to the results of analyzing sex education topics classified by grade, the 7th grade accounted for 35.2% of total topics, the 8th grade 2.9%, the 9th grade 2.9%, and the 10th grade 32.3%, the result of analyzing sex education topics classified by subject, showed 76.4% of total topics in sex education guide book, 29.4% were technique and domestic subjects, 20.5% were physical subjects, 17.6% were moral subjects, 8.8% were science subjects, 2.9% were society subjects. The domains which were chiefly concerned in sex education curricula for middle school students were "Human Development", "Relationship", and "Sexual Health". On the other hand, the domains which were mainly concerned with sex education curricula for high school students were "Relationship", "Sexual Behavior" and "Sexual Health". Most sex education subjects provided less instruction concerning "Personal Skills" and "Sexual Behavior" than other domains. The suggestion according to the results were as follows: It is desirable to teach sex education as an integrated subject. Especially, sex education should be a part of a comprehensive school health education program. Because this study focused on analyzing materials for teachers, further research is recommended to analyze sex education materials for students.

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An Analysis of School Health Nurses' Attitude Toward Sex Education: A Q-methodological Approach (양호교사의 성교육에 대한 태도 유형분석 : Q방법론적 접근)

  • Chung, Yaung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.197-211
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    • 1995
  • This study was designed to identify school health nurses' attitudes toward sex education through a Q-methodological approach. Research was done from Apr. 3, 1995 to Oct. 15, 1995. A final Q-sample was selected to 37 statements out of initial 128 statements after consultation from counselors, educators and writers related to sex education. The P -sample was consisted with 32 school health nurses in Chonbuk province. The collected data were analyzed by Quanal program on PC. The results of the study were as follows: School health nurses are categorized into 6 types. The first type, receiving type with cognition deficiency about general learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 4 subjects. The second type, valuing type with cognition deficiency about general learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 6 subjects. The third type, adopting behavior type with cognition deficiency about specific learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 5 subjects. The fourth type, receiving type with cognition deficiency about specific learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 5 subjects. The fifth type, making sense of information type with cognition deficiency about specific learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 5 subjects. The sixth type, adopting behavior type with cognition deficiency about general learning objectives of sex education were consisted with 7 subjects. As a result of this study, we may realize necessity of prepared sex educators. Sex the educators must be fully cognitive and affective toward sex education before practicing sex education.

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Sex Knowledge and Need for Sex Education among University Students (대학생의 성지식과 성교육 요구에 관한 연구-인천시 일개 대학을 중심으로-)

  • 이영휘;박미라;송미숙;유진희;최순남;한유미;황윤정
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 1997
  • This study was done to examine knowledge about, and need for sex education among university students in Korea. This study design was descriptive survey design. The data were collected from 540 university students from June 10 to June 30, 1996, using questionnaires developed by the authors. The results are as follows : Those who had sex education had higher scores in sex knowledge than those had not had sex education. The average score for sex knowledge was 71.9 of a maximum score of 100. Knowledge of sexually transmitted disease was scored highest of 79.8, and knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system was scored lowest at 60.9. The subjects who answered 'yes' about the necessity of sex education numbered 529(98%) and the most important reason given for needing sex education was to cope well with physical and psychological developments. Regarding the content of sex education, a choice of relevant contraceptive methods was given the highest rating. Anatomy and physiology of reproductive system was the least choser subject as the first priority among five topics. Yet, sex education for university students should include anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system, considering the low level of knowledge on this topic in the subjects of this study and its importance as a part of sex education.

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The Effect of Sexual Education on Sex Knowledge & Attitude in Elementary School Students (성교육이 초등학생의 성 지식과 성 태도에 미치는 효과 - 일개 구 초등학생을 대상으로-)

  • Kim, Shin-Jeong;Lee, Jung-Eun;Kim, Sung-Hee;Kang, Kyung-Ah
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.389-403
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of sexual education on sex knowledge and attitude in elementary school students. Method: Questionnaire data were collected from 4 elementary schools located in Y-gu, Seoul. Final participants included 512 older school-age children. Results: There were significant differences in the degree of sex knowledge (t=-28.35, p<.001) and attitude (t=-18.44, p<.001) between the pretest and the post-test. The degree of sex knowledge changed significantly according to grade, sex, and experience with sex-related questions, and the degree of sex attitude changed significantly according to grade and sex. There was a significant correlation in the degree of change between sex knowledge and attitude (r=.28, p<.001). Conclusion: In this study, sex education for elementary school students effectively changed sex knowledge and attitude. Sex education is recommended elementary school students as well as adolescents in order to encourage responsibility in desirable sex behavior.

A Study on the Improvement of Sex Education in Middle and High School Girls -Gyeong Nam Area- (중등학교의 성교육 개선방안을 위한 연구 -경남지역 여학생을 중심으로-)

  • 구자옥;박정희;이남기
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.131-142
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to collect fundamental data for sex education by investigating the actual conditions of sex education, concerns about sex, knowledge of sex and consciousness about sex. The subjects were 212 middle school girls and 219 high school girls in Ggyeong Nam. The results were as follows 1. There was no significant difference between middle school girls in knowledge of sex. 2. The most frequently experienced problem concering other sex was about dating and the many consultants were friends. 3. The stimulation of sexual desire was brought by film$.$TV$.$VTR, and advertisement, and sex information was acquired from friends or magazines in both schools students. 4. The reason of high school students for needing sex education was to solve moral problems and the reason of middle school students was to solve the anxiety in adolescence. 5. The students wanted their sex educator to be the expert in the field of sex education, home economist and nurse teacher, in order. 6. The contents of sex education desired by students were; physiological differences of a man and woman, etiquette and matter with other sex, a sexual problem of teenager and pregnancy$.$delivery$.$child care.

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Comparison of Teaching Status and Capability of Sex Education between School Health Educators and Teachers in Elementary Schools (초등학교 보건교사와 일반교사의 성교육 실시정도와 수업능력 비교)

  • Lee, Jung-Ran;Ahn, Suk-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was a descriptive research to compare the teaching status of sex education and to examine differences in understanding teaching capability for sex education between school health educators and teachers working in elementary schools. Methods: A total of 307 subjects participated in the research including 182 school health educators and 125 teachers who gave sex education in elementary schools in Busan, Korea. Data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire and analyzed with frequency, t-test and $\chi^2$-test using SPSS WIN (version 10.0). Results: This study found that the school health educators carried out sex education more than the teachers, and perceived a higher level of teaching capability for sex education than the teachers when they were given four areas of sex education contents: physical and psychological development; sex and health; sex, culture and ethics; and understanding of personal relationships. In addition, a larger number of school health educators perceived that they were more qualified and more highly recognized as sex educators than the teachers. Conclusions: The results suggest that the school health educators must be more active as sex educators and that sex education should be adopted as a regular course and the school hours for sex education must be secured.