• Title/Summary/Keyword: Sewage

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Bioreduction Characteristics of Perchlorate in Raw Sewage (생하수의 퍼클로레이트 생분해 특성)

  • Hong, Seong Hwan;Choi, Hyeoksun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2018
  • This research was done to investigate the bioreduction characteristics of perchlorate in raw sewage because sewage contains biodegradable organics and various microorganisms for biological perchlorate reduction. Two different types of sewage were tested for biological perchlorate reduction in the flasks. Sewage A was collected from the screening equipment and sewage B was collected from the primary settlement in the municipal wastewater treatment facilities. Perchlorate was completely reduced within 72hours from 8.2 and 10.4 mg/L in the sewage A and sewage B flask tests. When perchlorate and nitrate were added in sewage A, both perchlorate and nitrate were reduced. However, perchlorate and nitrate removal rates were 9.3% and 64.0% at 72hours in sewage B. Perchlorate reduction was significantly inhibited by high salinity(0.5% NaCl) in the sewage A and B. These results showed the sewage has potential for the biological perchlorate reduction in the sewage pipe.

Implementations of Geographic Information Systems on Sewage Management for Water Resources Protection

  • Wu, Mu-Lin;Chen, Chiou-Hsiung;Chou, Wen-Shang;Huang, Hsiu-Lan
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • 2003.11a
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    • pp.1188-1190
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    • 2003
  • Taipei Watershed Management Bureau (WRATB) is a government agency entitled for water resources protection at two major watersheds in order to provide drinking water for about four millions population in Taipei on a sustainable basis. At WRATB, there are two major public sewage treatment facilities which can convert sewage in each watershed into an acceptable state before they were discharged into rivers. More than 82% of household wastewater have been collected and treated by the two public sewage systems. However, households at remote area still need more effective sewage management prescriptions. The objective of this paper is to implement geographic information systems in order to provide more effective approaches that sewage management can be easier and cost effective. ArcIMS was implemented for Internet browsing and map server of those sewage facilities on personal computers, laptop computers. In the open field, ArcPAD was implemented with personal digital assistant (PDA) such that compact flash type's global positioning systems (GPS) and digital camera can be utilized with PDA. All sewage facilities digital files were convert into ArcMap format files. MapObjects and visual BASIC were used to create sewage application modules to meet every single technician personal flavor. ASP.NET was implemented for Internet database manipulations of all sewage databases. Mobile GIS was the key component of GIS applications in the open field for sewage management on a basis of house by house. Houses at remote area, which can not cover by the two public sewage systems, were managed by PDA and laptop computers with GPS and digital camera. Sewage management at Taipei Watershed Management Bureau is easier both in the open field and in the office. Integration of GPS, GIS, and PDA makes sewage management in the open field much easier. ArcIMS, MapObjects, ASP.NET and visual BASIC make sewage management can be done in the office and over Internet.

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The System Improvement of the Individual Sewage Treatment System (개인하수처리시설의 제도개선에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Hyo-Ju;Lee, Jang-Hown;Kang, Seon-Hong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2010
  • Individual sewage treatment system is classified into a sewage treatment system which treats all the domestic sewage and a water-purifier tank which treats only effluent flushing from the toilet. The number of registered manufacturers has increased rapidly since 2001. As a result, price competition has increased among the manufacturers and has caused the problems such as the inappropriate production of individual sewage treatment system, the unreasonable permit for building completion and the shortage of the professional technology of the community's public officials in charge. This study collected the problem cases that are related with existing individual sewage treatment system and operation. Efficient improvement plan for the stable supply, installation, maintenance of individual sewage treatment system were suggested.

Sewage disposal system management policy in Korea (우리나라의 하수도사업현황 및 시책방향)

  • 류지영
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 1995
  • We had passed through a serious water pollution with a rapid urbanization and industrialization in the 1960's. Seoul Chunggyechun Sewage Disposal System set uP in 1966 and finished in 1976, as the first sewage disposal system in Korea, had covered only 4 percentage of the sewage disposal system per capita for 10 years. Through holding the Asian Games in 1986 and the Olympic Games in 1988, we expanded the sewage disposal system so that it became increased 18 percentage of the population in 1986. Finally, we have installed about 60 sewage disposal system by 1994 for a large environmental investment which was critically caused by "Phenol Accident in Nakdong River" . Now, the sewage disposal system per capita covers 42 percentage and the activity for water quality improvement is going on rapidly. The method of sewage disposal is mainly "activated sludge process" . However, the technical ability for the sewage disposal has largely developed since 1991 so the "extended aeration process" is used in Po$\v{u}$n, Tangyang, Mun$\v{u}$i, "rotating biological contact process" in Onch$\v{u}$ng, Pukok, and "oxidation ditch process" in K$\v{o}$ch'ana.

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Effect of Reclaimed Sewage Irrigation on Paddy Rice Culture and Soil Characteristics (오수처리수의 관개가 벼 생육 및 토양 특성에 미치는 효과)

  • 윤춘경
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.66-75
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    • 2000
  • Effect of reclaimed sewage on the paddy rice culture was examined by field experiment for two consecutive years. The domestic sewage was treated by the constructed wetland and the effluent of the treatment wetland was used for irrigation water. The reclaimed sewage was diluted before irrigation in the first year and it was used without dilution in the second year experiment. Growth components and yields were compared against the control plot where conventional method was applied. And also soil characteristics of the plots before and after reclaimed sewage irrigation were analyzed Generally addition of the reclaimed sewage irrigation didn't affect paddy rice culture adversely and even enhancement was observed. Fertilization was thought to be important factor for rice culture rather than irrigation water quality. Conventional fertilization and reclaimed sewage irrigation which contained high nutrient concentration resulted in better growth and more yield. Unlike widespread concern lodging did not happen even in the case of irrigation with average 90mg/L of T-N and conventional fertilization. Soil characteristics changed after irrigation and significant EC increasing was observed for the reclaimed sewage irrigation plots. From soil analyses salt accumulation could be a more potential problem than nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus in the use of reclaimed sewage irrigation. Overall reclaimed sewage irrigation was thought to be one of practical alternatives for the ultimate disposal of sewage in rural area.

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A Fuel Feasibility Study of Sewage Sludge by Melting of Thermoplastic Polyethylene

  • Lee, Byeong-Kyu;Jeong, Wang-Seok
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2010
  • This pilot study evaluated fueling feasibility of sewage sludge, which contains a large amount of water content, by applying melting of thermoplastic polyethylene (PE). This study has identified a simultaneous achievement of drying and heating value improvement of the sewage sludge. The sewage sludge collected from a sewage sludge treatment plant during a winter period had a water content of 83.7 wt%, a combustible volatile content of 12.5 wt%, and an ash content of 3.8 wt%. The higher heating value (HHV) of the dried sewage sludge, before impregnation or coating of PE, was 4,600 kcal/kg. The collected sewage sludge was immersed into the melted PE solution, which had a HHV of 11,070 kcal/kg, and kept immersing with increasing reaction time. As the reaction (immersing or coating or impregnation) time increased, the water content of the sludge decreased. However, the HHV of the sludge increased with increasing the reaction time. The HHVs of the sewage sludge immersed or dipped into the melted PE solution for 15 min ranged from 6,780 to 8,170 kcal/kg with water content less than 7 wt%. This result indicates the melted PE solution can be utilized as an improvement technology for dryness and heating value of the sewage sludge with high water content. The sewage sludge impregnated or coated with melted PE can be utilized as potential fuel or energy resources.

Reuse and Concentration of Sewage by Forward Osmosis Using Fertilizer as Draw Solution (비료 유도용액의 정삼투를 이용한 하수의 재이용 및 농축)

  • Kim, Seung-Geon;Lee, Ho-Won
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.122-131
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    • 2019
  • In order to reuse and concentrate the sewage, a forward osmosis using fertilizer as draw solution was applied. Sewage-1, which is the supernatant after settling for 30 minutes for the primary settling basin influent, and Sewage-2, which is the supernatant after settling for 30 minutes for the effluent, and Sewage-3, which is the filtrate filtered through a $1{\mu}m$ cartridge filter for the effluent were tested. Eight draw solutions of $NH_4H_2PO_4$, KCl, $KNO_3$, $NH_4Cl$, $(NH_4)_2HPO_4$, $NH_4NO_3$, $NH_4HCO_3$, and $KHCO_3$ were used in consideration of osmotic pressure, solubility and pH. In the case of Sewage-3, the permeate flux was almost similar to that of the discharge water of the sewage treatment plant, and was larger than that of Sewage-1 and Sewage-2. $NH_4H_2PO_4$ was the smallest, and $NH_4NO_3$ was the largest in the specific reverse solute flux. $NH_4H_2PO_4$ was found to be most useful for the reuse and concentration of sewage because it contains nitrogen and phosphorus, which are the major components of fertilizer, as well as low specific reverse solute flux. When $NH_4H_2PO_4$ was used as the draw solution, the concentration factor after 24 hours for Sewage-3 was 1.72.

Solidification of Sewage Sludge by PARAFIX (PARAFIX를 이용한 하수슬러지 고형화 방안)

  • 정하익;조진우;임재상;김상길
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • 2001.03a
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    • pp.611-616
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    • 2001
  • Increased quantities of sewage sludge coupled with stringent regulations make it important to develope alternatives for residuals management. The use of PARAFIX as a solidifying agent for sewage sludge was investigated by several tests. Basic physicochemical characteristics, strength, permeability, and leaching characteristics were examined. PARAFIX was found to be very effective in reducing permeability, increasing strength, and immobilizing heavy metals. Based on the tests, it Is ascertained that PARAFIX enhances the solidification of sewage sludge. Also sewage sludge solidified with PARAFIX may be used effectively for construction materials.

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Study on Energy Independence Plan for Sewage Treatment Plant (하수처리시설의 에너지 자립화 방안 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Jun;Chung, Chul-Kwon;Kang, Yong-Tae
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • 2008.11a
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2008
  • The objectives of this study are to analyze the energy independence plan and to propose a suitable sewage treatment plant in Korea. The total amount of electricity consumption for public sewage treatment plant was estimated as 1,182 GWh in 2007. It was estimated that total 16 sewage treatment plants with renewable energy systems produced electricity of 15.2 GWh per year, which could replaced 0.8% of total electricity used for sewage treatment. It was found that domestic sewage treatment plants with power generation plants by digestion gas were installed in 7 places and produced electricity of 13 GWh per year. It was also found that the power generation plants by digestion gas were the most cost-effective for sewage treatment out of the renewable energy systems based on the benefit-cost analysis.

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SAPS의 탄소원 공급을 위한 유기물 연구

  • 이지은;고주인;김선준;유상희
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • 2004.09a
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    • pp.231-234
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    • 2004
  • The experiments on some organic materials used in SAPS are carried out for the better sulfate reduction efficiency and the longer lifetime. Organic materials include spent mushroom compost, sewage sludge, oak chip compost and the combination of there. Reactors with mushroom compost, sewage sludge, the mixture of mushroom compost and sewage sludge, and the mixture of mushroom compost and oak chip compost maintained pH higher than 6.0. Reactors with mushroom compost, the mixture of mushroom compost and sewage sludge, and the mixture of mushroom compost and oak chip compost maintained reduction condition. Reactors with sewage sludge, oak chip compost and the mixture of sewage and oak chip compost produced COD less than 2,000ppm. Reactors with sewage and the mixture of mushroom compost, sewage sludge, oak chip compost showed about 60% of sulfate removal ratios.

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