• Title, Summary, Keyword: Set net

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Behavior of Yellow Tail , Seriola quinqueradiata and File Fish , Navodon Modestus to the Model Set Net (모형정치망에 대한 방어 및 말쥐치의 행동)

  • Gwon, Hyeok-Sa;Lee, Byeong-Gi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.230-236
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    • 1990
  • To examine the behavior of yellow tail Seriola quinqueradiata and of file fish Navodon modestus to set net, the 1/30 scale model net of the actual set net used in the east coast of Korea was made of netting and set in the indoor experimental tank(700cm W$\times$700cm L$\times$100cm D), of which the water depth was kept 70cm. Total length of yellow tail examined were 37~45cm and file fish were 18~21cm. The fishes were released as groups of 3 to 20 individuals. The number of fish entered into the pound net or the bag net, escaped from the net was counted every minute and accumulated for 10minutes to check the ratio entered and the ratio escaped. The result obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. In case of yellow tail, even though the ratio entered into the pound net was not so high, that into the bag net was comparatively high. Traces of the fish swimming were comparatively smooth and both entering into the pound net and escaping from it was easily done. 2. In case of file fish, even though the ratio entered into the pound net was higher than that of yellow tail, that into the bag net was lower than that into the pound net. Traces of the fish swimming were roundly meandered. Entering into the bag net was not so smoothly done, even though that into the playground was smoothly done. 3. Both yellow tail and file fish, the ratio escaped from the bag net was almost0 and that from the pound net was less than 10%.

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Net Shapes of the Model Set Net in the Flow (흐름에 대한 모형 정치망의 형상 변화)

  • Kim, Boo-Young;Yun, Il-Bu;Kwon, Byeong-Guk;Lee, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.104-114
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    • 2004
  • A study was carried out to estimate the deformation of the set net according to the current by the model test in the circulation water channel. The tension of the frame line and the variation of net shapes were measured to investigate the deforming of the model set net in the flow. The results are obtained as follows; 1. The tensions (y) of the frame line according to the flow speed(x) from 0.0m/s to 0.6m/s were expressed by the experimental equation as follow : y= 1814.1x+115.12 2. In case of the upperward flow with fish court net, deformed angle in the upperward net was changed from 0$^{\circ}$ to 79$^{\circ}$, the inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 56$^{\circ}$. Besides, the depth ratio of the first bag net changed from 1.0 to 0.42 and the second bag net was from 1.0 to 0.41, and deformed angle in the downward of the bag net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 87$^{\circ}$. 3. In case of the upperward flow with bag net, deformed angle in the upperward net was changed from 0$^{\circ}$ to 60$^{\circ}$, the inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 13$^{\circ}$. Besides, the depth ratio of the first bag net changed from 1.0 to 0.27 and the second bag net was from 1.0 to 0.15. In the flow speed 0.3m/s, the inclined passage net rised up to the entry of the bag net and then prevented it more over 90% in 0.5m/s. A deformed angle in the downward of the fish court net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 58$^{\circ}$. 4. To minimize the deformation of each part in model set net, it needs to attach the moving weight out of the fish court net, inclined passage net and bag net. Besides, it needs to adjust the tension of the net twine for the maintenance of the shape.

CONVERGENCE OF PREFILTER BASE ON THE FUZZY SET

  • Kim, Young-Key;Byun, Hee-Young
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, we investigate the prefilter base on a fuzzy set and fuzzy net ${\varphi}$ on the fuzzy topological space (X,${\delta}$). And we show that the prefilter base $\mathcal{B}({\varphi})$ determines by the fuzzy net ${\varphi}$ converge to a fuzzy point $p$ iff the fuzzy net ${\varphi}$ converge to a fuzzy point $p$. Also we prove that if the prefilter base $\mathcal{B}$ converge to a fuzzy point $p$, then the $\mathcal{B}$ has the cluster point $p$.

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Catch fluctuation of the rectangular set net according to the tide age in the coastal waters of Jeju (제주연안 각망의 조석에 의한 어획량 변동)

  • Lee, Chang-Heon;Choi, Chan-Moon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2008
  • The fundamental data on the catch fluctuation in the rectangular set net according to the tide age were developed based on the catches recorded from the year 1986 to 2004 in the coastal waters of Hamdeok, Jeju. Total catch by the rectangular set net had a deep connection with the tide age. In particular, during increasing tide, total catch were reduced gradually from the neap tide to the high tide. As it turned out, the slope of total catch declined by degree and showed a correlation coefficient of determination of 0.76. On the contrary, in the case of decreasing tide, there was little sign of rise in total catch. In particular, large catch seemed to occur at the next tide to the neap tide. In the relation between the catch and the tide age, the level of the correlation coefficient chosen at $p{\leq}0.05$ decreased in the order rabbitfish(-0.84) and horse mackerel(-0.71), while the significance of other dominant species were not selected.

Environmental Factors and Catch Fluctuation of Set Net Grounds in the Coastal Waters of Yeosu (여수연안 정치망 어장의 환경요인과 어황 변동에 관한 연구)

  • 김동수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.94-108
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    • 1993
  • In order to investigate the relation between the environmental properties and catch fluctuation of set net fishing ground located in the coastal waters of Yeosu, oceanographic observation and catches on the grounds were carried out from Jan. to Dec. in 1990 and 1992. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1) Because of the surveyed area is a costal shallow water, the fishing ground was influenced largely by atmospheric phenomena such as air temperature. precipitation. etc. and so showed large variations in temperature and salinity yearly. The inner water flowed out mainly between Yeosu ad Namhe-do, and then through Kumo-do between Dolsan-do and Kumo-do. On the other hand, off shore water was supplied into the fishing ground from the vicinity of Sori-do and Yokchi-do. thus the fishing ground was occupied usually by various sources of water. 2) The water mass in the fishing ground were divided into the inner water(29.0~30.6$\textperthousand$) and the mixed water(31,7~32.2$\textperthousand$) and off shore water(32.3~32.8$\textperthousand$) accourding to the distribution of salinity from T-S diagram plotted all salinity data observed in 1990 and 1992. In summer the inner and mixing water which was formed by river flowed southerly and spread south-easterly in the vicinity of Kumo-do. The off shore water which supplied from the vicinity of Sori-do and Yokchi-do and inner water formed the thermal front and halo front in summer. 3) The fishes caught by the set net were arranged in the order of catch amounts as follows: Spanish mackerel>Horse mackerel >Hair tail>Common mackerel> Sardine> Anchovy. The Catches of anchovy and sardine were high in April to May and those of hair tail and horse mackerel in July to September, but spanish mackerel were caught during the whole period of fishing. When inner water and mixing water appeared respectively and inner water and mixing water speared together in the set net fishing ground, the set net showed a high catch.

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Characteristics of fishing condition variation of anchovy in the set net fishing ground of Anggang bay, korea (앵강만 정치망 어장의 멸치 어황변동 특성)

  • Lee, Gyu-Hyong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.59-71
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    • 2012
  • In order to elucidate the mechanism of fishing condition variation of anchovy in the set net fisheries of Anggang Bay, the monthly catch of anchovy was analyzed and examined based on the data acquired from 2006 to 2010 in 13 different fishing grounds. Anchovy consistently appeared from April to December and reached the production of 840 to 1,424 t (average : 1,228 t), with a big annual variation. However, anchovy production in this area accounts for approximately 75% of the production by set net in Anggang Bay whereas it holds 6.8% of the nationwide production (=18,034 t) by set net. The school of anchovy starts to appear in April at the west mouth of the bay and move north-eastward. Afterward, having three of clockwise turns in the middle of the bay, they scatter to swim into the deep place of the bay and finally go out to turn back to their coming way. These behaviors of anchovy are likely related to thermal fronts as well as distributions of food. The production of anchovy (y, kg) relied greatly on frequencies of effective northeasterly ($x_1$) or northwesterly ($x_2$) wind (${\leq}$3.5m/s) which blow between April and June. Their relationships are as follows: $y=1086.27+21.499x_1-15.16x_2$ (r=0.901). Consequently, we concluded that the northeasterly wind, which appears in the breeding season of spring, played a role to retard the movement of anchovy school to the eastern sea, while the northwesterly wind inhibits the invasion of anchovy school into the bay.

Dominant causes on the catch fluctuation of a set net fishery in the mid-south sea of Korea (남해 중부해역 정치망어업 어획량 변동의 원인)

  • Kim, Heeyong;Song, Se Hyun;Lee, Sunkil;Kim, Jong-Bin;Yoo, Joon-Taek;Jang, Dae-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.250-260
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    • 2013
  • The annual and monthly fluctuation in the species composition and the catch abundance of dominant species were analyzed using the daily sales slip catch data by a set net in the offshore waters off Dolsan Island in Yeosu from March 2004 to December 2011. Mean catch from 2004 to 2011 is 372M/T and the maximum and the minimum catch are 526 M/T in 2005 and 27 2M/T in 2009, respectively. The dominant species were Engraulis japonicus mainly in spring and Scomberomorous niphonius in Autumn and therefore the set net catch that is dominated by S. niphonius's catch was much higher in autumn than in spring. Through comparative analyses for the environmental factors to the annual catch fluctuation, it is revealed that the water temperature variation affected the recruitment property of S. niphonius to the fishing ground but the effect of typhoon on the catch fluctuation was not distinct. Furthermore, the big blooming event of jellyfish, particularly Nemopilema nomurai, that occurred in 2009 showed a tendency of faster appearance and later extinction until December. The occurring characteristic of N. nomurai became a direct cause that brought about the lowest total catch in 2009 since the dominant species catch of the set net fishery was concentrated mostly in Autumn.

Species Composition and Distribution of Set-net Catches on the Coast of Dapo, Geoje Island (거제도 다포 연안 정치망 어획물의 종조성 및 주요 어종의 분포 특성)

  • Jung, Kyung-Mi;Lee, Dong Jin;Kang, Sukyung;Choi, Kwang Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.997-1005
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    • 2014
  • We analyzed annual and seasonal variations in fish species composition and distribution patterns using both daily catch and quantitative analysis data collected from a set-net fishery over a period of two years (2011-2012) on the coast of Dapo, Geoje Island. Set-net fishing season in this area is from May to November, and the annual yield based on the daily catch data was 171,412 kg in 2011, and 102,611 kg in 2012. In total, there were 46 species (belonging to 36 families and 12 orders) in 2011, and 41 species (belonging to 25 families and 9 orders) in 2012. The dominant species in terms of numbers were Trachurus japonicus, Engraulis japonicus, Clupea pallasii, Scomber japonicus, and Sphyraena pinguis. The range in fork length for T. japonicus and E. japonicus was from 3.2 to 23.9 cm, and from 2.6 to 13.3 cm, respectively. The fork length of recruiting juveniles to the Dapo set-net fishing ground ranged from 4.6 to 7.8 cm (median) for T. japonicus, and from 4.1 to 5.0 cm (median) for E. japonicus. The fact that most of the fish caught from the two species were at immature growth stages implies that the coast of Dapo can act as a nursery area for these migratory species.

Studies on the Behaviour of Fish Schools in the Main-Net of a Large Scale Set-Net Using a Scanning Sonar ( III ) - The Behaviour of Anchovy Engraulis Japonica Sonar-III (소나 관찰에 의한 대형정치망내 어군행동의 연구 ( III ) - 원통내 멸치어군의 행동과 원통의 기능)

  • Kim, Mung-Kwan;Inoue, Yoshihiro;Park, Jeong-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 1996
  • The moving behaviour of anchovy schools(There were small schools of sardine and round-herring in this anchovy schools} in the bag - net of a large scale set - net was investigated using a scanning sonar, in the Kishihata set - net fishing ground located in Nanao city Ishigawa prefecture, Japan from Dec. 1st to Dec. 4th, 1992. The results obtained are summarized as follows ; 1. Moving behaviour of fish schools between two bag - nets was more in the daytime than in the nighttime. 2. The rate of entering fish schools from the first bag -- net to the second bag - net were 78% when the fish school in the second bag -- net existed. The result suggest that fish school existence in the second bag - net affected the rate of entering fish schools from the first bag - net to the second- bag - net. However, the time of stay of fish school that entered the second bag -- net was very short when the fish school in the second bag - net existed densely. The result suggest that a high fish density in the second bag - net might enlarge the escape rate 3. The majority of fish schools moved to the center and off shore side of the bag - net when fish schools entered the bag - net.

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Seasonal Variation of Species Composition of Fishes Collected by Gill Net and Set Net in the Middle East Sea of Korea (동해 중부 연안에서 자망과 정치망에 어획된 어류 종조성의 계절변동)

  • Ryu, Jung Hwa;Kim, Pyong-Kih;Kim, Jin Koo;Kim, Hyeon Ju
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2005
  • The fish species composition and its seasonal variation of the middle East Sea of Korea were investigated from May 2004 to January 2005 using gill and set nets. A total of 59 species of fishes belonging to 31 families in 11 orders were identified in the gill and set nets; 33 species in 15 families and 6 orders were collected by the gill net, and 36 species in 26 families and 10 orders were collected by the set net. Among the fishes collected by gill net, the order Scorpaeniformes was dominant; the number of species as well as individuals was highest in summer; the biomass was highest in winter. However, in fishes collected by set net, the order Perciformes was dominant, the number of species was highest in autumn, the number of individuals was highest in spring, and the biomass was highest in winter. The fish composition of the middle East Sea differed considerably from that of the south East Sea, especially in the species composition of the order Scorpaeniformes and Pleuronectiformes. Principal component analyses for each net showed that the fish species composition depends on the kind of net used, even though the investigation was carried out in the same area and at the same time.