• Title, Summary, Keyword: Set net

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Classification of Fishing Gear (어구의 분류)

  • 김대안
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 1996
  • In order to obtain the most favourable classification system for fishing gears, the problems in the existing systems were investigated and a new system in which the fishing method was adopted as the criterion of classification and the kinds of fishing gears were obtained by exchanging the word method into gear in the fishing methods classified newly for eliminating the problems was established. The new system to which the actual gears are arranged is as follows ; (1)Harvesting gear \circled1Plucking gears : Clamp, Tong, Wrench, etc. \circled2Sweeping gears : Push net, Coral sweep net, etc. \circled3Dredging gears : Hand dredge net, Boat dredge net, etc. (2)Sticking gears \circled1Shot sticking gears : Spear, Sharp plummet, Harpoon, etc. \circled2Pulled sticking gears : Gaff, Comb, Rake, Hook harrow, Jerking hook, etc. \circled3Left sticking gears : Rip - hook set line. (3)Angling gears \circled1Jerky angling gears (a)Single - jerky angling gears : Hand line, Pole line, etc. (b)Multiple - jerky angling gears : squid hook. \circled2Idly angling gears (a)Set angling gears : Set long line. (b)Drifted angling gears : Drift long line, Drift vertical line, etc. \circled3Dragged angling gears : Troll line. (4)Shelter gears : Eel tube, Webfoot - octopus pot, Octopus pot, etc. (5)Attracting gears : Fishing basket. (6)Cutoff gears : Wall, Screen net, Window net, etc. (7)Guiding gears \circled1Horizontally guiding gears : Triangular set net, Elliptic set net, Rectangular set net, Fish weir, etc. \circled2Vertically guiding gears : Pound net. \circled3Deeply guiding gears : Funnel net. (8)Receiving gears \circled1Jumping - fish receiving gears : Fish - receiving scoop net, Fish - receiving raft, etc. \circled2Drifting - fish receiving gears (a)Set drifting - fish receiving gears : Bamboo screen, Pillar stow net, Long stow net, etc. (b)Movable drifting - fish receiving gears : Stow net. (9)Bagging gears \circled1Drag - bagging gears (a)Bottom - drag bagging gears : Bottom otter trawl, Bottom beam trawl, Bottom pair trawl, etc. (b)Midwater - drag gagging gears : Midwater otter trawl, Midwater pair trawl, etc. (c)Surface - drag gagging gears : Anchovy drag net. \circled2Seine - bagging gears (a)Beach - seine bagging gears : Skimming scoop net, Beach seine, etc. (b)Boat - seine bagging gears : Boat seine, Danish seine, etc. \circled3Drive - bagging gears : Drive - in dustpan net, Inner drive - in net, etc. (10)Surrounding gears \circled1Incomplete surrounding gears : Lampara net, Ring net, etc. \circled2Complete surrounding gears : Purse seine, Round haul net, etc. (11)Covering gears \circled1Drop - type covering gears : Wooden cover, Lantern net, etc. \circled2Spread - type covering gears : Cast net. (12)Lifting gears \circled1Wait - lifting gears : Scoop net, Scrape net, etc. \circled2Gatherable lifting gears : Saury lift net, Anchovy lift net, etc. (13)Adherent gears \circled1Gilling gears (a)Set gilling gears : Bottom gill net, Floating gill net. (b)Drifted gilling gears : Drift gill net. (c)Encircled gilling gears : Encircled gill net. (d)Seine - gilling gears : Seining gill net. (e)Dragged gilling gears : Dragged gill net. \circled2Tangling gears (a)Set tangling gears : Double trammel net, Triple trammel net, etc. (b)Encircled tangling gears : Encircled tangle net. (c)Dragged tangling gears : Dragged tangle net. \circled3Restrainting gears (a)Drifted restrainting gears : Pocket net(Gen - type net). (b)Dragged restrainting gears : Dragged pocket net. (14)Sucking gears : Fish pumps.

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Studies on the Development of the Fishing System of Set Net in the Coast of Jeju Island - II. Comparative of Fishing Efficiency of Rectangular Set Net and Pound Net in Fishing Ground - (제주도 연안 정치망 조업시스템 개발에 관한 연구 -II. 조업어장에서의 각망과 낙망의 어획성능 비교-)

  • 김종범;김석종;김병엽
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.232-239
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    • 2001
  • For the purpose of providing the basic data on the improved fishing gear and the man power saving, which contribute to enhance fishing efficiency of set net in the coast of Jeju Island, this study analyzed the catch of two fishing place for the past 3 years in order to compare the fishing efficiency between rectngular set net and pound net, which have been used for fishing with being attached to the set net fishing place in coast of Jeiu Island, Thereby the result is as follows ; 1. When using pound net, the total amount of catch during 1997 to 1999 was 2 times more than that of when using rectangular set net. 2. When using Pound net, the catch of squid, mackerel, rabbit fish and Yellow tail during 1997 to 1999 was 1.8 times more than that of when using rectangular set net.. 3. In case of rectangular set net, CPUE marked 10.1㎏ with horse amckerel, 20.5㎏ with squid, 18.0㎏ with rabbit fish and 2.2㎏ with Yellow tail, and in case of pound net, CPUE marked 57.5 ㎏ with horse mackerel, 30.0㎏ with squid, 25.0 with rabbit fish and 4.7㎏ with yellow tail, and on the whole CPUE of poind net marked higher. 4. In case of rectangular set net, the catch ratio for fishing operation marked 64% with horse mackerel, 79% with squid, 39% with rabbit fish and 14% with yellow tail, and in case of pound net, the catch ratio fishing operation marked 18% with horse mackerel, 85% with souid 40% with rabbit fish and 14% with yellow tail, and accordingly it showed the result that the catch ratio for fishing operation was higher with the case of rectangular set net, but higher with the case of pound net.

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A Study on the Leading Effect of Fish Attracting Lamps on Fish Schools into a Set-net -3. The Practical Experiment on the Leading of Fish Schools by the Attracting Lamps- (집어등에 의한 정치망에의 어군유도에 관한 연구 3. 유도등에 의한 어군유도의 실용화 시험)

  • 김석종
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.277-283
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    • 1999
  • For the purpose of leading horse mackerel Trachurus japonicus schools, mackerel Scomber japonicus schools and arrow squid Todarodes pacificus schools, which migrate to the Cheju coast and are caught by the set-net, to the set-net by attracting lamps, we made five attracting lamps and took a practical experiment in the Gwiduk and Dongbuk set-net fishing ground. In the set-net with two bag-nets, we compared the amount of catch of both bag-nets by the means of switching on and off the each attracting lamps in order, switching off the attracting lamps in order which had been switched on and moving an attracting lamp.In the bag-net with an attracting lamp, horse mackerel, mackerel and arrow squid were caught the most, on the other hand, yellow tail Seriola quinqueradiata, striped mullet Mugil cephalus were caught in large quantities in the bag-net without attracting lamp. File fish Stephanolepis cirrhifer, Dusky spinefoot Siganus fuscescens were caught evenly in both bag-nets regardless of an attracting lamp.This result indicates that the amount of horse mackerel, mackerel, arrow squid can be increased by the use of attracting lamps in the set-net fishing method.

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A preparatory study on fish behavioral properties in a set-net

  • KANG, Myounghee;LIU, Jenming;HASSAN, Raja Bidin bin Raja;FAJARYANTI, Rina;HWANG, Bokyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2020
  • The fish influx and behavioral properties at a set-net off Goseong, South Korea were investigated using an imaging sonar. As a result, the average influx of fish was 33.9% at day time and 66.1% at night time, respectively, which indicated that a majority of fish entered into a playground in the set-net at night. The fish behavioral properties such as target (fish) length, range, orientation and major-axis angle were examined and compared among survey dates (4, 5, and 6 June 2019) using the statistical analysis tool (analysis of variance, ANOVA). The behavioral properties presented differently sometime of survey dates. This is preparatory study to support fish behavior properties in a set-net. It is expected that more elaborated behavioral information of fishes in the set-net is beneficial for designing and deploying a set-net fishing gear as well as general fish behavior research in the future.

Studies on the Behaviour of fish Schools in the Main-net of a Large Scale Set-net using Scanning Sonar - II - The Behaviour of Large Schools of Sardine, Sardinops mwlanosticta in and around the Set-net - (소나 관찰에 의한 대형정치강내 어군행동의 연구 - II - 정치망내외에서 정어리대형군의 행동 -)

  • Kim, Mun-Kwan;Inoue, Yoshihiro;Park, Jeong-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 1995
  • The behaviour of large school of sardine Sardinops melanosticta in and around the set-net were analyzed from sonar image recordings. The survey was conducted at Kishihata set-net in Japan from January 29th to February 22th 1992. The results obtained are summarized as follows ; 1. When large schools of sardine moved along the outside of the set-net. the shape of the school gradually changed, that was the front part extended forward in the direction of movement and the rear part concentrated in the same direction such that the school retained its original shape. 2. When large school of sardine entered the main-net of the set-net. the school was decentralized directly to the slope-net. to the central part. and to the opposite side, and then the fish school was concentrated as it moved directly to the slope-net. 3. When the size of the front part of the fish school enlarged. the maximum recorded moving speeds were 176cm/sec and 277cm/sec for schools inside and outside the set-net, respectively.

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Studies on the Behavior of Fish Schools in the Main-Net of a Large Scale Set-Net Using Scanning Sonar ( IV ) - The Behaviour of Trigate mackerel Auxis tapeinosoma School in the Playground and the Catching Function of the Playground- (소나 관찰에 의한 대형정치망내 어군행동의 연구 ( IV ) - 헛통에서 몽치다래 어군의 행동과 헛통의 어획기능)

  • 김문관
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 1998
  • The moving behaviour of Yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata schools in the main-net of a large scale set-net was investigated in relation to the catching function of the funnel-net by a scanning sonar. The investigation was took place in the Kishihata set-net fishing ground located in Nanao city Ishigawa prefecture, Japan from Nov. 9 to Nov. 13, 1992. The obtained results are summarized as follows; 1. Fish schools showed the greatest number at the playground in the morning and at the bag-net in the afternoon. The fish schools remained long time in the main-net. 2. The rate of fish school through the funnel-net was smaller than that of fish school which is though the playground and bag-net. Because the Yellowtail school changed the shape of school in passing the funnel-net. 3. The rate of entering the bag-net was 24%, among the fish school heading to the outer funnel-net. But, the rate of escaping to the playground was 27%, among the fish school heading to the inner funnel-net. It seems that the structure of the outer funnel-net was not enough to lead the fish to the bag-net. However, the structure of the inner funnel-net was very effective at preventing escape. 4. It is appropriate to haul the net in the morning in considering the number of accumulated fish in the bag-net during the survey.

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Schooling Behavior and Estimation of the Fish School in Set Net by Fish Finder (어군탐지기에 의한 정치망내의 어군의 행동과 어군량 추정)

  • 신형일
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 1986
  • Schooling behavier to a fishing gear and estimation of the volume of fish school in set net have ~ been studied by making use of such techniques as visual observations, underwater cameras, under- water televison. However, all of these observation techniques are subject to restrictions caused by illumination, underwater visibility, underwater transparent and sea conditions. For the above mentioned reasoa, one of the most effective method by this time become generally known a method using fish finder. In this paper, in order to control the fishing ground of set net effectively and to develope the telemetric fish finder, the experiments for the target strength, underwater shape of fishing gear, schooling behavier and volume of fish school with fish finder were performed at Galgott fishing ground of set net located Keouje Island, 15th-24th July and 18th-20th October in 1985. The results of these experiment showed that a method using fish finder in fishing grOlllld of set net is available for estimating distribution and school size, fish behavier in relation to a fishing gear and underwater shape of fishing gears.

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Catch fluctuation of the Pound Set Net According to Tide Age in the Coastal Waters of Jeju (제주 연안의 소대망에서 조석에 의한 어획량 변동)

  • Kim, Byung-Yeob;Seo, Du-Ok;Lee, Chang-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this paper is to obtain the fundamental data on the catch fluctuation in the pound set net according to the tide age from the catch recorded from the year 1997 to 2004 in the coastal waters of Guideok, Jeju. Total catch by the pound set net had a little connection with the tide age. During increasing tide, total catch were reduced slightly from the neap tide to the high tide while there seemed to be a little sign of rise in the total catch until decreasing tide. But in the relation between the catches and the tide age, the level of the correlation coefficient chosen at $p{\le}0.05$ was not significant. Therefore, the catch of the pound set net seemed not to be influenced by the tide age. In addition, CPUE at the high tide was higher than that at the neap tide. When the catch per operating frequency was graded in the order under 50 kg, 50-100 kg and 100-200 kg, the frequency rate by the pound set net was 38%, 19% and 19%, respectively.

A Study on the Tension of a Purseline in the Process of Catch of the Purse Seine Fishing Methods-I -Model Experiment on the Tension of a Purseline by Net Shapes- (선망어법의 어획과정에 있어서 죔줄의 장력-I -망형별 죔줄의 장력에 관한 모형실험-)

  • 박정식
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1999
  • The north-west sea area of Cheju Island is where originate two layer current in the summer season. The case of the fishing operations in this sea area is almost impossible for normal expansion of the net gear for shooting net, and is happened to be frequent occasions for rise of tension suddenly in purseline by changes of the net shapes in the operation. Therefore, the safety of the operations is often obstructed by the above mentioned. In connection with the above, model experiments on the purse seine in the circulating water tank was carried out in comparison and analysis on the changes of tension in the pruseline by deformation of purse seine in the sea area of two layer current. THe results obtained are as follows;In the case of the required time for pursing of 20 minutes in the no current set, the increasing curve for tension of purseline can be expressed as:Y=0.0004x3+0.0098x2+0.3000x(r=0.9989)where Y is tension(metric tons) of a purseline, x is required time(minutes) for pursing. And, the maximum value of tension in this time was an increase of 31.3 percent at 15 minutes, and was a decrease of 30.3 percent at 30 minutes than that of 20 minutes.When the bottom margin of net is held on the position in velocity of 0.5 knot at three-eighths of net in the bottom current to the net height, the maximum tension of the required time for pursing of 30 minutes in tight set and loose set were decrease of 29.5 percent and 28.7 percent respectively than that of 20 minutes.The work load during the required time for pursing of 20 minutes were calculated 5.79×106 kgf·m in no current set, 7.89×106 kgf·m in tight set and 5.15×106 kgf·m in loose set, therefore it was an increase of 22.3 percent in tight set, and was a decrease of 11.1 percent in loose set than that of the no current set. Where tight set and loose set is a range of the bottom current with velocity of 0.5 knot at three-eighths of net to the net height.

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Environmental Factors and Catch Fluctuation of Set Net Grounds in the Coastal Waters of Yeosu - 2 . Sea Water Circulation in the Vicinity of Set Net Ground - (여수연안 정치망어장의 환경요인과 어황 변동에 관한 연구 - 2 . 어장주변 해역의 해수유동 -)

  • Kim, Dong-Soo;Rho, Hong-Kil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.142-149
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    • 1994
  • In order to investigate the environmental properties of set net grounds located in the coastal waters of Yeosu. The current in the vicinity of set net grounds was observed by drogue and current meter in 1990 and 1992. The results obtained are summarized as follows: The direction of tidal current at the north enterance of Yeosu bay was southerly in ebb and northwesterly in flood without the distiction of the neap tide and the spring tide. In spring tide the maximum Velocity of the tidal current was 68 cm/sec in ebb and 66 cm/sec in flood. In neap tide the maximum velocity of the tidal current was 37 cm/sec in ebb and 35 cm/sec in flood. And so the direction of residual current was the south ward mainly and 21 cm/sec. The direction of tidal current at set net fishing grounds was southwesterly in ebb and westerly or northwesterly in flood. Regardless of the distinction of neap and spring. The maximum velocity of the current in spring tide was 50 cm/sec in ebb and 40 cm/sec in flood and that in neap was 28 cm/sec in ebb and 25 cm/sec in flood. In spring tide the speed vector along the major axis of semidiurnal tide component was three times as large as diurnal tide. In neap tide, however, the speed vector was about 50% less then that in spring tide, and the semidiurnal tide and diurnal tide were equal in the size of current ellipse and the direction of major axis. The sea area had a southwesterly residual current. 11 cm/sec in spring tide and 7 cm/sec in neap tide. According to the result of drogue tracking, the vicinity of set net fishing ground had a southerly residual current which formed in Yeosu Bay and a weak westerly residual current toward Dolsando from Namhedo. Therefore, set net fishing ground in coastal water of Yeosu was distributed in boundary of inner water which formed from Seamjin river and offshore water supplied from the vicinity of Sorido and Yochido.

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