• Title/Summary/Keyword: Servicescape

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A Study on the Servicescape Design Process Creating the Whole Service Experiences (총체적 서비스 경험을 만드는 서비스 스케이프 디자인과정 연구)

  • Ahn, Ju-Young
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2008
  • The service sector is growing and service is complicated with various customer needs in the competitive markets. Bill Hollins urges that services must be designed. I believe that service experiences must be designed with servicescape as an environment surrounding services. Servicescape is the physical and social environments of service. Service experiences do not depend only on the aesthetic impression of physical servicescape. One of the main characteristics of services is that the most value of services are accomplished from interaction between customer and service encounters. The design of physical servicescape affects the interaction between customer and service encounters and the behavior of both customer and service suppliers' including social factors such as display emotions and the interpersonal distance between customers. Servicescape design should control tangible and intangible area of service events. In addition servicescape design creates customer's good experiences in the servicescape. This research proposes the possibilities and proper design process of servicescape design. Servicescape Design should control the activities including interrelations of participants, efficient service delivery process, and the united images of services for creating the satisfied service experience values.

A Study on the Types and Characteristics of Servicescape of Design Hotel - Focused on the Case of the Design Hotel in Europe - (디자인 호텔의 서비스스케이프 유형과 특성에 관한 연구 - 유럽의 디자인 호텔 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Seung-Hee;Lee, Hyunsoo
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.68-78
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    • 2015
  • The servicescape of a design hotel means the physical environment in which a service is produced and consumed. Servicescape refers to the comprehensive physical environment perceived by users and is composed of physical elements such as ambient conditions, space, function, signs, symbols and artifacts. For a successful operation of a design hotel, it is necessary to investigate the design hotel's servicescape types according to characteristics of design hotel's servicescape to provide various servicescape. The purpose of this study is to classify the types of servicescape on design hotel and analyze characteristics through the case study. A case study on Europe's design hotels to find various servicescape design methods was conducted. According to characteristics of design hotel the types, it is also categorized into four different types: history/tradition, art/culture, collaboration, locality. The case study demonstrated that European design hotels were making many efforts for their uniqueness and differentiation by considering the cultural and historical characteristics of their city and providing art and cultural space for their community. Design hotels in Korea should not only provide visitors with opportunities to have special experience through the nation's own culture and history but also serve as a place of community activities.

An analysis on the Elements of Servicescape and its Characteristics of Hotel Facilities - Focused on the case of 1st Tourist Hotels in Seoul - (호텔의 서비스스케이프 요인과 특성에 관한 연구 - 서울시 1급 관광호텔 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Seung-Hee;Lee, Hyunsoo
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.183-191
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    • 2015
  • The servicescape of a hotel means the physical environment in which a service is produced and consumed. The users perceive the quality of the service and their inner response affects their satisfaction or behavior such as repurchase. Servicescape has been addressed mainly in marketing as a strategic element of service marketing research. The aim of this research is to find out which dimensions of servicescape is required in hotel facilities and to identify servicescape of tourist hotel in Seoul. For this study, questionnaire survey with facilities users and site research were used. Servicescape factors were derived cleanliness, convenience, aesthetics and ambience. According to case study, the most significant servicescape need for hotel facilities was cleanliness. Therefore, facility managers must continuously manage the facilities. In terms of convenience, layout of guest bathrooms and furniture was the important indicator of servicescape. Facility aesthetics play an important role as differentiation from competitors. By providing a customized design, customers choose hotels that best satisfy their needs. It is important to recognize that ambience can be controlled to a large extent by facility management.

The Impact of Servicescape on Purchasing Behavior : A Case of Baby Goods Exhibition (유아용품 전시박람회의 서비스스케이프가 구매행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Byeong-Cheol
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The exhibition is one of the critical distribution channels that leads to mass sales of products. Servicescape is considered as an effective means facilitating consumers' purchasing behavior. The objective of this research is to examine the effects of servicescape of the exhibition on consumer's purchasing behavior measured by time spent, the number of consultations, the number of items purchased, and amount of money spent. Research design, data, and methodology - Servicescape was divided into four main components: 'spatial layout/functionality', 'ambient condition', 'design/artifacts', and 'human factor'. Based on previous studies, this study hypothesized that servicescape dimensions first influence consumer's shopping duration and the number of consultations which in turn, affects consumer's actual purchase. A total of 407 samples were collected from attendees in Baby Expo taken place in Kyunggido, South Korea. The data were used to assess overall fit of the proposed model and test hypotheses using structural equation modeling. All the constructs had acceptable levels of composite reliability and convergent and discriminant validity. Results - The results showed that except for 'spatial layout/functionality', all components of servicescape had a significant influence on consumer's shopping duration in the exhibition. Except for 'design/artifacts', other factors of servicescape did not show a significant effect on 'the number of consultations'. Interestingly, 'design/artifacts' exerted a significant negative effect on 'the number of consultations'. As expected, 'time spent' and 'number of consultations' showed significant effects on both 'the number of items purchased' and 'amount of money spent'. Conclusions - The results offer some insights into the effect of servicescape on facilitating consumers' purchasing behavior in the context of the exhibition. Theoretically, this study provides a new type of conceptual framework that verifies the relationships between not only servicescape and purchasing behavior, but also purchasing behavior-related variables. In addition, this study supports the concept of a dark side of servicescape. With regards to practical implications, this study suggests that exhibition organizers should put more efforts in facilitating consumer's desire to stay. More importantly, organizers need to keep in mind that excessive emphasis on 'design/artifacts' to increase consumers' shopping duration can cause a side effect that reduces opportunities for interactions with customers.

Servicescape in Delivering Values to Customer to Enhance Service Quality and Behavioural Intention

  • NGUYEN, Van Anh;NGUYEN, Thi Phuong Thao
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2021
  • Purpose: Nowadays, café shop chains are becoming a trend and growing rapidly in Vietnam. There are numerous people who spend their time in cafes and this has become part of the current lifestyle. Therefore, cafe chains owners compete in offering new cafe concepts to attract customers and deliver their values to customers effectively. To gain competitiveness and attractiveness, a cafe must possess an interesting servicescape and provide a good impression toward customers in a cafe. Therefore, this study is to evaluate the role of servicescape as an antecedent to service quality and behavioral intentions in the Vietnam market. Research design, data, and methodology: The study was conducted through survey questionnaires who had used the service at coffee shop chains in cities of Vietnam. We apply the PLS-SEM method to analyze data and test hypotheses. Results: Servicescape is a second-order construct including hygiene, space, ambiance, design, and equipment. Servicescape also impacts directly on overall service quality, employee service quality, and behavioral intention. Conclusions: Servicescape plays a role as an antecedent for service quality and behavioral intention. Therefore, it confirms the importance of managing servicescape in order to deliver more value to customers through improving service quality so that enhance intention to return to use services in coffee shop chains.

The Effect of Servicescape on Customer Satisfaction and Brand Loyalty in Franchise Coffee Shops: The Mediating Effect of Brand Image (프랜차이즈 커피전문점의 서비스스케이프가 고객만족과 브랜드 충성도에 미치는 영향: 브랜드 이미지의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Young-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.785-801
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of servicescape on customer satisfaction and brand loyalty in Franchise Coffee Shops. Also, this study investigated a mediating effect of brand image in the causal relationship between servicescape and customer satisfaction and, between servicescape and brand loyalty. The results of this study are as follows: Firstly, among components of servicescape, aesthetics, cleanliness and pleasance affected brand image. Secondly, among components of servicescape, aesthetics, cleanliness, pleasance and space affected customer satisfaction. Thirdly, among components of servicescape, pleasance and space affected brand loyalty. Fourthly, Brand image significantly affected customer satisfaction and brand loyalty. Fifthly, customer satisfaction significantly affected brand loyalty. Sixthly, brand image had a mediating role in the causal relationship between servicescape and customer satisfaction and, between servicescape and brand loyalty.

Antecedents of Student Loyalty Within Universities in North Sumatra Province, Indonesia

  • MULYONO, Hardi
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.12
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    • pp.491-500
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the antecedents of student loyalty which included Servicescape University, relationship quality, university image, and student satisfaction. The research was conducted in three universities with Islamic atmosphere under Al Washliyah Foundation in Medan, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Data analysis in this study includes descriptive analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results showed that: (1) Servicescape university influences university image, student satisfaction, but does not influence student loyalty; (2) Servicescape university through university image influences student loyalty, (3) Servicescape university through student satisfaction influences student loyalty, (4) Relationship quality influences university image, satisfaction Students, but does not influence student loyalty, (5) Relationship quality through university image influences student loyalty, (6) Relationship quality through student satisfaction influences student loyalty, (7) University image influences student loyalty, and (8). Student satisfaction influences student royalty. The findings of this study suggest that the antecedent of student loyalty in universities with Islamic atmosphere which was examined in this research includes four factors: Servicescape university, quality relationship, university image, and students' satisfaction.

The Effect of Servicescape at Airport Duty Free Shop on Customer Satisfaction and Image (공항 면세점의 서비스스케이프가 고객 만족 및 이미지에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Kyu-Seon;Park, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 2016
  • Despite rapid growing in domestic duty free industry, weight of income from airport duty free area is relatively decreasing because of rapid progress in downtown duty free area. The purpose of this research was investigating the relationship between airport duty free servicescape and its effects on customer satisfaction and image for duty free shop, in order to maintain own competitive advantages. In pursuing above, previous studies related to servicescape, service value, customer satisfaction, and image were examined for literature review. Based on this previous studies, research model were constructed. Hypothesis was verified by effect. Data from 305 samples was employed for final survey. The main results show that functionality, attraction and convenience were meaningful factors to effect perceived servicescape. On the other hand, cleanness and comfort had few or no influence on servicescape. The perceived servicescape affected on service value and customer satisfaction. Service value had positive effects on customer satisfaction which was discovered to affected on image for duty free shop.

The Effects of Servicescape and Service Process Quality on Employee and Customer Satisfaction : An Empirical Investigation of the Golf Course Business in Korea (서비스 환경품질과 과정품질이 종업원만족과 고객만족에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증적 연구 : 한국 골프장 산업을 중심으로)

  • Lim, Jae-Poung;Lee, Youn-Suk;Park, Myung-Sub;Shin, Ho-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.165-183
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    • 2009
  • In a service process, the customer typically experiences two types of interactions; one is interaction with the physical ambiance (servicescape) and the other is with employees who may be responsible for the service process quality. The literature in general supports that process quality is a critical determinant for overall service quality and customer satisfaction. In this paper, we primarily examine how the servicescape intervenes the association between process quality and employee/customer satisfaction. The proposed models are tested. using the data collected from the major golf courses in Korea. The results suggest that improving process quality and servicescape have a positive influence on employee/customer satisfaction directly and/or indirectly, but the effect of servicescape may be stronger in the case of golf course businesses. Servicescape also contributes to improving process quality by enhancing employee satisfaction. These results collectively indicate that management emphasis on improving service quality without renovating physical surroundings may results in unsatisfactory outcome.

The Role of Servicescape Considering the Customer's Participation and Customer Experience : Focusing on Theme Park Service (서비스의 고객 참여와 고객 경험을 반영한 서비스스케이프의 역할 : 테마파크서비스를 중심으로)

  • Ahn, Yeon S.
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the structure model including the role of servicescape focusing on service participation and customer experience in theme park service is demonstrated empirically. The servicescape construct of theme park service includes three factors such as ambient atmosphere, functionality and layout, and sign, symbols etc. Customer service participation includes suggestion, passion and citizenship. And the emotional and convenience factors are included to customer experience. As an analysis result of examining the 241 respondents of university students, some implications were described. Customer satisfaction is greatly influenced by customer's participation in theme park service, and customer's participation has a significant effect on improving customer satisfaction by inducing customer experiences. It is desirable to consider servicescape priority in order of signs and symbols, ambient atmosphere, functionality and layout factor. The customer's participation in service is a passion for participation, citizenship, and suggesting for problems or improvements. Therefore, participants in planning and designing servicescape in the future, including IT services, should be creative in the direction of inducing various participations of customers and creating positive experiences for customers. In order to apply these findings to the composition of servicescape, the participation of various experts is required. Also, the expertise and competences of various fields must be gathered for each issues, and a more creative and scientific approach is required.