• Title, Summary, Keyword: Serum Traits

Search Result 77, Processing Time 0.172 seconds

The Effects of Dietary Garlic Powder on the Performance, Egg Traits and Blood Serum Cholesterol of Laying Quails

  • Yalcin, Sakine;Onbasilar, Ilyas;Sehu, Adnan;Yalcin, Suzan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.20 no.6
    • /
    • pp.944-947
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to study the effects of dietary garlic powder on laying performance, egg traits and blood serum cholesterol level of quails. A total of three hundred quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) aged nine weeks were used. They were allocated to 3 dietary treatments. Each treatment comprised 5 replicates of 20 quails. The diets were supplemented with 0, 5 and 10 g/kg garlic powder. The experimental period lasted 21 weeks. The addition of garlic powder did not significantly affect body weight, egg production, feed consumption, feed efficiency, egg shell thickness, egg albumen index, egg yolk index and egg Haugh unit. Adding 5 and 10 g/kg garlic powder to the laying quail diets increased egg weight (p<0.01). Egg yolk cholesterol and blood serum cholesterol concentration were reduced with garlic powder supplementation. The results of this study demonstrated that garlic powder addition had a significant cholesterol-reducing effect in serum and egg yolk without adverse effects on performance and egg traits of laying quails.

EFFECTS OF SUPPLEMENTAL CHROMIUM PICOLINATE ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE, CARCASS COMPOSITION AND SERUM TRAITS OF BROILERS FED DIETS VARYING IN PROTEIN AND LYSINE

  • Kim, S.W.;Han, I.K.;Shin, I.S.;Chae, B.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.8 no.5
    • /
    • pp.455-462
    • /
    • 1995
  • Arbor Acres broiler chickens (N=288) with an average initial weight of 59.4 g were fed diets varying in protein and lysine (80, 100, 120% of NRC; 100, 120% of NRC, 1984) in order to investigate the effects of supplemental chromium picolinate on growth performance, nutrient utilizability, carcass composition, serum traits and in vitro protein synthesis. Six replicates of eight chicks were grouped into one treatment Six chicks were sacrificed from each treatment for carcass analysis, and six additional chicks were chosen and dissected for in vitro culture of liver tissue. Body weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion, mortality, carcass composition and serum glucose, HDL/cholesterol ratio, serum triglyceride and serum nonesterified fatty acid appeared to be affected by either the level of dietary crude protein or lysine when supplemented with 200 ppb chromium picolinate (p < 0.05). Retained and secreted proteins in liver acinar cell cultured in vitro were not affected by dietary lysine level but affected by dietary protein level when added with 200 ppb chromium picolinate.

Effects of Cod Liver Oil and Chromium Picolinate Supplements on the Serum Traits, Egg Yolk Fatty Acids and Cholesterol Content in Laying Hens

  • Lien, Tu-Fa;Wu, Chaen-Ping;Lu, Jin-Jenn
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.16 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1177-1181
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study investigated the effects of cod liver oil and chromium picolinate on the serum traits and egg yolk fatty acids and cholesterol content in laying hens. One hundred 45-week old single comb white Leghorn laying hens were assigned randomly to four groups. These groups were: (1) control (soybean oil), (2) 1,000 ppb (${\mu}g/kg$) chromium (organic form chromium picolinate) (Crpic), (3) 3% cod liver oil (CLO), and (4) 1,000 ppb chromium with 3% cod liver oil (CLO+Crpic). The experiment was conducted for 40 days. Results indicated that serum triacylglycerol (TG) and cholesterol contents in the CLO group and the serum glucose content in the Crpic group were significantly lower than those in the control group (p<0.05-0.01). The yolk cholesterol content in the CLO and Crpic groups were also lower than the control group (p<0.01). The lipoprotein profile displayed that in the Crpic group, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) were significantly higher (P<0.05) than the control group. Meanwhile, low-density lipoprotein+very low-density lipoprotein (LDL+VLDL) and LDL-C+VLDL-C were significantly lower (p<0.05) than the control group. Notably, of all four groups, the CLO group displayed a more profound effect on serum traits and lipoprotein (p<0.05-0.001). Furthermore, the fatty acid composition of the egg yolks presented that C18:2 in the CLO and Crpic groups was significantly lower (p<0.05-0.001) compare to the control. However, only in the CLO group, C18:3, C20:5 and C22:6 were significantly higher (p<0.001) than the control. Only serum glucose and LDL+VLDL showed the CLO${\times}$Crpic interaction (p<0.05), most parameters did not. Therefore, supplemented chromium picolinate or cod liver oil in the diet of laying hens had beneficial effects. However, when these two factors were combined, there was no interaction with most parameters.

Effect of Naked Neck Gene on Immune Competence, Serum Biochemical and Carcass Traits in Chickens under a Tropical Climate

  • Rajkumar, U.;Reddy, B.L.N.;Rajaravindra, K.S.;Niranjan, M.;Bhattacharya, T.K.;Chatterjee, R.N.;Panda, A.K.;Reddy, M.R.;Sharma, R.P.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.23 no.7
    • /
    • pp.867-872
    • /
    • 2010
  • A comprehensive study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of naked neck (Na) gene on immune competence, serum biochemical parameters and carcass quality traits in three genotypes (NaNa, Nana and nana) of the naked neck chicken under a tropical climate (Southern India). Sixty day-old chicks (20 from each genotype) were selected randomly and reared under similar environmental conditions up to eight weeks of age. The cell mediated immune (CMI) response to phytohaemoagglutinin-P (PHA-P) was significantly higher ($p{\lgq}0.01$) in NaNa and Nana genotypes compared to nana birds. The humoral response as measured by antibody titre to sheep red blood cells (SRBC) was also significantly higher in NaNa. The total cholesterol, LDL and VLDL cholesterol levels were significantly ($p{\leq}0.01$) lower whereas HDL cholesterol level was significantly higher in NaNa and Nana compared to nana genotype. The presence of Na allele significantly increased the live weight and dressing yield, and decreased the feather cover and abdominal fat. The naked neck genotypes (NaNa/Nana) performed better than the normal (nana) siblings for almost all the traits studied.

Effects of Chromium Propionate Supplementation on Growth Performance, Serum Traits and Immune Response in Weaned Pigs

  • Lien, T.-F.;Yang, K.-H.;Lin, K.-J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.403-408
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study investigated the effects of chromium propionate on growth performance, serum traits and immune response in weaned pigs. Twenty-four 4 wk-old crossbred weanling pigs (initial body weight about 9.52${\pm}$0.48 kg) were randomly allotted into one of two groups, a control group (basal diet), chromium propionate group (diet supplemented with 200 ${\mu}g$ $kg^{-1}$ (ppb) of chromium propionate). This experiment was conducted over nine weeks. Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 100 ${\mu}g$ $kg^{-1}$ BW was used as the stress-inducing agent in the middle (4 wks) and final (8 wks) periods. The experimental results indicated that chromium propionate had no effect on growth performance (p>0.05). Chromium propionate supplementation reduced the percentage of LDL+VLDL (low and very low-density lipoprotein) and increased HDL (high-density lipoprotein), but did not affect other serum traits. Pigs supplemented with chromium propionate had higher antibody titers specific for sheep red blood cells (SRBC) and serum total globulin relative to the control during the final period (p<0.05). A challenge with LPS increased white blood cells in the chromium propionate group in both experimental periods (p<0.05). The chromium propionate group exhibited higher IgG and $\gamma$-globulin than the control during the middle experimental period (p<0.05). Moreover, the PHA (phytohemagglutinin) challenge result in the chromium propionate group was better than the control group (p=0.056). Greater neutrophil activity was displayed than in the control (p<0.05). This suggests that chromium propionate supplementation benefited the weaned pigs in lipoprotein and immune response.

Effects of Dietary Chromium Picolinate on Performance, Egg, Quality, Serum Traits and Mortality Rate of Brown Layers

  • Kim, J.D.;Han, In K.;Chae, B.J.;Lee, J.H.;Park, J.H.;Yang, C.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-7
    • /
    • 1997
  • This experiment was conducted with total 960 brown layers, consisted of 8 treatment to investigate the effects of dietary chromium as chromium picolinate on egg production, egg quality, nutrient utilizability, serum traits and mortality in brown layers. Layers were fed diets with two levels of dietary protein (14% and 16%) and supplemented with 0, 200, 400, 800 ppb/kg of chromium as chromium picolinate, respectively. The highest egg production, egg weight and egg mass were found in 800 ppb chromium picolinate supplementation group with high protein level (16%) (p < 0.05). Although there was no significant difference, layers receiving 400 ppb of chromium picolinate with high protein (16%) represented the lowest broken eggs. The utilization of energy, dry matter and crude protein of 400 ppb chromium picolinate group with low protein level (14%) were significantly higher than those of control or other chromium picolinate group (p < 0.05). 400 ppb chromium picolinate with low protein level (14%) showed the lowest serum glucose concentration. But serum glucose concentrations in all treatments showed no significant differences. Present date revealed that the lowest serum cholesterol concentration of layers was found at 400 ppb chromium picolinate group with high protein level (16%) (p < 0.05). Crude protein content in yolk was significantly higher in eggs of layers received 800 ppb chromium picolinate and the lowest in eggs from layers received 400 ppb chromium picolinate among chromium picolinate levels (p < 0.05). Mortality was remarkably decreased by chromium picolinate supplementation and the lowest mortality value was found in layres receiving 800 ppb chromium picolinate with high protein level.

A post-genome-wide association study validating the association of the glycophorin C gene with serum hemoglobin level in pig

  • Liu, Yang;Hu, Zhengzheng;Yang, Chen;Wang, Shiwei;Wang, Wenwen;Zhang, Qin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.5
    • /
    • pp.638-642
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: This study aimed to validate the statistical evidence from the genome-wide association study (GWAS) as true-positive and to better understand the effects of the glycophorin C (GYPC) gene on serum hemoglobin traits. Methods: Our initial GWAS revealed the presence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (ASGA0069038 and ALGA0084612) for the hemoglobin concentration trait (HGB) in the 2.48 Mb region of SSC15. From this target region, GYPC was selected as a promising gene that associated with serum HGB traits in pigs. SNPs within the GYPC gene were detected by sequencing. Thereafter, we performed association analysis of the variant with the serum hemoglobin level in three pig populations. Results: We identified one SNP (g.29625094 T>C) in exon 3 of the GYPC gene. Statistical analysis showed a significant association of the SNP with the serum hemoglobin level on day 20 (p<0.05). By quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, the GYPC gene was expressed in eight different tissues. Conclusion: These results might improve our understanding of GYPC function and provide evidence for its association with serum hemoglobin traits in the pig. These results also indicate that the GYPC gene might serve as a useful marker in pig breeding programs.

ASSOCIATION OF RED CELL X-PROTEIN, NADH-DIAPHORASE 1, MALIC ENZYME AND SERUM ARYLESTERASE PHENOTYPES WITH ECONOMIC TRAITS IN SHEEP

  • Lee, S.L.;Mukherjee, T.K.;Agamuthu, P.;Panandam, J.M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.8 no.4
    • /
    • pp.353-356
    • /
    • 1995
  • The red cell X-protein, NADH-diaphorase 1, malic enzyme and serum arylesterase phenotypes of 50 Thai Longtail and 53 Cameroon X Thai Longtail ($F_1$) crossbred sheep were determined by horizontal starch gel electrophoresis. None of the economic traits was influenced by DIA1, ME and EsA phenotypes. However, XP phenotypes showed a highly significant association with body weight, body height, heart girth and back girth, with mean values of XP+ve phenotype greater than XP-ve. The $XP^+$ allele was associated with greater body weight, body height, heart girth and back girth.

EFFECT OF DIETARY EXCESSIVE CHROMIUM PICOLINATE ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE, NUTRIENT UTILIZABILITY AND SERUM TRAITS IN BROILER CHICKS

  • Kim, Y.H.;Han, In K.;Shin, I.S.;Chae, B.J.;Kang, T.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.349-354
    • /
    • 1996
  • An Experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary excessive chromium picolinate on growth performance, nutrient utilizability and the content of serum cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, glucose, triglyceride and non-esterified fatty acid in broiler chicks. Experimental diets based on corn-soybean meal were supplemented at 0, 800, 1,600 and 2,400 ppb chromium in the form of chromium picolinate. Each treatment had six replicates of six female chicks each (average initial weight=45.6 g). Experimental period lasted for six weeks. Excessive supplementation of chromium as chromium picolinate had no effect on body weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion and nutrient utilizability of broiler chicks. Mortality was improved with a supplementation of chromium (p < 0.05). However, serum glucose decreased as chromium level increased (p < 0.05). Up to 2,400 ppb chromium as chromium picolinate, signs of toxicity were not noticed in this study.

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of TBC1D1 Gene Association with Growth Traits and Serum Clinical-Chemical Traits in Chicken

  • Manjula, Prabuddha;Cho, Sunghuyn;Suh, Kook Jin;Seo, Dongwon;Lee, Jun Heon
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.45 no.4
    • /
    • pp.291-298
    • /
    • 2018
  • TBC1D1 gene has known functional effects on body energy homeostasis and glucose uptake pathway in skeletal muscle tissue. This biological function is reported to have significant effects on traits of growth and meat quality in chicken. In this study, we focused on two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (g.70179137A>G and g.70175861T>C) identified through SNP annotation information of Korean native chicken and previous literature for TBC1D1 in chicken. Association of SNPs in TBC1D1 with growth and serum clinical-chemical traits were evaluated. A total of 584 male and female birds from five Korean native chicken lines were used in the study. The SNP1 (g.70179137A>G) is located in intron 11 and SNP2 (g.70175861T>C) is a non-synonymous missense mutation in exon 10, responsible for the amino acid change from Methionine to Valine. The A allele of SNP1 and T allele of SNP2 had the highest allele frequencies. Both SNPs indicated moderate polymorphism information content values (0.25