• Title, Summary, Keyword: Serum Protein Polymorphism

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Human G-Protein ${\beta}3$ Subunit C825T Polymorphism is Associated with Serum Total Cholesterol and LDL-Cholesterol Levels in Koreans

  • Kang, Byung-Yong;Kang, Chin-Yang;Lee, Kang-Oh
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2005
  • Essential hypertension results from the complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. A C825T polymorphism of the gene encoding G-protein ${\beta}3$ subunit (GNB3), associated with enhanced G-protein coupled signaling and increased $Na^+-H^+$ exchanger, has been implicated in the development of essential hypertension in several human populations, especially in Caucasian population. We examined the disease relevance of this candidate gene by performing an association study in a study group of Korean heritage. Participants comprised 109 essential hypertensives and 109 normotensives, respectively. Genotyping was performed with PCR-BsaJI restriction digestion method. Observed genotype frequencies were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in all groups. Genotype and allele frequencies did not differ significantly between normotensives and essential hypertensives (P>0.05). However, the serum total cholesterol (TC) and LDL-cholesterol levels were significantly higher in subjects with the TT genotype compared to those with the CC or CT genotypes in normotensives of our study subjects (P<0.05). Thus, these results suggest that GNB3/C825T polymorphism might be significantly associated with abnormality in serum lipid metabolism.

The Protein Polymorphism of Haptoglobin in Korean Elite Athletes

  • Kang, Byung-Yong;Jang, Dai-Ho;Kim, Seon-Jeong;Lee, Kang-Oh
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.88-88
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    • 2003
  • n view of the role of haptoglobin as a candidate for physical performance, we investigated the protein polymorphism of the haptoglobin in elite Korean male athletes. The serum sample was collected from 120 Korean male eliteathletes. The haptoglobin phenotypes were determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, followed by peroxidase staining. (omitted)

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Genetic Variation and Genetic Relationship of Seventeen Chinese Indigenous Pig Breeds Using Ten Serum Protein Loci

  • Mo, D.L.;Liu, B.;Wang, Z.G.;Zhao, S.H.;Yu, M.;Fan, B.;Li, M.H.;Yang, S.L.;Zhang, G.X.;Xiong, T.A.;Li, K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.939-945
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    • 2003
  • Seventeen Chinese indigenous pig breeds and three introduced pig breeds had been carried out by means of vertical polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). According to the results, eight serum protein loci were highly polymorphic except Pi-2 and Cp. The polymorphism information content (PIC) of Hpx was the highest (0.5268), while that of Cp was the lowest (0.0257). The population genetic variation index showed that about 84% genetic variation existed in the population, and the rest of 16% distributed between the populations. The genetic variation of Yimeng black pig and Duroc were the highest and the lowest, respectively. The genetic variation of Chinese indigenous pig breeds was much more than that of exotic groups. Genetic distance results showed that Chinese indigenous pig breeds were classified into four groups with the three introduced pig breeds clustered into another group. The results also supported the geographic distribution of Chinese indigenous pig breeds in certain extent.

Analysis of Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein 1(MCP-1) Polymorphism in Korean Patients with Asthma (한국인 천식환자의 Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1(MCP-1) 유전자 다형성에 대한 분석)

  • Hwang, Woo-Suk;Jeong, Seung-Yeon;Kim, Jin-Ju;Jung, Hee-Jae;Jung, Sung-Ki
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.32-41
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    • 2008
  • Background : Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1), one of the CC chemokines, appears to play a significant role in asthma pathogenesis. It was reported that polymorphism in the MCP-1(-2518 A/G promoter) was associated with asthma in Caucasians, but the association of this polymorphism and asthma patients in the Korean population has not yet been clarified. Objective : We investigated the possible association between 2 polymorphisms (-2518 A/G promoter and Cys35Cys) and asthma patients in a Korean population. Materials and Methods : DNA samples were obtained from 86 Korean asthma patients and 270 healthy controls. MCP-1 genomic variants (-2518 A/G promoter and Cys35Cys polymorphism) were detected by PCR-RFLP. Level of MCP-1 was measured by ELISA for each genotype (n=8) (AA, AG, GG) and allele types of -2518 A/G promoter polymorphism for control subjects. Results : The Cys35Cys polymorphism was associated with asthma patients in Korean population [genotype distribution ($X^{2}=16.011$, P<0.001)]. Comparison of the two groups revealed no detectable differences in genotype and allele frequencies of the -2518 A/G polymorphism. Haplotype frequencies analysis revealed significant difference $(X^{2}=51.70$, P<0.001). MCP-1 serum level of subjects with G genotype of -2518 A/G promoter polymorphism was statistically higher than that with AA genotype (P<0.05). Conclusion : Our data indicate that no association exists between the MCP-1 -2518 A/G polymorphism and asthma susceptibility in the Korean population. However, it is noteworthy that the high prevalence of the -2518 G allele in the Korean population suggests a potentially important ethnic variation in the regulation of MCP-1 production. This variation must be considered in gene-association studies in different ethnic populations.

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The Effect of A-3826G Polymorphism of Uncoupling Protein-Ion Visceral Fat Area in Overweight Korean Women

  • Kim, Kil-Soo;Cha, Min-Ho;Kim, Jong-Yeol;Shin, Seung-Uoo;Yoon, Yoo-Sik
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.279-284
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    • 2005
  • Uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) plays a major role in thermogenesis, and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity and metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the effects of A-3826G polymorphism of UCP-1 gene on body fat distribution. Two hundred forty eight Korean female overweight subjects with BMI more than 25 kgfm2 participated in this study. The areas of abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat of all subjects were measured from computed tomography cross sectional pictures of the umbilical region. Subcutaneous fat areas of upper and lower thigh were also measured. Body composition was measured by bio-impedance analysis, and serum concentrations of biochemical parameters, such as glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol etc, were also measured. Genotype of UCP-1 was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. The frequencies of UCP-1 genotypes were AA type; $27.8\%,\;AG\;type;\;51.2\%\;and\;GG\;type;\;21.0\%,$ and the frequency of G allele was 0.47. Body weight, BMI, WHR, SBP, DBP and body compositions were not significantly different by UCP-1 genotype. Abdominal visceral fat area was significantly higher in AG and GG type compared with AA type (p=0.009), but subcutaneous fat areas were not significantly different by UCP-1 genotype. Among biochemical parameters, LDL cholesterol level was significantly higher in GG type compared with AA and AG types (p=0.033). Among all subjects, 121 subjects finished 1 month weight loss program containing hypocaloric diet and exercise. The reduction of body weight and BMI were lower in GG type compared with AA/AG type even though statistical significances were not found (p > 0.05). These results suggest that UCP-1 genotype has a significant effect on visceral fat accumulation among Korean female overweight subjects with BMI more than $25\;kg/m^2$.

Analysis of vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) gene polymorphisms in Korean women with and without endometriosis

  • Cho, Min-Chul;Kim, Jin Hyun;Jung, Myeong Hee;Cho, In Ae;Jo, Hyen Chul;Shin, Jeong Kyu;Lee, Soon Ae;Choi, Won Jun;Lee, Jong Hak
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2019
  • Objective: Vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) mediates various biological processes in humans. The goal of this study was to investigate whether VDBP gene polymorphisms could predispose Korean women to endometriosis. Methods: We prospectively enrolled women with endometriosis (n = 16) and healthy controls (n = 16). Total serum 25-hydroxyl vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations were measured using an Elecsys vitamin D total kit. Levels of bioavailable and free 25(OH)D were calculated. Concentrations of VDBP were measured using a vitamin D BP Quantikine ELISA kit. DNA was extracted using a DNeasy blood & tissue kit. Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs4588 and rs7041) in GC, the gene that codes for VDBP, were analyzed using a TaqMan SNP genotyping assay kit. The functional variant of VDBP was determined based on the results of the two SNPs. Results: Gravidity and parity were significantly lower in the endometriosis patients than in the control group, but serum CA-125 levels and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate were significantly higher. Total serum 25(OH)D levels in the endometriosis patients were significantly lower than in the control group. However, serum bioavailable 25(OH)D, free 25(OH)D, and VDBP levels did not differ significantly between the endometriosis and control groups. The genotypes and allele frequencies of GC were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Korean women with endometriosis had lower total serum 25(OH)D concentrations than controls. Neither serum VDBP concentrations nor polymorphisms in the gene coding for VDBP were associated with endometriosis. Further studies are needed to investigate the pathophysiology and clinical implications of 25(OH)D and VDBP in endometriosis.

Characterization of Polypeptides From Human Serum Very Low Density Lipoproteins by Isoelectric Focusing Fractionation (등전점초점(等電點焦點) 맞추기 획분법(劃分法)에 의(依)한 극저밀도(極低密度) 혈청(血淸) 지단백질(脂蛋白質) Polypeptide의 특성(特性))

  • Lim, Chang-Taik
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.112-117
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    • 1973
  • The very low density apolipoproteins were separated by a newly developed method of isoelectric focusing in a narrow pH gradient. Four polypeptides were isolated that differed from the major proteins of the high density or low density lipoproteins. Three of these proteins had indistinguishable amino acid compositions, but different isoelectric points, COOH-terminal alanine, no isoleucine, cysteine or cystine. Two of these polypeptides had $NH_2-terminal$ serine. The polymorphism of apolipoprotein-Ala, so designated from the COOH-terminal residue, was related to sialic acid content; one form contained 2 moles of sialic acid per mole of protein, the second, 1 mole of protein, and the third, no sialic acid. The fourth polypeptide had an amino acid composition different from the first three polypeptides and from other polypetides obtained from very low density lipoprotein. This polypeptide had $NH_2-terminal$ threonine, COOH-terminal resistant to carboxypeptidase A, no histidine, cysteine, cystine or sialic acid. These four polypeptides constituted approx. 40% of the total protein in very low density lipoprotein.

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Genetic Polymorphisms of the Serum Protein Locus in Korean Native Goats (한국재래산양 혈청단백질 좌위의 유전적 다형현상에 관한 연구)

  • 김계웅
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.235-241
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    • 1995
  • These experiments were carried out to find genetic polymorphisms of Serum protein like Pre-albumin(Pr), Albumin(Al) and Transferrin(Tf), and establish preservation of pure pedigree in Korean Native Goats(KNG). Their serum was collected and examined from the total of 74 KNG that raised in Tang Jin district, Chungnam-province. They were biochemically analysed by polyacrylamide gel(7.5%) electrophoresis(PAGE) in order to estimate the frequencies of genotypes and alleles existing on each trait locus. The results obtained in these experiments were summarized as follows ; 1. In the serum Pre-albumin(Pr) locus, the frequencies of genotypes for hetero AB and homo BB observed were 55.4%, and 44.6%, respectively. While homo AA was not found in the Pr locus. The frequencies of gene in PrA and PrB were 0.723 and 0.277, respectively. Accordingly, the Pr loci were assumed to be controlled by alleles PrA and PrB. 2. The frequencies of genotypes of homo BB and hetero AB detected in Albumin(Al) locus were 75.7% and 24.3%, respectively. However, AA type was not observed in the Al locus. The gene frequencies of AlA an AlB were 0.879 and 0.121, respectively. Also, the Al loci were considered to be controlled by alleles AlA and AlB. 3. The frequencies of genotypes for hetero AD and homo DD found in Transferrin (Al) locus were 79.7% and 20.3%, respectively. Whereas, homotype AA was not detected in this locus. The gene frequencies of TfA and TfD were 0.399 and 0.601, respectively. Therefore, the serum Tf loci were assumed to be controlled by alleles Tfa and Tfd.

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The relationship between the variants in the 5'-untranslated regions of equine chorionic gonadotropin genes and serum equine chorionic gonadotropin levels

  • Liu, ShuQin;Lian, Song;Yang, YunZhou;Fu, ChunZheng;Ma, HongYing;Xiong, ZhiYao;Ling, Yao;Zhao, ChunJiang
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.30 no.12
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    • pp.1679-1683
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    • 2017
  • Objective: An experiment was conducted to study the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 5'-untranslated regions (5'-UTR) of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) genes and the serum eCG levels. Methods: SNPs in 5'-UTR of eCG genes were screened across 10 horse breeds, including 7 Chinese indigenous breeds and 3 imported breeds using iPLEX chemistry, and the association between the serum eCG levels of 174 pregnant Da'an mares and their serum eCG levels (determined with ELISA) was analyzed. Results: Four SNPs were identified in the 5'-UTR of the $eCG{\alpha}$ gene, and one of them was unique in the indigenous breeds. There were 2 SNPs detected at the 5' end of the $eCG{\beta}$ subunit gene, and one of them was only found in the Chinese breeds. The SNP g.39948246T>C at the 5'-UTR of $eCG{\alpha}$ was associated significantly with eCG levels of 75-day pregnant mare serum (p<0.05) in Da'an mares. Prediction analysis on binding sites of transcription factors showed that the g.39948246T>C mutation causes appearance of the specific binding site of hepatocyte nuclear factor 3 forkhead homolog 2 (HFH-2), which is a transcriptional repressor belonging to the forkhead protein family of transcription factors. Conclusion: The SNP g.39948246T>C at the 5'-UTR of $eCG{\alpha}$ is associated with eCG levels of 75-day pregnant mare serum (p<0.05).

Association of Clusterin Polymorphisms (-4453T<G, 5608T<C) with Coronary Heart Disease in Korean Population (한국인에서의 Clusterin의 유전자다형성(-4453T<G, 5608T<C)과 관상동맥질환과의 연관성)

  • Kim, Su-Won;Yoo, Min
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.584-588
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    • 2010
  • Clusterin is an 80 kDa heterodimetric glycosylated protein which plays diverse biological roles in various tissues and organs. Clusterin is reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis. Therefore, we investigated the genotype for the T