• Title, Summary, Keyword: Serum Lipids

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The Effects of Serum Lipids and Blood Glucose on Retort Samgyetang Intake in Rats (흰쥐에 레토르트 삼계탕의 투여가 혈청지질 및 혈당에 미치는 영향)

  • Park Young-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.10
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 2004
  • This study presents the effects of serum lipids and blood glucose on retort Samgyetang intake in rats. For this purpose, we measured the ingredients and contents of Samgyetang, and produced a diet for experimental rats. The animal experiment was done in three different diet groups: control, Samgyetang(I) and Samgyetang(II). The results were as follows; 1) There was no sign of difference between the three groups in the body weight gain and food intake due to the effect of dietary component. 2) The density of serum triglyceride in the Samgyetang(II) group was decreased, but there was no sign of difference between the control group and Samgyetang(II). 3) There were no statistically significant differences of serum cholesterol and phospholipid among my of the diet groups. 4) The free fatty acid density and blood glucose level in the Samgyetang(I) and (II) groups were higher than in the control group. In the author's opinion, it is necessary to reexamine them for a long period through the animal experiment.

The Experimental Effects of Pomegranate on the Cerebral Blood Flow and Obesity in Rats (석류가 뇌혈류 및 비만에 미치는 실험적 효과)

  • Jeong, Hyun-Woo;Jeon, Byung-Gwan
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2007
  • To examine the effects of pomegranate on cerebral blood flow and obesity, we observed regional cerebral blood flow in normal rats, as well as body weight, serum total cholesterol, serum HDL-cholesterol, serum LDL-cholesterol, serum triglycerides, serum total lipids, serum phospholipids and serum free fatty acid levels in rats fed a high fat diet. The results were as follows. Pomegranate seed extract significantly increased regional cerebral blood flow and the peel extract increased regional the cerebral blood flow in a dose dependent manner. In addition, the pomegranate extracts(seed, peel, juice) decreased body weight, serum total cholesterol, serum LDL-cholesterol, serum triglycerides, serum total lipids, serum phospholipids and serum free fatty acid levels, and increased serum HDL-cholesterol in the rats fed a high fat diet. More specially the seed extract significantly decreased serum total cholesterol, serum triglycerides and serum phospholipid levels.

The Relationship between Dietary Intakes, Serum Levels, Urinary Excretions of Zn, Cu, Fe and Serum Lipids in Korean Rural Adults on Self-Selected Diet (일부 농촌 성인남녀의 아연, 구리, 철분의 섭취량, 혈액수준, 뇨중 배설량과 혈청지질과의 관계)

  • 이주연
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.10
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    • pp.1112-1120
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to estimate the relationship between dietary intakes, blood levels, and urinary excretions of zine, copper, and iron and serum lipids in 30 healthy adults living in Korean rural area. Analyses for the nutritional status of the subjects were performed by 3-day intake recored, duplicated diet collections, 24-hour urine collection, and venous blood sampling before measuring of blood pressure. The daily intakes of zinc, copper, and iron estimated for 3 days were 8.2mg, 3.0mg, and 12.7mg in men and 8.4mg, 3.7mg, and 12.3mg in women, respectively. The serum contents of cholesterol, triglyceride, and HDL-cholesterol were 165.9mg/dl, 119.4mg/dl, and 43.7mg/dl in men and 154.1mg/dl, 88.2mg/dl, and 47.1mg/dl in women, respectively. The serum levels of zine, copper, and iron were 146.0ug/dl, 120.3ug/dl, and 131.1ug/dl in men and 140.6ug/dl, 117.3ug/dl, and 112.2ug/dl in women, respectively. In the relation between dietary intakes, serum levels, and urinary excretions of these minerals, there were significantly positive correlation between zine intake and copper intake(p<0.05), copper intake and urinary excretion(p<0.001), and iron intake and serum zine level(p<0.05). In the relation between these minerals and serum lipids, dietary zine showed positive correlation with triglyceride(p<0.05), and serum zine/copper ratio showed negative correlation with HDL-cholesterol (p<0.05).

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The Relationship between the Life Style and the Status of Serum Lipis and Antioxidant Vitamins in University Students (대학생들의 생활습관과 혈청 항산화비타민 및 지질상태의 관련성에 관한 연구)

  • 권정숙;한은화;윤수홍;장현숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.257-264
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    • 1999
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between the life style and the nutritional status of serum antioxidant vitamins and lipids in university male and female students. 48 male and 49 female students attending Andong university, aged between 18 and 25 years, were selected. Questions about the life styles including dietary intakes, food habits, smoking, drinking alcohol, exercise, stress were answered. And serum levels of antioxidant vitamins and lipids were determined. Average serum levels of total cholesterol, LDL C, HDL C, and triglyceride in male and female subjects were 158.6$\pm$32.7, 177.3$\pm$33.8; 86.4$\pm$26.0, 109.0$\pm$31.2; 46.0$\pm$10.7, 49.9$\pm$12.4; 131.2$\pm$22.5, 91.7$\pm$ 38.6mg/dl respectively. Average serum levels of antioxidant vitamin A, E and C in male and female subjects were 42.6$\pm$12.3, 31.4$\pm$9.8 g/dl, 1.11$\pm$0.38, 1.15$\pm$0.29mg/dl and 164.66 $\pm$65.01, 220.06$\pm$80.11 g/dl respectively. There was no significant difference between smoking habits and either serum lipids or antioxidant vitamins level. The serum vitamin C level of drinkers was significantly lower(p=0.038), but serum lipids(total cholesterol, LDL C, and triglyceride) were higher than non alcoholic subjects. The subjects with severe stress had lower in HDL C and higher in atherogenic index than others. This result indicates that oxidative stress may be increased in stressful environment from undesirable life styles and influence the status of serum lipid and antioxidant vitamins.

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Assessment of Nutritional Status and Factors Related to Smoking in Adolescent Males -1.Dietary Intakes and Nutritional Assessment of Serum Lipids and Antioxidant Vitamins in Adolescent Male Smokers- (남자 고등학생 흡연장의 영양상태 판정 및 흡연관련 요인분석 -1.식이 섭취 실태와 체내 지질 및 항산화 비타민 영양상태-)

  • 김정희;임재연;김경원
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.349-357
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    • 1998
  • This study was done to investigate the effect of adolescent smoking on dietary intakes and nutritional status of serum lipids and antioxidant vitamins. Subjects were 82 somkers whose average pack-year was 0.73, and 85 nonsmokers of male technical high school students in Seoul. Anthropometric measurement was performed and % body fat was also analyzed by Bioelectrical Impedance Fatness Analyzer(GIF-891). Dietary intakes and habits were examined through questionnaires and nutrient intakes were analyzed by Computer Aided Nutritional (CAN) analysis programs. Serum TG and total cholesterol levels were measured by Spotchem sp-4410 and serum HDL-cholesterol levels were measured by test kit. serum vitamin C level was measured by 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine method and serum levels of vitamin A and vitamin E were measured by HPLC. All data were statistically analyzed by SAS PC package program. There was a significant difference in body fat percentage and systolic blood pressure while other anthropometric measurements were not different between smokers and monsmokers. Caloric intakes(2335㎉) in adolescent smokers tended to be higher than that of nonsmokers (2,175㎉) but the difference was not statistically significant. Intakes of protein(76.67g) and niacin(16.49㎎) in adolescent male smokers were significantly higher(P<0.05) than those of nonsmokers although other nutrient intakes were not significantly different. Analysis of serum lipids showed that serum HDL-cholesterol level of smokers was significantly different. Analysis of serum lipids showed that serum HDL-cholesterol level of smokers was significantly lower(p<0.05) than that of nonsmokers, whereas other lipid levels were not significantly different. Serum vitamin C level was also significantly lower(p<0.05) in adolescent smokers than in nonsmokers. In addition, serum vitamin E level, which was 7.85㎎/1 in smokers, was lower than that of 9.20㎎/1 in nonsmokers(p<0.05) while serum vitamin A level was not significantly different between the two groups. These results indicate that cigarette smoking in adolescence decreases serum levels of HDL-cholesterol, vitamin C and vitamin E even thoughth their smoking history is very short. (Korean J Community Nutrition 3(3) : 349∼357, 1998)

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Levels of Serum Lipids, Copper, Zinc, Ceruloplasmin and Ferroxidase Activity in Smoking College Women (흡연 여대생의 혈청 지질, Cu, Zn, Ceruloplasmin 농도 및 Ferroxidase 활성도)

  • 김정희;이화신
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.515-522
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    • 1997
  • This study was done to compare serum levels of lipids, trace minerals, ceruloplasmin and ferroxidase activity between female college smokers and nonsmokers. Serum levels of lipids, Cu, Zn, ceruloplasmin and ferroxidase activity were determined in 33 smokers and 42 nonsmokers residing in the Seoul area. Serum levels of TG, total cholesterol and HDl-cholesterol were measured using test kits. Serum Cu Zn were determined by the AAS. Serum ceruloplasimin level and ferroxidase activity were determined by spectrophotometric methods. All data were statistically analyzed by the SAS PC package program. Mean and standard errors were calculated for each item, and the significance of the difference between two groups was evaluated by Student's t-test at p〈0.05. There was no significant difference in levels of total cholesterol, TG, VLDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, LDL/HDL and atherogenic index, but HDL-cholesterol level was significantly lower(p$\ll$0.05) in female college smokers than in nonsmokers. Serum zinc level showed no significant difference, whereas copper level was significantly higher in smokers, consequently yielding higher Cu/Zn ratio in smoking college women. Ceruloplasmin level was 32.6mg/dl in smoking college women, which was significantly higher(p$\ll$0.05) than that of 28.6mg/dl in nonsmokers. However, cerulopasmin ferroxidase activity, 0.34U/mg in nonsmokers was higher(p$\ll$0.05) than that of 0.29U/mg in smokers. From these results, it is confirmed that cigarette smoking itself has a very detrimental effect on health and mineral nutritional status although the smoking history is relatively short among college women(pack-years=1.7). (Korean J Community Nutrition 2(4) : 515-522, 1997)

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Relation among Calcium Intake , Bone Metabolism Parameters , Serum Protein and Lipids of Female College Students in Chungnam (충남지역 일부 여대생의 칼슘 섭취상태와 혈청 골대사지표 , 단백질 및 지질 수준과의 관계에 대한 연구)

  • Choe, Mi-Gyeong;Seung, Jeong-Ja;Kim, Mi-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.108-116
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among calcium intake, blood parameters related with bone metabolism, and serum lipids in healthy adults on self-selected diet. Subjects were consisted of 40 female college students residing in Chungnam. Anthropometric measurements, dietary intake measurements and blood collection were conducted. Serum concentrations of total protein, albumin, alkaline phosphates, leucine amino peptidase, BUN, calcium, inorganic phosphorus, and lipids were measured by biochemical analyzer and ICP spectrometer. The results were as follows. The mean age of subjects was 22.34 years and weight, height and BMI were 52.89kg, 161.29cm and 20.34, respectively. The daily mean energy and calcium intakes were 81.75% and 64.38% of RDA. The mean animal 1:2. The mean serum concentrations were 6.54g/dl(total protein), 4.12g/dl(albumin), 123.24U/(alkaline phosphates), 36.59U/l(leucine amino peptidase), 8.26mg/dl(calcium), 3.29mg/dl(inorganic phosphorus), 60.73mg/dl(triglyceride), 138.49mg/dl(total cholesterol), 65.95mg/dl(HDL-cholesterol), and 60.39mg/dl(LDL-cholesterol). There were no significant differences among calcium intake, bone metabolism parameters, and serum lipids when analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficient. More systematic studies are required to investigate the roles of calcium in healthy persons on self-selected diets containing different levels of calcium.

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Effects of Undaria Pinnatifida on Serum and Liver Lipids in Rats (미역첨가급식(添加給食)이 흰쥐의 간(肝) 및 혈청(血淸)의 지질농도(脂質濃度)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Hahn, Jai-Kum;Koh, Jin-Bog
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 1986
  • This study was designed to observe the effect of Undaria Pinnatifida (U. P.) Powder on serum and liver lipids concentration in rats. Adult male rats of Sprague-Dawley strain were divided into four diet groups: one control diet and the other three diets in which U.P. powder was mixed with the control diet at the rate of 1%, 2% and 3% respectively. The results of the above observation were as follows : Serum and liver total lipids in 3% U.P. group were lower an those in control group at the 6th week. There was no difference in serum and liver total cholesterol among the diet groups. Serum HDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol per total cholesterol ratio in 3% U.P. group were higher than those in control group at the 3rd and 6th week. Serum triglyceride in 3% U.P. group was significantly lower than that in control group at the 3rd week. Serum phospholipid in 1% U.P. and 3% U.P. group was significantly lower than that in control group at the 3rd week, but there was no difference among them at the 6th week.

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A Study on the Concentration of Serum Lipids and Its Related Factors of Persons Over 40 Years Old in Whachon Area, Kang-Won Do (강원도 화천지역에 거주하는 40대 이상 주민의 혈청지질 농도 및 이와 관련된 요인 분석)

  • 이정선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.9
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    • pp.1035-1041
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    • 1996
  • The study was undertaken to examine the levels of serum lipids and the correlations between serum lipid levels and other factors(nutrient intakes, anthrometric measurement, blood pressure, drinking, smoking). The participants in this study were healthy volunteers over the age of 40 residing in Whachon area, Kang-Wan Do. The level of serum TG was higher in males than in females, particularly in age of 40(209.8mg/dl$\pm$154.9, p<0.05). The HDL-c/total cholesterol ratio(HTR) in males was the lowest(0.23$\pm$0.07, p<0.05) in age of 40 and in females was the lowest(0.25$\pm$0.1) in age of 60 and over. LDL-c/HDL-c ratio(LHR) was the highest (males 3.64$\pm$6.29, females 3.28$\pm$3.03) in age of 40 in both sexes. In the age of 40-59, serum TG, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol tended to increase with BMI. Serum TG showed positive correlation with drinking (r=0.026, p<0.001) and BMI (r=0.2096, p<0.01). BMI was negatively correlated with HTR(r=-0.2242, p<0.01) and HDL-cholesterol (r=-0.2054, p<0.01).

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A Study on Nutrient Intakes and Hematological Status of Female College Students of Ulsan City -1. Emphasis on Serum Lipids- (여대생의 영양섭취상태 및 혈액성상에 관한 연구 - 제1보 혈청지질 성분을 중심으로-)

  • 홍순명
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.338-346
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study was to examine nutrient intakes, food and daily habits, and serum lipids for female college students. The subjects consisted of 70 female college students aged 20 to 29 years old. Their dietary intakes were assessed by means of 24 hour dietary recall method. Food models and other measuring tools were also used. Concentrations of serum lipids were measured. The energy intake of the subjects averaged 1837Kcal, whereas the expended energy was 1871Kcal. The subjects consumed 310g of carbohydrates, 66g protien, 37g lipid, 14mg iron, 586mg calcium, 513R.E. vitamin A, 1.0mg vitamin B1, 1.3mg vitamin B2 1.5mg niacin, and 69mg vitamin C, respectively. Vitamin A and iron intakes were lower than the RDA. The percentages of total calorie from carbohydrate, fat, and protein were 67%, 18%, 14%, showing desirable calorie construction. The mean serum triglyceride(TG), cholesterol (Chol), HDL-Chol and LDC-Chol concentrations were 72.4mg/dl, 161.3mg/dl, 44.5mg/dl, and 102.3mg/dl, respectively. All of these values seem to fall in the desirable range. There were positive correlations between serum Chol and HDL-Chol or LDL-Chol or TG ; negative correlations between serum Chol and HDL-Chol/LDL-Chol ratio, between serum TG and HDL-Chol or HDL-Chol/LDC-Chol ratio.

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