• Title, Summary, Keyword: Serum

Search Result 13,571, Processing Time 0.059 seconds

The Experimental Effects of Pomegranate on the Cerebral Blood Flow and Obesity in Rats (석류가 뇌혈류 및 비만에 미치는 실험적 효과)

  • Jeong, Hyun-Woo;Jeon, Byung-Gwan
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.143-149
    • /
    • 2007
  • To examine the effects of pomegranate on cerebral blood flow and obesity, we observed regional cerebral blood flow in normal rats, as well as body weight, serum total cholesterol, serum HDL-cholesterol, serum LDL-cholesterol, serum triglycerides, serum total lipids, serum phospholipids and serum free fatty acid levels in rats fed a high fat diet. The results were as follows. Pomegranate seed extract significantly increased regional cerebral blood flow and the peel extract increased regional the cerebral blood flow in a dose dependent manner. In addition, the pomegranate extracts(seed, peel, juice) decreased body weight, serum total cholesterol, serum LDL-cholesterol, serum triglycerides, serum total lipids, serum phospholipids and serum free fatty acid levels, and increased serum HDL-cholesterol in the rats fed a high fat diet. More specially the seed extract significantly decreased serum total cholesterol, serum triglycerides and serum phospholipid levels.

The Relationships of Serum Mg, Ca, Ca/Mg Ratio with Serum Lipid Profiles in College Women Living Choong-Nam Area (일부 충남지역 여대생의 혈청 마그네슘(Mg), 칼슘(Ca), 칼슘/마그네슘(Ca/Mg)비율과 혈청지질과의 상관관계 연구)

  • 김애정
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.8 no.4
    • /
    • pp.379-387
    • /
    • 1998
  • Magnesium(Mg) plays an important role in lipid metabolism and Mg deficiency but Ca sufficiency Increases serum cholesterol and triglyceride. The relationships of serum Mg, Ca, Ca/Mg ratio with lipids was examined in 79 female college students in Choong-Nam area. Subjects were divided into underweight, normal and overweight groups according to their BMI. The average age, body weight, height and BMI were 21.9yr, 55.9kg, 158.5cm and 22.62kg/$m^2$ respectively. Height was not different between groups. Serum cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations were significantly lower in the underweight group than other groups. BMI had positive correlations with LDL-cholesterol, atherogenic index (AI) and LDL-cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio(LPH), and negative correlations with HDL-cholesterol/total cholesterol ratio. Serum minerals (serum Mg, Ca, Ca/Mg ratio) and serum lipid concentrations were not significantly different between groups. However, there was a tendency of increasing serum Mg level with increasing serum HDL-cholestrol, HDL-cholesterol/total cholesterol ratio and decreasing serum LDL-cholesterol, LPH, total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio(TPH) and AI. And there was a tendency of increasing serum Ca level with increasing serum HDL-cholesterol/total cholesterol ratio and decreasing serum triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, LPH, TPH and AI. And there was a tendency of increasing serum Ca /Mg ratio level with decreasing triglyceride, serum LDL-cholesterol and TPH. This study was limited within serum levels of minerals (serum Mg, Ca and Ca/Mg ratio), serum lipids concerned with CHD, therefore I hope there will be wider efforts to consider about the dietary levels of minerals for presentation of the connection between dietary Mg, Ca and serum lipids.

  • PDF

Metabolic Syndrome Related with Serum Biochemical Factors Affecting Serum GGT at Transitional Ages in Gumi

  • Seok, Seong-Ja
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.317-322
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study has been done with 1,431 subjects who visited Health Promotion Centers of the hospitals in Gumi for National Health Screening Program for People at Transitional Ages from April to December 2007. Serum biochemical tests related with metabolic syndrome were performed. Among biochemical factors related with metabolic syndrome, the mean values of serum glucose, AST, ALT, triglyceride and HDL cholesterol except LDL cholesterol were significantly higher in males than in females, so a significant difference by sex was observed (P<0.001). AST, ALT, triglyceride and HDL were thought to be significantly affecting serum GGT for males. In contrast, ALT and HDL cholesterol were important factors for females (P<0.001). For both sexes, serum glucose and LDL cholesterol did not produce any meaningful effect on serum GGT. In males AST, ALT and HDL cholesterol were associated with high risk of abnormality of serum GGT and in females AST, ALT and LDL cholesterol were related with high risk of abnormality of serum GGT. Therefore, AST and ALT showed a significant effect on abnormality of serum GGT in both males and females. It was observed that males exhibited significantly high correlation between metabolic syndrome related biochemical factors and serum GGT than females, and their influence on abnormality of serum GGT was also higher in males than in females. Therefore, serum GGT tests performed for health screening are considered to be useful for managements of cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome as well as liver function test.

Correlation of Dietary and Serum Phospholipid Fatty Acid Composition and Serum Lipid Levels in Postmenopausal Women (폐경기 여성의 식이 지방산 및 혈청 인지질의 지방산 조성과 혈청 지질 농도의 관계)

  • Jung, Kyung-Ah;Kim, Sang-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.44 no.7
    • /
    • pp.85-98
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of dietary and serum phospholipid fatty acids composition and serum lipid levels in postmenopausal women. Data about anthropometry, dietary intake, physical activities, serum lipid profile and serum phospholipid fatty acid composition were collected from eighty-five postmenopausal women. The subjects were classified as normocholesterolemia (NC), moderate hypercholesterolemia(MC) and phyperchollesterolemia(HC) according to their serum total cholesterol (TC) levels based on The Guideline for Korean Hyperlipidemia set/published by The Committee for Hyperlipidemia in Korea. The results were as follows. Total energy intake and the ratio of energy intake to energy expenditure were positively related, while dietary fiber intake was negatively related, with serum TC level. Dietary fat intake was positively related with serum LDL-C level. Dietary cholesterol, saturated fatty acid (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) intake and the ratio of ingested saturated fat and cholesterol to calories (RISCC) were positively related, while the P/S ratio of dietary fat was negatively related, with serum TC and LDL-C levels. Serum phospholipid fatty acids composition was not significantly different among the three groups. SFA of serum phospholipid fatty acids was positively related, while P/S and M/S ratios of serum phospholipid fatiy acids were negatively correlated, with serum TC and LDL-C levels. We recommend that the dietary P/S ratio of postmenopausal women is increased by reducing their dietary SFA intake. With these changes in the diet, serum phospholipid fatty acid composition could be also changed, and serum lipids levels could be improved.

Studies on Rabbit Serum Inhibitor of Avian Infectious Bronchitis Virus (전염성기관지염(傳染性氣管支炎) 바이러스에 대한 가토혈청억제물질(家兎血淸抑制物質)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Yoo, Tai Suck
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.43-57
    • /
    • 1965
  • It has been-reported that rabbit serum exhibit an inhibitory action on avian infectious bronchitis virus in embryonating chicken embryo. In this thesis, the biological, serological, physical and chemical properties of normal rabbit serum on the effect of the virus propagation were studied. Throughout the studies, the following experimental results 'were obtained and summarized here. 1. An inhibitory action of rabbit serum on avian infectious bronchitis vrius is due to the normal serum constituents. 2. The nature of the neutralization between normal rabbit serum and the virus is similar to that of the specific antiserum and the virus. 3. Rabbit serum, heat inactivated at $56^{\circ}C$, for 30 minutes, showed its average $log_{10}El,D_{50}Nl$ of 3.7. 4. The inhibitory compound present in the normal rabbit serum is inactivated by means of 5 per cent trypsin, 0.01 M potassium periodate, and absorbed to zymosan. 5. The inhibitory compound was not affected by 0.05 M trichloroacetic acid and 0.005M $KH_2PO_4$. 6. The higher the temperature of heat inactivation of rabbit serum caused the lesser the neutralizing effect on the virus. Heating the serum at $66^{\circ}C$, for 30 minutes brought about a complete loss of the neutralizing index of the serum. 7. No ions, as a cofactor, was incorporated to the inhibitory action of rabbit serum on the virus. 8. The inhibitory compound amays be found in a fraction of serum globulin.

  • PDF

Effects of serum on lymphokines producing capabilities of CD8+ T cells (Serum이 CD8+ T cell의 lymphokine 생산양상의 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Si-yun;Yoon, Won-kee;Cho, Sung-whan;Kim, Moo-kang;Kim, Tae-hwan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.34 no.3
    • /
    • pp.441-446
    • /
    • 1994
  • The responsiveness of $CD8^+$ T-cell subpopulation according to serum-containing and serum-free conditions were investigated. Cells are freshly isolated from spleen of mature adult BALB/C mice between 13-20 weeks of age. $CD8^+$ T cells in serum-free conditions produce small amounts of IL-2, while significant amounts of IFNr following activation when compared the results of serum-containing conditions. These data indicate that serum-derived factors may play an important role in the alternations of $CD8^+$ T cell responsiveness.

  • PDF

Diagnostic Significance of the Serum Thyroid Hormone Indicies in Various Thyroid Diseases (각종 갑상선질환에서 혈청 갑상선홀몬치의 진단적 의의)

  • Han, Bong-Heon;Ko, Suk-Man;Yoon, Sang-Ryong;Ro, Heung-Kyu
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.45-51
    • /
    • 1980
  • In an attempt to evaluate the diagnostic significance of the serum thyroid hormones in various thyroid function states, the author measured serum $T_3$ uptake, serum $T_3$, serum $T_4$, serum free $T_4$ and free $T_3$ index in 27 cases of normal subjects, 11 cases of hypothyroidism, 152 cases of euthyroidism and 81 cases of hyperthyroidism by the radioimmunoassay method. The results were as follows: 1. The ranges of serum thyroid hormones in normal subjects were, serum $T_3$ uptake; $27.4{\sim}42.1%$, serum $T_3;\;93{\sim}245ng/dl$, serum $T_4;\;4.08{\sim}12.9ug/dl$ and serum free $T_4;\;0.57{\sim}1.53ng/dl(M{\pm}2S.D.)$. 2. Free $T_4$ index and serum $T_4$ show relatively high diagnostic value in euthyroidism group, and serum $T_3\;and\;T_4$ in hypothyroidism group, while serum $T_3$, free $T_4\;and\;T_4$ show relatively high diagnostic value in hyperthyroidism group. 3. There were significant correlation between free $T_4$ index and serum $T_4$(r=0.68), and between free $T_4$ index and serum free $T_4$(r=0.67) in hyperthyroidism group.

  • PDF

Serum Osmolality and Its Association with Health-Related Factors and Biochemical Parameters in the Elderly (노인의 혈청 삼투압과 건강관련 요인, 생화학적 변수들과의 상관성)

  • 한경희
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.76-83
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was designed to determine serum osmolality and to investigate the association among serum osmolality, health-related factors and biochemical indices. Two hundred thirty seven elderly(86 male, 151 female : mean age 73.8) residing in the chungbuk area participated. Sociodemographic data and self-perceived health status were obtained by interview, and biochemical parameters were measured. The mean serum osmolaity was 301.2$\pm$10.1 mOsm/kg(range 240.8~328.9 mOsm/kg) and serum osmolality of the females(302.4 mOsm/kg) was significantly(p<0.05) higher than that of the males(299.0 mOsm/kg). Only 11.0% of the elderly were within the accepted normal range(280~295 mOsm/kg) and the majority of the subjects were in a hyperosmolar state(60.8% : 296~307 mOsm/kg). It was observed that serum osmolality was reduced with increasing age but not statistically significant. There was no significant difference in serum osmolality according to marital status. Serum osmolality was significantly lower(p<0.05) in the elderly with higher self-perceived health scores than the elderly with lower self-perceived health scores, however no significant difference was observed between the presence or absence of disease. Serum osmolality tended to be higher(p=0.06) in the elderly with difficulty in mobility than the elderly who have no problem in mobility. Serum osmolality tended to be higher(p=0.06) among drug users compared to that of non-users. There was a significant association between serum osmolality and serum albumin in females but not in males. Significant associations were shown between serum osmolality and serum transferrin in both sexes. However, there was no significant correlation between serum osmolality and hemoglobin or hematocrit except with hematocrit in females only. The results of this study indicated that the elderly were dehydrated and hydration state seems to influence health status and, the elderly should be encouraged to drink an adequate amount of fluids. Also, the hydration state is required to be assessed and considered for the interpretation of biochemical parameters.

  • PDF

Effect of Antisperm Antibodies on Capacitation and Acrosome Reaction of Bovine Spermatozoa (소의 항정자항체가 정자의 수정능획득 및 첨체반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 추영재;김계성;이병천;황우석
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.153-161
    • /
    • 1995
  • The present study was performed to investigate the effects of caffeine and heparin on capacitation and acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa, effects of antisperm antibodies on acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa. The rates of acrosome reaction in control group, caffeine treated group, heparin treated group, caffeine-heparin complex treated group were 40.3, 54.3, 63.3, 72.3%, respectively and there were significant differences among the groups(p<0.01), especially higher in caffeine-heparin complex treated group than the others. The rates of acrosome reaction of antisperm antibodies serum supplemented groups(5, 10 and 20%) were 60.4, 48.9 and 37.1%, respectively and there were significant differences among the groups(p<0.0l), and the more increases in serum concentrations, the more decreases in acrosome reaction, but this phenomenon was not seen in fetal calf serum supplemented group and heifer serum group. When the serum concentration was 5%, the rates of acrosome reactions were significantly lower in fetal calf serum supplemented group than heifer serum group and in antisperm antibodies serum group(p<0.01), and there were no significant differences between heifer serum group and antisperm antibodies serum group(p<0.01). When the serum conecntrations were 10%, 20%, the rates of acrosome reactions were significantly lower in antisperm antibodies serum supplemented group than in fetal calf serum group and in geifer serum group(p<0.01), and there were no significant differences between fetal calf serum group and heifer serum group(p<0.01). These results indicate that caffeine-heparin complex treatment is very effective for inducing acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa and that antisperm antibodies block acrosome reaction.

  • PDF

Correlation of the Nutritional Status of Antioxidant Vitamins and Serum Lipids and MDA Levels in Postmenopausal Women (폐경기 여성의 항산화 비타민 영양 상태와 혈중 지질 및 MDA 농도와의 관계)

  • Kim Sang-Yeon;Jung Kyung-Ah
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.145-155
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study investigated the correlation of the nutritional status of antioxidant vitamins and serum lipids and MDA levels in postmenopausal women. Data about general characteristics, dietary intakes and biochemical parameters, including serum lipids, MDA and antioxidant vitamins levels, were collected from 85 postmenopausal women. The subjects were classified into three groups according to their serum total cholesterol level: normocholesterolemia group (NC, < 200 mg/dL), moderate hypercholesterolemia group (MC, $200{\sim}239mg/dL$) and hypercholesterolemia group(HC, ${\geq}240mg/dL$). The results are as follows. 1) General characteristics and serum MDA levels were not significantly different among the three groups. 2) Daily nutrients intakes adjusted to energy intake were not significantly different among the three groups, and were compatible with dietary reference intakes (DRIs) for Koreans. 3) Dietary Vt. A, ${\beta}-carotene$, Vt. C and Vt. E intake were not significantly different among the groups, while Vt. E intake was positively related with serum TC (r=0.288, p<0.05) and triglyceride (r=0.341, p<0.001) levels. 4) Serum Vt. A level standardized by serum TC level was significantly low and serum Vt. E level was significantly high in the HC group. Serum Vt. E level was positively related with serum TC level (r=0.389, p<0.001). 5) Dietary Vt. E intake was negatively correlated to serum MDA level (r=-0.242 p<0.05). Serum Vt. C and Vt. E levels were also negatively correlated to serum MDA level (r=-0.312, p<0.001 and r=-0.299, p<0.05). When the correlation was analyzed only in the group with hypercholesterolemia, correlation coefficients between the antioxidant vitamin and serum MDA level were higher. We concluded that intakes of antioxidant vitamins can contribute to decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease by decreasing the oxidative stress of body rather than by controlling serum lipid levels.

  • PDF