• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sequence polymorphism

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Polymorphism and Genetic Relationships Among Magnaporthe grisea Isolates Obtained from Various Hosts by Using Repetitive DNA Sequences (기주가 다른 Magnaporthe grisea 균주간의 Polymorphism과 유전적 유연관계 분석)

  • 김홍기;김영태
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.389-394
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    • 1996
  • 도열병균, Magnaporthe grisea, 균주간의 유전적 유연관계를 분석하고 그들의 유전에 관한 '기본 정보를 얻고자 DNA polymorphism 분석을 실시하였다. 기주가 다른 도열병 균주들이 공시되었고 cloning에 의해 벼 도열병균 KJ201레이스 균주로부터 생성된 임의 선발 genomic clone들이 공시균주들간의 polymorphism을 밝히기 위해 사용되었던 바 그중 repectitive sequence를 보유한 repeated copy clone 하나가 선발되었다. Clone pMJ6에 의해 밝혀진 repetitive sequence는 Southern hybridization시 벼 분리균주에는 약 30개, 다른 기주 분리균에도 20∼33개의 밴드를 형성하였다. 반면 피 분리균주에는 단지 두 개의 밴드만을 나타내 분리기주가 다른 균주간에 뚜렷한 polymorphism이 존재하였으며 parsimony 분석에서도 역시 아주 먼 cluster를 형성하여 피 분리균은 다른 기주 분리균과 유전적으로 상당히 먼 것으로 추정되었다. 공시균의 genomic DNA를 HindIII로 처리했을 때 pMJ6에 의한 밴드양상은 공시균을 EcoRI으로 처리했을 때의 MGR probe의 밴드 양상과 유사하여 이 repeated copy clone이 도열병균주간의 유전적 유연관계를 분석하는데 MGR 못지않게 유용할 것으로 보인다.

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Genetic Variation of Cytochrome P450 Genes in Garlic Cultivars (마늘유래 Cytochrome P450 유전자의 변이 분석)

  • Kwon, Soon-Tae;Kamiya, Juli
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.584-590
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    • 2011
  • Wound inducible P450-Esg cDNA, one of cytochrome P450 gene family, was isolated from shoot of Euiseong garlic cultivar. P450-Esg cDNA possesses highly conserved heme-binding domain in the nucleotide sequence, and 1,419 bp of open reading frame (ORF) coding of 473 amino acids. Based on the nucleotide sequence analysis of P450-Esg homologous from twelve garlic cultivars, two domains, one domain between 472 to 510 bp, and the other between 1,210 to 1,249 bp from start codon (ATG), showed various nucleotide polymorphism among cultivars. Sequence of heme-binding domain in P450-Esg homologous, which is located at the domain between 1,210 to 1,240 bp from start codon, showed various nucleotide polymorphism as well as amino acid sequence polymorphism among twelve garlic cultivars. Anther domain, between 472 to 510 bp from start codon, showed exactly same amino acid sequence in the twelve garlic cultivars, but there were various single nucleotide polymorphism to the cultivars.

Motochondrial DNA Polymorphism of the Blue Mussel (Mytilus edulis) Species Complex on the East Coast of Korea (한국 동해안에서 서식하는 진주담치(Mytilus edulis)의 미토콘드리아 DNA 다형현상)

  • Kim, Ik-Soo;Min, byung-Yoon;Yoon, Myung-Hee;Kim, Doh-Hoon
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.262-267
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    • 1999
  • Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphism of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) species complex sampled from the east coast of Korean was studied using a partial sequence of COIII gene (336 bp). Samples obtained from three localities on the east coast of Korea revealed four haplotypes with two clearly differentiated mitochondrial clades (termed clades B and E), separated by 4.2% of minimum sequence divergence. This pattern indicates no difference between east and south coasts of Korea. According to population genetic theory on evolutionary characteristics of mtDNA, we concluded that mtDNA introgression from M. edulis to M. gallprovincialis might be a source for mtDNA polymorphism found in mussels on the east coast of Korea.

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(CA/GT)n Simple Sequence Repeat DNA Polymorphism in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (녹조류 Chlamydomonas reinhardtii의 (CA/GT)n Simple Sequence Repeat DNA 다형현상)

  • ;;Marvin W. FAWLEY
    • Korean Journal of Plant Tissue Culture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.113-117
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    • 1997
  • Simple sequence repeats (SSR) are widely dispersed throughout eukaryotic genomes, highly polymorphic, and easily typed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The objective of this study was to determine the polymorphism of different Chlamydomonas reinhartdtii strains and to determine the mode of inheritance of the SSR locus in Chlamydomonas. A genomic DNA library of C. reinhardtii was constructed and screened with a radiolabeled $(AC)_{11}$ probe for the selection of (CA/GT)n repeat clone. Selected clone was seqeuenced, and PCR primer set flanking (CA/GT)n sequence was constructed. PCR was used to specifically amplify the SSR locus from multiple isolates of C. reinhardtii. The locus was polymorphic in some of the C. reinhardtii isolates. However, the locus was amplified only 4 of 6 isolates of C. reinhardtii, not in other 2 isolates of C. reinhardtii, suggesting that this locus is not extensively conserved. A simple Mendelian inheritance pattern was found, which showed 2:2 segregation in the tetrads resulting from a cross between C. reinhardtii and C. smithii. Our results suggest that this simple sequence repeat DNA polymorphism will be useful for identity testing, population studies, linkage analysis, and genome mapping in Chlamydomonas.

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Development of an ISSR-Derived SCAR Marker in Korean Ginseng Cultivars (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer)

  • Lee, Jei-Wan;Kim, Young-Chang;Jo, Ick-Hyun;Seo, A-Yeon;Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Ok-Tae;Hyun, Dong-Yun;Cha, Seon-Woo;Bang, Kyong-Hwan;Cho, Joon-Hyeong
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 2011
  • Recently, new ginseng cultivars having superior agricultural traits have been developed in Korea. For newly developed plant cultivars, the identification of distinctiveness is very important factors not only in plant cultivar management but also in breeding programs. Thus, eighty-five inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers were applied to detect polymorphisms among six major Korean ginseng cultivars and two foreign ginsengs. A total of 197 polymorphic bands with an average 5.8 polymorphic bands and 2.9 banding patterns per assay unit across six Korean ginseng cultivars and foreign ginsengs from 236 amplified ISSR loci with an average 6.9 loci per assay unit were generated by 34 out of 85 ISSR primers. Three species of Panax ginseng including the Korean ginseng cultivars, P. quinquefolius, and P. notoginseng, could be readily discriminated using most tested primers. UBC-821, UBC-868, and UBC-878 generated polymorphic bands among the six Korean ginseng cultivars, and could distinguish them from foreign ginsengs. Sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) marker system was introduced in order to increase the reproducibility of the polymorphism. One SCAR marker, PgI821C650, was successfully converted from the randomly amplified polymorphism by UBC-821. It showed the expected dominant polymorphism among ginseng samples. In addition, the specific polymorphism for Sunwon was generated by treating Taq I restriction enzyme to polymerase chain reaction products of PgI821C650. These results will serve as useful DNA markers for identification of Korean ginseng, especially Sunwon cultivar, seed management, and molecular breeding program supplemented with marker-assisted selection.

Genetic Differentiation of Phytoplasma Isolates by DNA Heteroduplex Mobility Assay and Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphism Analysis

  • Cha, Byeongjin;Han, Sangsub
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.308-312
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    • 2002
  • Heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA) and single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analyses combined with PCR were developed for genetic differentiation of various phytoplasma isolates. In the HMA and SSCP analyses, differences in the mobility shifts and the SSCP band patterns identified three distinct types of phyto-plasmas: Type Ⅰ, jujube witches'-broom (JWB) and ligustrum witches'-broom (LiWB); Type Ⅱ, mulberry dwarf(MD) and sumac witches'-broom (SuWB); and Type Ⅲ, paulownia witches'-broom (PaWB). Results of the sequence analyses revealed that phytoplasmas of JWB and MD had 100% homology with LiWB and SuWB, respectively. On the other hand, PaWB phyto-plasma had 97.8% homology with MD phytoplasma. The PCR-HMA and SSCP techniques were very useful in determining variations in sequence among several isolates of phytoplasmas. Furthermore, the methods were rapid, economical, highly sensitive, and easy to handle with the gels.

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Marker Discovery from Transcriptome Sequencing for Marker-assisted Backcrossing in Capsicum

  • Kang, Jin-Ho;Yang, Hee-Bum;Jeong, Hyeon-Seok;Choe, Phillip;Kwon, Jin-Kyung;Kang, Byoung-Cheorl
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.535-543
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    • 2014
  • Backcross breeding is the method most commonly used to introgress new traits into elite lines. Conventional backcross breeding requires at least 4-5 generations to recover the genomic background of the recurrent parent. Marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC) represents a new breeding approach that can substantially reduce breeding time and cost. For successful MABC, highly polymorphic markers with known positions in each chromosome are essential. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers have many advantages over other marker systems for MABC due to their high abundance and amenability to genotyping automation. To facilitate MABC in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum), we utilized expressed sequence tags (ESTs) to develop SNP markers in this study. For SNP identification, we used Bukang $F_1$-hybrid pepper ESTs to prepare a reference sequence through de novo assembly. We performed large-scale transcriptome sequencing of eight accessions using the Illumina Genome Analyzer (IGA) IIx platform by Solexa, which generated small sequence fragments of about 90-100 bp. By aligning each contig to the reference sequence, 58,151 SNPs were identified. After filtering for polymorphism, segregation ratio, and lack of proximity to other SNPS or exon/intron boundaries, a total of 1,910 putative SNPs were chosen and positioned to a pepper linkage map. We further selected 412 SNPs evenly distributed on each chromosome and primers were designed for high throughput SNP assays and tested using a genetic diversity panel of 27 Capsicum accessions. The SNP markers clearly distinguished each accession. These results suggest that the SNP marker set developed in this study will be valuable for MABC, genetic mapping, and comparative genome analysis.

Applied Computational Tools for Crop Genome Research

  • Love Christopher G;Batley Jacqueline;Edwards David
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.193-195
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    • 2003
  • A major goal of agricultural biotechnology is the discovery of genes or genetic loci which are associated with characteristics beneficial to crop production. This knowledge of genetic loci may then be applied to improve crop breeding. Agriculturally important genes may also benefit crop production through transgenic technologies. Recent years have seen an application of high throughput technologies to agricultural biotechnology leading to the production of large amounts of genomic data. The challenge today is the effective structuring of this data to permit researchers to search, filter and importantly, make robust associations within a wide variety of datasets. At the Plant Biotechnology Centre, Primary Industries Research Victoria in Melbourne, Australia, we have developed a series of tools and computational pipelines to assist in the processing and structuring of genomic data to aid its application to agricultural biotechnology resear-ch. These tools include a sequence database, ASTRA, for the processing and annotation of expressed sequence tag data. Tools have also been developed for the discovery of simple sequence repeat (SSR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) molecular markers from large sequence datasets. Application of these tools to Brassica research has assisted in the production of genetic and comparative physical maps as well as candidate gene discovery for a range of agronomically important traits.

A Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Transforming Growth Factor-$\beta$ type II Receptor of the Rat

  • Ryu, Doug-Young
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.59-61
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    • 2000
  • A single nucleotide polymorphism in the transforming growth factor-$\beta$ type II receptor (TGE$\beta$RII) gene of the rat was studied. TGF$\beta$RII is a tumor suppressor that is frequently inactivated by mutation in human colon cancers. A novel nucleotide polymorphism of G to A(or A to G), which causes a silent mutation at codon 129, was found in G:C rich sequence in the TGF$\beta$RII gene of Sprague-Dawley rats. The results suggest that genetic polymorphism occures without a strain of the laboratory animal.

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