• Title, Summary, Keyword: Seolma-Cheon watershed

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Hydrologic Component Analysis of the Seolma-Cheon Watershed by Using SWAT-K Model (SWAT-K 모형을 이용한 설마천 유역의 수문성분 해석)

  • Kim, Nam-Won;Lee, Ji-Eun;Chung, Il-Moon;Kim, Dong-Pil
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.1363-1372
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    • 2008
  • In this study, long term semi distributed hydrologic model SWAT-K(Korea) is applied to the Seolma-Cheon watershed to analyze the hydrological components. Seolma-Cheon watershed has been operated as the test watershed of Korea Institute of Construction Technology for 13 years. Therefore it has an enough hydrologic data to analyze the hydrologic characteristics of small watershed. Especially, for the proper runoff analysis of steep watershed, calibration is performed reflecting the regression equation of slope and slope length. The simulated discharge shows good agreement with the observed one and the simulated evapotranspiration and groundwater discharge also show satisfactory results. Finally we presents the ratio of major hydrologic components for 3 years with those obsrved ones. This study is the basic research for future analyses such as relationship between hydrologic components and vegetation, watershed sediment nonpoint sources discharge etc.

Nonlinear runoff during extreme storms in the Seolma-Cheon watershed

  • Kjeldsen, Thomas Rodding;Kim, Hyeonjun;Jang, Cheolhee;Lee, Hyosang
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.235-235
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    • 2015
  • This study investigates the impact of event characteristics on runoff dynamics during extreme flood events observed in a $8.5km^2$ experimental watershed located in South Korea. The 37 most extreme flood events with event rainfall in excess of 50 mm were analysed using an event-based rainfall-runoff model; the Revitalised Flood Hydrograph (ReFH) routinely used for design flood estimation in the United Kingdom. The ReFH model was fitted to each event in turn, and links were investigated between each of the two model parameters controlling runoff production and response time, respectively, and event characteristics such as rainfall depth, duration, intensity and also antecedent soil moisture. The results show that the structure of the ReFH model can effectively accommodate any nonlinearity in runoff production, but that the linear unit hydrograph fails to adequately represent a reduction in watershed response time observed for the more extreme events. By linking the unit hydrograph shape directly to rainfall depth, the consequence of the observed nonlinearity in response time is to increase design peak flow by between 50% for a 10 year return period, and up to 80% when considering the probable maximum flood (PMF).

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Hydrologic component analysis of the Seolma-Cheon Watershed by using SWAT-K model (SWAT-K 모형을 이용한 설마천 유역의 수문성분 해석)

  • Kim, Nam-Won;Lee, Ji-Eun;Chung, Il-Moon;Kim, Dong-Pil
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1280-1284
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구는 국내 대표적인 산지 소하천 유역인 설마천 유역을 대상으로 한국형 준분포형 장기유출모형인 SWAT-K를 이용하여 각 수문성분별 특성을 살펴본 것이다. 설마천 유역은 현재 한국건설기술연구원의 시험 유역으로 운영되고 있으며 다년간의 수문성분 관측값을 보유하고 있어 소규모 산지 유역의 수문특성을 분석하기 위한 적지로 판단된다. 분석기간은 2004년 $\sim$ 2006년까지로 정하였으며, 강수와 증발산은 현지 계측자료를, 기상자료는 최인접 기상관측소인 동두천 관측소의 자료를 활용하였다. 특히 급경사 산지에서의 적절한 유출해석을 위해 경사와 경사장간의 회귀식을 반영하여 HRU별로 보정을 수행하였다. 전적비교의 관측유량자료를 이용한 검증결과는 매우 양호하였으며, 증발산 관측치와 모의치를 비교하여 계산된 수문성분비의 적정성을 검토하였다.

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Analysis of Evpotranspiration and Runoff Componet by Using SWAT Model -for Seolma-cheon Watershed- (SWAT 모형을 이용한 증발산 및 유출 성분의 해석 -설마천 유역을 대상으로-)

  • Joh, Hyung-Kyung;Lee, Ji-Wan;Shin, Hyung-Jin;Jung, In-Kyun;Kim, Seong-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1515-1519
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 설마천 유역($8.54km^2$)을 대상으로 준분포형 장기강우유출모형인 SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool) 모형을 이용하여 유역의 수문학적 거동 특성을 규명하고자 하였다. SWAT모형의 적용을 위하여 지형자료(DEM, 토지이용도, 토양도)와 수문 및 기상관측자료를 이용하였다. 유출량, 증발산량에 대하여 각각 보정 및 검증을 통해 모형의 적용성 평가를 실시하였으며 그 결과 유출 및 증발산의 경향은 실측치의 경향과 비교적 비슷하였으나, 통계적인 상관성은 불안정한 경향을 보였으며, 특히 가을에 발생한 증발산량을 모형이 구현해 내지 못하는 결과를 보였다.

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Evaluation of Forest Watershed Hydro-Ecology using Measured Data and RHESSys Model -For the Seolmacheon Catchment- (관측자료와 RHESSys 모형을 이용한 산림유역의 생태수문 적용성 평가 -설마천유역을 대상으로-)

  • Shin, Hyung Jin;Park, Min Ji;Kim, Seong Joon
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.45 no.12
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    • pp.1293-1307
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    • 2012
  • This study is to evaluate the RHESSys (Regional Hydro-Ecological Simulation System) simulated streamflow (Q), evapotranspiration (ET), soil moisture (SM), gross primary productivity (GPP) and photosynthetic productivity (PSNnet) with the measured data. The RHESSys is a hydro-ecological model designed to simulate integrated water, carbon, and nutrient cycling and transport over spatially variable terrain. A 8.5 $km^2$ Seolma-cheon catchment located in the northwest of South Korea was adopted. The catchment covers 90.0% forest and the dominant soil is sandy loam. The model was calibrated with 2 years (2007-2008) daily Q at the watershed outlet and MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) GPP, PSNnet and 3 year (2007~2009) daily ET data measured at flux tower using the eddy-covariance technique. The coefficient of determination ($R^2$) and the Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency (ME) for Q were 0.74 and 0.63, and the average $R^2$ for ET and GPP were 0.54 and 0.93 respectively. The model was validated with 1 year (2009) Q and GPP. The $R^2$ and the ME for Q were 0.92 and 0.84, the $R^2$ for GPP were 0.93.

Distribution of Soil Water Storage at a Hillslope in Sulmachun Watershed (설마천 사면의 토양층 저류량의 분포양상에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Eun-se;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Lee, Jung-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.88-98
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    • 2016
  • The storage variation in the vadose zone at a hillslope is important to understand the hydrological process. This study explores seasonal changes of soil water storage at a hillslope scale. The study was conducted on a hillslope of Beomrunsa, located in the Seolma-cheon river basin in Paju-si, Gyeonggi-do. Using soil moisture measurements through Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR), storage, discharge, and response constant were calculated for all monitoring points on a hillslope between March and November, 2010. This study found that temporal changes in storage are resulted from the rainfall distribution patterns. Analysis of the spatial changes in storage indicated that the soil water storage tends to increase towards the downslope direction. The discharges calculated based on the soil water measurements exhibited a high correlation with observation discharge. The storage response constant was high during the autumn which demonstrates the increased contribution from upslope is responsible for the occurrence of soil water recharge during autumn.