• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sense of belonging

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The Role of Sense of Belonging in Social Media Usage: A Tale of Two Types of Users

  • Liu, Chung-Tzer;Guo, Yi Maggie
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.403-422
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    • 2015
  • Social media websites have continued to proliferate, and the way in which people stay connected has also evolved. The issue of user loyalty a website remains crucial given that the competition is severe. Websites need loyal users who continue to use their sites to survive and be successful. In this research, we applied self-regulation framework to investigate the factors leading to user loyalty to a social media site. In particular, the role of sense of belonging, which is a common emotional reaction to a social media site, is examined. A survey of users in a popular social media site in Taiwan was conducted. Results show that both sense of belonging and service quality have direct effect on loyalty, whereas trust affects loyalty indirectly by fostering a sense of belonging. Service quality affects loyalty through trust and sense of belonging. Notably, trust has insignificant effect on loyalty as originally proposed. Users are then classified into two groups, namely, heavy and light users, based on their usage. Among light users, service quality has no direct effect on loyalty. Therefore, sense of belonging has sole direct impact on loyalty. Both service quality and sense of belonging contribute to loyalty in users who spend more time online. Implications of this study are also discussed.

The Relationship of Powerlessness, Sense of Belonging and Nutritional Status in the Elderly (노인의 무력감, 소속감과 영양상태의 관계)

  • Park, Seon-Hwa;So, Hee-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between powerlessness, sense of belonging and nutritional status of the elderly. Method: The study sample was 100 living at home and institutions. Data were collected by interview from Oct. to Dec. in 2003. The instruments were helplessness scale developed by Jung (1998), sense of belonging scale SOBI-A and nutritional initial screening. Results: The mean score of powerlessness was $2.71{\pm}0.30$, sense of belonging was $2.87{\pm}0.19$ and nutritional status was $4.42{\pm}3.34$. There was a statistically significant differences in powerlessness according to age (F=3.185, p=0.027), health status (F=6.945, P=0.002), religion (F=5.941, P=0.001), current spouse (t=-0.384, p=0.026), in sense of belonging according to age (F=4.40, P=0.006), length of education (F=10.64, P=<.0001) and in nutritional status according to age (F=3.34, P=0.022), health status (F=2.86, P=0.027). There was a statistically significant correlation between powerlessness and nutritional status (r=0.219, p=0.029). Conclusions: Nurses are able to decrease powerlessness or increase sense of belonging and nutritional status of the elderly by developing the health promotion program, improving perceived health status and empowering social interaction of the elderly specifically living at institutions.

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Factors Affecting Members' Sense of Belonging in Virtual Community (가상커뮤니티에서의 구성원 소속감에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Kook-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.19-45
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    • 2010
  • Virtual Communities, which are formed on the Internet, are expected to serve the needs of members for e-collaboration, e-communication, information and knowledge sharing. The executives of organizations should consider virtual community as a new innovation or knowledge pool since members share knowledge. However, many virtual community have failed due to members' low willingness to engage and furthermore to share knowledge with other members. Thus, there is a need to understand and foster the determinants of members' sense of belonging behavior in virtual community. This study develops an integrated model designed to investigate and explain the relationships between contextual factors, personal perceptions of virtual community, usability, trust and sense of belonging in using a certain virtual community. Empirical data was collected from 201 and tested using structural equation modeling (SEM) to verify the fit of the hypothetical model. The results show that the perceived usability and community trust of members significantly influences sense of belonging in using the virtual community, and information quality, system quality, familiarity on the virtual community are significantly influence the usability but not reputation. And I confirmed that perceived shared vision and responsiveness play the role of determinants in making the member's trust, perceived risk influence the making community trust in directly. The results of the study can be used to identify the motivation underlying members' sense of belonging in a certain virtual community by investigating the impacts of contextual factors and personal perceptions on virtual community, the integrated model better explains behavior than other proposed models. This study might help executives of virtual communities and organizations to manage and promote these determinants of sense of belonging to stimulate members' willingness to engage the community and futhermore enhance their virtual community loyalty.

The Effect of Achievement Goal Orientation on College Life Satisfaction and Sense of Belongings: The Longitudinal Analysis with Latent Growth Modeling (성취목표지향성이 대학생활만족도와 소속감에 미치는 영향: 잠재성장모형을 이용한 종단 분석)

  • Kim, Yong Suk
    • Journal of Practical Engineering Education
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.291-303
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of the achievement goal orientation on college students' life satisfaction and sense of the belonging. This study used the analysis of the latent growth model to comprehend the slope of the 3 years longitudinal data. The result was that mastery approach and mastery avoidance affected the initial value of college life satisfaction, but not its slope as the time of 3 years went. On the other hand, performance approach was the opposite of mastery approach and mastery avoidance to college students' life satisfaction. Performance avoidance did not have an influence on both the initial value and the slope of college students' life satisfaction. The effect of the achievement goal orientation to the sense of belonging was also explored and its result was that mastery approach and mastery avoidance affected the initial value of the sense of belonging. However, it was different that performance approach did not influence the slope of the sense of belonging.

Organizational Effectiveness of Hospital Workers (병원종사자들의 조직유효성)

  • Lim, Jung-Do
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.63-76
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    • 2011
  • It is necessary to access managing human resources of hospitals with diversity in order to operate hospital organization successfully and efficiently. The research tries to analyze affecting factors of organizational effectiveness of hospital workers according to their positions. The research has been performed on the 836 hospital workers of 8 different positions in the Busan & Gyeong-nam area, utilizing SPSS version 19.0 for processing and analyzing the data. The major results of the research are as following. First, among such factors of organizational effectiveness as sense of belonging to work, pride, work settlement, wage satisfaction, job satisfaction, colleague perception, and unstable consciousness of their job, there is a meaningful difference according to the kinds of working institution and positions. Second, there was higher organizational effectiveness(a sense of belonging and pride) as to higher work settlement and wage satisfaction within all kinds of positions. In addition, there was higher organizational effectiveness(a sense of belonging and pride) as to higher job satisfaction and colleague perception within all kinds of positions except for physical therapist, general adminstration, facilities, nutrition, and etc. There was higher organizational effectiveness(a sense of belonging and pride) within all kinds of positions except for general adminstration, facilities, nutrition, and etc, as to lower job or work complaint.

The Influences of Political Participation Awareness upon Citizens' Political Participation Action (정치참여의식이 시민의 정치참여행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung Choon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.395-405
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    • 2017
  • In this research, we analyzed the structural (influence) of citizens' political awareness and political participation on the settlement of political culture. The results are as follows. Firstly, the analysis of the relationship between the citizens' political awareness and political reliability in Hypothesis 1 showed that the higher their election sense and self-efficacy, the higher their satisfaction with and evaluation of politics. Secondly, the analysis of the relationship between the citizens' political awareness and social sense of belonging in Hypothesis 2 showed that the higher the election sense and recognition in society, the higher the social sense of belonging. Thirdly, the analysis of the influence of political reliability on political participation in Hypothesis (3) showed that the higher the political satisfaction and political assessment, the higher the positive participation in politics and negative participation in politics. Fourth, in the analysis of the influence of social sense of belonging on political participation in Hypothesis 4, it was found that the higher the citizens' social belonging awareness, the higher the positive political participation and negative political participation. Therefore, it was found that the higher the political awareness of the citizens, such as their election sense and knowledge about their politicians, the more positive were their political reliability and political participation.

Factors Influencing Community Participation: Moderating Effects on Length of Residency (농촌지역주민 공동체의식의 지역사회참여 영향요인 - 거주기간의 조절효과 -)

  • Park, Duk-Byeong;Lim, Kwang-Myeong;Ahn, Jae-Moon
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.135-148
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    • 2018
  • Sense of community and length of residence are important variables influencing community participation. The study aims to identify the factors influencing community participation on sense of community. Particularly, the study examine the moderating effects on the length of residency between sense of community and community participation. Data were collected from 130 usable questionnaires among residents of rural villages. Results of a factor analysis yielded three dimensions of sense of community which are solidarity, belonging, and emotional intimacy. Results show that all of factors among three dimensions of sense of community have significance for community participation. And length of residency has a positive effects as a moderator between community capacity and community satisfaction. Results also indicated that length of residence has an negative interactional effects with moderator. It means that even though higher belonging, less community participation if people live in longer their community. It was suggested that sense of community and length of residency should be considered in rural community development policy.

The Study on Social Capital and Community Sense Formation for the Sustainability of Fashion Social Enterprises (패션 사회적 기업의 지속가능성을 위한 사회적 자본 및 공동체의식 형성에 대한 연구)

  • Na, Younkue
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.157-174
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    • 2015
  • This research intends to observe the effects of social capital regarding fashion social enterprises on the community sense of participating consumers, and verify the relationship of the effects that such social capital and community sense have on sustainability formation variable(shared values, suitability of values, behavioral flow, cognitive belief and long-term relationship orientation) of social enterprises. For such analysis, a sample of 400 consumers with experience of purchasing products of fashion social enterprises more than once was utilized, and path analysis was conducted utilizing AMOS 20.0. As a result of this research, first, information sharing, social participation among the characteristic factors of social enterprises' social capital had a meaningful impact on shared values, and self-pursuit and significance meaningfully affected the suitability of values. Second, mutual influence, sense of belonging, satisfaction of needs and emotional bond among the characteristic factors of community sense between social enterprises and consumers meaningfully affected shared values, whereas mutual influence, sense of belonging and emotional bond substantially influenced suitability of values. Third, shared values and suitability of values affected the relationship between behavioral flow and cognitive trust, and behavioral flow and cognitive trust both had meaningful impact on long-term relationship orientation.

The Effects of the Convergence Program using Traditional play on Depression, Sense of Belonging and Suicidal Ideation in Rural Women Elderly (전통놀이를 활용한 융복합 프로그램이 농촌 여성노인의 우울, 소속감 및 자살생각에 미치는 효과)

  • Oh, Hyeun-joo;Gang, Moonhee;Kim, Myung-Sook;Oh, Kyong-ok
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.413-421
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the convergence program using traditional play on the depression, sense of belonging and suicidal ideation in rural elderly women. This study of participants were 42 elderly women aged 65 years old or older in K province(Experimental group= 20, Control group = 22). The data collected from July 17 to August 23, 2017. The experimental group participated in a total of 12 sessions of traditional play program for 50minutes twice a week. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test, and independent t-test. There were significant differences in depression(t=-4.86, p<.001) and sense of belonging(t=4.611, p<.001) of participants between experimental group and control group after end of the program. Therefore, the program was effective in improving depression and sense of belonging in rural women. We propose further study to confirm the usefulness of the program by expanding the area.

Factors Influencing the Sense of Community for Build Rural Community (농촌 마을만들기 참여주민의 공동체 의식 영향요인)

  • Dang, In-Sook;Ryu, Jin-A
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.265-278
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to examine the sense of community for build rural community. Data were collected from 205 local residents residing in Yeoncheon-gun where the community building project and education were undertaken to analyze the data. Data was analyzed by using analysis of hierarchical regression analysis. Results summarized as follows. First, the most influencing factor on sense of community of the resident' participation in rural community building was continuous participation. Second, the influencing factors of sociodemographic were occupation, income level, and age on entire and sub factors of sense of community partially. Third, participation expansion, the sub factor of community participation influenced on sense of belonging, the feeling of solidarity, and conscious of mutual influence. As a result of taking a look at the effect of resident participation in overall sense of community, continuous participation was shown to influence in entire sense of community.