• Title, Summary, Keyword: Semen

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Effects of Malvae Semen and Abutili Semen on Anti-oxidation Activities (동규자(冬葵子)와 경마자의 항산화(抗酸化) 효능(效能) 연구(硏究))

  • Choi, Jung-Woon;Seong, Nak-Sull;Lee, Young-Jong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.159-170
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : Anti-oxidation activities of Malvae Semen and Abutili Semen were compared and evaluated. Methods : We tested the anti-oxidant effect through in vitro experiment and in vivo experiment that induced oxidative stress using ethanol. Results : 1. In the anti-oxidative activities of Malvae Semen and Abutili Semen they had high effects in case of the scavenging activitie of DPPH and superoxide anion radical, and inhibitory effect of linoleic acid oxidation. 2. Malvae Semen had large quantities of phenolic compound than Abutili Semen, but the anti-oxidative activity of Malvae Semen was weaker than that of Abutili Semen. 3. The anti-oxidative effect of Abutili Semen was more strong than that of Malvae Semen in the rat stressed by ethanol. Conclusion : Anti-oxidation activities of Abutili Semen were stronger than those of Malvae Semen. Therefore, the complementary usage of Malvae Semen and Abutili Semen can be considered.

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Studies on Artificial Insemination of Hen III. Effects of dosage and insemination interval of diluted semen on fertility, hatchability and egg production (닭의 인공수정에 관한 연구 III. 희석정액의 주정량과 주정간격이 수정율, 부화율 및 산란율에 미치는 영향)

  • 임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 1980
  • This experiment was carried out to study effects fo dosage and insemination interval on fertility and hatchability of whole semen and diluted semen with yolk skim milk and skim milk dilutors. The results obtained are as follows: 1. Whole semen showed higher fertility than diluted semen with yolk skim milk and skim milk dilutors. In case of diluted semen, the fertility was higher in 0.04$m\ell$ dosage than 0.02$m\ell$ and in skim milk than yolk skim milk dilutor. 2. The average fertility in inseminational intervals of 6, 5, 4 and 3 days was 52.4, 35.5, 48.7 and 44.2% in whole semen and 40.6, 17.2, 13.9 and 20.5% in 0.04$m\ell$ diluted semen with yolk skim milk dilutor. The fertility was not improved by shortening of insemination interval. 3. There was no considerable difference in hatchability of fertilized egg among the dosage of 0.02$m\ell$ of whole semen, 0.02$m\ell$ and 0.04$m\ell$ of diluted semen with yolk skim milk, and among the insemination intervals of 6, 5, 4 and 3 days. 4. Some differences in fertility among the passed days after insemination were decreased in the whole semen by shortening insemination interval from 6 and 5 days to 4 and 3days and also decreased in the diluted semen by shortening it to 3 days and by increasing dosage from 0.02$m\ell$ to 0.04$m\ell$. 5. Hatchability of fertilized egg showed no difference among the passed days during 6 days insemination interval both in the whole semen and the diluted semen. 6. The whole semen and the diluted semen with skim milk had not considerable difference in fertility among the passed days during 3 and 4 days insemination intervals, but the diluted semen with yolk skim milk had. 7. Hatchability of fertilized egg from the whole semen diluted semen with yolk skim milk and skim milk dilutors showed no difference among the passed days during 3 and 4 days insemination intervals.

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Identification of Morphological Appearance of Fine Seed Herbs Using Stereoscope (Report I) - Celosiae Semen, Celoisae Cristatae Semen, Cuscutae Semen, Perillae Semen (Stereoscope를 이용한 미세종자류 한약재 외부형태 감별연구(제1보(報)) - 청상자(靑葙子) 계관자(鷄冠子) 토사자(菟絲子) 자소자(紫蘇子))

  • Ji, Chang-Yoon;Kim, Tae-Ju;Lee, Seung-Ho;Kim, Young-Sik;Lee, Guem-San;Kim, Jung-Hoon;Choi, Goya;Ju, Young-Sung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: This was study about identifying fine seed herbs that are highly mixed together: Celosiae Semen, Celoisae Cristatae Semen, Cuscutae Semen, Perillae Semen. Methods: In non-distinctive herbs through sensory test, we can find accurate discriminative points by using a stereoscope. As a result, a new discriminative key was completed. Results: We identified a comparison of herbs which are mixed up in distribution. 1) In the case of Celosiae Semen and Celoisae Cristatae Semen, Celoisae Cristatae Semen which is mixed up is bigger and more glossy and especially have the sunk umbilicus. 2) In the case of Cuscutae Semen and Perillae Semen, Perillae Semen is discriminated by characteristic morado netting surface and impression of fruit stalk in the single-ended. 3) In the case of Cuscutae Semen which is distributed in three species, we discriminated by beak shape, location of umbilicus and vomiting thread shape or not when put in water. (1) Cuscuta chinensis has a weak beaky shape, an umbilicus in center and is vomiting thread shape when put in water. (2) C. australis has very weak beaky shape, an umbilicus beneath and is vomiting thread shape when put in water. (3) C. japonica has clear beaky shape, an umbilicus beneath and is not vomiting thread shape when put in water. Conclusions: A stereoscope can be effectively used for identifying fine seed herbs hardly distinguishable by sensory tests.

A Comparative Study on the Antimicrobial Activities of the Seeds of Prunus Species (한국산 Prunus 속 종자의 항균성과 청산배당체에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ihn-Rhan;Kim, Kyoung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.120-126
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    • 1988
  • HPLC analysis of three Prunus species, Armeniacae Semen. Persicae Semen, and Mume Semen, showed that 24. 06 mg/g, 5. 79 mg/g and 3/ 10 mg/g of amygdalin in the MeOH extract and 3. 59 mg/g, 5. 41 mg/g and 13. 48 mg/g of benzaldehyde in the MeOH extract hydrolyzed with ${\beta}-glucosidase$ were contained respectively. The MeOH extract of Mume Semen showed strong antibacterial activities against two species of bacteria (E. coli and B. subtilis) while that of Armeniacae Semen showed mild, and that of Persicae Semen showed no effect. Against A. niger, a strong antifungal activity was observed with Armeniacae Semen and only mild activities with Persicae Semen and Mume Semen. None oh the three inhibited the growth of S. cervisiae. The above results may possibly be suggestive of the correlationships between the contents of amygdalin and benzaldehyde in the test extracts with the antimicrobial potencies.

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The Effects of Sinapis Semen, Raphani Semen, and mixture decoction on the Asthmatic Mouse Model (백개자, 나복자 및 두 배합 약물의 천식 동물 모델에 대한 효과)

  • Kim, Chang-Min;Lee, Young Cheol;Lee, Jang-Cheon
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : To clarify the possible effects of Sinapis Semen and Raphani Semen on the development of pulmonary eosinophilic inflammation in a asthmatic mouse model. Methods : BALBav/c mice were sensitized to OVA followed intratracheally and by aerosol allergene challenges. We investigated the effect of Sinapis Semen and Raphani Semen on airway hyperresponsiveness, eosinophiic infitratio, immune cell phenotype, The2 cytokine product, and OVA-spedific IgE production. Results : Total lung cells, eosinophils, and lung leukocytes, OVA specific IgE levels, and Th 2cytokine levels such as IL-5, IL-13, IL-17, TNF-alpha, and eotaxin in BALF were reduced compared with those of OVA sensitized asthma mice (control). The absolute numbers of $CD3^+$, $CD3^+/CD69^+$, $CD3^-/CCR3^+$, $CD4^+$, $CD8^+$, $Gr-1^+/CD11b^+$, $B220^+/CD22^+$, $B220^+/IgE^+$ cells in lung tissiues significantly reduced compared to those of control. Specially total lung cells in BALF and the absolute number of $CD3^+/CD69^+$ and, $B220^+/IgE^+$ cells in lung tissiue effectively reduced in Sinapis Semen plus Raphani Semen compared to those of Sinapis Semen and Raphani Semen. Conclusions : These results indicate that Sinapis Semen plus Raphani Semen has deep inhibitory effects on airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in asmatic mouse model and also has effect of suppression of IL-5, IL-13, IL-17, OVA specific IgE production in BALF. The results verified that Sinapis Semen, Raphani Semen, and Sinapis Semen plus Raphani Semen could act as a immunomodulator which possess anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic property by modulating the relationship of Th1/Th2 cytokine imbalance.

Studies on Artificial Insemination of Hen II. Effects of diluted semen on egg production, fertility and hatchability of hen (닭의 인공수정에 관한 연구 II. 희석정액에 의한 인공수정이 산란율, 수정율 및 부화율에 미치는 영향)

  • 임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 1979
  • In this study, pooled whole semen and diluted semen with skim milk lactose solution and yolk skim milk lactose solution were inseminated at 6 and 7 days interval during 90 days. Egg production, fertility and hatchability were investigated. The results obtained from this study are summarized as following: 1. The average fertility of 57.8% for whole semen was clearly higher than that of 35.2% for diluted semen during 90 days insemination trial. 2. The highest fertility was a, pp.ared from 35 to 99 days after insemination for the whole semen, but from 28 to 60 days for the diluted semen during 90 days insemination trial. 3. In case of 7 days insemination interval, highest fertility of 86.6 and 70.0% for the whole semen and the diluted semen was a, pp.ared on 2 days after insemination and thereafter the fertility was gradually decreased according to passage of insemination. The lowest fertility of 35.0 and 0.0% for the whole semen and diluted semen was a, pp.ared on 1 day after insemination. 4. In case of 6 days insemination interval, highest fertility of 80.0 and 55.8% for the whole semen and the diluted semen was also a, pp.ared on 2 days after insemination and thereafter the fertility was slowly decreased according to passage of insemination. However, lowest fertility of 25.0 and 20.0% for the whole semen and the diluted semen was a, pp.ared on 0 day after insemination. 5 It suggests that there was no difference in fertility between the skim milk lactose and the yolk skim milk lactose dilutors. 6. In case of whole semen, average fertility of 7 days insemnaition interval was a, pp.rently lower than that of 6 days, however there was no difference in fertility between 6 and 7 days insemination interval. 7. Insemination interval of 6 and 7 days and passage day after insemination did not alter egg production and hatchability of fertilized egg production and hatchability of fertilized egg in both whole and diluted semen.

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Utilization and Process of Frozen Semen in Boar (돼지 동결정액의 제조와 이용)

  • 임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.27-40
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    • 1983
  • Frozen boar semen should be utilized in swine production in order to get its advantages. Much studies were carried out for the practical use of frozen semen. Some of frozen boar semen are used in swine production and some companies are exporting frozen boar semen in U.S.A.. For the practical utilization of frozen semen in swine production in Korea, we have to get deep knowledge and understanding about frozen boar semen and studies on processing and conception of frozen semen.

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Quality and Fertility of Post Thaw Sephadex Filtered Bull Semen

  • Kumar, A.;Singh, J.;Nanda, A.S.;Pangaonkar, G.R.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.755-759
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    • 2004
  • The present investigation was carried out to assess the effect of Sephadex (G-15) filtration on the post thaw bull semen quality and conception rate. Post thaw unfiltered (control) and Sephadex filtered semen from four healthy bulls (three cross bred and one pure bred Holstein Friesian) were subjected to microscopic examination viz. sperm concentration, individual motility, live sperm count and sperm morphology. Sixty-two healthy, normal cycling crossbred cows were inseminated with post thaw unfiltered (n=32) and filtered semen (n=30). Sephadex filtration of post thaw semen significantly (p<0.05) decreased total sperm concentration and sperm with abnormal head, mid piece and tail. The overall average total sperm concentration, head and tail defects in filtered semen decreased significantly (53.4, 1.2 and 6.4 million) than in the unfiltered semen (80.4, 2.4 and 15.7 million, respectively). However, after filtration significant (p<0.05) increase in overall average motile and live sperm concentration were observed (38.8 and 38.0) as compared to unfiltered semen (29.2 and 32.0 million, respectively). The overall conception rate recorded was 21.9% with post thaw unfiltered semen and 56.7% with filtered semen. It was concluded that Sephadex filtration of post thaw semen improved its quality and conception rate.

Studies on the Properties of Charolais Semen (Charolais의 정액 성상에 관한 연구)

  • 고광두;손봉환;변명대;김선환
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 1980
  • This experiment was to study semen properties of Charolais for the a, pp.ication ot artificial insemination. The result obtained were summarized as follows: 1. In the preservation of liquid semen for 6 days, the survival rates of Charolais semen averaged 57.14% in skim milk solution and 58.17% in tris buffer solution. There were not differences. 2. Recovery of semen after thawing was vigorous in the semen that was diluted and frozen in 48 hrs. 3. The real rates of survival sperm for Charolais averaged 83% after living sperm was diluted and stained for 6 days. 4. Methylene blue reduction test diluted semen was fresh when it was diluted within 48 hrs. 5. If the diluted semen was preserved below 5$^{\circ}C$ in Charolais, the pH decreased by 0.2 in a day. 6. Diluted semen was more resistant to the cold shock than fresh semen. 7. In resistance against hot shock, sperm was almost dead in 20 minutes in 46.5$^{\circ}C$ in diluted semen, while it was dead in 30 minutes in 42.5$^{\circ}C$ in diluted semen. 8. In examination of morphological changes of sperm acrosome for 6 days, normal sperm in skim milk solution and tris buffer solution was 80% and 76.97% respectively, swelling sperm 12.8% and 15.27%, deficient sperm 0.6% and 0.97% abnormal staining 3.07% and 5.25%, immature sperm 0.28%, and 0.23%, whereas other abnormal sperm was 1.28% and 1.42%.

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Effects of Sperm Number and Semen Type on Sow Reproductive Performance in Subtropical Area

  • Kuo, Y.H.;Hnang, S.Y.;Lee, K.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.6-9
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of lower numbers of sperm $(3{\times}10^9)$ per dose liquid semen and type of semen used in artificial insemination (AI) on sow reproductive performance in subtropical area. Semen was supplied by two commercial AI centers. A total of 671 female pigs from seven farms were inseminated with either $3{\times}10^9$ or $5{\times}10^9$ sperm per dose. Two types of semen were used: heterospermic semen from two boars of the same breed and homospermic semen from a single boar. After insemination, conception rate, farrowing rate, total litter size, and number of dead piglets were recorded. The analysis of variance indicated that there was no significant effect of interactions between pig farm, type of semen, or number of sperm on any of the traits measured. There were significant differences in conception rate, farrowing rate, and total litter size among pig farms (p<0.05). The effect of number of sperm per dose liquid semen ($3{\times}10^9$ or $5{\times}10^9$) was not significant. Sows inseminated with homospermic semen showed significantly higher conception and farrowing rates but significantly lower total litter size (p<0.05). In conclusion, the number of sperm per dose liquid semen for AI could be lowered to $3{\times}10^9 $ without affecting reproductive performance in subtropical areas like Taiwan.