• Title/Summary/Keyword: Semantic Web

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Development of a Geo Semantic Web System (Geo Semantic Web 시스템의 개발)

  • Kim, Joung-Joon;Shin, In-Su;Han, Ki-Joon
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2010
  • Recently, as the Geospatial Web is combined with the Semantic Web in order to keep pace with the recent trends of information technology emphasizing interoperability, intelligence and individualization, the Geo Semantic Web was proposed, which is an intelligent geographical information Web service technology that can provide users with suitable information by connecting and integrating various types of spatial information and extensive aspatial information on the Web efficiently. For the Geo Semantic Web service, we need to develop Geo Ontology processing technologies that enable computers to process knowledge and information scattered around in the Web environment automatically. However, standards for Geo Ontology processing technologies have nod been established yet, and standardization organizations and various groups and agencies are conducting relevant studies. This paper analyzed various base theories and technologies related to Geo Ontology and developed a Geo Semantic Web system. The Geo Semantic Web system comprises Query Processing Manager that analyzes and processes Geo Semantic queries and manages sessions, Ontology Manager that generates and queries Geo Ontology and extracts spatial/aspatial data, and Clients. Finally, this paper proved the utility of the Geo Semantic Web system by applying it to a hypothetical scenario where Geo Semantic queries are required.

A Natural Language Query Framework for the Semantic Web

  • Kim, Jin-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2008
  • This study proposes a Natural Language Query Framework (NLQF) for the semantic web. It supports an intelligent inference at a semantic level. Most of previous researches focused on the knowledge representation on the semantic web. However, to revitalize the intelligent e-business on the semantic web, there is a need for semantic level inference to the web information. To satisfy the need, we will review the knowledge/resource representation on the semantic web such as RDF, Ontology and Conceptual Graph (CG), and then discuss about the natural language (NL) inference. The result of this research could support a natural interface for the semantic web. Furthermore, we expect that the NLQF can be used in the semantic web-based business communications.

Analysis of the Functions of Semantic Web Browsers and Their Applications in Education (시맨틱 웹 브라우저들의 기능 분석 및 교육적 활용)

  • Kim, Hee-Jin;Jung, Hyo-Sook;Yoo, Su-Jin;Park, Seong-Bin
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2011
  • A user can use resources on the Semantic Web using a Semantic Web browser. In order to utilize the functions of Semantic Web browsers in education, we compared the functions of well-known Semantic Web browsers such as Tabulator, Contextual Search Browser (CSB), Magpie, and Piggy Bank. In order to utilize Semantic Web browsers in education, a user needs to understand the features of each Semantic Web browser and our work can help both teachers and students. Tabulator is an RDF browser that can help to check whether resources can be used for learning and relevance of resources. CSB can be used to search educational resources using a conrtext file that contains the subjects of learning. It can also help learning by showing semantic web resources in the form of triple set as well as by supporting highlighting function. Magpie can help learners without basic knowledge on learning materials by providing interpretation based on a glossary file and related background knowledge. Piggy Bank supports conversion of web resources into semantic web resources and allows to browse semantic web resources in various views as well as to share semantic web resources.

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A Framework of Internet Shopping Decision Making Based on Semantic Web Constraint Language (의미망 제약식언어를 기반으로 한 인터넷 쇼핑 의사결정 틀)

  • Lee, Myung-Jin;Kim, Hak-Jin;Kim, Woo-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.29-42
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    • 2008
  • Semantic Web society initially focused only on data but has gradually moved toward knowledge. Recently rule beyond ontology has emerged as a key element of the Semantic Web. All of these activities are obviously aiming at making data and knowledge on the Web sharable and reusable between various entities around the world. If one of ultimate visions of the Semantic Web is to increase human's decision making quality assisted by machines, there is a missing but important part to be shared and reused. It is knowledge about constraints on data and concepts represented by ontology which should be emphasized more. In this paper, we propose Semantic Web Constraint Language (SWCL) based on OWL and show how effective SWCL can be in representing and solving an internet shopper's decision making problem by an implementation of a shopping agent in the Semantic Web environment.

Construction of Korean FrameNet through Manual Translation of English FrameNet (영어 FrameNet의 수동번역을 통한 한국어 FrameNet 구축 개발)

  • Nam, Sejin;Kim, Youngsik;Park, Jungyeul;Hahm, Younggyun;Hwang, Dosam;Choi, Key-Sun
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
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    • pp.38-43
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    • 2014
  • 본 논문은, 현존하는 영어 FrameNet 데이터를 기반으로 하여, FrameNet에 대한 전문 지식이 없는 번역가들을 통해 수행할 수 있는 한국어 FrameNet의 수동 구축 개발 과정을 제시한다. 우리 연구팀은 실제로, NLTK가 제공하는 영어 FrameNet 버전 1.5의 Full Text를 이루고 있는 5,945개의 문장들 중에서, Frame 데이터를 가진 4,025개의 문장들을 추출해내어, 번역가들에 의해 한국어로 수동번역 함으로써, 한국어 FrameNet 구축 개발을 향한 의미 있는 초석을 마련하였으며, 제시한 방법의 실효성을 입증하는 연구결과들을 웹에 공개하기도 하였다.

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The Adoption and Diffusion of Semantic Web Technology Innovation: Qualitative Research Approach (시맨틱 웹 기술혁신의 채택과 확산: 질적연구접근법)

  • Joo, Jae-Hun
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.33-62
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    • 2009
  • Internet computing is a disruptive IT innovation. Semantic Web can be considered as an IT innovation because the Semantic Web technology possesses the potential to reduce information overload and enable semantic integration, using capabilities such as semantics and machine-processability. How should organizations adopt the Semantic Web? What factors affect the adoption and diffusion of Semantic Web innovation? Most studies on adoption and diffusion of innovation use empirical analysis as a quantitative research methodology in the post-implementation stage. There is criticism that the positivist requiring theoretical rigor can sacrifice relevance to practice. Rapid advances in technology require studies relevant to practice. In particular, it is realistically impossible to conduct quantitative approach for factors affecting adoption of the Semantic Web because the Semantic Web is in its infancy. However, in an early stage of introduction of the Semantic Web, it is necessary to give a model and some guidelines and for adoption and diffusion of the technology innovation to practitioners and researchers. Thus, the purpose of this study is to present a model of adoption and diffusion of the Semantic Web and to offer propositions as guidelines for successful adoption through a qualitative research method including multiple case studies and in-depth interviews. The researcher conducted interviews with 15 people based on face-to face and 2 interviews by telephone and e-mail to collect data to saturate the categories. Nine interviews including 2 telephone interviews were from nine user organizations adopting the technology innovation and the others were from three supply organizations. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. The interviews were recorded on digital voice recorder memory and subsequently transcribed verbatim. 196 pages of transcripts were obtained from about 12 hours interviews. Triangulation of evidence was achieved by examining each organization website and various documents, such as brochures and white papers. The researcher read the transcripts several times and underlined core words, phrases, or sentences. Then, data analysis used the procedure of open coding, in which the researcher forms initial categories of information about the phenomenon being studied by segmenting information. QSR NVivo version 8.0 was used to categorize sentences including similar concepts. 47 categories derived from interview data were grouped into 21 categories from which six factors were named. Five factors affecting adoption of the Semantic Web were identified. The first factor is demand pull including requirements for improving search and integration services of the existing systems and for creating new services. Second, environmental conduciveness, reference models, uncertainty, technology maturity, potential business value, government sponsorship programs, promising prospects for technology demand, complexity and trialability affect the adoption of the Semantic Web from the perspective of technology push. Third, absorptive capacity is an important role of the adoption. Fourth, suppler's competence includes communication with and training for users, and absorptive capacity of supply organization. Fifth, over-expectance which results in the gap between user's expectation level and perceived benefits has a negative impact on the adoption of the Semantic Web. Finally, the factor including critical mass of ontology, budget. visible effects is identified as a determinant affecting routinization and infusion. The researcher suggested a model of adoption and diffusion of the Semantic Web, representing relationships between six factors and adoption/diffusion as dependent variables. Six propositions are derived from the adoption/diffusion model to offer some guidelines to practitioners and a research model to further studies. Proposition 1 : Demand pull has an influence on the adoption of the Semantic Web. Proposition 1-1 : The stronger the degree of requirements for improving existing services, the more successfully the Semantic Web is adopted. Proposition 1-2 : The stronger the degree of requirements for new services, the more successfully the Semantic Web is adopted. Proposition 2 : Technology push has an influence on the adoption of the Semantic Web. Proposition 2-1 : From the perceptive of user organizations, the technology push forces such as environmental conduciveness, reference models, potential business value, and government sponsorship programs have a positive impact on the adoption of the Semantic Web while uncertainty and lower technology maturity have a negative impact on its adoption. Proposition 2-2 : From the perceptive of suppliers, the technology push forces such as environmental conduciveness, reference models, potential business value, government sponsorship programs, and promising prospects for technology demand have a positive impact on the adoption of the Semantic Web while uncertainty, lower technology maturity, complexity and lower trialability have a negative impact on its adoption. Proposition 3 : The absorptive capacities such as organizational formal support systems, officer's or manager's competency analyzing technology characteristics, their passion or willingness, and top management support are positively associated with successful adoption of the Semantic Web innovation from the perceptive of user organizations. Proposition 4 : Supplier's competence has a positive impact on the absorptive capacities of user organizations and technology push forces. Proposition 5 : The greater the gap of expectation between users and suppliers, the later the Semantic Web is adopted. Proposition 6 : The post-adoption activities such as budget allocation, reaching critical mass, and sharing ontology to offer sustainable services are positively associated with successful routinization and infusion of the Semantic Web innovation from the perceptive of user organizations.

Ontology Language based on Topic Maps for Semantic Web Service (시맨틱 웹 서비스를 위한 Topic Maps 기반의 온톨로지 언어)

  • 황윤영;유정연;유소연;이규철
    • Proceedings of the CALSEC Conference
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2003
  • The Semantic web service is able to intelligently discover, execute, composite and monitor the Web Service. It constructs the ontology on Web Service and describes the Semantic Markup in the machine-readable form. The currently developing technologies of the Semantic Web Service discovery are DAML-S matchmaker in Carnegie Mellon University, Process Handbook in MIT and etc. In this paper, we propose the ontology language based on Topic Maps that supports the benefits and solves the problems of the Semantic Web Service discovery technologies .

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Intelligent Information Service using Agent Technology on the Semantic Web (Semantic Web 환경에서 Agent 기술을 이용한 지능형 정보 서비스)

  • Park, Jae-Hong;Lim, You-Jeong;Kim, Do-Wan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.713-716
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    • 2003
  • Semantic Web 환경을 구축하고, Semantic Web 환경에서 자동화된 서비스 발견, 서비스 수행, 서비스 구성과 상호운영이라는 Semantic web service를 수행할 수 있는 DAML-based web service 온톨로지를 이용하여 자동화된 항공권 예약 서비스와 테마별 여행 스케줄 서비스를 제공하는 프로토타이프 테스트 베드 구축에 대해 살펴 볼 것이다.

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A System Framework and Research Challenges for the Semantic Web Applications (시맨틱 웹 애플리케이션의 시스템 프레임워크 및 도전 과제에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.255-266
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    • 2009
  • The Semantic Web has appeared to handle information on the web effectively, which has been increasing very rapidly since the web emerged. It refers to the machine, which understands the meaning of information on behalf of human and handles the information automatically that users want. The objective of this research is to help people to understand the Semantic Web as the next generation web by surveying the applications of Semantic Web technologies. To that end, this paper suggests a system framework which can be used for analyzing most of the Semantic Web applications. Using the suggested the framework, the recent Semantic Web applications are analyzed. And then research challenges are discussed to be overcome for the practical Semantic Web based on the analyzed results.

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A Study on Semantic Web for Multi-dimensional Data (다차원 데이터를 위한 시멘틱 웹 연구)

  • Kim, Jeong-Joon
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 2017
  • Recently, it has been actively Semantic Web studies for 2-dimensional data of the spatial data. 2-dimensional Semantic Web, are fused existing Geospatial Web and the Semantic Web, and integrate with the efficient cooperation of the vast non-spatial information on a variety of geospatial information and general Web, it is possible to provide it is a Web services technology of intelligent geographic information. However, in the research for multi-dimensional data processing, and in those who are missing overall, relevant standards also not been enacted. Therefore, in this paper, by applying a variety of base of the theory and technology related to this to take place the Ontology processing technology, multi-dimensional data processing is possible ontology, question, and suggested the contents of the reasoning. Also, we tried to apply what you have proposed respectively to the multi-dimensional query virtual scenario necessary.