• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self-support Program

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The Effects of Self-esteem and Social Capital on Self-support Program Participants' Will of Self-reliance

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted in order to identify factors that influence the will of self-reliance among workers participating in self-support programs. For this purpose, data were collected from self-support program participants in 2012 (1,301 participants in self-supporting labor programs and 128 in self-support community programs). Input variables analyzed as factors influencing the will of self-reliance were socio-demographic variables, self-esteem, and social capital. According to the results, first, self-supporting labor program participants' self-esteem was 2.328 out of 4 (S.M= .402) and it was somewhat lower than 2.406 (S.M=.404) in self-support community participants, but the difference was not significant. Self-supporting labor program participants' social capital was 2.980 out of 5 (S.M=.844), significantly lower than 3.356 (S.M=.815) in self-support community program participants. Self-supporting labor program participants' will of self-support was 4.150 out of 5 (S.M=.602), lower than 4.314 (S.M=.521) in self-support community program participants. Second, according to the results of regression analysis on self-support program participants' will of self-reliance, age (B=-.198, p<.001), self-esteem (B=.236, p<.001), and social capital (B=.166, p<.001) were found to have a significant effect. That is, the will of self-support was higher when age was young, when self-esteem was high, and when social capital was high. Based on these findings, this study suggested self-support policies, education systems, differentiated programs, etc. for enhancing self-support program participants' will of self-reliance.

Evaluation of the Effectiveness and the Level of Self-Management Support on the Metabolic Syndrome Management Program at Public Health Centers in Seoul Metropolitan City (서울시 보건소 대사증후군관리사업의 효과와 자가관리 지원수준 평가)

  • Kim, Dong-Ok
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2019
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and the level of self-management support on the Metabolic Syndrome Management Program at public health centers in Seoul metropolitan city. Methods: The effectiveness on the Metabolic Syndrome Management Program were analyzed using secondary data from 1,312 community residents who were receiving program. The level of self-management support on Metabolic Syndrome Management Program was evaluated using an 'Assessment of Primary Care Resources and Supports for Chronic Disease Self-Management' from four public health centers. Results: The effectiveness on the Metabolic Syndrome Management Program was showed that decreased smoking (p= 0.044) and drinking (p< 0.001), and increased healthy dietary habit (p< 0.001) in health behaviors. It was showed that decreased triglyceride (p= 0.002) and increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p< 0.001) in clinical indicators. The level of self-management support on Metabolic Syndrome Management Program was 98.1 points and it meaned that implementation is done in an organized and consistent manner using a team approach. There was difference in the level of self-management support by public health centers (p= 0.003). Conclusion: The Metabolic Syndrome Management Program in public health centers was effective, and level of self-management support was done as organizational level, but patient input and mental health were insufficient.

The Effect of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Program on General Self-Efficacy, Motivation for Rehabilitation, Social Support in a Patient with Subacute Stroke (도구적 일상생활 프로그램이 회복기 뇌졸중 환자의 자기효능감, 재활 동기, 사회적 지지에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Minkyung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of instrumental-activity of daily living program on a patient with subacute stroke in the view of self-efficiency, motivation for rehabilitation, social support. Methods : Eight stroke patients who attended instrumental-activity of daily living program at P hospital in Busan Metropolitan City from march 2018 to January 2019 were recruited. Instrumental-activity of daily living program was offered to 8 stroke patients 1 session (at least 1 hours) a day, 5 times a week, for 4~5 weeks. The instrumental-activity of daily living program was based on occupational therapy practice framework (OTPF) and international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF). We evaluated self-efficacy, rehabilitation motivation, social support before and after intervention. Self-efficacy was evaluated using the general self-efficacy scale. The collected data was processed using SPSS 20.0 and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon signed rank test, Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results : There were statistically significant differences in self-efficiency, rehabilitation motivation, social support between before and after instrumental-activity of daily living program (p<.05). Examining the correlation between the self-efficiency, rehabilitation motivation and social support of the stroke patient, there was a correlation between the self-efficiency and social support (p<.05). Conclusion : This study showed that the instrumental-activity of daily living program have positive effects on self-efficacy, rehabilitation motivation, social support. When considering the instrumental-activity of daily living program with improved self-efficacy, rehabilitation motivation, social support of the participants, we suggest that further studies will be needed to examine more extensive instrumental-activity of daily living and rehabilitation to the society with a larger sample size.

Effects of Software Education Program for the Education Welfare Priority Support Students on Learning Motivation, Self-efficacy and Goal Orientation

  • Kim, Jeong-Rang
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.11
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we propose a Software Education Program for the Education Welfare Priority Support students. Elementary school students of education welfare priority support programs has low school satisfaction level and course maturity. Also, they have various problem such as relatively large digital divide when compared to general student. To solve such problem, we designed, developed, and applied a software education program on education welfare priority support program's elementary school students to analyze its effect on their learning motivation, self-efficacy, and goal orientation. Software education program followed the main stages of ADDIE model and was designed into experience Sharing, Requirements analysis, Sharing, Grouping, and Organizing. 20 of 6th graders in education welfare priority support programs were chosen as subject for software education program. The effectiveness has been analyzed through pre, and pro test. As a result of the analysis, we found that the developed software education program has meaningful effect on Learning Motivation, Self-efficacy, and Goal Orientation of education welfare priority support program's elementary students.

A Study on the Effects of the Antipoverty Policy in Local Community : Focusing on the Self-Support System In Korea (지역사회 탈빈곤 정책의 효과 분석 : 경남, 전북지역 자활후견기관 운영의 성과 및 한계 분석과 개선방안의 모색)

  • Lee, Sang-Rok;Jin, Jae-Moon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.52
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    • pp.241-272
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    • 2003
  • The Self-Support Program was introduced as an antipoverty policy at 2002 year in Korea. But, the Self-Support Program's negative or positive effects have been debated from diverse perspectives to the present. Thus, in this paper, we analyzed the effects of the Self-Support Program using the survey data from program participants. Even though the effects of Workfare Programs can be evaluated by various indicators(ex. income, employment status, poverty status, etc.), in our analysis the effects of the Self-Support Program are evaluated by participants' self-reliant attitudes and behaviors. Major findings are as follows. First, we found that some kinds of self-reliant attitudes(ex. work commitment, self-esteem, etc.) were build up through participation on the Self-Support program, but some kinds of self-reliant factors(job competence and skill, self-sufficiency prospect, etc.) which are more relevant to the self-sufficiency were not build up thorough it. Second, we found the positive effects of the program among people who are females, olders, less educated, more healthy, and the participants who have acquired more certificate of qualifications. Third, we also found that self-support center's job training program, adequate task matching, agency climates and intra-networks influence on the positive effects of the Self-Support Program. These findings suggest that the Self-Support Program has not been successful up to now and it's reformations are required. It means that objectives of the Self-Support Program as an anti-poverty policy must be obvious and program contents must be diverse. And also program administration systems need to be reformed in oder to raise the effectiveness of the Self-Support Program.

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Impact of Startup Support Program on Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy, Opportunity Recognition·Startup Intention of Undergraduate Students (대학생 창업지원프로그램이 창업효능감, 기회인식, 창업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung Ran;Chang, Gyoo Soon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.43-60
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to inform the university stakeholder and startup policy makers about the current status of startup support programs and to identify criteria that could impact the startup effectively among various support program. The purpose of this study is to categorize the startup support programs into three different types. These types are startup education support, startup activity and commercialization support the startup Intention of university students was analyzed using survey and interview during the these programs. In addition, the impact on startup intention was empirical analyzed utilizing entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition support programs. Research results show that, Firstly, startup activity support program had impacted on both entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition. Commercialization support had impacted entrepreneurial self-efficacy. However, startup education support program had no impact on entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition. secondly, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity Recognition have influence on startup intention. Thirdly, startup activity support had influenced on startup intention. Finally, startup activity support and startup intention strongly influenced entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Also, commercialization and startup intention strongly influenced opportunity recognition. Other factors only influenced partially. Startup support program shall seek various solutions to improve quality to increase startup intention based on the research results. Also, high quality educational program shall be offered to improve entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition, while promoting startup activity and commercialization support emphasized. Try to realize a strategic development for activation of startup business.

The Application of Case Management to the Self-support Program (자활사업에서의 사례관리 적용에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Hong, Seon-Mee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.311-326
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    • 2004
  • This article focuses on the use of case management in the Self-support program. Case management is a service modality which provides integrated services for people with multiple needs in the community. The goal to accomplish self-sufficiency of working participants in Self-Support Programs is positively affected by the efforts to reduce high social risks they are exposed. It is recommended that the agencies running Self-support programs apply case management to increase the quality of lives as well as the effectiveness of exiting statuses of conditional welfare recipients. Several service considerations of case management are recommended for the change in the structure and functioning of the Self-Support Program: Integrated view and contextualized thinking, empowerment-oriented approach, and a development of the community support system through networking. Types of case management and practice roles of the case manager applicable to the Self-Support Program are also recommended. Structural aspects of an organization, inter-organizational linkages and contextual factors need to be considered to improve problematic conditions that have not enough resources and appropriate authorities in providing case management functions.

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Effects of Family-Participated Cardiac Rehabilitation Program on Self-Efficacy, Health Behavior Compliance, and Family Support of Patients with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (가족참여 심장재활 프로그램이 경피적 관상동맥중재술 환자의 자기효능감, 건강행위이행 및 가족지지에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Soo Jin;Jung, Hyang Mi
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.143-153
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a family-participated cardiac rehabilitation program and to test the effects of the program on self-efficacy, health behavior compliance, and family support for patients with percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: The design of this study was a nonequivalent control group non-synchronize design. There were 30 participants in the experimental group and 29 in the control group. The program consisted of six consecutive cardiac rehabilitation education and counselling sessions for 5 weeks. Data were analyzed using $x^2-test$, Fisher's exact test, and t-test using the SPSS program. Results: Self-efficacy, health behavior compliance, and family support scores were significantly increased in the experimental group compared to those in the control group. Conclusion: These results suggest that this program may improve self-efficacy, health behavior compliance, and family support in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention. Therefore, this program in which family members were included in supporting patients' adherence to health behaviors is recommended for use in clinical fields for the cardiac rehabilitation.

Relation Between Emotional Self-Support and The Level of Subjective Health Recognition of Participators (자활사업 참여자의 주관적 건강인식 수준과 정서적 자활 관계)

  • Kim, EunJa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.476-488
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    • 2017
  • The object of this study was to survey the relationship between emotional self-support and the level of subjective health recognition of participators in the self support program. The health condition which is recognized subjectively by participators could affect the participation motive and the attitude to the program, and could be connected to the achievement of self-support. Therefore I tried to survey the implications and the relationship between emotional self-support and the level of subjective health recognition in terms of progress for the economic self-support. The objectives were self-support program participators in Wonju, and 127 questionaries were collected. The results of this study were as followings; First, there was the positive relationship between emotional self-support and the level of subjective health recognition. Second, the participation period in the self-support program affected emotional self-support and the level of subjective health recognition negatively, and the affects of the ages were meaningless. The suggestion of this study is that the level of emotional self-support and subjective health recognition could be developed if the emotional and psychological program is developed which makes the conditional pensioners perceive the living attitude and the thoughts to the works positively.

The Effects of the Resistance Exercise Program on the Rheumatoid Arthritis Patient's Functional Disability, Biochemical Parameters, Self-Efficacy and Family Support (저항운동 프로그램이 류마티스 관절염 환자의 기능장애, 생화학적 지수, 자기효능감 및 가족지지도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kil Suk-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.87-101
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    • 1997
  • This Research is an attempt to find out what effects the resistance exercise program has on the rheumatoid arthritis patient's functional disability and biochemical parameters. The research took place from June to November 1996, and the target included an experimental group of 25 cases of rheumatoid arthritis and a control group of 26 cases of rheumatoid arthritis taken from the Anam Medical Center at Korea University. The resistance exercise program was executed on these patients five times a week during a period of eight weeks. Before and after the experiments, measurements of functional disability score, ESR, CRP, self-efficacy, and family support were taken and closely analysed. The results of this analysis are as follows : 1. After the experiment, the experimental group had less functional disabilities compared to the control group(t=9.11, P=0.0017). 2. After the experiment, the ESR of both the experimental and the control groups decrease, but there was not notable difference between the two groups(t=0.07, P=0.9546). 3. After the experiment, the CRP of both the experimental and the control groups decreased, with no significant different between them(t=0.53, P=0.6022). 4. After the experiment, the self-efficacy of the experimental group increased significantly compared to the control group(t=3.15, P=0.0042), but the self-efficacy had no effect on the actual practice of the program. 5. After the experiment, the family support of the experimental group was higher than of the control group(t=6.33, P=0.0013), but again the family support had no effect on the actual practice of the program. Judging from the results of these experiments, the resistance exercise program not only diminishes rheumatoid arthritis patients' functional disabilities, but also has a great influence on increasing their self-efficacy and family support. Concluding, in diminishing the functional disabilities of rheumatoid arthritis, the resistance exercise program would be appropriate nursing intervention.

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