• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self-efficacy for Smoking Cessation

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The Effect of Self-Efficacy Promotion Smoking Cessation Program on the Amount of Smoking, CO, Urine Cotinine Level and Self-Efficacy for Adolescent Smokers (자기효능증진 금연프로그램이 청소년 흡연자의 흡연량, 호기 일산화탄소, 소변 내 코티닌 수치 및 자기 효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Choe, Eun-Young;Jeong, Seong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of self-efficacy promotion of the smoking cessation program on the amount of smoking, carbon monoxide level, urine cotinine level and the smoking cessation self-efficacy of adolescent smokers. Methods: The subjects composed of 24 for the experimental group and 28 for the control group who were smoking adolescents at the Middle School in G city. The data collection was done from October 13 to November 18, 2010. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. This program was composed on the basis of Shin (1997)'s Self-Efficacy Promoting Program. The self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program was conducted for 2 hours per week, and lasted for 6 weeks on the experimental group. The control group had a general smoking program. Data was analyzed using SPSS/WIN 14.0 program. T-test was used to analyze outcome measures. Results: The amount of smoking, CO level, urine cotinine level, and self efficacy level of the experimental group was significantly improved more than that of the control group after intervention. Conclusion: Therefore, self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program for adolescent smokers can be recommended for smoking cessation of adolescents.

The Effects of a Self-esteem and Smoking Cessation Self-efficiency Improvement Program on Smoking High School Students (자아존중감 및 금연 자기효능감 증진 프로그램이 흡연 고등학생에게 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the effects of a program to improve self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficiency on smoking high school students' self-esteem, smoking cessation self-efficiency, amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Methods: This research was conducted as a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest control and experimental group methodological comparison study. The subjects were 45 smoking high school students (Exp.=22, Cont.=23) in U City. Data were collected from October 19 to December 7, 2010, and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program by frequency, Mann-Whitney test, means, standard deviations, and Willcoxon signed rank test. Results: After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed significantly increased self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and also showed decreased amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation compared to the control group. Conclusion: The self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program was effective in improving self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and in diminishing the amount of smoking, cotinine in urine and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for smoking adolescents.

Effects of Self-efficacy on Relationship between Smoking-cessation Expectancy and Stress (금연기대와 자기효능감이 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Soon;Park, Jong;Choi, Yang-Ho;Kim, Hye-Sook;Ha, Yun-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: To investigate the effect of smoking cessation expectation and on the stress for subjects in smoking cessation clinic and effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between expectancy and stress, with the aim of establishing an effective management smoking cessation strategy. Methods: Current smokers (n=161) >30-years-of-age who were residents of G city completed a questionnaire. Results: Concerning the effect of self-efficacy and the expectancy on stress, they were significantly effective in first, second and third stage, and appeared 8.3% in first stage, 13.8% in third stage, showing self-efficacy has a controlling effect on stress. Conclusion: Smoking cessation expectancy and self-efficacy significantly influence stress, and must be taken into account in development of smoking-cessation strategies and programs.

Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Amount of Smoking and Nicotine Dependence and Self-efficacy of Smoking Cessation for Smoking Workers (금연프로그램이 흡연근로자의 흡연량과 니코틴의존도 및 자기효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Mi-Kyung;Kang, Kyung-Sook;Kim, Nam-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.1073-1079
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a smoking cessation program on the amount of smoking and nicotine dependence and the self-efficacy of smoking cessation for smoking workers. Methods: The total number of subjects was 38 smokers and was divided into two: 16 smokers were placed in the experimental group and 22 in the control group. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The smoking cessation program consisted of two sessions and was implemented for two hours daily for five days. Data was analyzed by using the SPSS/WIN 11.0 program with $X^2-test$, t-test or Mann-Whitney U and ANCOVA. Results: After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed a significantly decreased amount of smoking, a decreased nicotine dependency and increased self-efficacy compared to the control group. Conclusion: The smoking cessation program was effective for diminishing the amount of smoking, decreasing nicotine dependence and improving self-efficacy. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for adult smokers.

Effects of the Smoking Cessation Self-efficacy Improvement Program on Smoking Patients after Acute Coronary Syndrome (금연 자기효능감 증진 프로그램이 흡연 급성관상동맥증후군 환자에게 미치는 효과)

  • Yun, Kyung Soon;Cho, Sook Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the program to improve on smoking patients' after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy, carbone monoxide (CO), nicotine dependence, and pain sense. Methods: This study used a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants of this study were 60 ACS patients: experimental group (30), control group (30), who received percutaneous coronary intervention. The study lasted from Aug 16, 2016 to Jan 13, 2017. Smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy, CO, nicotine dependence, and pain sense were measured using the structured questionnaires and CO monitor Results: An examination of the effects of this program revealed the experimental group to have a significant increase in smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy than the control group, and a significant decrease in CO, nicotine dependence and pain sense than in the control group. Conclusion: The findings indicate that this smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program is effective for hospitalized patients after ACS.

Smoking Temptation, Self-efficacy, and Satisfaction with Counseling among Users of Smoking Cessation Counseling Services Provided by a Public Health Center (일 지역 보건소 금연클리닉 이용자의 흡연유혹, 자기 효능감 및 금연상담 만족도)

  • Ham, Ok-Kyung;Yoo, Jae-Bok
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.246-254
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: In order to assess the effects of smoking cessation counseling provided by a public health center in terms of smoking temptation, smoking cessation self-efficacy, and satisfaction with smoking cessation counseling, and also to provide baseline data for the improvement of smoking cessation counseling programs. Methods: A total of 52 current and former smokers who utilized smoking cessation counseling provided by the health center at least once participated in this study. Using a self-report survey method, data were collected in November 2005. Results: The mean age and duration of smoking of the participants were 49 and 28 years, respectively. Seventy-one percent had experienced smoking cessation trials prior to using the counseling services, and most of the participants had utilized smoking cessation counseling less than 5 times. Mean scores of temptation, self-efficacy, and satisfaction with counseling were $3.39{\pm}0.75,\;3.80{\pm}0.66$, and $4.38{\pm}0.55$ (range,1-5), respectively. The participants were largely vulnerable to smoking temptations under conditions of anxiety or stress. The duration of counseling was associated negatively with smoking temptation, but was associated positively with self-efficacy. Conclusion: To help adopt and maintain smoking cessation, smoking cessation counseling should emphasize methods for coping with smoking temptations and to increase smoking cessation self-efficacy in various tempting situations.

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Self-efficacy and Preparation of Smoking Cessation in Service and Sales Woman Smokers Working in Department Stores (백화점 서비스 및 판매업 종사 흡연 여성 근로자의 금연자기효능감과 금연준비도)

  • Ha, Yeongmi;Park, Ki-Soo;Choi, Hyeok;Yang, Seungkyoung
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.168-176
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe smoking characteristics, and then to examine relationships between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and preparation of smoking cessation in service and sales woman employee with smoking in department stores. Methods: This study was a secondary data analysis carried by the smoking cessation support center. One hundred six employees smoking women participated from two department stores. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 program. Descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA along with $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, pearson correlation coefficients were used for statistics. Results: The study results have shown that the mean score of self-efficacy for smoking cessation $5.1{\pm}2.62$, preparation smoking cessation $4.0{\pm}2.89$. There was positive relation between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and preparation smoking cessation. Conclusion: Considering the findings from this study, there is a need to develop self-efficacy for smoking cessation program for effective smoking cessation in service and sales woman smokers employee.

A Study on Korean Adults' Health Status, Smoking Perception, and Self-efficacy of Smoking Cessation according to Smoking Status (흡연여부에 따른 일지역 성인의 건강상태, 흡연인식, 금연자기효능정도)

  • Kang, Kyung-Sook;Kim, Nam-Young;Park, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The present study purposed to investigate Korean adults health status, smoking perception. and self-efficacy of smoking cessation according to whether smoking or not. Methods: This study conducted a questionnaire survey of 694 adults at D County in Korea during the period from the 10th of June to the 10th of July 2004. The instruments used for this study were scales on health status, smoking perception and self-efficacy: of smoking cessation. Data was analyzed by frequency and percentage, mean and SD, $x^2-test$, t-test, ANOVA using SPSS 11.0 program. Results: The subjects of this study were 503 men and 191 women, and 60.8% of the male subjects and 6.8% of the female subjects were smokers. With respect to health status (t=-2.58, p=0.010), smoking perception (t=10.59. p<0.000) and the self-efficacy of smoking cessation (t=-23.04, p<0.000), there were significant differences according to whether smoking or not. Conclusions: It is necessary to make repeated study to find other variables that affect adults smoking and to develop smoking cessation programs that enhance the self-efficacy of smoking cessation.

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Influence of Stress, Self-efficacy for Smoking Cessation, Smoking Temptation and Nicotine Dependency in Male College Students who Smoke (흡연 남자대학생의 스트레스, 금연에 대한 자기효능감 및 흡연유혹이 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Nam-Jo;Hong, Hae-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the levels of stress, self-efficacy for smoking cessation, smoking temptation, and nicotine dependency, and to identify factors influencing nicotine dependency among male college students who smoke. Methods: In this study, a cross-sectional survey design was adopted for 283 male college students who smoke in D city, Korea. Data was analyzed for descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression using the SPSS 20.0 program. Results: The mean score of stress was $27.00{\pm}6.28$, self-efficacy for smoking cessation was $25.61{\pm}6.71$, smoking temptation was $53.87{\pm}11.02$, and nicotine dependency was $3.63{\pm}1.96$. There was a significant positive correlation between stress and nicotine dependency (r=.58, p<.001) and between smoking temptation and nicotine dependency (r=.59, p<.001). There was a significant negative correlation between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and nicotine dependency (r=-.59, p<.001). The significant factors influencing nicotine dependency were stress (${\beta}=.357$, p<.001), self-efficacy for smoking cessation (${\beta}=.359$, p<.001), and smoking temptation (${\beta}=.297$, p<.001). This model explained 60.3% of variance in nicotine dependency (F=105.59, p<.001). Conclusion: The results suggest that an intervention program is needed to reduce the perception of stress and smoking temptation, and to increase the ability of self-efficacy for smoking cessation among male college students who smoke with the intention to quit smoking.

Structural Equation Modeling on Smoking Cessation Intention in Male Technical High School Students (특성화고등학교 남학생의 금연의도 구조모형)

  • Do, Eun Su;Choi, Eunsuk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.211-221
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop and test a structural model on smoking cessation intention in technical high school men. The conceptual model was based on the theory of reasoned action and health promotion model. Methods: From May 29 to April 13, 2015, 413 technical high school students who smoked completed a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed to calculate the direct and indirect effects of factors affecting smoking cessation intention. The SPSS WIN 20.0 and AMOS 21.0 programs were used. Results: The hypothetical model was a good fit for the data. The model fit indices were $x^2/df=2.36$, GFI=.95, AGFI=.92, NFI=0.97, and RMSEA=.05. Self-esteem had direct and indirect effects on smoking cessation intention. Attitude, subjective norm, and self-efficacy had direct effects on smoking cessation intention. Smoking knowledge and environmental factor had indirect effects on smoking cessation intention. This model explained 87.0% of the variance in smoking cessation intention. Conclusion: These results indicate that technical high school students' intention to stop smoking can be improved through an increase in self-esteem, negative environmental factors, attitude toward smoking cessation, subjective norm about smoking cessation, and self-efficacy for smoking cessation.