• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self-efficacy

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Relationship of Illness Perception, Self-efficacy, and Self-care among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients (폐결핵 환자의 질병지각, 자기효능감과 자가간호 행위와의 관계연구)

  • Seong, Yeon-Sil;Lee, Young-Whee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: A descriptive study was conducted to examine the relationship of illness perception, self-efficacy, and self-care of patients who were diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods: The study was conducted using a convenient sample from two hospitals in Incheon and Seoul. One hundred forty four patients completed a questionnaire which included questions on general characteristics, a Brief Illness Perception Scale, a Self-efficacy Scale and a Self-care Scale. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson Moment Correlations and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: There was a statistically significant positive correlation between illness perception and self-care (r=.335, p=.000) and between self-efficacy and self-care (r=.687, p=.000). Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that among the three variables the most powerful predictor was self-efficacy. Self-efficacy and illness perception were significant factors and accounted for 54.2% of the variance of self care in pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Conclusion: Self-efficacy and illness perception were influencing factors in self care among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Hence further interventional researches are needed that consider these two variables.

A Study on Self-Care Agency & Self Efficacy of Hemodialisis Patients (혈액투석환자의 자가간호 역량 및 자기효능감에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Hyoung-Sook;Cho, Jing-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.78-89
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to identity degree on self-care agency & self efficacy of hemodialisis patients. The subjects for the study consisted of 260 hemodialisis patients and the data were collected from April 1st. 2002 to April 30. 2002. The instruments used for this study were the Self-carer As Inventory Scale(Genden & Taylor. 1998) and Concrete Self Efficacy Scale(Joo-Hyen Kim. 1995). The Self-carer As Inventory translated by So Hyang-Sook and was modified by auther of this study. The data were analysed by using SPSS/WIN program and included number. percentange. t-test, ANOV A and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. The results of the study are summarized as follows. 1. As the average score Self-care agency indicated $132.21\pm19.11$ points and Self efficacy showed $597.33\pm130.95$points. it can be said that Self-care agency and Self efficacy were high. 2. In the relationship between general and hemodialisis cure characteristics and Self care agency were significant difference in age(F=3.065. p=0.018). married(F=3.160. p= 0.029). religion(F=4.128. p=0.003). hemodialisis cure duration(F=2.615. p=0.049). 3. In the relationship between general and hemodialisis cure characteristics and Self efficacy were significant difference in age (F=2.992. p=0.019). married(F=4.427. p=0.013), job(before attack-F=1.926. p=0.044. after attack-F=1.784. p=0.048). incomes (F=2.235. p=0.041), hemodialisis cure frequency (F=1.718. p=0.042). diet practice (F=2.248. p=0.025). 4. Self efficacy was significantly related to Self-care agency(r=0.474. p<(0.001). That is the higher the self efficacy. the higher the level of Self-care agency. The result in the above showed that more concern and endeavors need to improve hope. medical support. self efficacy, self-care agency of hemodialisis patients.

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Effect of Self-efficacy and Yangsaeng on Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 자기효능감, 양생정도가 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Hur, Jung;Kim, Ae-Jung
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The study was done to identify the effects of self-efficacy and Yansaeng on quality of life (QOL) of 208 renal hemodialysis patients in Korea. Methods: This study employed a descriptive correlation design. Data were collected by self-report questionnaire. The questionnaires consisted of self-efficacy, Yansaeng, and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF). Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Cronbach's a, and multiple regression. Results: The self-efficacy was significantly correlated with exercise while Yangsaeng had significant correlation with age and exercise. QOL was significantly influenced by gender, cause of disease, and exercise. Self-efficacy and Yangsaeng positively correlated to QOL. Self-efficacy and Yangsaeng influenced on QOL in 34.9% of the hemodialysis patients. Conclusions: QOL of hemodialysis patients was influenced by self-efficacy and Yangsaeng, which can be utilized as a beneficial nursing intervention.

Relationship between self-efficacy and learning attitude according to smoking experience in the middle school students (일부 지역 중학생의 흡연경험에 따른 자기효능감과 학습태도의 관련성)

  • Son, Eun-Joo;Jang, Kyeung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.805-811
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and learning attitude according to smoking experience in the middle school students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 608 middle school students in Gyeongnam from July 1 to 23, 2013. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, smoking behavior, self-efficacy, and learning attitude. The questionnaire was adapted and modified from Kang, Park, and Koh. The self-efficacy was divided into general efficacy and social efficacy. The learning attitude was divided into attention concentration, learning method, and self learning. Data were analyzed using SPSS Win 21.0 program. Results: The nonsmoking students tended to have higher general efficacy and social efficacy than the smokers (p<0.01). The nonsmokers had more attention concentration in learning attitude than the smokers (p<0.001). The learning method (p<0.001) and self learning (p<0.001) showed the same results between the two groups. The smoking experience had the negative correlation with general efficacy (r=-0.164) and social efficacy(r=-0.154). The general efficacy is positively related to social efficacy (r=0.568). The smoking experience had the negative correlation to attention concentration (r=-0.235), learning method (r=-0.211) and self learning (r=-0.148). The attention concentration was positive relation with learning method (r=0.690) and self learning(r=0.662. The learning method had positive relation to self learning (r=0.764). Conclusions: The smoking students tended to have lower self-efficacy and learning attitude, so it is necessary to implement the smoking prevention program in the middle school students.

Professional Self-concept, Self-efficacy and Job Satisfaction of Clinical Nurse in Schoolwork (학업을 병행하는 임상간호사의 전문직 자아개념, 자기효능감 및 직무만족도)

  • Choi, Jin;Park, Hyun-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between professional self-concept, self-efficacy and job satisfaction of clinical nurse in schoolwork. Method: Data was collected from convenient sample of 407 nurses in 3 cities. The questionnaire measured the level of professional self-concept, self-efficacy and job satisfaction of clinical nurse in schoolwork. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient, partial correlation. Result: The mean score of professional self-concept was 2.83(${\pm}.34$) self-efficacy was 3.64(${\pm}.31$), job satisfaction was 3.12(${\pm}.38$). There were significant differences on three variables according to age, a clinical career, level of education. There was a significant positive correlation between professional self-concept and self-efficacy, job satisfaction. The self-efficacy was a significant positive correlation with job satisfaction. Conclusions: From the studies reviewed, it can expect the positive effect to improve the self-efficacy, professional self-concept and job satisfaction when the nurses who have continuous education and organizational support. These findings would be important resource to nurse administrators for clinical implication.

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The Relationship between Self-control Behavior, Social Comparison Attitude, Self-efficacy and Health Promotion Activities of College Students (대학생의 통제감, 사회비교추구성향 및 자기효능감이 건강행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, So-Hyeon;Jang, Youn-Kyoung;Kim, Joo-Hyung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between self-control behavior, social comparison attitude, self-efficacy and health promotion activities of college students who had health related majors (nursing, dental hygiene, health administration). Methods: The subjects consisted of 413 college students. Data were collected by self reported questionnaires that were designed to evaluate self-control behavior, social attitudes, self-efficacy and health promotion lifestyle (HPLP). Data were analyzed using the SPSS/PC win 14.0 program. Results: Upward & parallel comparison, self-efficacy and parents income were positively correlated with health promotion activities by college students. The most significant predictors of health promotion activities for college students were self-efficacy and self-control behavior. Conclusion: Health promotion activities for college students are influenced by self-efficacy, self-control behavior, and upward comparison. In conclusion, to increase the health promotion activities of college students, methods designed to increase self-efficacy should be prepared while considering the self-control behavior and comparative propensity towards others.

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The Effect of Self Efficacy and Self Esteem on the Mental Health of Rural Elderly (일 지역 농촌노인의 자기효능감과 자아존중감이 정신건강에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.146-157
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: To investigate the effect of self-efficacy and self-esteem on the mental health of the elderly in a rural area. Method: The subjects were 120 elderly aged 65 years or over. The instruments used in this study were the self-efficacy, self-esteem, and mental health scales. The data were analyzed by SPSS Win version 10.0, including mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The means were 78.95$\pm$8.11 for self-efficacy, 25.07$\pm$4.79 for self-esteem, and 82.58$\pm$9.78 for mental health. Mental health was significantly influenced by age, spouse, family type, general self-efficacy, social self-efficacy, and self-esteem. These variables accounted for 21.5% of the variances of mental health. Conclusion: The important factors that affected the mental health of the elderly were self-efficacy and self-esteem. Therefore, these findings may provide useful data for constructing a geriatric mental health program of the elderly in a rural area.

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The Effects of High School Students' Smart Phone Addiction on Impulsivity, Stress, Self-efficacy, and Self-control (고등학생의 스마트폰 중독이 충동성, 스트레스, 자기효능감, 자기통제력에 미치는 영향)

  • OH, Ju
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.998-1012
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    • 2015
  • This study is smartphone addiction impulsiveness, stress, self-efficacy, and examine any changes to appear self-control. This study is a response to the results obtained for 310 people targeting high school in Pusan, the second grade students. For the analysis of the collected data by using the SPSS 22.0 program was the analysis of the T-test, ANOVA, Multiple Regression. The major findings of this study can be summed up as follows: first, smart phone addiction has significant difference in impulsivity, stress, self-efficacy, and self-control. Second, sex is found to be significant in impulsivity, stress, self-efficacy, and self-control. Third, grades are significant in impulsivity, self-efficacy, and self-control. Fourth, the model for impulsivity indicates 4% of explanatory power, which is significant. Fifth, explanatory power for stress is 4%, which is significant. Sixth, the model for self-efficacy shows 14% of explanatory power, which is significant. Meanwhile, smart phone addiction, sex, and grades have no significant effects on self-efficacy. Seventh, the model for self-control indicates 20% of explanatory power, which is significant.

Factors influencing related health promoting behavior in College Women (여대생의 건강증진행위와 관련요인에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hye-Sook
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.16-31
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    • 2002
  • This study was done in order to analyze the relationship of gender identity, self-esteem, self-efficacy, hardiness, and health promotion behavior in the College Women. The subjects were 275 students from a college in Kyungbuk. The instruments used for this study were made of general characteristics(6 items), gender identity(1 item), self-esteem(10 item), self-efficacy(13 items), hardiness(38 items) and health promoting behaviors(40 items). The data were analyzed by SPSS/$PC^+$ program using descriptive statistics, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Stepwise Regression. The results of this study were as follows. 1. The Mean score of gender identity, self-esteem, self-efficacy, hardiness, and health promotion behavior were as follows. 1) The mean score of the health promoting behavior was 2.24. Among the subcategories, the highest score was interpersonal support(2.91), self-actualization (2.85), and the lowest score was health responsibility(1.62). 2) The mean score of the gender identity was 2.04. 3) The mean score of the self-esteem was 2.85. 4) The mean score of the self-efficacy was 6.50. 5) The mean score of the hardiness was 2.83. 2. Correlations of gender identity, self-esteem, self-efficacy, hardiness, and health promotion behavior were as follows. 1) Gender identity was positively correlated with self-esteem(r=-.287, p=.0000), self-efficacy(r=-.226, p=.0000), hardiness(r=.237, p=.0000), health promotion behavior(r=-.236, p=.0000). 2) Self-esteem was positively correlated with self-efficacy(r=.499, p=.0000), hardiness (r=-.275, p=.0000), health promotion behavior(r=.428, p=0000). 3) Self-efficacy was positively correlated with hardiness(r=-.423, p=.0000), health promotion behavior(r=.492, p=.0000). 4) Hardiness was positively correlated with health promotion behavior(r=-.457, p=.0000). 4. Self-efficacy, hardiness and self-esteem were the major predictors for health promoting behavior(35.7%).

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The Impacts of Social Support and Self-Efficacy on Career Decision Level among Female University Students (여대생의 사회적 지지 및 자기 효능감이 진로결정 수준에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jeong-Sook;Seo, Lee-Na;Tak, Jung-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.5-14
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of social support and self-efficacy on career decision level among female university students. Data was collected by questionnaires from 380 students at 3 universities in Jeonnam province and Gwangju city, Korea. The results were as follows. First, the average levels of social support, self-efficacy and career decision were over middle point(2.5point). The best of them was self-efficacy. Second, the lowest level of them by grade was commonly freshman female students. But there were no significant differences by major except for soczzzzzial support. Third, the effective sub-variables of social support which have influenced on career decision level were self-esteem support and evaluated support. Forth, the impactive sub-variables of self-efficacy which have influenced on career decision level showed general self-efficacy. Fifth, the significant sub-variables of social support which have influenced on self-efficacy were self-esteem support and material support. This study suggested that the high levels of self esteem social support and general self-efficacy led students to improve in career decision level. Here showed that the effect by grade or group on study was more clear than that by major.

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