• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self-efficacy

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The Effects of Infant's Temperament, Development, Mother's Parenting Stress and Social Support on Infant Mother's Self-efficacy (영아의 기질, 발달수준, 어머니의 양육스트레스 및 사회적 지원이 영아 어머니의 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Young-Kyung;Min, Hyun-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2012
  • The purposes of this study was to investigate the relationship and interaction between infant temperament, development, mother's parenting stress and social support on mother's self-efficacy. Participants in this study included 1610 infants (825 boys, 785 girls) and their mothers. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, infant temperament demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Lower levels of infant temperament indicated lower levels of self-efficacy, and higher levels of infant temperament indicated higher levels of self-efficacy. Second, infant development demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Greater communicative and social interaction between mother and child demonstrated a higher level of maternal self-efficacy. Third, mothers' parenting stress demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Higher levels of parenting stress demonstrated lower levels of maternal self-efficacy. Forth, Social support demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Greater levels of social support demonstrated lower level of maternal self-efficacy. Fifth, the greatest single relationship effecting mother's self-efficacy was mother's parenting stress. This research suggests the need for development of diverse social policies and programs to help mothers reduce maternal parenting stress and support the development of positive parenting skills with the goal of boosting mother's self-efficacy.

A Study on the Proximity of Cosmetic to Self by Self-Efficacy (자기효능감(自己效能感)에 따른 화장근접도(化粧近接度)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Jo, Ki-Yeu;Yoo, Tai-Soon
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.104-112
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the proximity of cosmetic to self by self-efficacy. The scales used in this study include the scale of Sherer, Mercadante, Maddux, Rrentice-Dunn, Jacobs and Rogers(1982) for general and social self-efficacy, the scale of Ryckman, Roddins, Thorton, and Cantrell(1982) for physical self-efficacy, and the scale developed by the researcher for proximity of cosmetic to self. The subjects of this study were 885 adult women in Taegu. The data collected were analyzed by using MANOVA, ANOVA, and the Cronbach $\alpha$ reliability was also applied. The results of this study were summarized as follows: The persons with high general self-efficacy showed high degrees of joy of change in the sub-factors of proximity of cosmetic to self, while there was no difference in social confidence, skin care, self-satisfaction and instrument of disguise between persons with high general self-efficacy and those with low general self-efficacy. In addition, the persons with high social self-efficacy showed high degree of social confidence, skin care, joy of change, self-satisfaction and instrument of disguise in the sub-factors of proximity of cosmetic to self. And the persons With high physical self-efficacy had high degrees of joy of change and disguise. In the sub-factors of proximity of cosmetic to self, while there was no difference in the social confidence, skin care, self-satisfaction between persons with high physical self-efficacy and those With low physical self-efficacy.

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The effects of self-efficacy on job satisfaction of dental technician (치과기공사의 자기효능감이 직무만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Hyo-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.77-90
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of study was to survey self-efficacy and job satisfaction for 500 dental technicians. Methods : The subjects were composed of 500 dental technicians in Daegu Metropolitan city and Gyeong-buk. This study was done using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences 17.0 for Windows. As for the analysis methods, the study used the frequency analysis, percentage, mean, t-test, analysis of variance, multiple regression analysis. Results : Self-efficacy of dental technician shows self confidence(M= 3.56), self regulatory efficacy(M=3.48), task difficulty preference(M=3.46). Job satisfaction of dental technician shows affairs satisfaction(M=3.58), colleague satisfaction(M=3.57), promotion satisfaction(M=3.48), salary satisfaction(M=3.56). Self-efficacy which affect on job satisfation was self confidence and self regulatory efficacy. Conclusion : A sense of self-efficacy and degree of job satisfaction are high when the sense of the degree of job satisfaction could be high only through a high sense of self-efficacy. In order to promote dental technician and dental hygienist of self-efficacy and job satisfaction, education and career and monthly salary is required high.

Correlation between self-esteem, self-efficacy, and awareness for disability in dental hygiene students (일부 치위생(학)과 학생들의 자아존중감 및 자기효능감과 장애인 인식간의 상관성 분석)

  • Cho, Hye-Eun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.909-918
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the correlation between self-esteem, self-efficacy, and awareness for disability in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 521 dental hygiene students from 5 universities in Gwangju and Jeonnam frm June 13 to July 16, 2016. The questionnaire consisted of self-esteem by Rosenberg (10 items), self-efficacy by Schwarzer (7 items), and the negative awareness for disabled person by Siller (24 items) using Likert 5 point scale. Results: Those who did volunteer activity for disabled person showed high self-esteem and self-efficacy than those who did not. Students having disability-related training experience had high self-esteem (p<0.05). Higher the self-esteem was, higher the self-efficacy was (r=0.655). Higher the self-efficacy was, the lower the negative awareness was (r=-0.142). Higher self-esteem enhanced the positive awareness for the disabled person (r=-0.206)(p<0.01). Conclusions: The systematic curriculum development for the disabled person recognition improvement should be made in order to enhance self-esteem and self-efficacy of the dental hygiene students.

The Development and Test of Self-Efficacy Promotion Program on Self-care of Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 자가간호를 위한 자기효능증진 프로그램 개발 및 효과)

  • Song, Mi-Ryeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.1066-1077
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to develop self-efficacy promotion program and to test its effects on self-efficacy, self-care, physiologic index of hemodialysis patients after applying this program to them. Preliminary study was carried out to identify the levels and types of self-care, self-efficacy of hemodialysis patients. To develop self-efficacy promoting program, several discussions with nursing professors and nurse specialists on hemodialysis patients were made after in-depth literature review on the area. Through these processes, the self-efficacy promoting program including 20 minutes long videotape and other counciling documents were completed. This videotape consisted of specific self-care techniques for hemodialysis patients including management of fistula, measurement of blood presure and body weight, special diets, medications, exercise and rest, management of physical problems and social adjustment. Two group equivalent pre and post test quasai-experimental research design was used in this study. The total subjects were 34 hemodialysis patients who received hemodialysis three time per week at 1 university hospital. Seventeen experimental group subjects were matched with control group subjects in sex and age. Data were analysed with the SPSS window program. Homogeniety between experimental and control group pretest data was tested by x$^2$ and t-test. There were no significanct differences in general characteristics, illness history, specific self-efficacy and self-care between the two groups. The differences of general self-efficacy of two groups were tested with the Repeated Measure ANCOVA because of significant differences of pretest data of general self efficacy between two groups. The differences of self-efficacy and self-care of two groups were tested with Repeated Measure ANOVA and the differences of physiologic indecies including blood potassium level and blood phosphorus level and interdialytic weight gain were tested by t-test. The results were as follows: 1. There was no significant difference in general self-efficacy between the two groups over four different time, and no interaction by groups and by time. 2. There was significant difference in specific self-efficacy between the two groups over four different time, and interaction by groups and by time. 3. There was significant difference in self-care between the two groups over four different time, and interaction by groups and by time. 4. There were no significant differences of blood potassium level and blood phosphorus level, but there was significant difference of interdialytic weight gain between the two groups. From the results above, it can be concluded that the self-efficacy promotion program for hemodialysis patients was effective to improve degree of specific self-efficacy and self-care and to decrease interdialytic weight gain. Considering results, the followings are recommended: 1) Repeated studies are needed for another hemodialysis patients. 2) This program can be used for improving degree of self-efficacy and self-care of hemodialysis patients by nurse practitioner and nurse educator.

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The Relationships of Family support, Self-efficacy and Self-care Performance in Patients with Chronic Illness (만성질환자의 가족지지, 자기효능감 및 자가간호수행간의 관계)

  • Son, Youn-Jung;Park, Young-Rye
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.793-801
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the relationship between family support, self-efficacy and self-care performance in patients with chronic illness. Methods: The subjects were 100 in-and out-patients who were diagnosed with chronic illness at university hospital in Cheonan. The data analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS WIN 12.0. Results: The level of family support, self-efficacy and self-care performance were high. The family support in patients with chronic illness indicated a significant positive correlation to self-care performance but no significant correlation to self-efficacy. The self-efficacy in patients with chronic illness indicated a significant positive correlation to self-care performance. Family support and self-efficacy account for 24.4% of variance of the self-care performance. The most significant predictor which influenced self-care performance in patients with chronic illness was family support. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that family support and self-efficacy are very important variables in explaining the self-care performance. Therefore, these variables should be considered in nursing intervention development and education.

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Effects on Creativity of Child's Temperament, Depression, Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Problem-Solving Style : A Path Model (아동의 창의성에 대한 심리적 관련 변인 연구)

  • Kim, Won-Kyung;Woo, Namhee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2002
  • Path analysis was used to determine variables influencing the creativity of elementary school children. Participants were 213 dyads of 6th-grade children and their parents. the children and their parents responded to questionnaires on children's temperament, depression, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and problem-solving style. Children completed the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking. Child's problem-solving style and self-efficacy directly affected child's creativity. Child's temperament, depression, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and problem-solving indirectly affected creativity such that child's temperament affected depression, which affected child's self-esteem. Then, child's self-esteem affected child's problem-solving which, in turn, affected child's self-efficacy that directly predicted child's creativity. Both problem-solving and self-efficacy were mediators of child's creativity.

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Factors associated with Disease Specific Self-efficacy of Mothers of Children with Atopic Dermatitis (아토피피부염 자녀를 둔 어머니의 질환관리 효능감 관련 요인)

  • Lee, Hyejung;Son, Hae Kyoung;Kim, Ji Su;Han, Man Yong;Noh, Geunwoong
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The disease specific self-efficacy of mothers caring children with atopic dermatitis is a crucial factor for adherence to recommended treatments. This study investigated factors associated with disease specific self-efficacy of mothers of atopic dermatitis children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was used. One hundred twenty five mothers recruited from the out-patient clinic of three hospitals completed self-administrative questionnaires, including the disease specific self-efficacy, general parenting efficacy, and severity of atopic dermatitis. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis were performed. Results: The degree of disease specific self-efficacy of mothers was significantly different according to the disease severity, and parenting efficacy. 26.0% of the variance of disease specific self-efficacy was explained by the severity of disease and parenting efficacy. Conclusions: Future studies need to focus on the development of educational programs that will help to improve mothers' disease specific self-efficacy as well as parenting efficacy.

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The Effects of Fatigue and Distress on Self-efficacy among Breast Cancer Survivors (유방암 생존자의 피로와 디스트레스가 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Mi Hye;Lim, Kyung Hee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.378-387
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the impact of fatigue and distress on self-efficacy among breast cancer survivors and to provide a base for development of nursing intervention strategy to improve self-efficacy. Methods: A descriptive research design was used. The subjects were 158 patients who were either being treated or were receiving follow-up care at a university breast center in D City from May 30 to August 30, 2014. Structured questionnaires, Revised Piper Fatigue Scale, Distress Thermometer, and Self-Efficacy Scale for Self-Management of Breast Cancer were used to measure fatigue, distress, and self-efficacy. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regressions. Results: The mean scores of fatigue, distress, and self-efficacy were 3.83, 4.31, and 3.77, respectively. There were significant differences among participants in terms of educational background, current treatment methods, perceived health status, economic burden for fatigue and perceived health status for distress. Self-efficacy was impacted by age, educational background, marital status, average monthly income, perceived health status, and medical expenses. Fatigue, age, and the burden on medical expense had the most impact on self-efficacy, accounting for 17% of the variance. Conclusion: Fatigue should be managed to improve self-efficacy of breast cancer survivors. Therefore, nursing programs designed to decrease fatigue may be helpful.

The Influences of Stress and Academic Self-Efficacy on the Subjective Well-Being of Elementary School Children (스트레스와 학업적 자기효능감이 초등학생의 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Young-Ah
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.107-120
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the influences of stress and academic self-efficacy on subjective well-being. The subjects were 191 4th-graders and 250 6th-graders. Data were analyzed by means of two-way ANOVA, Pearson's coefficients, and stepwise regression. Results indicated that : (1) There were age or gender differences for stress, academic self-efficacy, and subjective well-being. (2) Stress was negatively correlated with academic self-efficacy and subjective well-being, whereas academic self-efficacy was positively correlated with subjective well-being. (3) Stress and academic self-efficacy explained 43% of subjective well-being. Specifically, stress from parents was the most influential variable for positive affects, and self-regulatory efficacy was the most influential variable for positive efficacy and inter-relatedness.