• Title/Summary/Keyword: Self-concept

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The Effect of Perceptual and Evaluative Self-Concept on the Clothing Behavior - Based on College Students' Shopping Motivation, Clothing Interest and Clothing Satisfaction- (인지적.평가적 자아개념이 의복행동에 미치는 영향 -남녀대학생의 쇼핑동기, 의복관심, 의복만족도를 중심으로-)

  • 임경복
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.740-749
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of perceptual self-concept and evaluative self-concept (self-esteem) on the clothing behavior of college students. The subjects of this study were college students who were attended in Semyung University. For statistical analysis, factor analysis, 1-test, Pearson's correlation and two-way ANOVA were used. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Male students showed higher evaluative self.concept than female students. 2. Shopping motivation was varied according to self-concept especially in male students. And in fashion pursuit factor, sex and self-concept had the main effect and concurrently there was interaction. 3. Clothing interest was varied according to self-concept. About fashion interest, sex had the main effect and sex and self-concept showed the interaction. 4. Clothing satisfaction was changed according to self-concept. Self-concept showed the main effect in fashionable factor and practical factor, and sex and self-concept had interaction in fashionable factor.

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Content Analysis of Leading Characters in Picture Books Relating to Self-Concept in Children (유아의 자아개념과 관련된 유아용 그림책에 나타난 주인공에 관한 내용분석)

  • Park, Ni-Si;Kim, Young-Joo
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.25 no.2 s.86
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this analysis is to investigate the effect of leading characters in picture books on self concept in children. For this study, we selected a total of 55 picture books, all of which were best sellers in four internet book stores. The method used for the study was based on content analysis. The results of this analysis were as follows: First, the gender of leading characters was male more often than female, and the majority of picture books were creative story books and translation books. Second, subordinate parts related to the self-concept were most frequently found in the social self-concept. Social self-concept was positively expressed through the relationship between friend and family characters in story books. Cognitive self-concept was the least. Third, when the frequency of positive and negative expressions in picture books was analyzed, the social self-concept was found to be positively expressed in the subordinate parts of relationships between friends and family. The social self-concept was negatively expressed, however, in the subordinate parts of relationship between non-significant others, and the emotional self-concept was also negatively expressed in the subordinate parts of the emotional recognition and expression. In summary. instances of cognitive self-concept and positive expression were found to be more significant than negative ones.

Children's Self-Concept Typology and its Effect on Internet Item Purchase Behavior and Self-Evaluation (초등학생의 자아개념 유형별 인터넷 아이템 구매행동 및 자기평가)

  • Seo, In-Joo;Park, Sang-Mi;Lee, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of the study was to examine the internet purchase behavior of items and self-assessment according to self-concept of elementary school students. The data were collected from 716 elementary school students by a self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies and means, Cronbach's Alpha, factor analysis, t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis, cross-tabulation analysis, cluster Analysis were conducted by SPSSWIN 12.0. The results from this study were as follows; First, from self-concept measurements, 4 factors(affective, social, schooling, Family self-concept) were extracted through factor analysis. Second, the subjects were classified into 3 clusters as self-concept types(high self-concept, middle self-concept, low self-concept) through cluster analysis. Third, the significant variables affecting internet purchase behaviors of items included grade, allowance, rank in class, the number of hours on the internet. As the self-concept gets higher, the frequence of the impulsive purchase and imitation purchases gets lower. In the contrary, as the self-concept gets higher, the self-assessment on the impulse purchases and imitation purchases also gets higher. In combination, these results suggest that irrational purchase behaviors were protected by positive self-concept, therefore it is important that children have positive a self-concept.

The Study of the Effects of Natural Aroma Essential Oil on Self-concept in Middle School Students (천연아로마가 중학생의 자아개념에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Young-Sun;Cha, Yeong-Suk;Lee, Kum-Bee;Choi, Yong Sun;Lee, Han-chun
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.730-736
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    • 2016
  • Purpose. The aim of this study was to provide Aromatherapist with analysis of the effect of natural aroma essential oil on middle school students' self-concept. Methods. In total, 20 students were recruited to answer a self-administered questionnaire in pre and post. The questionnaire was composed of questions about general self-concept, class self-concept, achievement self-concept, ability self-concept, social self-concept, family self-concept, emotional self-concept, physical self-concept. The natural aroma essential oil program was operational in a 90-minute once a week for ten weeks. Results. As a result, the score of emotional self-concept(t=-2.60, p<.05) is higher than pre the experiment post experiment. Conclusions. This study is to get a basic data of natural aroma should be applied to improve self-concept of middle school students.

A Study on the Dental Technicians' Professional Self-Concept - Centering on the Dental Technicians in Seoul Area - (치과기공사의 전문직 자아개념 연구 - 서울지역 근무자에 한하여 -)

  • Lee, Hye-Eun
    • Journal of Technologic Dentistry
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.35-47
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to make dental technicians recognize the importance of their professional self-concept, and to provide basic data to devise the educational programs and policies of establishing their positive professional self-concept. In addition, the investigator tried to present some improvement measures for dental technicians' actual services by examining their job satisfaction. Study findings are as follows: First, the score of study subjects' self-concept is 3.41($\pm$.58) (perfect score=5), middle or high in rank. As for the mean score of professional self-concept by realms, the self-concept of communication is 3.59($\pm$.67), the highest; the self-concept of leadership in the realm of professional service is 3.54($\pm$.75); the self-concept of skills is 3.50($\pm$.75); the self-concept of adaptability is 3.47($\pm$.69); and the recognizant level of satisfactory self-concept is 2.95($\pm$.81), below the normal. Second, as for the difference of professional self-concept according to general characteristics, such variables as age, marital states, and the length of one's service have a significant influence upon the recognition of self-concept. First, the self-concept of those whose age is between 31 and 35 is the highest (3.64$\pm$.49), and it is followed by that of those whose age is 36 and above (3.57$\pm$.77) and then that of those whose age is between 26 and 30 (3.31$\pm$.56)). And that of those whose age is below 25 is the lowest. The obove results show us that the professional self-concept of older study subjects is higher than that of younger ones in general(p<.01). As for marital states, that of married persons(3.54$\pm$.64) is higher than that of unmarried ones(3.35$\pm$.55)(p<.05). As for the length of one's service, that of longtime employees is higher than that of short-period workers(p<.01). In relation to positions, a manager's professional self-concept is the highest(3.89$\pm$.55) and that of an assistant technician is the lowest(3.17$\pm$.58). Study findings show that the professional self-concept of higher ranking technicians is higher than that of lower ones in general (p<.001). Based on the study findings, the investigator suggests followings: First, studies on the professional self-concept that is appropriate to the characteristics of dental technicians must be carried out with a new point of view. Second, a tool must be researched and developed in order for the professional self-concept of dental technicians to be measured. Third, if a new professional self-concept is established and a measuring tool is developed, a study on the relationship between dental technicians' professional self-concept and practice performance can be carried out again.

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Interaction effects of Parent-child Relationship and School Adjustment on adolescent self-concept (청소년의 자아개념에 대한 부모-자녀관계와 학교생활 적응간의 상호작용 효과)

  • Shin, Na-Na;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.18 no.3 s.47
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    • pp.99-114
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    • 2000
  • This study investigated the relations among parent-child relationship, school adjustment and self-concept in adolescence. In addition, interaction effects of parent-child relationship and school adjustment on adolescent self-concept were examined. The major results of this study were as follows: 1. Parent-child relationship and school adjustment were positively associated with self-esteem. The better parent-child relationships they perceive, the higher self-concept they have. The better school adjustment they experience, the higher self-concept they have. 2. There were interaction effects of parent-child relationships and school adjustment on self-concept. Adolescents whose parent-child relationships were poor had higher self-concept when they adjusted to school well. There were little differences in self-concept as a function of the school adjustment when their parent-child relationships were good. These findings indicate that experience in the family and school domains interact in their associations with adolescent self-concept.

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Effects of Self Concept on Clinical Competency in Hospital Nurses (병원 간호사의 자아개념이 실무능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Su Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.274-282
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was designed to identify the self concept and clinical competency of nurses in hospitals and to examine the relationship between two concepts. Methods: A questionnaire was used for data collection which was done from July 1 to July 30 in 2005. The respondents were 267 staff nurses in a university hospital and general hospitals in two cities. The instruments were Son's(2002) self concept scale and Lee's(2002) clinical competency scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression using SPSS-WIN. Results: The results of this study were summarized as follows: First, the total mean score of self concept was 2.56, and clinical competency was 2.59 on a 4 point scale. Second, the self concept and clinical competency were significantly correlated. Third, the results of multiple regression showed that self concept explained 45.2% of clinical competency. Conclusion: Self concept has a strong influence on clinical competency. Therefore, individualized nursing management strategies and education programs must be developed in order to increase a nurses self concept.

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Consumption values and components of self-image and self-evaluation (자기이미지와 자기평가의 구성요인과 소비가치)

  • Oh, Hyun-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.11
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    • pp.67-78
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    • 2006
  • Self-concept is a multi-dimensional characteristic including self-image and self-evaluation. Self-image is the descriptive side of self-concept and is composed of the real self-image and the ideal self-image. Self-evaluation is the appraisable side self-concept and is composed of the internal self-concept, external self-concept and total score of self-concept. The purposes of this study were to determine the correlation of self-image and self-evaluation and to identify the effects of self-image and self-evaluation on consumption value. The data were collected from 237 college women residing in Gwangju using a questionnaire to investigate real/ideal self-image, self-evaluation and consumption value. The results were analyzed with factor analysis, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis using statistical program SPSS 10.0. The results of this research were as follows. 1. The real self-image and ideal self-image had a significant correlation with internal self-concept, external self-concept and total score of self-concept. It was ensured that self-image and self-evaluation are one side of the multidimensional self-concept. 2. The real/ideal self-image and internal/external self-evaluation had a significant influence on consumption value. The real self-image and external self-evaluation were the most important variables explaining the consumption value.

The research regarding the self concept of part dental hygienes students (일부 치위생과 학생의 자아개념에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.219-228
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    • 2006
  • The research which it sees against the self concept of part dental hygienes students from the hazard which it examines dental hygienes which is located on Kyoung-Buk and students 318 people in the object un-signature it enforced a research with the entry method which it got a same result. 1. From general characteristics of part hygiene students "the employment went well from the motive which selects hygiene" and it appeared most highly. The employment will go well and the social advance will do and ease when seeing specially with characteristics of college, it has an corresponding with the fact that is a possibility of employment.. 2. The average score against the self concept of part hygiene students "me it is an existence which is isolated from this world and nothing to do with the others". It appeared most highly with 3.52. The negation self concept appeared more highly affirmative self concept than. 3. To self concept and grade, religion, health condition, hygiene selection motive, subject record and native high school of part hygiene students the difference which considers statistically did not appear(p>0.05). However it tries to observe the self concept which it follows subject satisfactory degree, it is very unsatisfactorily(3.37) with it is unsatisfactorily(3.16) gaps it was not visible the difference which considers statistically, it is very satisfied(3.37) with the difference which considers statistically it was visible(p<0.05). Students the affirmative reaction is correct phenomenon in order to establish a specialty intuition. 4. When self concept and record and the subject satisfaction sees a interrelation for, Between self concept subject satisfaction is appeare big affirmative interrelation(r=0.331) and the subject record and subject satisfaction just interrelation appeared as well(r=0.282) all they considered statistically and appeared.(p=0.000) but to self concept and subject record for the interrelation did not appear. Negation self concept of part hygiene students appears more strongly than affirmative one, And studying for self concept of the students, it leads through the program which is the possibility to pull affirmatively is demanded.

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CHANGES OF SELF-CONCEPT BY ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY IN THE PATIENTS OF SKELETAL CLASS III MALOCCLUSION (골격성 III급 부정교합자의 악교정 수술에 의한 자기개념의 변화)

  • Seol, You-Seok;Son, Woo-Sung;Park, Soo-Byung;Kim, Seong-Sik;Kim, Jong-Ryul
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.370-379
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    • 2008
  • Objective: This study was carried out to evaluated the psychologic changes of skeletal Class III malocclusion individuals by orthognathic surgery. Methods: One hundred and thirty seven adults skeletal Class III malocclusion individuals were selected for this study. Fifty two for pre-surgery group, forty two for 2-months after orthognathic surgery group and forty three for 6-months after orthognathic surgery group. Each group was investigated by questionnaires related to self-concept standard developed by Dr. Lee. The questionnaires included physical self-concept, ethic self-concept, characteristic self-concept, domestic self-concept, the social self-concept and capable self-concept. Each group was compared by one-way ANOVA. Results: Only the physical self-concept showed significant changes after orthognathic surgery, however it did not showed differences between after 2-months and after 6-months. But other self-concept did not show significant changes by orthognathic surgery. Conclusion: At first, it is expected that many variables related to self-concept were influenced by orthognathic surgery. But only physical self-concept showed significant change by orthognathic surgery.