• Title/Summary/Keyword: Self-care

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Factors Affecting the Self Care Behavior of Korean High School Students (고등학생의 자가간호행위 영향요인)

  • Yoon, Young-Mi;Ha, Na-Sun;Choi, Jung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.196-202
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors affecting Self Care Behavior in Korean high school students. Method: Data were collected from November 9 to December 28, 2003. The participants in this study were 293 students(134 boys, 159 girls), recruited from two High School located in Seoul. Data collection was conducted through the use of Questionnaire that was modified by the investigator. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. The SPSS win 10.0 program was used. Results: The mean of total item score the Self Care Behaviors scales was 3.37, which was slightly low. There was a significant correlation between Self Care Behavior, Hope, Social Support, and Self Care Agency(γ= .30 ~ .65, p<.001). Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that Self Care Agency was a predictor of Self Care Behavior and accounted for 28% of the variance. Self Care Agency account for 31% of the variance in Self Care Behavior in the high school girls. Self Care Agency and Hope accounted for 27% of the variance in Self Care Behavior in High school boys. Conclusion: Self Care Agency accounted for variance in Self Care Behavior in these high school students. Therefore it is necessary to develop nursing interventions to increase Self Care Agency in high school students in order to increase the Self Care Behavior.

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Self-Care in Elders with Dementia: A Concept Analysis

  • Yeom Hye-A
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.8
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    • pp.1402-1408
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the concept of self-care in elders with dementia through a review of nursing literature and to provide more understanding of the definition and perspectives of the concept of self-care notion in elders with dementia. Methods: The technique developed by Walker and Avant was used as a guide in analyzing the concept of self-care. Results: Attributes of self-care in dementia may include a single or group of actions needed for sustaining life, a personal effort to maintain functional independence while minimizing other's assistance, an outcome behavior from the person's interaction with inter-personal and/or contextual environment, and a functional ability that may decline in parallel to cognitive impairment. Antecedents of self-care in dementia may include at least presence of a certain degree of cognitive appraisal for the self-care needs, self-willingness for the self-care action, spatial and visual orientation, cultural pre-conception of the self-care behavior, presence of environmental context/equipment available for self-care, and sufficient time available. The consequences may include sustaining of life, feel of satisfaction, achieving independence, extended life expectancy, increased self-confidence, decreased caregiver distress and/or burden, savings in health care costs. Discussion: Defining attributes and antecedents and consequences of self-care in dementia identified in this study provided empirical ground of a middle-range theory of self-care for a clinical population with dementia and generated possible hypotheses to be tested in future studies.

Validation of Nursing-Sensitive Patient Outcomes: Focused on Self Care Outcomes (자가간호결과에 대한 타당성 검증 -간호결과분류(NOC)에 기초하여-)

  • Yom Young-Hee;Lee Kyu-Eun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.429-440
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to validate self care outcomes included Nursing Outcomes Classification(NOC) developed by Johnson and Maas at the University of Iowa. A sample of 103 nurse experts working in university affiliated hospitals participated in this study. They were asked to rate indicators that examplified the outcomes on a scale of 1(indicator is not at all characteristic) to 5(indicator is very characteristic). A questionnaire with an adaptation of Fehring's methodology was used to establish the content validity of outcomes. The results were as follows : 1. All indicators were considered to be 'supporting' and no indicators were considered to be 'nonsupporting'. 2. 'Self care: Toileting' attained an OCV score of 0.884 and was the highest OCV score among self care outcomes. 3. 'Self care: Oral Hygiene' attained an OCV score of 0.756 and was the lowest OCV score among self care outcomes. 4. 'Self-care: Activities of Daily Living (ADL)' attained an OCV score of 0.845 and the highest indicator was 'eating'. 5. 'Self-care: Bathing' attained an OCV score of 0.810 and the highest indicator was 'washes body'. 6. 'Self-care: Dressing' attained an OCV score of 0.831 and the highest indicator was 'buttons clothing'. 7. 'Self-care: Eating' attained an OCV score of 0.815 and the highest indicator was 'chews food'. 8. 'Self-care: Grooming' attained an OCV score of 0.833 and the highest indicator was 'combs or brushes hair'. 9. 'Self-care: Hygiene' attained an OCV score of 0.823 and the highest indicator was 'washes hands'. 10. 'Self-care: Insrumental Activities of Daily Living(IADL)' attained an OCV score of 0.776 and the highest indicator was 'uses telephones'. 11. 'Self-care: Non-Parenteral Medication' attained an OCV score of 0.796 and the highest indicator was 'identifies medication'. 12. 'Self-care: Parenteral Medication attained an OCV score of 0.810 and the highest indicator were 'identifies medication' and 'administers medication correctly'. More outcomes need to be validated and outcomes sensitive to Korean culture need to be developed.

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Effect of Structured Information Provided on Self Care Knowledge, Self Care Performance, and Functional Status of Liver Cirrhosis Patients (구조화된 정보제공이 간경변증 환자의 자가간호 지식과 자가간호 수행, 기능상태에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Kyong-Sun;Min, Hye-Sook;Song, Young-Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of structured information provided on self care knowledge, self care performance, and functional status. Method: The data were collected using self care knowledge and performance assessment tool, and functional status assessment tool from both group hospitalized patients at D hospital in Busan. Results: There was a significant improvement(p=.032) in self care knowledge in experimental group compared to the control group. But there were not improvement in self care performance and functional status in experimental group compared to the control group. But comparing to pretest and posttest in experimental group, There were significant improvement in self care performance (p=.003) and functional status(p=.013). Conclusion: Structured information provided showed increased in the degree of knowledge, self care performance, and functional status. But the effect size of program which had been developed in this study was estimated small, so there is needed to modify this program and to research repeatedly.

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Self-care, Family Support and Depression in Elderly Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (노인 당뇨병 환자의 자가간호, 가족지지, 우울)

  • Park, Kee-Sun;Moon, Jung-Soon;Park, Sun-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the degree of self-care, family support and depression, and relationship among these variables for elder with diabetes mellitus. Method: Participants were 202 diabetic patients, 65 years or over, living in Seoul, Korea. Data were collected using the self-care tool for diabetic patients by Kim (1996), the family support tool for diabetic patients by Park (1984), and Korea's BDI scale by Lee (1995). Results: Of the patients, 43.1% showed HbAlc levels than higher 7%. The highest mean score was for self-care for medication compliance, and the lowest for blood glucose testing compliance. Factors affecting self-care were employment, education, HbAlc level, diabetic self-care education and complications. Factors affecting family support were living with family, diabetic self-care education, hospitalization and complications. Factors affecting depression were gender, living with family and complications. All of these factors were significant. Patients experiencing depression were 16.8% of patients. There was a significant positive correlation between self-care and family support, and significant negative correlations between self-care and depression, and family support and depression. Conclusion: For more effective management of diabetes mellitus in elders, improvement in self-care compliance, and family support are needed.

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Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients Registered at Public Health Center (일개 시 보건소에 등록한 제2형 당뇨병 대상자의 삶의 질 영향요인)

  • Ryu, Soon-Hang;Park, Yeon-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.679-688
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among self-care, self-care agency, self-efficacy, and quality of life in type II diabetic patients registered at a public health center. Method: The study subjects were 128 type II diabetic patients who were living in G city. The data were collected from March 2001 to February 2002. The instruments used for this study were the self-care scale developed by Jeung(1997) and designed by Park (1984) based on the original scale, the self-care agency scale developed by So (1992), the self-efficacy scale developed by a Jeung (1997) and designed by Paek (1996) based on the original scale, and the quality of life scale developed by Ro (1988). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: 1. The relationships among self-care, self-care agency, self-efficacy, and quality of life were significant. Self-care was significantly related to self-care agency (r=.609. p<.01), self-efficacy (r=.763. p<.01), and quality of life (r=.493. p<.01). 2. The stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to identify factors influencing quality of life of the subjects. The most powerful predictor was self-care agency (48.4%). The combination of self-care, complication status, age, education level, and self-efficacy accounted for 88.7% of the variance of quality of life in type II diabetic patients. Conclusion: The results suggest that self-care, self-care agency, self-efficacy, and quality of life are important variables for development of nursing intervention programs for patients with diabetes.

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A Study on the Relationship between Hope and Self-Care Agency in Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 희망과 자가간호역량과의 관계)

  • Han, Kyung-Hye;Kim, Myung-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.137-145
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    • 2001
  • This study examined and identified the relationship between the level of hope and self-care agency in hemodialysis patients. The purpose of the study was to reveal that hope is an essential factor to enhance self-care agency and to prepare the basic materials to help nurse the patients. The subjects for this study consisted of 108 persons who undergoing hemodialysis from 2 hospital, 2 hemodialysis center in Pusan, Korea. The degree of hope was measured by the questionnaire that has been developed by Miller. The self-care agency was measured by the questionnaire that has been developed by Kearney B.Y & Fleisher B.J. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and t-test. one-way ANOVA and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient with SPSS WIN program. Results were obtained as follows: 1) The mean scores of hope were $131.77{\pm}25.77$(range 67-195). The rate of hope classified said that the lowest hope was 2.8% and low hope was 27.8%. 2) The mean scores of self-care agency were $143.78{\pm}23.63$(range 74-187). The degree of self-care agency classified said that the rate of self-care agency deficiency was 0.9% and low self-care agency was 12.0%. 3) The hope was significantly related to self-care agency. That is, the higher the hope score was, the higher the level of self-care agency score(r=0.668,p=0.001) was. In this result, there were hemodialysis patients who have very low hope score and self-care agency score. In this cases self-care agency can be increased by encouraging the patients to be more hopeful. Conclusively nurses should access the degree of hope and self-care agency of hemodialysis patients individually and apply the hope therapy in order that the patient have higher hope than before.

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Factors Influencing Self Care Performance in Patients with Parkinson's Disease (파킨슨병 환자의 자가간호수행에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Yu-Ri;Min, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.140-150
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study aims to find the factors that affect the degree of self-care performance in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Method: This study used a descriptive correlational design. The data were collected using a sample of 80 PD patients, from the university affiliated Parkinson Center in Busan. Pearson's correlations and multiple regression analyses were conducted using the SPSS 18.0. Results: The mean score of the self-care performance was 3.61 (${\pm}0.40$). The highest score observed of self-care performance subscale was medication subscale ($4.55{\pm}0.50$) and the lowest score was observed in the exercise subscale ($3.03{\pm}0.64$). The self-care performance had significant correlations with depression (r=-.32, p<.01), self-care knowledge (r=.28, p<.05), function of motion (r=.25, p<.05), ability of daily activity (r=.22, p<.05), self-efficacy (r=.24, p<.05), and support from medical staff (r=.24, p<.05). The significant predictors of self-care performance included depression (${\beta}=-.28$), status of employment (${\beta}=-.27$), self-care knowledge (${\beta}=-.21$), support from medical staff (${\beta}=-.28$), and educational level (${\beta}=-.28$), accounting for 34% of the variance in the self-care performance. Conclusion: Depression, self-care knowledge, medical support are significant predictors which affect the self-care performance with PD patients.

A Study about Self-care for Hypertensives in Rural area (일부 농촌지역 고혈압 환자의 자가간호 수행요인 연구)

  • Park, Young-Im
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.45-60
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    • 1997
  • Essential hypertension is a typical chronic disease requiring adequate and continuous management. Many studies supported that self-care was the essential factor to promote the wellbeing of hypertensives and self-efficacy increased healthy, behavior. The comprehensive self-regulation program was conducted as a nursing intervention on the promotion self-care performance for hypertensives in company. And this self-regulation program was recommended to apply for hypertensives in rural area. The purpose of this study is to identify the general characteristics affecting self-care and interrelationship among the factors including self-care, self-efficacy, HLOC, perceived benefits, barriers and family support. 40 subjects were interviewed from Dec. 1996 to Jan. 1997 and the data was analyzed by the SPSS PC+ program with t-test and multiple correlation to determine the variables affecting the self-care behavior. The results were as follows: 1) Level of self-care was significant difference according to sex(t= -2.27, p=.0l9). religion (t=1.57, p=.055) and smoking habit (t=4.42, P=.000). Perceived self-efficacy was more significantly high among the non-smoking group (t=3.25, P=.000) and female group (t=-2.534, p=.0l3). 2) There were significant positive correlation among the variables: self-care and self-efficacy (r=.5460, p=.000), external-LOC and self-care(r=.2548, p=.056), external-LOC and self-efficacy(r =. 2901, p=.035), self-efficacy and perceived benefits (r=3307, p=.019). And there were significant negative correlation between self-care and barriers (r=-.5438, p=. 000), self-efficacy and barriers (r= - .4153, p=.004). From the above results, it can be concluded that the self-care is more required in male hypertensives and self-efficacy is one of the important factors to increase healthy behavior in cluding self-care. Thus self-regulation program can be recommended in the management of the hypertensives in community settings.

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The Relationships among Postpartum Fatigue, Depressive Mood, Self-care Agency, and Self-care Action of First-time Mothers in Bangladesh

  • Fahima, Khatun;Lee, Tae Wha;Ela, Rani;Gulshanara, Biswash;Pronita, Raha;Kim, Sue
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Postpartum fatigue can impact maternal well-being and has been associated with levels of perceived self-care. This study aimed to examine the relationship among fatigue, depressive mood, self-care agency, and self-care action among postpartum women in Bangladesh. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional survey was done with 124 first-time mothers from two tertiary hospitals in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The Modified Fatigue Symptoms checklist, Denyes' Self Care Instrument, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and items on sociodemographic and delivery-related characteristics, were used in Bengali via translation and back-translation process. Results: High fatigue levels were found in 18.5% (n=23) and 73.4% had possible depression (n=91). There was a significant negative relationship between fatigue and self-care agency (r=-.31, p<.001), and self-care action (r=-.21, p<.05). Fatigue differed by level of self-care agency (t=4.06, p<.001), self-care action (t=2.36, p=.023), newborn's APGAR score (t=-2.93, p=.004), parental preparation class participation (F=15.53, p<.001), and postpartum depressive mood (t=-4.64, p<.001). Conclusion: Findings suggest that high level of self-care efficacy and behaviors can contribute to fatigue management, and highlight the need for practical interventions to better prepare mothers for postpartum self-care, which may, in turn, alleviate postpartum fatigue.