• Title, Summary, Keyword: Selenium

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Assessment of Selenium Status in Adult Females According to Life Cycle (성인 여성의 생애주기별 셀레늄 영양상태에 대한 평가)

  • 이옥희;문종화;정용삼
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.491-499
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    • 2003
  • Selenium is a strong antioxidant trace mineral, scavenging free radicals. The prevalence of chronic degenerative diseases is increasing in Korean adults with increasing age. The increased cell damage from free radicals has been implicated in the etiology of these diseases, and evidence is accumulating that the low selenium status that comes with advanced aged is involved in the prevalence of age-associated diseases. However, little is known about the selenium status of Koreans, its age-related change and its relationship to dietary nutrient intake. In this study, the serum selenium levels of healthy adult females according to life cycle and its association with blood albumin levels and nutrient intake were examined. Serum selenium level was measured with the Huwo research reactor using the neutron activation analysis method (NAA). The overall proportion of women with selenium deficiency, serum selenium concentrations below 7.0 $\mu\textrm{g}$/dl, was 9.4%. The average serum selenium levels were 12.39 $\mu\textrm{g}$/dl, 9.45 $\mu\textrm{g}$/dl and 9.16 $\mu\textrm{g}$/dl in the young adult, middle-aged and elderly groups, respectively, showing a reduction of selenium status with advancing age. Selenium deficiency was seen only in the elderly group. Generally, serum selenium levels positively or negatively correlated with nutrient intake, but these association patterns differed depending on the age. The nutrients that showed positive correlations with selenium levels were proteins and phosphate in the young adult group (p < 0.05, p < 0.05), and total calcium, potassium and vegetable-origin calcium in the middle-aged group. Vitamin C and fiber were the negative correlated nutrients with serum selenium levels in the elderly group (p < 0.05, p < 0.05). Multiple stepwise regression analysis of the determining factors responsible for selenium status showed that age and serum albumin levels were important factors which explained up to 26.9% variances in serum selenium levels. The average selenium concentrations of Korean adult female subjects were above the deficiency levels in all three age groups. There was a tendency toward decreasing selenium levels as the age of the subjects increased. The factors with the strongest in-fluence on selenium status in healthy adult Korean females were age and serum protein status. (Korean J Nutrition 36(5): 491~499, 2003)

Bioavailability of Organic Selenium in Selenium-Deficient Rats (셀레늄 결핍식이를 먹인 쥐를 대상으로 유기셀레늄의 생체이용률에 대한 연구)

  • Jung, Eun Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.9
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    • pp.1249-1255
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    • 2015
  • We examined the effects of selenium-binding peptide from sericin hydrolysates on the bioavailability of selenium-deficient rats. Three-week-old male rats were fed a selenium-deficient diet for 4 weeks while the normal control group was fed a normal diet. The selenium-deficient rats were divided into three groups: no treatment, organic selenium (OS), and inorganic selenium (IS). After selenium supplementation for 4 weeks, the level of serum glutathione reduced form in rats treated with organic selenium was significantly higher than that of inorganic selenium. Selenium retention rate also increased significantly in the organic selenium group compared to the inorganic selenium group [selenium deficient diet (DD)+OS 50.25% vs. DD+IS 17.04%, P<0.05]. In conclusion, binding of selenium to peptides from sericin hydrolysates seems to improve its bioavailability, and can hasten a cure for selenium deficiency in experimental rats.

Effects of Dietary Selenium Sources on Performance and Selenium Retention in Broiler Chickens and Laying Hens (Selenium의 첨가가 육계 및 산란계의 생산성 및 축적에 미치는 효과)

  • Na, J.C.;Kim, S.H.;Jang, B.G.;Kim, J.H.;Yu, D.J.;Lee, D.S.;Lee, S.J.;Lee, J.C.;Lee, W.J.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2006
  • Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of dietary selenium sources on performance and selenium retention in broiler chickens and laying hens. In experiment 1, the effects of dietary selenium sources and levels on the weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion, and selenium retention of meat in broiler chickens were investigated. for each growth phase, the basal diet was supplemented with 0 (control), 0.12 and 0.24 ppm Se from sodium selenite (SS) and 0.12, 0.24 and 0.60 ppm Se from selenium yeast(SY). Weight gain was significantly increased(P<0.05) in supplemental 0.24 and 0.60 ppm SY compared to the 0.24 ppm SS by diet during day 1 to 35, but feed intake and feed conversion were not affected by the source or the level of Se. Selenium concentrations of breast and leg muscle were significantly increased(P<0.05) in supplemental SS and SY compared to the control, and linearly increased(P<0.05) as dietary. Se level increased by SY, but there was no difference in supplemental 0.12 ppm SS compared to 0.24 ppm SS. In experiment 2, 12-week-experiment using Hy-Line laying hens(31 wk of age) was conducted to compare the effects of selenium sources and levels on egg production, egg weight, daily egg mass, feed intake, feed conversion, egg quality, and selenium retention of egg in laying hens. A corn-soybean meal basal diet was supplemented with 0 (control), 0.06 and 0.12 ppm Se from sodium selenite (SS) and 0.06, 0.12 and 0.30 ppm Se from selenium yeast(SY). Feed conversion was significantly improved(P<0.05) in supplemental 0.06 ppm SS compared to the control, but egg production, egg weight, daily egg mass, and feed intake were not affected by source and level of Se. Haugh unit was not affected by source or level of Se. Yolk color was significantly(P<0.05) higher in supplemental 0.3 ppm SY compared to the control and other supplement in week 12. Eggshell breaking strength was significantly(P<0.05) higher in supplemental 0.06 ppm SY(P<0.05). Thickness of eggshell was not affected by source or level of Se. Se concentrations of egg was significantly improved(P<0.05) in supplemental SS and SY compared to the control, and was significantly increased(P<0.05) as dietary Se level increased by SS and SY, especially SY more effective compared to the SS.

Production of Selenium Peptide by Autolysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

  • Lee Jung-Ok;Kim Young-Ok;Shin Dong-Hoon;Shin Jeong-Hyun;Kim Eun-Ki
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1041-1046
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    • 2006
  • Selenium-containing peptide (selenium peptide) was produced by autolysis of total proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown with inorganic selenium. Selenium peptide exhibited antioxidant activity as a glutathione peroxidase (GPx) mimic, and its activity was dependent on the hydrolysis methods. The GPx-like activity of the hydrolyzed selenium peptide increased 2.7-folds when digested by protease, but decreased by acid hydrolysis. During the autolysis of the yeast cell, the GPx-like activity and selenium content increased 4.3- and 2.3-folds, respectively, whereas the average molecular weight (MW) of selenium peptide decreased 70%. The GPx-like activity was dependent on the MW of selenium peptide and was the highest (220 U/mg protein) at 9,500 dalton. The maximum GPx-like activity (28,600 U/g cell) was obtained by 48 h of autolysis of the cells, which were precultured with 20 ppm of selenate. Selenium peptide showed little toxicity, compared with highly toxic inorganic selenium. These results show the potential of selenium peptide as a nontoxic antioxidant that can be produced by simple autolysis of yeast cells.

Preventive Effect of Selenium Supplementation on Iron Accumulation of Rats Fed Diets Containing High Levels of iron (철분의 과잉섭취시 셀레늄 섭취수준이 철분과잉 축적에 대한 예방효과에 관한 연구)

  • 전예숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.318-325
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of selenium supplementation of iron accumulation of rats fed diets containing high levels or iron. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley weaning rats were fed with diets containing various levels of iron(adequate : 35ppm, 2-fold : 70ppm, 4-fold : 140ppm) and selenium(adequat : 0.05ppm and high : 0.05ppm) for 12 weeks. Feed intakes of 2-fold and 4-fold iron groups were higher than that of adequate iron group. There was no difference body weight gain across iron and selenium containing diet groups. Hemoglobin level was increasd with iron increment and decreased with selenium supplementation. Iron contents in serum and tissues were increased as iron intake was increased. Liver iron content was decreased with selenium supplementation. Selenium content in liver was decreased with iron increment and increased with selenium supplementation. In the case of iron balance, iron excretion through urine and feces was significantly increased as iron intake was increased. However, apparent absorbability and retention rate of iron were not significantly affected by dietary iron or selenium.

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Effect of Selenium on Oocyte Maturation and Viability in vitro in Mouse (체외 배양시 생쥐난자의 성숙과 생존에 미치는 Selenium의 영향)

  • Choi, Eun-Jin;Hong, Soon-Gab;Kim, Hae-Kwon;Yoon, Yong-Dal;Lee, Joon-Yeong
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.115-125
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    • 2006
  • The present experiment was performed to confirm the effects of selenium on maturation and viability of mouse oocyte. Maturation of oocytes was observed by microscope, Germinal vesicle breakdown(GVBD) and polar body formation(PB) were confirmed at 2.5, 13 hours after in vitro culture. Viability of oocytes was observed by microscope. Normal and abnormal oocytes were distinguished by morphological change in vitro culture for 72 hours. Glutathione(GSH) content of collected oocytes from individual stage also was measured by glutathione assay using spectrophotometer. The results obtained were as follows; The low concentration of selenium($0.005\;{\mu}g/mL{\sim}0.5\;{\mu}g/mL$) increased the maturation rate of germinal vesicle(GV) oocytes to GVBD and PB oocytes. The high concentration of selenium($5\;{\mu}g/mL$) decreased the maturation rate. The low concentration of selenium increased the viability rate of PB oocytes. The high concentration of selenium did not affect the viability rate. The low concentration of selenium increased the GSH content in PB oocytes. The high concentration of selenium decreased GSH content. GSH content in PB oocyte was much higher than that in GVBD oocyte. The results indicate that the low concentration of selenium increases the maturation rate by helping quality elevation of oocyte and minimizing damages of oxidative stress generated from metabolism process. The low concentration of selenium also increases the viability rate by increasing GSH content.

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Maternal selenium-supplementation at various stages of periconception period: influence on murine blastocyst morphology and implantation status

  • Mamon, Mark Anthony C.;Ramos, Gliceria B.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.7.1-7.13
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    • 2017
  • Background: Selenium is one of the trace minerals whose deficiency is known to lead to complications of female reproduction. The identified gaps in researches regarding selenium and pregnancy include optimizing the dosage of selenium supplementation, timing of supplementation, finding the best form and type of selenium, and selenium administration combined with other antioxidants. Hence, this study was conceptualized to address one of the identified gaps, that is, to find out the best timing of selenium administration around the time of pregnancy. Specifically, this study aimed to assess the effects of maternal Selenium-supplementation, administered at various stages of periconception period, on murine blastocyst morphology, percent occurrence of good quality blastocysts, and implantation status. Methods: ICR female mice were randomly assigned into the unsupplemented group (Group I) receiving basal diet without selenium, and treatment groups given with $3.0{\mu}g$ selenium-supplement per day during pregestation only (Group II), pregestation-throughout-gestation (Group III) and gestation only (Group IV). Both blastocyst morphology and implantation status were assessed. Results: The morphometric measurements of blastocysts appeared to be unaffected by selenium-supplementation at different stages of periconception. Selenium-supplementation at pregestation only (Group II) and gestation only (Group IV) produced higher percent occurrence of good quality blastocysts and lower percent pre-implantation loss than Group III. Among all the treatment groups, Group III (Selenium-supplementation during pregestation-to-gestation) yielded the lowest quality blastocysts and highest percent pre-implantation loss. Conclusion: Maternal selenium-supplementation during pregestation and gestation stages of the periconception period yielded a high percent occurrence of good quality blastocysts and pre-implantation success.

Effects of selenium on the survival and invasion of trophoblasts

  • Na, Jee Yoon;Seok, Jin;Park, Sohae;Kim, Jung Seok;Kim, Gi Jin
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.10-16
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Placental oxidative stress is known to be a factor that contributes to pregnancy failure. The aim of this study was to determine whether selenium could induce antioxidant gene expression and regulate invasive activity and mitochondrial activity in trophoblasts, which are a major cell type of the placenta. Methods: To understand the effects of selenium on trophoblast cells exposed to hypoxia, the viability and invasive activity of trophoblasts were analyzed. The expression of antioxidant enzymes was assessed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. In addition, the effects of selenium treatment on mitochondrial activity were evaluated in terms of adenosine triphosphate production, mitochondrial membrane potential, and reactive oxygen species levels. Results: Selenium showed positive effects on the viability and migration activity of trophoblast cells when exposed to hypoxia. Interestingly, the increased heme oxygenase 1 expression under hypoxic conditions was decreased by selenium treatment, whereas superoxide dismutase expression was increased in trophoblast cells by selenium treatment for 72 hours, regardless of hypoxia. Selenium-treated trophoblast cells showed increased mitochondrial membrane potential and decreased reactive oxygen species levels under hypoxic conditions for 72 hours. Conclusion: These results will be used as basic data for understanding the mechanism of how trophoblast cells respond to oxidative stress and how selenium promotes the upregulation of related genes and improves the survival rate and invasive ability of trophoblasts through regulating mitochondrial activity. These results suggest that selenium may be used in reproductive medicine for purposes including infertility treatment.

An anti-clastogenic Role of Selenium in Arsenic- and Chromium-induced Oxidative Stress Causing Chromosomal Damages (비소와 크롬에 의한 산화적 스트레스와 염색체 상해에 대한 셀레늄의 방어 효과)

  • 기혜성;손은희;박영철;맹승희;정해원
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 1997
  • This experiment was carried out to examine the roles of selenium in arsenic- and chromium-induced oxidative stress, which results in chromosomal damage, such as sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and chromosomal aberration (CA). For this purpose, the frequency of CA and SCE related to the level of 0xidative stress were analyzed. Selenium decreased the frequency of CA induced by As. In order to evaluate the effect of selenium on clastogenic factors, media from As- and Cr-treated cells were ultrafiltered and added again to cells in the presence or absence of selenium. Selenium decreased the frequency of SCE by As and Cr. This observation indicates the possibility of presence of clastogenic factor. In addition, the clastogenic factor would be involed in oxidative stress since selenium decreased the level of oxidative stress. Thus, it is suggested that selenium may play a role as an anti-clastogenic effector by preventing the oxidative stress, thereby decreasing the frequency of Asand Cr-induced chromosomal damage.

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Effects of Iron and Selenium Intakes on Utilization of Manganese in Rats (철분과 셀레늄의 섭취수준이 흰쥐의 망간 이용에 미치는 영향)

  • Jun, Ye-Sook;Choi, Mi-Kyeong
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of iron and selenium intakes on utilization of manganese in rats fed adequate, 2-fold, 4-fold iron and adequate, high selenium for 6 weeks. There was no difference feed intake across iron and selenium containing diet groups. Body weight gain in 2-fold iron and high selenium group(MFeHSe) was significantly higher than those in other groups. Serum iron level was increased with iron increment, and liver iron content was decreased with selenium supplementation. Selenium and manganese contents in tissues were decreased with iron increment. In the case of manganese balance, manganese excretion through feces was significantly increased as iron intake was increased. However, retention and apparent absorption of manganese were not significantly affected by dietary iron. From these results, it could be suggested that the supplementations of iron and selenium affected the manganese utilization. Therefore, it must be considered interaction with various minerals in micro-nutrient supplementations.

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