• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sedum sarmentosum

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Sedum sarmentosum Enhances Hyaluronan Synthesis in Transformed Human Keratinocytes and Increases Water Content in Human Skin (돌나물추출물에 의한 사람 각질형성세포에서의 Hyaluronan Synthesis 촉진과 인체 피부의 보습력 증진)

  • Sim, Gwan-Sub;Kim, Jin-Hwa;Lee, Dong-Hwan;Na, Young;Lee, Geun-Soo;Pyo, Hyeong-Bae
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2007
  • In this study, we investigated the effects of Sedum sarmentosum extract on the expression of hyaluronan synthase (HAS) genes and hyaluronan (HA) production in HaCaT keratinocytes. We also assessed water content (electrical capacitance) and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) in human skin after topical treatment with Sedum sarmentosum extract. Sedum sarmentosum extract increased expression of HAS-2 and HAS-3 genes in HaCaT cells, when assayed by real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR). Sedum sarmentosum extract induced HA production in HaCaT cells, when determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Finally, treatment of Sedum sarmentosum extract on human skin increased the skin hydration and decreased TEWL when measured using Corneometer and Tewameter. Our study suggests that Sedum sarmentosum extract should be a very useful cosmetic ingredient, as a skin moisturizer.

Antioxidant Activities of Fractions from Sedum sarmentosum

  • Kim, Choon-Young;Lee, Min-Young;Park, In-Shik
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.6-9
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant activity of each fraction from Sedum sarmentosum. Antioxidant activity of each fraction was measured using the DPPH radical assay, the ferric thiocyanate (FTC) method, and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method. The antioxidant activities were then compared with that of BHT(synthetic antioxidant). The ethyl acetate and butanol fractions were found to have significant DPPH radical scavenging activity, with scavenging potencies showing 90.61 % and 87.02%, respectively. Total phenolic compound contents, determined according to the Folin-Denis method, were found to be in the order of ethyl acetate>butanol>ethanol>chloroform>aqueous fraction. From the results, we have been able to establish a positive correlation between the antioxidant activity and the total phenolic compound content of the sample. The antioxidant activity in a linoleic acid system was measured using the ferric thiocyanate (FTC) method and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method. The ethyl acetate fraction had the highest antioxidant activity among the tested fractions. On the basis of these results, the ethyl acetate fraction provided equivalent or higher antioxidant activity as compared to BHT. These results suggest that Sedum sarmentosum is a potentially useful antioxidant for foods, cosmetics, and medicine.

The Effects of Sedum sarmentosum Bunge Extract using Super Critical Carbon Dioxide on Lipid Metabolism, Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidation in Carbon Tetrachloride Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats (초임계 이산화탄소를 이용한 돌나물 추출물이 사염화탄소로 유발된 흰쥐의 지질대사, 지질과산화 및 항산화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ok-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.204-213
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    • 2004
  • Extraction of Sedum sarmentosum Bunge by super critical carbon dioxide was operated under $40-50^{\circ}C$and 200-250 atm, thus, yield of extraction was very low as 4 wt%. Rats were administrated with the extract orally once a day for succesive 6 days, followed by treatment with carbon tetrachloride ($CCl_4$) on the sixth day. The activities of aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, ${\gamma}$-glutamyl transpeptidase, lactate dehydrogenase and contents of triglyceride, total cholesterol in the extract-pretreated rats were decreased compared to the $CCl_4$controled rats, whereas content of HDL-cholesterol was increased. Especially content of hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) and atherogenic index (AI) were decreased and HTR was increased in the extract-pretreated rats, and reduced peroxidative liver damage in the $CCl_4$-induced hepatotoxicity rats. In addition, activities of hepatic superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase in the extract-pretreated rats were significantly decreased compared to the $CCl_4$ controled rats, but the content of glutathione was significantly increased. These results suggest that extract of Sedum sarmentosum Bunge has hepatoprotective effect in the $CCl_4$-intoxicated rats.

Physicochemical Characteristics and Antioxidant Capacity of Rice Cake (Sulgitteok) Supplemented with Lyophilized Sedum sarmentosum (Dolnamul) Powder

  • Kim, Seung-Mi;Lee, Myung-Ho;Yang, Sun-A;Choi, Young-Sim;JeGal, Sung-A;Sung, Chang-Keun;Mo, Eun-Kyoung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to increase the availability of Sedum sarmentosum (Dolnamul) and to improve the nutraceutical value of rice cakes (sulgitteok). The contents of crude protein, mineral, dietary fiber, water holding capacity, and hardness significantly and directly increased with lyophilized sedum powder (SP). Pore ratio and expansion rate decreased in samples containing more than 10% SP compared to the control. In a sensory evaluation, a positive correlation was detected between overall acceptability and taste ($R^2$=0.99, p<0.01), and color ($R^2$=0.72, p<0.05). Total polyphenol contents of the SP-treated groups were significantly elevated, accompanied by an increase in radical scavenging ability estimated by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. Replacing 10% of the rice powder with SP efficiently improved the antioxidant and nutritional values of sulgitteok as well as its the sensory quality.

Production of Sedum Extract Adding Jelly and Assessment of Its Physicochemical Properties (돌나물 즙을 첨가한 젤라틴 젤리의 제조 및 품질특성)

  • Mo, Eun-Kyoung;Kim, Hyun-Ho;Kim, Seung-Mi;Jo, Hyun-Ho;Sung, Chang-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.619-624
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    • 2007
  • Sedum sarmentosum, also blown as stonecrop (dolnamul), is a widely consumed herb, and is used as an ingredient in salads in Korea. Unfortunately, sedum is perishable and vulnerable to tissue damage during preservation. Therefore, this feasibility study was performed in order to increase the availability of sedum and increase its value. Various concentrations of sedum extract (0.5-3%) were added to gelatin jelly, and their physicochemical properties were determined. The ascorbic acid content of the sedum jelly increased in proportion to the sedum extract concentration. Calcium content of the sedum jelly was 4 to 28 times higher than that of the control. Contrary to the control, iron was detected in the sedum jelly (0.023-1.031 mg/100 g dry weight). Furthermore, magnesium and potassium levels were higher in the sedum extract groups. There were significant differences (p < 0.05) in greenness (a value) and yellowness (b value) between the control and the sedum extract groups. However, significant differences between the 2% and 3% sedum extract groups were not detected. As sedum extract concentration increased, the pH level of soft jellies (solid state) decreased. Therefore, hardness and gumminess were decreased significantly. These results are in agreement with the sensory evaluation. According to sensory tests, the values for palatability, appearance, and color in the 2% sedum extract group were higher than those of the 0.5-1% and 3% sedum extract groups.

The Study on Native Plants and Planting Soil for Extensive Rooftop Greening (관리조방적 옥상녹화에 적합한 자생초화류와 식재토양에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Kyu-Yi;Lee, Eun-Heui
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2005
  • Green spaces in cities were insufficient and decreased as artificial structures increase. Accordingly, greening rooftop space contributed to urban ecosystems as green space. Especially, since 2002 Seoul supported rooftop greening and introduced 'Ecology-area rates'. Thus rooftop greening had the potentiality of extension. This prepared the extensive rooftop greenings within planting-base for extensive management rooftop greening system to be easily popularized. The extensive rooftop greening conducted from 1997-2005 reported that soil depth was 8cm and soil mixtures were 5 types. And plant were Crysanthemum zawaskii var. latilobum, Aster hayatae, Crysanthemum zawaskii herb. ssp. coreanum, Sedum sarmentosum, Sedum rotundifolium, Sedum oryzifolium, Sedum takemensis, Sedum middendorffianum, Sedum telerium var. purpureum, Sedum spectabile, Carypteris incana, Dianthus superbus, Hosta minor. As a result, for nine years after the modular type rooftop greening established, survival plants were Sedum takemensis, Sedum sarmentosum, Sedum spectabile, Sedum middendorffianum, Carypteris incana, Crysanthemum zawaskii var. latilobum, Sedum telerium var. purpureum, Sedum rotundifolium, Dianthus superbus. Also effect of greening was possibled soil depth 8cm. And growth of plants from 1997 to 2005 were fine on two soil mixtures of 'perlite+peatmoss+vermicompost+moisturizer' and 'perlite+moisturizer+bark(mulching)'. Invasive plants are Ixeris dentata Nakai, Ixeris chinensis var. strigosa, Youngia sonchifolia, Eragrostis ferruginea, Aster pilosus Willd., Ixeris japonica Nakai, Valpia myuros, and Setaria viridis. In conclusion, selection of suitable native plants was possible extensive management rooftop greening with effect of continuous greening. The extensive rooftop greening were lightweight and simple preparation without management and can popularize readily.

Change of the Moisture and Temperature in Planting Ground as Effected by Different Soil Thickness, Soil Mixture Ratios and Ground Cover Plants in the Green Roof System (옥상녹화에서 토심, 토양배합비 및 지피식물에 따른 식재지반 수분 및 온도변화)

  • Ju, Jin Hee;Yoon, Young Han
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2010
  • This paper has attempted to investigate the change in soil moisture volume and temperature of architecture by planting ground(soil thickness and soil mixture ratio) and ground cover plants(Sedum sarmentosum, Zoysia japonica, Chrysanthemum zawadskii) for middle region green roof system. For this, a test was conducted on the roof of Konkuk University building from April 2009 to October 2009. In terms of treatment, five types(SL, $P_7P_1L_2$, $P_6P_2L_2$, $P_5P_3L_2$, $P_4P_4L_2$) depending on soil mixture ratio and two types(15cm, 25cm) by soil depth were created. Results of soil moisture volume by soil mixture ratio in the 15cm soil thickness showed that the difference was significance between simple soil and mixture soil treatment, however, the statistical significance was not recognized according to soil mixture ratio. In case of 25cm soil thickness, soil moisture volume by soil mixture ratio was more higher 7Vol.%~10Vol.% in the mixture soil than simple soil treatment. In terms of districts planted ground cover plants, soil volume moisture differed among plants in the order Zoysia japonica 17.74 Vol.%$34.86^{\circ}C$, district non-planted $27.49^{\circ}C$, Sedum sarmentosum $25.11^{\circ}C$, Chrysanthemum zawadskii $23.08^{\circ}C$, Zoysia japonica $24.45^{\circ}C$ respectively So, concrete surface showed more higher $5^{\circ}C{\sim}15^{\circ}C$ than other things among the all the time. Result of inner temperature of the architecture and soil, it was measured inner of architecture $25.69^{\circ}C$, inner district non-planted $24.29^{\circ}C$, Chrysanthemum zawadskii $23.90^{\circ}C$, Zoysia japonica $24.02^{\circ}C$, Sedum sarmentosum $25.13^{\circ}C$, respectively.

Studyies on the Shade Adsptation of Native Ground Cover Plants, Disporum spp. and Sedum sarmentosum. (자생지피식물인 애기나리속 식물과 돈나물의 내음성적응실험)

  • 박인환
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1993
  • This studies were conducted to investigate on the shade adaptation of native Sedum kamchaticum and Disporum smilacinum. All plants were grow under the controlled light intensity conditions, which controlled by two shading materials, white and/or black shading net. The results obtained were as follow. 1. Daily changes of the shading area around of the building were various by building height, width and direction. 2. Upper canopy was composed to Pinus densiflora as dominant species in native sites of Disporum species. 3. Many branches of Disporum smilacinum were sprouted after pinching. However their growth were less elongated shorter than those of Disporum viridescens. 4. Sedum sarmentosum was poor growth under the low relative light intensity as 50%, however, the growth of this species closely was similiar as under the full sun condition.

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Photosynthetic Patterns of 3 Crassulacean Plants under Drought Conditions

  • Kim, Tae-Jin;Choo, Yeon-Sik
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2007
  • Higher plants can be categorized as C3, C4 or CAM according to their photosynthetic pathways, and some succulent plants are known to shift their patterns of photosynthesis from C3 to CAM in response to environmental stresses such as salt treatment or water deficiency. To investigate fundamental photosynthetic patterns and the induction of pattern shifts (C3, CAM, C3-CAM etc.) as a result of environmental stresses, we measured the water content, diurnal changes in pH, net $CO_2$ exchange, transpiration rate, total ionic contents, and osmolality of Kalancoe daigremontiana, Sedum kamschaticum and Sedum sarmentosum which belong to Crassulaceae known as representative CAM plant, after 10 days of drought treatment. S. kamschaticum and S. sarmentosum did not show a significant difference in diurnal pH variation in the treatment and control conditions. However, the pH of drought-treated Kalancoe was low at night and high in the daytime, with a pH value between 4 and 5. Typical CAM plants display a net $CO_2$ exchange that increases at night and decreases in the daytime. Kalancoe displayed the predicted pattern. However, S. kamschaticum and S. sarmentosum showed a photosynthetic pattern more typical of C3 plants, and did not show changes in photosynthetic pattern under drought stress. Kalancoe also showed a transpiration rate typical for CAM pho-tosynthesis, whereas the transpiration rates of S. kamschaticum and S. sarmentosum were in the typical range for C3 photosynthesis. Kalancoe had high total ionic contents during the night, which decreased somewhat during the daytime, whereas S. kamschaticum and S. sarmentosum displayed the opposite pattern. This result is similar to the diurnal patterns of changes in pH in the three plant species, which suggests a relationship between pH and ionic contents. S. sarmentosum showed lower osmolality under drought stress than in the control condition, whereas the osmolality of Kalancoe and S. kamschaticum did not differ between conditions. S. sarmentosum may have maintained internal water content by lowering its osmolality and raising its total ionic contents. In conclusion, Kalancoe displayed the characteristic responses of a typical CAM plant, whereas S. kamschaticum and S. sarmentosum displayed aspects of the C3 photosynthetic pattern under drought conditions. These results suggest that S. kamschaticum and S. sarmentosum (Crassulacea) in Korea overcome drought stress by increasing solute and ionic contents internally rather than changing their photosynthetic pattern from C3 to CAM under drought stress.

Assessment of Temperature Reduction and Heat Budget of Extensive Modular Green Roof System (경량모듈형 옥상녹화시스템의 온도저감 및 열수지 평가)

  • Kim, Se-Chang;Park, Bong-Ju
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.503-511
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate temperature reduction and heat budget of extensive modular green roof planted with Sedum sarmentosum and Zoysia japonica. Plant height and green coverage were measured as plant growth. Temperature, net radiation and evapotranspiration of concrete surface, green roof surface, in-soil and bottom were measured from August 2 to August 3, 2012 (48 hours). On 3 P.M., August 3, 2012, when air temperature was the highest ($34.6^{\circ}C$), concrete surface temperature was highest ($57.5^{\circ}C$), followed by surface temperature of Sedum sarmentosum ($40.1^{\circ}C$) and Zoysia japonica ($38.3^{\circ}C$), which proved temperature reduction effect of green roof. Temperature reduction effect of green roof was also shown inside green roof soil, and bottom of green roof. It was found that Zoysia japonica was more effective in temperature reduction than Sedum sarmentosum. Compared with the case of concrete surface, the highest temperature of green roof surface was observed approximately 2 hours delayed. Plant species, temperature and soil moisture were found to have impact on surface temperature reduction. Plant species, air temperature, soil moisture and green roof surface temperature were found to have impact on temperature reduction in green roof bottom. As results of heat budget analysis, sensible heat was highest on concrete surface and was found to be reduced by green roof. Latent heat flux of Zoysia japonica was higher than that of Sedum sarmentosum, which implied that Zoysia japonica was more effective to improve thermal environment for green roof than Sedum sarmentosum.