• Title, Summary, Keyword: Scintillation pulse model

Search Result 3, Processing Time 0.022 seconds

Pulse pileup correction method for gamma-ray spectroscopy in high radiation fields

  • Lee, Minju;Lee, Daehee;Ko, Eunbie;Park, Kyeongjin;Kim, Junhyuk;Ko, Kilyoung;Sharma, Manish;Cho, Gyuseong
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.52 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1029-1035
    • /
    • 2020
  • The detector suffers from pulse pileup by overlapping of the signals when it was used in high radiation fields. The pulse pileup deteriorates the energy spectrum and causes count losses due to random co-incidences, which might not resolve within the resolving time of the detection system. In this study, it is aimed to propose a new pulse pileup correction method. The proposed method is to correct the start point of the pileup pulse. The parameters are obtained from the fitted exponential curve using the peak point of the previous pulse and the start point of the pileup pulse. The amplitude at the corrected start point of the pileup pulse can be estimated by the peak time of the pileup pulse. The system is composed of a NaI (Tl) scintillation crystal, a photomultiplier tube, and an oscilloscope. A 61 μCi 137Cs check-source was placed at a distance of 3 cm, 5 cm, and 10 cm, respectively. The gamma energy spectra for the radioisotope of 137Cs were obtained to verify the proposed method. As a result, the correction of the pulse pileup through the proposed method shows a remarkable improvement of FWHM at 662 keV by 29, 39, and 7%, respectively.

Performance Analysis of M-ary Optical Communication over Log-Normal Fading Channels for CubeSat Platforms

  • Lim, Hyung-Chul;Yu, Sung-Yeol;Sung, Ki-Pyoung;Park, Jong Uk;Choi, Chul-Sung;Choi, Mansoo
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.219-228
    • /
    • 2020
  • A CubeSat platform has become a popular choice due to inexpensive commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components and low launch cost. However, it requires more power-efficient and higher-data rate downlink capability for space applications related to remote sensing. In addition, the platform is limited by the size, weight and power (SWaP) constraints as well as the regulatory issue of licensing the radio frequency (RF) spectrum. The requirements and limitations have put optical communications on promising alternatives to RF communications for a CubeSat platform, owing to the power efficiency and high data rate as well as the license free spectrum. In this study, we analyzed the performance of optical downlink communications compatible with CubeSat platforms in terms of data rate, bit error rate (BER) and outage probability. Mathematical models of BER and outage probability were derived based on not only the log-normal model of atmospheric turbulence but also a transmitter with a finite extinction ratio. Given the fixed slot width, the optimal guard time and modulation orders were chosen to achieve the target data rate. And the two performance metrics, BER and outage data rate, were analyzed and discussed with respect to beam divergence angle, scintillation index and zenith angle.

Tracking Propagation Mechanism on the Surface of Polyvinyl-Chloride-Sheathed Flat Cord based on Electric Field Analysis and Gas Discharge Physics (전계해석과 기체방전 이론을 기반으로 한 Polyvinyl-Chloride-Sheathed Flat Cord 표면의 트래킹 진전 메커니즘)

  • Lim, Dong-Young;Park, Herie;Jee, Seung-Wook
    • Fire Science and Engineering
    • /
    • v.33 no.2
    • /
    • pp.30-38
    • /
    • 2019
  • Tracking, which is one of the main causes of electrical fires, is perceived as a physical phenomenon of electrical discharge. Hence tracking should be explained based on electric field analysis, conduction path by electron generation, and gas discharge physics. However, few papers have considered these details. This paper proposes a tracking mechanism including their effects on tracking progress. In order to prove this mechanism, a tracking experiment, an electric field analysis for the carbonization evolution model, and an explanation of the tracking process by gas discharge physics were conducted. From the tracking experiment, the current waveforms were measured at each stage of the tracking progress from corona discharge to tracking breakdown. The electric field analysis was carried out in order to determine the electric field on the surface of a dry-band and the high electric field region for electron generation during the generation and progress of carbonization. In this paper, the proposed tracking mechanism consisted of six stages including electron avalanche by corona discharge, accumulation of positive ions, expansion of electron avalanche, secondary electron emission avalanche, streamer, and tracking by conductive path. The pulse current waveforms measured in the tracking experiment can be explained by the proposed tracking mechanism. The results of this study will be used as the technical data to detect tracking phenomenon, which is the cause of electric fire, and to improve the proof tracking index.