• Title, Summary, Keyword: Scientific Data Sharing

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Legislation Cases, Management Policies and Countermeasures on Scientific Data -Focusing Australia, the United States and China- (과학데이터에 관한 입법례와 관리정책 그리고 대응방안 -호주, 미국, 중국을 중심으로-)

  • Yoon, Chong-Min;Kim, Kyubin
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.63-100
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    • 2013
  • Research data means data in the form of facts, observations, images, computer program results, recordings, measurements or experiences on which an argument, theory, test or hypothesis, or another research output is based. Data may be numerical, descriptive, visual or tactile. Scientific research is changing because of the paradigm shift. It is all being affected by the data deluge, and a data-intensive science paradigm is emerging. Hence, paradigm shift in scientific research led to increase of value and importance of scientific data. Essential to the creative research and development for scientific data can be reused efficiently is the sharing and utilization of establishing management system. Establishing of management system for sharing and utilization of scientific data should be done at the national level, but compared with Europe, Australia, the United States, China, the management system of Korea doesn't have not linkage or efficiency or internal stability. Australia, the United States, China continues to expand a Mid- and Long-Term policy making, legislation, its investment in infrastructure, so as to promote the utilization of data, such as collection, management and maintenance of scientific data through the relevant agencies at the national level. This study consider legislation cases and management policies of the above countries to the end to that establish management system for the efficient and fair sharing and utilization of scientific data and the legal system, and that provide scientific data legislation and policies related to the future of our country.

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Data Sharing: a New Editorial Initiative from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Implications for the Editors' Network

  • Alfonso, Fernando;Editors' Network European Society of Cardiology Task Force
    • Korean Circulation Journal
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.307-313
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    • 2017
  • The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) provides recommendations to improve the editorial standards and scientific quality of biomedical journals. These recommendations range from uniform technical requirements to more complex and elusive editorial issues including ethical aspects of the scientific process. Recently, registration of clinical trials, conflicts of interest disclosure, and new criteria for authorship -emphasizing the importance of responsibility and accountability-, have been proposed. This year a new editorial initiative to foster sharing of clinical trial data has been launched. This review discusses this novel initiative with the aim of increasing awareness among readers, investigators, authors and Editors of the Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology.

A Case Study on Sharing & Using of National Scientific Data (국가 과학데이터 공유·활용 서비스를 위한 사례 연구)

  • Jin, Young-Goun;Lee, Won-Goo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.8
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2018
  • Production and collection of scientific data in all areas is costly and time consuming. The level of sharing and recycling of scientific data is also very low. In order to support interdisciplinary research, massive scientific data should be systematically preserved and shared. In addition, it is essential to build an infrastructure to preserve and utilize the costly experiment and observation data. In this study, we propose a service that can collect, store, manage, share, and utilize national science data. It also suggests interfaces for various scientific data interactions with national R & D related organizations, international scientific and technological organizations and institutions. This will increase the availability of existing scientific databases that are currently being developed.

Analysis of Elementary Students' Interlanguage in Science Class about Heat and Temperature (열과 온도 수업에서 나타난 초등학생들의 중간 언어 분석)

  • Lee, Ilyeon;Jang, Shinho
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.123-130
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    • 2015
  • For effective science learning, teachers need to rearrange scientific language so that students can understand the contents with their incomplete language resources. Interlanguage is the interplay between everyday language and scientific language. The purpose of the study was to analyze the patterns of interlanguage during 4th grade science class to learn "Heat and Temperature" and to find the features of meaning sharing inside classroom in which a teacher and students participated. The data analysis shows that elementary students' interlanguage has different features compared to scientific language that involves passive voice and content-specialized nouns. Students' interlanguage implied the quality of class community's knowledge-sharing, according to the degree of how students can connect scientific language and everyday language in more effective ways. The implication to elementary science education was discussed.

Research Data Management of Science and Technology Research Institutes in Korea (국내 과학기술분야 연구기관의 과학데이터 관리 현황)

  • Choi, Myung-Seok;Lee, Seung-Bock;Lee, Sanghwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 2017
  • As the recent research environment and research paradigm have become data-driven, Open Science, based on openness and sharing of public research results, has emerged as a global agenda for scientific research. National policies for sharing and re-use of research data from publicly-funded research are in effect globally. Therefore, in Korea, it is urgent to build policies and infrastructure for sharing and re-use of research data. In this paper, we investigate the current status of research data management of science and technology research institutes in Korea. We conducted in-depth interviews with researchers from 22 research institutes belonging to the National Research Council of Science & Technology, and 20 universities in Korea, asking about terms of creation management utilization of research data, willingness to share data, and needs for sharing and re-use of research data. From these interviews, we drew implications for open research data and future directions.

A Study on a Model for Using and Preserving Scientific Data (과학데이터 보존 및 활용모델에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Tae;Hahn, Sun-Hwa;Lee, Tae-Young;Kim, Yong
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.81-93
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    • 2010
  • This study is to suggest a model for preservation and circulation of scientific data as Records. Analysis for national trends in U.S., British, Australia, Europe about scientific data was performed. Foreign advanced programs on management of scientific data were surveyed and analyzed. The analyzed programs were DataCite, WDS, PANGAEA, Dataverse, BSRN, DLESE, GCMD and SEDIS. Common implications were deducted from each program. With the results of analyzing the programs, this study proposed a model for preservation and circulation of scientific data.

Sharing Pattern Analysis of an OLTP Application

  • Lee, Kangwoo;Kim, Hiecheol
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2002
  • Although multiprocessor systems are widely used in recent years to run commercial workloads, data sharing patterns are rarely explored due to several difficulties. In this paper, we made in-depth sharing pattern analysis for a representative OLTP application, the TPC-B benchmark, running on a cache-coherent shared-memory multiprocessor system. In addition, to illustrate their effects on the performance, the number of cache misses were measured for various numbers of processors, cache sizes and cache block sizes. From these measurements, we found out the shared data in TPC-B largely bear quite different sharing characteristics from those in scientific applications.

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A Study on Constructing figures in science Linked Open Data (과학인물 LOD 구축에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Park, Sun-A;Lee, Seon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.429-455
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    • 2014
  • The information of figures in science which could induce interest in science and have educational importance is the value-added content through information sharing and connectivity. In this study, we analyzed domestic and overseas cases of Linked Open Data(LOD) that are being increased recently in order to provide a better service through information sharing and utilization of scientific figures. We suggested an efficient scientific figures ontology and the method for LOD construction reflecting the results of the analysis. We also presented plans for the interlinking among various external resources and for promoting LOD information use.

An Investigation on Scientific Data for Data Journal and Data Paper (Scientific Data 학술지 분석을 통한 데이터 논문 현황에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, EunKyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.117-135
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    • 2019
  • Data journals and data papers have grown and considered an important scholarly practice in the paradigm of open science in the context of data sharing and data reuse. This study investigates a total of 713 data papers published in Scientific Data in terms of author, citation, and subject areas. The findings of the study show that the subject areas of core authors are found as the areas of Biotechnology and Physics. An average number of co-authors is 12 and the patterns of co-authorship are recognized as several closed sub-networks. In terms of citation status, the subject areas of cited publications are highly similar to the areas of data paper authors. However, the citation analysis indicates that there are considerable citations on the journals specialized on methodology. The network with authors' keywords identifies more detailed areas such as marine ecology, cancer, genome, database, and temperature. This result indicates that biology oriented-subjects are primary areas in the journal although Scientific Data is categorized in multidisciplinary science in Web of Science database.

Design and Prototyping of Scientific Collaboration Platform over KREONET (KREONET 기반의 과학기술협업연구 플랫폼(RealLab) 설계 및 프로토타입 구축)

  • Kwon, Yoonjoo;Hong, Wontaek
    • KIPS Transactions on Computer and Communication Systems
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    • v.4 no.9
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    • pp.297-306
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    • 2015
  • Cloud computing has been increasingly used in various fields due to its flexibility, scalability, cost effectiveness, etc. Recently, many scientific communities have been attempting to use cloud computing as a way to deal with difficulties in constructing and operating a research infrastructure. Especially, since they need various collaborations based on networking, such as sharing experimental data, redistributing experimental results, and so forth, cloud computing environment that supports high performance networking is required for scientific communities. To address these issues, we propose RealLab, a high performance cloud platform for collaborative research that provides virtual experimental research environment and data sharing infrastructure over KREONET/GLORIAD. Additionally, we describe some RealLab use cases for showing the swift creation of experimental environment and explain how massive experimental data can be transferred and shared among the community members.