• Title/Summary/Keyword: Scale Development

Search Result 199, Processing Time 0.124 seconds

A Study on the composition of PFV(project financing vehicle) used in large-scale development project (대규모 개발사업에서의 PFV 구성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Eun-sung;Kim, Jae-jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.159-163
    • /
    • 2008
  • The trend of Development Projects has been changing through a few recent years. Small-scale development projects in the past were usually for building residences or officetel in a big cities. making lots of profits. These projects made not only lots of profits but also unbalance between the urban centers and the suburbs. So government made some regulations to prevent the things from being worse anymore, planned to develop the country in balance and began to lead large-scale development project such as Inno city and Newtown. At first, in this study, the phases and the characteristics of development project's change will be looked around. And then, after overview about PFV(project financing vehicle) used a lot in large-scale development projects will be seen, the better ways to use PFV in large-scale development projects are going to be proposed by considering the problems in PFV's conformation.

  • PDF

Improving on Planting in Small Scale Development - The Case of Seoul - (소규모 대지의 조경 개선방안에 관한 연구 - 서울시를 사례로 -)

  • Cho, Yong-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
    • /
    • v.37 no.5
    • /
    • pp.31-41
    • /
    • 2009
  • Under the Korea Building Act, anyone planning to build a building or buildings on a site over $200m^2$ must plant plants over a specific area. In large scale development this rule is adhered to well, but such is not the case in small scale development. Therefore, special attention must be given to small scale development. Thus, the purpose of this research is to analyze the current situation and practice of planting at small scale development sites in Seoul, and then suggest policies for improving them. In this study using the data covering Seongbuk-Gu and Gangnam-Gu, which was surveyed in 2002, the current situation and practice of planting at small scale development sites was analyzed. After a questionnaire survey was conducted with government officers and building owners, the same analysis was made. Then the policies for improvement were extracted. The results are as follows: 1. In superordinate planning stage, because the minimum standards are too low, those must be strengthened. Any district plan does not control planting in private building lots. This requests active application of planting in private building lots as a design control measure in district planning. 2. In the building design stage, there are no guidelines. The obligation of building set-back between adjacent buildings by the Korean Building Act produces mass shaded and inferior planting beds. The act also is blocking landscape architects' participation in small scale development. And wall installations deteriorate the streetscape and growth of plants with shading. Therefore guidelines must be made. 3. In each stage of the building permit, the permit for building completion, and maintenance the Korean Building Act is blocking landscape architects' participation in small scale development, so the planting plan is completely handled by nonprofessional persons. Therefore, the act should be amended in order to make way for landscape architects' participation in each stage of the small scale development process.

Study on the Evaluation Criteria of Environment Assessment for the Various Type of Small-Scale Development Projects in the Riparian Areas (수변지역 소규모 개발사업의 유형별 환경평가 기준에 관한 연구)

  • Joo, Yong-Joon;Sagong, Hee
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.218-225
    • /
    • 2016
  • Various strategies and management plans have been established in order to conserve water quality as well as ecosystem, prevent deterioration of scenic area, and more importantly, retain drinking water securely. However, due to the introduction of numerous small-scale development projects on the waterside area outside protection area of source water and reparian area, river water quality and landscape are severely deteriorated. In this study, We analyzed the expected environmental impacts on the ecosystem, topograph, geology, landscape, water quality according to development type, and assigned different environmental points to each development type depend on environmental impacts, which is able to divide small-scale development project into three categories such as projects with rigorous review, projects with general review and projects with simple review. Finally, we suggested the appraisal basement is to avoid or minimize the expected environment impacts of the small-scale development projects in riparian areas so that make them sustainable development by reasonable restriction.

The Child Psychological Well-being Scale : Development and Validity (아동의 심리적 복지척도 개발과 타당화 연구)

  • Choi, Jin Won;Lee, So Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.227-248
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study aimed at establishing the validity and reliability regarding the instrument of assessing child psychological well-being. The child psychological well-being rating scale contained 3 dimensions (sense of competency, sense of relation, sense of improvement) 8 variables (sense of control, sense of achievement, sense of confidence, sense of acceptance, sense of intimacy, sense of balance, sense of morale, sense of hope) and 4 rating scale of 80 items. After the scale development, the estimates of reliability for the scale were high. Cornbach ${\alpha}$ was .962 and generalizability was .875. And concurrent validity, criteria related validity, and discriminant validity appeared to be evident sufficiently to the validity of child psychological well-being instrument. The significance of the present study was intended to apply scale validity procedure by using generalizability.

  • PDF

A Study on The Introduction of LID Prior Consultation for Small-Scale Development Projects - Focusing on Cost-Benefit Analysis - (소규모 개발사업의 저영향개발(LID) 사전협의 제도 도입 연구 - 비용편익 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Ji, Min-Kyu;Sagong, Hee;Joo, Yong-Jun
    • Clean Technology
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.151-157
    • /
    • 2020
  • Rapid urbanization has elevated the risk of urban flooding due to the increase in the impervious surface, causing environmental disasters and environmental pollution problems, such as lowering the groundwater level and increasing water pollution. In Korea, low impact development (LID) techniques have been introduced to minimize these environmental impacts and maintain the water cycle soundness. However, most small-scale development projects are in blind spots because there is no legal basis for rainfall runoff management. Small-scale development projects that increase the surface runoff of rainwater are required to mandate the application of LID facilities in accordance with the polluters' responsibility principle. Therefore, it is necessary to implement a preliminary consultation system for water cycle recovery. This study focuses on the cost-benefit analysis on the application of LID techniques for small-scale development projects. The scale of nationwide small-scale development projects used for cost-benefit analysis were defined as buildings with a land area of more than 1,000 ㎡ or a total floor area of 1,500 ㎡. As a result of analyzing the cost-benefits from the installation of LID facilities, they were found to be much lower than the economic standard value of 1. This might be due to the high cost of facilities compared to the scale of the project. However, considering the overall environmental value of improving the water environment and air quality by the installation of LID facilities and the publicity of reducing the operating cost of sewage treatment facilities, the introduction of a prior consultation for small-scale development projects is inevitable. In the future, institutional and financial support from local governments is required to improve the cost-benefits with the introduction of a prior consultation for small-scale development projects.

Management Scheme According to Characteristics of PM-10 Occurred from Large Scale Development Site (대규모 단지조성 미세먼지 관리 방안)

  • Kwon, Woo-Taeg;Lee, Woo-Sik;Hong, Sang-Pyo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.79-87
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to establish PM-10 management manual for developing large scale sites by assessing the status of PM-10 reduction at ongoing large scale development sites. After analyzing the meteorological conditions and air quality characteristics of Sihwa MTV development site, ISCST3 (Industrial Source Complex Short Term Model 3) was implemented to predict PM-10 generation. The outcomes of ISCST3 modelling were utilized for verification of site survey data. As a result of applying air pollution modeling, the diffusion rate of PM-10 decreases according as the wind speed decreases. And the emission rate of PM-10 increase is linear to the concentration of PM-10. The reduction target of PM-10 can be derived quantitatively from the difference between the forecasted emission rate and the permissible emission limit of PM-10. The assessment of PM-10 characteristics which is deduced from ISCST3 and site survey can be practically applied to accomplish environmentally acceptable air quality manual for large scale development sites.

The Study on Undergraduates' Information Literacy Scale Development (대학생이 정보활용능력 척도 개발 연구)

  • Lee, Hey-Young;Nam, Tae-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.503-532
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study is on information literacy standards and models analysis, which will be used as the source material to measure undergraduates' information literacy. After main areas and items that are analyzed with three standards and two models are proposed, finally item model(proposal) for scale development is proposed. It consists of six main areas and eighteen items. The scale development item model(proposal) proposed in this study will be used as the source material to measure undergraduates' information literacy that will be studied in future.

Development of Evaluation Model on Greenspace for Sustainability of Site-scale Development Projects (단지규모 개발사업의 지속가능성 확보를 위한 녹지 평가 모형 개발)

  • 양병이;이관규
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.97-107
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study aims to develop the model of evaluation on greenspace to increase the sustain ability of the planning and management for site-scale development projects. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: (1) The comprehensive principles of sustainable development projects were established, which include coexistence of man and nature, reflection of ecological principles, minimization of environmental pollution and damage, recycling and reuse of materials. (2) According to established principles, the evaluation criteria were classified into seven categories as follows: retention of ample greenspace, formation of greenspace as a habitat, species diversity of vegetation, consideration of indigenous plants, construction of green network, conservation of greenspace, and reuse of plant materials. (3) As a result of the analysis of questionnaire of experts, evaluation model was worked out with which we can evaluate environmental friendliness greenspace. And, the final evaluation indicators for greenspace are the rate of greeneries volume, securing habitat, indigenous plants, reuse of plant materials, and species diversity of vegetation, and the indicator of greenspace conservation.

  • PDF

A Proposal of Urban Housing Models and a Feasibility Study for the Application of Small-scale Development in Residential Blocks (일반주거지역에서의 소규모 집합주택 개발가능성 검토 및 모델 제안)

  • 홍민규;양우현
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
    • /
    • v.13 no.6
    • /
    • pp.79-88
    • /
    • 2002
  • The intent of this study is to investigate the feasibility of small-scale developments in residential blocks in the city, and to propose development strategies and models. This research is done on the premises that large housing developments ignore the urban structure of its own quality, whitens on-lot-based multi-unit housing developments fail to maintain amenity and livability in residential blocks. For solving these shortcomings, this research proposes the possibility of small-scale housing development models as an alternative development system. And some residential blocks were selected as case sites and analyzed into typical block types, to support the proposal of pertinent development types. Each type was investigated and discussed in terms of development feasibility and proper development strategies. Finally, three development schemes are proposed as prototypical models for the best application in residential blocks.