• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sargassum coreanum extract

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Antioxidant Effect of Sargassum coreanum Root and Stem Extracts (큰잎모자반 뿌리 및 줄기 추출물의 항산화 효과)

  • Park, Ji-Hye;Bae, Nan-Young;Park, Sun-Hee;Kim, Min-Ji;Kim, Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri;Choi, Jung-Su;Ahn, Dong-Hyun
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.155-160
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    • 2015
  • The present study was to investigate the antioxidant activity in ethanol and water extracts of root and stem of Sargassum coreanum. Antioxidant activities were evaluated by total polyphenol contents, DPPH radical scavenging activity, chelating effect, reducing power, and rancimat method. Total polyphenol contents of ethanol and water extracts were 32.79 mg/g and 15.55 mg/g, respectively. Ethanol extract showed higher DPPH radical scavenging activity than water extract and similar activity to BHT. Reducing power of extracts was increased in a concentration-dependent manner and ethanol extract had more reducing power than water extract. Ethanol and water extracts have little chelating effect at all concentrations. Antioxidant index (AI) of ethanol extract measured by Rancimat was higher than that of water extract, but their AI was lower than that of BHT. These results indicate that ethanol extract of S. coreanum root and stem has more potent antioxidant activity than water extract through DPPH radical scavenging and reducing power, and could potentially be used as a good source of natural antioxidants.

Sargassum coreanum extract alleviates hyperglycemia and improves insulin resistance in db/db diabetic mice

  • Park, Mi Hwa;Nam, Young Hwa;Han, Ji-Sook
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.472-479
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    • 2015
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine the effect of Sargassum coreanum extract (SCE) on blood glucose concentration and insulin resistance in C57BL-KsJ-db/db mice. MATERIALS/METHODS: For 6 weeks, male C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice were administrated SCE (0.5%, w/w), and rosiglitazone (0.005%, w/w). RESULTS: A supplement of the SCE for 6 weeks induced a significant reduction in blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin concentrations, and it improved hyperinsulinemia compared to the diabetic control db/db mice. The glucokinase activity in the hepatic glucose metabolism increased in the SCE-supplemented db/db mice, while phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase and glucose-6-phosphatase activities in the SCE-supplemented db/db mice were significantly lower than those in the diabetic control db/db mice. The homeostatic index of insulin resistance was lower in the SCE-supplemented db/db mice than in the diabetic control db/db mice. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a supplement of the SCE lowers the blood glucose concentration by altering the hepatic glucose metabolic enzyme activities and improves insulin resistance.

Antioxidant Activity of Enzymatic Extracts from Sargassum coreanum (큰잎모자반 효소적 추출물의 항산화 활성)

  • Ko, Seok-Chun;Kang, Sung-Myung;Ahn, Gin-Nae;Yang, Hyun-Pil;Kim, Kil-Nam;Jeon, You-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.494-499
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    • 2010
  • In this study, Sargassum coreanum was enzymatically hydrolyzed to prepare water-soluble extracts by using five carbohydrates (Viscozyme, Celluclast, AMG, Termamyl and Ultraflo) and five proteases (Protamex, Kojizyme, Neutrase, Flavozyme and Alcalase) and their potential antioxidant activity were evaluated. The Celluclast and Neutrase extracts of Sargassum coreanum exhibited better DPPH radical scavenging activities (92.42% and 92.78%, respectively) and hydrogen peroxide ($H_2O_2$) scavenging activities (58.28% and 57.97%, respectively) compared to those of other enzymatic extracts. These results suggest that Sargassum coreanum would be a good raw materials for antioxidant and enzymatic hydrolysis would be a good strategy to prepare antioxidant extracts from seaweeds.

Protective Effect of Enzymatic Extracts from Sargassum coreanum on H2O2-induced Cell Damage

  • Ko, Seok-Chun;Kang, Sung-Myung;Lee, Seung-Hong;Ahn, Gin-Nae;Kim, Kil-Nam;Kim, Yong-Tae;Kim, Jin-Soo;Heu, Min-Soo;Jeon, You-Jin
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2010
  • In our previous study, we preliminarily demonstrated that Celluclast and Neutrase extracts exhibited the strongest $H_2O_2$-scavenging activities among five carbohydrases (Viscozyme, Celluclast, Termamyl, Ultraflo and AMG) and five proteases (Kojizyme, Alcalse, Flavourzyme Protamex and Neutrase) extracts. Thus, Celluclast and Neutrase extracts were selected for use in further experiments and were separated into four different molecular weight fractions (<5, 5-10, 10-30 and >30 kDa). Among them, the 5-10 kDa fraction showed the highest $H_2O_2$-scavenging activity. The 5-10 kDa fraction also strongly enhanced cell viability against $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative damage. Furthermore, the fraction reduced the proportion of apoptotic cells induced by $H_2O_2$, as demonstrated by decreased sub-G1 hypodiploid cells and decreased apoptotic body formation by flow cytometry. These results indicated that the 5-10 kDa fraction of the Celluclast and Neutrase extracts from S. coreanum exhibited strong antioxidant activity over $H_2O_2$-mediated cell damage in vitro.

Immuno-Enhancing Effect of Enzymatic Extract of Sargassum coreanum Using Crude Enzyme from Shewanella oneidensis PKA 1008 (Shewanella oneidensis PKA 1008 유래 조효소 처리에 의한 큰잎모자반(Sargassum coreanum) 추출 분해물의 면역증진 효과)

  • Park, Sun-Hee;Kim, Min-Ji;Kim, Go-Eun;Park, So-Yeong;Kim, Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri;Kim, Yeon-Ji;Cho, Young-Je;Ahn, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.46 no.8
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    • pp.919-928
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    • 2017
  • The immuno-enhancing effects of alginate oligosaccharides from Sargassum coreanum were investigated. The alginate oligosaccharides were produced by an alginate-degrading enzyme from S. oneidensis PKA 1008. The degraded alginate oligosaccharides were visualized by thin-layer chromatography developed using a solvent system of 1-butanol/methanol/water, 4:1:2 (v/v/v). Alginate was degraded into dimmers at 60 h. As a result, the levels of Th1 cytokine [interferon $(IFN)-{\gamma}$ and interleukin (IL)-2] and Th2 cytokine (IL-6 and IL-10) increased with increasing incubation time compared to the control in vitro. Enzymatic extract treatment promoted proliferation of splenocytes at concentrations of 100 and 200 mg/kg at 24 h in vivo. Secretion of $IFN-{\gamma}$ and IL-2 significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner at 24 h as well as induced higher production of IgG2a in serum. Natural killer cell activity was measured and tended to increase. In addition, complete blood cell counts increased in a dose-dependent manner. These results indicate that alginate oligosaccharides produced by crude enzyme from S. oneidensis PKA 1008 may have significant immune activities.

Anti-inflammatory Effect of Sargassum coreanum Ethanolic Extract through Suppression of NF-κB Pathway in LPS Induced RAW264.7 Cells in Mice (LPS로 유도된 RAW 264.7 cell로부터 NF-κB 조절 억제와 마우스 모델을 통한 큰잎모자반 에탄올 추출물의 항염증 효과)

  • Kang, Bo-Kyeong;Kim, Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri;Kim, Min-Ji;Bark, Si-Woo;Pak, Won-Min;Ahn, Na-Kyung;Choi, Yeon-Uk;Bae, Nan-Young;Park, Ji-Hye;Ahn, Dong-Hyun
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2015
  • The anti-inflammatory effect of Sargassum coreanum ethanolic extract (SCEE) was investigated using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in this study. It was shown that there was no cytotoxicity in the viability of macrophages treated with SCEE when compared to the control. The production of NO was considerably suppressed by SCEE, approximately up to 50% at 100 μg/ml. This significantly decreased levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β. In addition, the expression of iNOS, COX-2, NF-κB was suppressed by SCEE treatment. In in vivo testing, the croton oil-induced mouse ear edema was attenuated by SCEE and there were no mortalities in mice administered with 5000 mg/kg body weight of SCEE over a 2 week observation period. From these results, SCEE inhibits the release of LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators, suggesting that SCEE could be a potential agent for anti-inflammatory therapies.