• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Saponin

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갑상선호르몬 분비조절물질과 인삼성분의 복합처리가 갑상선세포의 cAMP 양에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Ginseng Saponin Fractions with Thyroid Hormone Secretion Regulatory Agents on cAMP Level in Cultured Rat Thyroid Glands)

  • 정경훈;김세창·정노팔
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 1988
  • 갑상선호르몬 분비조절물질(TSH, DB cAMP, NaF, carbachol, isoproterenol, propranolol)과 인삼성분(total saponin, diol saponin, triol saponin)의 복합처리가 갑상선의 cAMP의 양에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위하여, 흰쥐의 갑상선을 4일 또는 7일간 배양한 후 갑상선호르몬 분비조절물질과 인삼성분을 각각 복합처리, 또는 단독처리하여 cAMP의 양을 조사하였다. 인삼성분만을 처리한 경우, total saponin은 $10^{-5}$%(w/v), diol saponin과 triol saponin은 $10^{-4}$%(w/v)의 농도에서 각각 가장 높은 증가를 나타내었다. 갑상선호르몬 분비조절물질과 복합처리한 인삼성분의 농도는 위의 값으로 하였다. 복합처리한 경우, TSH에 대해서는 증가효과를 나타냈지만 그 양상은 작았다. Total saponin은 DBcAMP와 isoproterennol에 대해서는 증가효과를, carbachol과 propranolol에 대해서는 감소효과를 나타내었고, NaF에 대해서는 영향이 크지 않았다. Diol saponin과 triol saponin은 그 양은 다르지만 isoproterenol을 복합처리한 경우를 제외하고 diol saponin은 감소효과를, triol saponin은 증가효과를 보이는 상반작용을 나타내었다. 억제효과를 가지는 propranolol에 대해서도 diol saponin과 triol saponin은 상반되는 효과를 나타내었다. 인삼성분의 정상화작용은 NaF와 carbachol의 경우에도 두드러지게 나타났다. 이상의 결과들은 인삼성분이 갑상선호르몬의 생성과 분비에 관여하는 cAMP의 생성에 촉진 또는 억제를 가진다는 것을 나타내고 있다.

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인삼 총사포닌, 디올계 및 트리올계 사포닌의 효과 2. 흰쥐의 몇가지 혈액효소활성에 미치는 영향 (Comparative Studies on the Effects of Total, Protopanaxadiol and ProtoBanaxatriol saponins of Ginseng 2. Their Effects on Blood Enzyme Activities in Rats)

  • 박창진;이동권
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 1981
  • The effects of total, protopanaxadiol-and protopanaxatriol-saponins on the in vitro activities of several enzymes in rat serum were observed Alkaline phosphatase activity was increased 61 % by total saponin and 46% by protopanaxatriol-saponin, compared to control group. While SCOT activity was slightly decreased by total saponin and protopanaxatriol- saponin, it was slightly increased by Protopanaxadiol-saponin And while SCPT activity was slightly decreased by total saponin, it was increased by protopanaxadiol-saponin and protopanaxatriol-saponin. Creatine phosphokinase activity had a tendency to be increased by protopanaxatriol-saponin. Lactate dehydrogenase activities were increased in three saponin treated groups, but those were nonignificant. Compared to the control group, lipase activity was increased by all saponin samples. It was increased 157% by total saponin The increase in lipase activity by total saponin corresponded with the decrease in serum t total lipid by total saponin .

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생쥐 대식세포의 종양세포 치사활성에 미치는 인삼분획물과 지방다당류의 영향

  • 최상운;정노팔;김세창
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.364-372
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    • 1990
  • This experiment was performed to investigate the effects of ginseng saponin fractions (total saponin, triol saponin. diol saponin) and lipopolysacrharide (LPS) on the tllmoricidal activity of macrophage. The ginseng saponin fractions had little effect on the tumoricidal activity of macrophage (less than 10%). When the ginseng saponin fractions were treated with LPS, the effects of tumoricidal activation of macrophage increased a relatively high percent, and the total saponin and triol saponin (20-35%) were ulore effectual than diol saponin (15-25%). The effects of ginseng saponin and LPS on the tumoricidal activity of macrophage were mediated by the induction of macrophage-release factor(5) which has(have) the capacity of tumor cell killing. And the quantity of the (actors) was(were) increased by the contact of macrophage with tumor cell.

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Hypocholesterolemic Response to Karaya Saponin and Rhodobacter capsulatus in Broiler Chickens

  • Afrose, Sadia;Hossain, Md. Sharoare;Maki, Takaaki;Tsujii, Hirotada
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.733-741
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    • 2010
  • Dietary karaya saponin and Rhodobacter capsulatus (R. capsulatus) are known to have hypocholesterolemic actions, as reported in our previous studies. This study examined possible synergistic hypocholesterolemic effects of karaya saponin and R. capsulatus in broilers. A total of 150 broilers were allocated into 10 treatments: control, saponin 25 mg, saponin 50 mg, saponin 75 mg, saponin 25 mg+R. capsulatus 0.2 g, saponin 25 mg+R. capsulatus 0.4 g, saponin 50 mg+R. capsulatus 0.2 g, saponin 50 mg+R. capsulatus 0.4 g, saponin 75 mg+R. capsulatus 0.2 g and saponin 75 mg+R. capsulatus 0.4 g. Feed intake and feed efficiency were improved when karaya saponin and R. capsulatus were synergistically supplemented in the diet. Combinations of karaya saponin, especially supplementation of karaya saponin 50 mg+R. capsulatus 0.4 g were shown to have potential hypolipidemic actions in breast and thigh muscle cholesterol and triglycerides, serum cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as improved high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (p<0.05). Compared to the control, almost all the treatments significantly increased serum, liver and fecal concentrations of bile acids (p<0.05). Supplementation of both karaya saponin (75 mg) and saponin 50 mg+R. capsulatus 0.4 g reduced palmitic acid (C16:0) and stearic acid (C18:0) in a similar fashion (p<0.05). The ratios of PUFA:SFA or PUFA+MUFA:SFA in the thigh and breast muscle of broilers were greater in karaya saponin and R. capsulatus supplemented groups than in the control group. Thus, our study concluded that supplementation of karaya saponin synergistically with R. capsulatus in the diet of broilers is an effective way to obtain low-cholesterol, low-triglyceride and high HDL-cholesterol enriched poultry meat with a unique fatty acid balance.

인삼 총사포닌, 디올계 및 트리올계 사포닌의 효과 1. 흰쥐 혈청 지질 및 당함량에 미치는 영향 (Comparative Studies on the Effects of Total, Protopanaxadiol and Protopanaxatriol saponins of Ginseng 1. Their Effects on Lipid and Glucose Content in Rat Serum)

  • 임창진;박은희;홍순근;이동권
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 1981
  • Total saponin, protopanaxadiol-saponin and protopanaxatriol-saponin were isolated and purified from the side roots of red ginseng. After we administered them orally into rats during 5 weeks, we observed their effects on lipid and glucose content in rat serum. The change in body weight of protopanaxatriol- saponin treated group was slightly larger than those of other groups. Total lipid content in total saponin treated group showed an increase of about 20 % over that in control group. However, protopanaxadiol-saponin and protopanaxatriol- saponin treated groups showed no change. While triglyceride content in total saponin treated group decreased 29oyo compared to it s content in control group, its content in protopanaxatriol-saponin treated group increased 45%. Three saponin treated groups showed lower value than control group in total ant free cholesterol levels. While glucose content in total saponin treated group decreased slightly, that in Protopanaxadiol-saponin treated group decreased slightly compared to that in control group. And protopanaxatriol- saponin trented group showed the significant decrease of 25%. From these results, it is supposed that total saponin accelerates the conversion of lipid into glucose and that protopanaxatriol- saponin accelerates the conversion of glucose into lipid.

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홍삼유출액으로부터 Diaion HP-20 수지 흡착법에 의한 조사포닌의 분리 (An Isolation of Crude Saponin from Red-Ginseng Efflux by Diaion HP-20 Resin Adsorption Method)

  • 곽이성;경종수;김시관;위재준
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to isolate saponin compounds from red-ginseng efflux, which was produced during the industrial processing of red-ginseng from fresh ginseng. We isolated crude saponin from the efflux extract (moisture content 35.0%) by using Diaion HP-20 adsorption method. Non-saponin fraction, which was adsorbed on Diaion HP-20 resin, was removed by eluating with $H_{2}O$ and 25% spirit. Then crude saponin was eluated with 95% spirit, continuously. Saponin in the eluated fractions was confirmed by TLC analysis. Crude saponin isolated from red ginseng efflux extract contained 12.10% of saponin. whereas those of white ginseng and red-ginseng were 3.30 and 3.39%, respectively. Ginsenoside contents showed the highest contents kin crude saponin from red ginseng efflux extract. Expacilly, the ginsenoside-$Rb_{1}$ and Re showed the highest contents in red-ginseng efflux extract when compared with those of white ginseng and red ginseng crude saponins. And the other ginsenosides except ginsenoside-$Rb_{1}$ and -Re also showed the highest contents in red ginseng efflux extract. However, the ratio of PD saponin (Panaxadiol saponin: $Rb_{1}+Rb_{2}$+Rc+Rd) to PT saponin (panaxatriol: $Re+Rg_{1}$) showed almost the same level when compared with those of ginseng saponin fractions. Ratio of PD/PT from red ginseng efflux extract was 1.99. Ratios of PD/PT from white ginseng and red ginseng were 1.85 and 1.84, respectively. Saponin purity, which was calculated by ratio percent of total ginsenoside to curde saponin content, was 45.90%. In case of white ginseng and red ginseng, the purities were 35.50 and 36.00%, respectively. However, by PHLC analysis, we confirmed that crude saponin isolated from red ginsengs. It suggested that crude saponin isolated from red ginseng ellux also would be useful component as ginseng saponins.

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인삼(人蔘) Saponin이 세균(細菌) α-Amylase 활성(活性)에 미치는 영향(影響) (Effect of Ginseng Saponin on Bacterial α-Amylase Activity)

  • 도재호;김상달;주현규
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 1985
  • 인삼(人蔘) saponin의 생물학적(生物學的) 활성(活性)을 조사(調査)하기 위하여 세균(細菌) v{\alpha}$-amylase의 작용(作用)에 미치는 인삼(人蔘) saponin의 영향(影響)을 조사(調査)한 결과(結果)를 요약(要約)하면 다음과 같다. Protopanaxadiol계(系), triol계(系) 및 total saponin 모두 ${\alpha}$-amylase의 활성(活性)을 25, 12, 13%정도(程度) 촉진(促進)시켰다. Diol계(系) saponin첨가(添加)경우 $40^{\circ}C$에서 3분간(分間) 전처리(前處理)함으로서 ${\alpha}$-amylase의 활성(活性)을 20%정도(程度) 촉진(促進)시켰으며 酵素(효소)의 열변성(熱變性)에 대(對)한 보호작용(保護作用)은 protopanaxariol계(系) saponin은 $60^{\circ}C$에서 5분(分)까지는 보호작용(保護作用)이 있었으나 protopanaxadiol계(系) saponin은 오히려 열실활(熱失活)을 촉진(促進)하는 경향이었다. Diol 및 triol계(系) saponin의 산가수분해물(酸加水分解物)이 ${\alpha}$-amylase의 활성(活性)을 diol 및 triol계(系) saponin보다 더 촉진(促進)시켰으며 diol, triol계(系) saponin의 첨가(添加)는 고농도(高濃度)의 기질(基質)이 존재(存在)할 때 기질저해(基質沮害)를 막아주었다.

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생쥐 대식세포의 활성시 신호전달에 미치는 인삼성분들의 영향 (The Effects of Ginseng Components on the Signal Transduction in the Activation of Murine Macrophages)

  • 신은경;박한우
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 1996
  • To study the effects of ginseng saponin components on the signal transduction in the ac tivation of murine macrophages, phagocytosis and Intracellular calcium concentration of peritoneal exuded mouse macrophages were examined. The phagocytosis was increased significantly after treatment with total saponin, diol-saponin, $Rg_1$ and $Rg_2$, but triol-saponin was unable to increase phagocytosis. The phagocytosis were increased when H7, a PKC inhibitor, was pretreated and increased significantly by saponin fractions except total saponin. Pertussis toxin, which inactivates G-protein, decreased the phagocytosis. But the phagocytosis was restored to the control level by saponin fractions and the phagocytosis was increased significantly by $Rg_2$ and $Rg_2$. The triol saponin increased phagocytosis approximately by 2-fold as compared with the TMB-8 treated group. Peritoneal exuded macrophages displayed a prominent rise in cytosolic calcium following treatment with triol-saponin, $Rg_1$, $Rg_2$ and $Rg_2$. Incubation of macrophages with PT resulted in an inhibition of cytosolic calcium mobilization, but increased cytosolic calcium mobilization with saponin fraction.

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인삼 Total Saponin, Protopanaxadiol 및 Protopanaxatriol의 소염작용에 관한 연구 (Studies on the Anti-inflammatory Activity of Ginseng Total Saponin, Protopanaxadiol and Protopanaxatriol)

  • 조태순;이선미;정국현;이범구;이석용;박종대
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 1999
  • In an attempt to elucidate the anti-inflammatory action of ginseng total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol, the anti-inflammatory activity of three compounds was investigated under various acute and chronic inflammatory models. The blood vessel permeability was slightly inhibited by total saponin and protopanaxatriol treatments. Granuloma formation induced by 2% carrageenan was inhibited by total saponin and protopanaxatriol. The cotton-pellet granuloma formation was significantly inhibited by intraperitoneal injection of total saponin. Total saponin and protopanaxadiol inhibited leukocyte emigration and protein exudation in CMC-induced pouch but protopanaxauiol increased leukocyte emigration. The swelling of rat hind paw induced by 1% carrageenan was significantly inhibited by total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol both single and 2 weeks treatments. Total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol decreased the anti-inflammatory activity in adrenalectomized rat. Our results suggest that total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol have potent anti-inflammatory activity, this may be mediated in part through stimulation of adrenal glands.

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두릅나무 순의 Saponin에 관한 연구 (I) - Saponin 의 분리 및 함량 - (Studies on the Saponins in the Shoot of Aralia Elata (I) -Separation and Content of the Saponins-)

  • 이만정;김영희
    • 한국식생활문화학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.235-241
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    • 1990
  • 두릅나무 Aralia elata순의 saponin을 분리하여 조사한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. Saponin의 함량과 종류는 자연산이 온상산보다 많고, 가열에 의해서는 모두 감소하였으며, 잎이 자랄수록 그 함량은 증가하였다. 자연산 날것 식용적기(Nr2)의 총 saponin 종류는 37개였다. 2. 자연산의 saponin 패턴은 생육시기에 따라 변하였으며 날것 식용적기(Nr2)가 다른 것에 비해서 크게 달랐다. 그러나 가열 처리한 결과는 saponin 패턴이 변화되어 시기적 차가 줄었다. 온상산은 자연산에 비해 피크가 단순하고 시기별 차이는 적었지만 가열에 의한 패턴의 차도 적었다. 3. 자연산 날것 식용적기는 ‘b’ saponin이 특이하게 많았고 나머지에서는 ‘d’ saponin이 가장 많았다.

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