• Title, Summary, Keyword: Salicylate

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Neurotoxicity of Sodium Salicylate on Spinal Sensory Neurons in Culture (배양 척수감각신경세포에 대한 살리실산 나트륨의 신경독성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Chang;Choi, Yu-Sun;Park, Seung-Taeck
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.136-141
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    • 2001
  • Background: Sodium salicylate (SS) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for the treatment of neuralgia or pain from rheumatoid arthritis. When abused or used in excess, SS can induce cytotoxicity. The present study examined whether SS has a neurotoxic effect. Methods: Cell viability was examined by MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2,5-dipheny ltetrazolium bromide] assay and Sulforhodamine (SRB) assay after cultivating dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons derived from neonatal mouse. These cells were treated with various concentrations of SS for 24 hours. In addition, the amount of protein synthesis against SS was measured in these cultures. Results: Cell viability (20, $40{\mu}g/ml$ SS) significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, SS inhibited protein synthesis after the exposure of cultured mouse DRG neurons to $30{\mu}g/ml$ of SS for 24 hours. Conclusions: The present study suggests that SS is toxic in cultured DRG neurons derived from neonatal mouse by decreasing cell viability and the amount of protein synthesis.

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Gold Sodium Thiomalate Inhibits iNOS Gene Expression in RAW 264.7 Macrophage: Differential Regulation by Gold Sodium Thiomalate and Sodium Salicylate (Gold Sodium Thiomalate에 의한 유도성 Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene의 발현억제: Gold 제제와 Sodium Salicylate의 차이점)

  • 임종호;배진영
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.230-235
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    • 2002
  • Gold sodium thiomalate (GST, gold compound) is a widely used anti-arthritic, anti-rheumatic and anti-inflammatory drug that is considered a good alternative to sodium salicylate (NaSA) for individuals who cannot tolerate salicylates. Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been implicated as a mediator of inflammation. Recent evidence suggests that anti-inflammatory effect of NaSA lies in the inhibition of iNOS, but nothing has been reported about the direct effect of iNOS expression by GST. The present study was designed to elucidate sequentially the action mechanisms of GST and NaSA on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plus interferon-gamma (IFN-$\gamma$) induced iNOS expression in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Both GST and NaSA inhibited NO production and iNOS protein expression in a dose dependent manner. GST inhibited iNOS mRNA expression induced by LPS plus IFN-$\gamma$, whereas NaSA did not. These findings suggest that GST may exert anti-arthritic, anti-rheumatic and anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting iNOS expression induced by LPS plus IFN-$\gamma$ at transcriptional level, whereas NaSA exert its effect by inhibiting iNOS expression at the translational or posttranslational level.

Effect of the Rosa rugosa Extract on the Rat with the Alcohol-salicylate-induced Gastropathy (위액분비 및 실험적 위손상에 대한 해당근 엑기스의 효과)

  • Park, Hee-Juhn;Lim, Sang-Cheol;Kim, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Jeung-Hee;Kang, He-Ok;Choi, Jong-Won
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.38-43
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    • 2005
  • This study was undertaken to evaluate the gastrotherapeutic effects of the extract of Rosa rugosa. It can be regarded that the antigastric and anti-ulcerative effect of Rosa rugosa is originated from the reduction of total acid output identified by gastric secretion test. To clarify the protective mechanism of the Rosa rugosa extract, the gastropathy was induced in rats with alcohol-salicylate and the activities of the free radical scavenging enzymes were examined. The acitivity of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxide were significantly increased and the total content of glutathione was recovered. We concluded that the protective effect of the extract of Rosa rugosa on gastropathy in rats is its ability increased the activities of the free radical scavenging enzymes.

Transient Change of Electrocardiogram in Two Young Women With Salicylate Intoxication - Two Cases Report - (아스피린 중독에 의한 심전도 변화 2례)

  • You Je-Sung;Park Jong-Woo;Choi Young-Hwan;Cho Young-Soon;Cho Kwang-Hyun;Park Jun-Seok;Chung Sung-Pil;Lee Hahn-Shick
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.44-47
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    • 2006
  • Symptoms of aspirin overdose may vary from acid-base disturbance, electrolyte abnormality, non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, chemical hepatitis, seizure to cardiac toxicity. Cardiac adverse effects from aspirin are uncommon but there are reports of arrhythmia, cardiopulmonary arrest, and myocardial infarction. We report 2 cases of young women with aspirin overdose who exhibited ischemic changes on their ECGs a few hours after the ingestion with spontaneous recovery in a few days. First case, a 29 year old woman, presented to the emergency department 6 hours after ingesting 250 tablets of aspirin (325 mg/T). On examination, the temperature was $36.3^{\circ}C$: blood pressure, 105/72mmHg; Pulse, 111/min and respiratory rate, 24/min. Second case, a 27 year old woman, an hour after ingesting 60 tablets (325mg/T). On examination, the temperature was $36.0^{\circ}C$: blood pressure, 102/72 mmHg; pulse, 89/min and respiratory rate, 25/min. In both cases, ECG after 6 hours of ingestion had sinus tachycardia and developed T wave inversion on the anterior leads in the following ECGs. Their initial serum salicylate levels after 6 hours of ingestion were 71.2 mg/dL and 28.4 mg/dL respectively. These salicylate levels were resolving when these ECGs were observed. The ECG changes resolved in the following days and they were discharged without any further symptoms. Further studies are needed, but for the time being, when dealing with salicylate overdose, transient cardiac depression should be kept in mind to avoid adverse ischemic cardiac events.

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Shear-induced microstructure and rheology of cetylpyridinium chloride/sodium salicylate micellar solutions

  • Park, Dae-Geun;Kim, Won-Jong;Yang, Seung-Man
    • Korea-Australia Rheology Journal
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    • v.12 no.3_4
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2000
  • In this article, we considered shear-induced microstructure and rheological behavior of micellar solutions of cationic surfactant, cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) in the presence of a structure-forming additive, sodium salicylate (NaSal). Shear viscosity, shear moduli and flow birefringence were measured as functions of the surfactant and additive concentrations. In the presence of NaSal, the micellar solution exhibited the non-linear rheological behavior due to the formation of supramolecular structures when the molar ratio of NaSal to CPC exceeded a certain threshold value. Flow birefringence probed the change in micelle alignment under shear flow. At low shear rates, the flow birefringence increased as the shear rate increased. On the other hand, fluctuation of flow birefringence appeared from the shear rate near the onset of shear thickening, which was caused by shear-induced coagulation or aggregation. These results were confirmed by the SEM images of in situ gelified micelle structure through sol-gel route.

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Sequential Copolypeptides (Ⅲ). Synthesis and Characterization of Poly ($\gamma$-benzyl-L-glutamyl-$\gamma$-benzyl-L-glutamyl-glycine)

  • Choi, Sang-Up;Kang, Joon-Kil
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.78-82
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    • 1980
  • Solutions of $Cd^{2+}$, $Co^{2+}$ and $Ni^{2+}$ were mixed with the solutions of hydroxycarboxylic acids such as salicylic, lactic and mandelic acids in the presence of cation exchange resin at room temperature. The distribution ratios of the metal ions between resin and solution were measured, using radioactive metal ions as tracer. From the observed variation of the distribution ratios with the acid anion concentrations, it was concluded that $Cd^{2+}$, $Co^{2+}$ and $Ni^{2+}$ formed the one-to-one complexes with salicylate, lactate and mandelate ions in aqueous, 20 % ethanol-water and 20 % acetone-water solutions. The results of the present study indicated that the relative stabilities of the metal-acid complexes in solution increased in the order: $Cd^{2+}$ <$Co^{2+}$ <$Ni^{2+}$ complexes. Salicylate

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Studies on the Antiinflammatory Effects and the Change of Copper Content after Administration of Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs in Rats (쥐에서 비스테로이드성 항염증제의 투여후 항염효과와 혈청 및 조직내 구리함량변화에 관한 연구)

  • 허인회;임철빈
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 1982
  • This paper presents anti-inflammatory effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and their copper complexes, and the change of content of copper in serum, liver, brain and edema foot induced by 1% carrageenan in rats, and also investigation of stomach hemorrhage. The results were as follows. 1. The content of copper decreased in liver and brain, however, the concentration of copper significantly increased in serum and edema site after carrageenan injection in rats. 2. The content of copper in serum and edema site was decreased after administration of anti-inflammatory drugs. 3. Edema inhibition rate of aspirin was, higher than that of copper (II) aspirinate, but edema inhibition rate of copper complex of naproxen was markedly higher than that of naproxen. 4. Hemorrhage of stomach of copper salicylate was higher than that of sodium salicylate, but hemorrhage of stomach of sodium naproxen was higher than that of copper naproxen.

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Using Polypyrrole for Drug Delivery System (폴리피롤을 이용한 약물전달시스템)

  • Lee, Sang-Jo;Lee, Seung-Ki;Oh, Myung-Hwan;Park, Jung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.448-451
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    • 2002
  • The possibility of using polypyrrole as a drug delivery system(DDS) has been studied using indicate (Phenol red) and substance with therapeutic activity(Sodium salicylate). In aqueous solution, negative potential is applied to polypyrrole then anion(with therapeutic activity) of sodium salicylate is released by redox processes of polypyrrole. The release amount of anionic drugs from polypyrrole is measured by UV-visible spectrometer which can measure UV-absorbance of materials. Electrode area that use for release amount measurement is$50mm^{2}(5{\times}10mm)$,and thickness of polypyrrole membrane is $15{\mu}m$. DC 1V applied in saline solution, the release amount according to time increased gradually. In various electrode area, release amount of anionic drug is directly to electrode area.

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Honeycomb Monolith Coated with Mo(VI)/ZrO2 as a Versatile Catalyst System for Liquid Phase Transesterification

  • Thimmaraju, N.;Pratap, S.R.;Senthilkumar, M.;Mohamed Shamshuddin, S.Z.
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.56 no.5
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    • pp.563-570
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    • 2012
  • Solid acid Mo(VI)/$ZrO_2$ with 2-10% Mo(VI) was coated on honeycomb monoliths by impregnation method. These catalytic materials were characterized by BET, $NH_3$-TPD/n-butylamine back titration, PXRD and SEM techniques. Phenyl salicylate (Salol) was synthesized via transesterification of methyl salicylate and phenol over these catalytic materials. An excellent yield (91.0%) of salol was obtained under specific reaction conditions. The effect of poisoning of acid sites of the catalytic material by adsorbing different bases and its effect on total surface acidity, powder XRD phases and catalytic activity was studied. A triangular correlation between the surface acidity, powder XRD phases and catalytic activity of Mo(VI)/$ZrO_2$ was observed. The thermally regenerated catalytic material was reused repeatedly with a consistent high yield of salol.