• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Salicylate

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Salicylate가 담배 미분화세포 isoperoxidase $A_3$의 활성에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Salicylate on the Activity of Isoperoxidase $A_3$ from Tobacco Callus)

  • 이미영
    • 환경생물
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.211-217
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    • 2001
  • 식물의 저항성과 방어관련물질 유도에 관련된 salicylate가 담배 미분화세포로부터 분리된 isoperoxidase $A_3$의 활성에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고, $Fe^{2+}$ 의 첨가에 의하여 salicylate에 의한 효소활성 억제가 보호되는 양상을 조사하였다. 다양한 농도의 salicylate가 isoperoxidase $A_3$의 활성에 미치는 영향을 조사한 결과 0.48mM salicylate에 의하여 isoperoxidase $A_3$의 활성이 약 20% 감소되었고, 0.6mM salicylate에 의하여 효소활성이 85% 이상 감소되었다. 이러한 결과는 salicylate에 의하여 isoperoxiase $A_3$가 억제됨을 보여준다. Salicylate에 의한 isoperoxidase $A_3$의 억제반응은 pH 의존적으로 일어났을 뿐만 아니라, noncompetitive inhibition 양상을 나타냈다. 뿐만 아니라 salicylate에 의한 isoperoxidase $A_3$의 활성억제는 $Fe^{2+}$ 첨가에 의하여 거의 완벽하게 보호되었다. Isoeroxidase A3로부터 heme부분을 제거하여 apoperoxidase를 제조한 후 여러가지 금속이온이 apoperoxidase의 활성회복에 미치는 효과를 조사하였다. 그 결과 hemin과 $Fe^{2+}$ 첨가에 의하여 apoperoxidase의 활성이 80% 이상 회복되었으나 $Cu^{2+},\;Zn^{2+},\;Co^{2+},\;Mn^{2+}$ 등은 apoperoxidase의 활성을 재구성시키지 못하였다.

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$Cu^{++}$ 촉매작용에 의한 과산화 현상이 Collagen 손상에 관여함과 Sodium Salicylate에 의한 보호 작용 (Involvement of $Cu^{++}$-Catalyzed Peroxidation in Degradation of Collagen and Protective Mechanism of Sodium Salicylate on this Peroxidative Reaction)

  • 김용식
    • 대한약리학회지
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 1987
  • $Cu^{++}$ 촉매작용에 의한 과산화현상이 관절조직손상의 한 형태인 Collagen 손상에 관여할 수 있음을 알아보고, sodium salicylate의 항 염증기전의 일부를 설명해 보고자 sodium salicylate가 이 과산화반응에 미치는 효과를 검토하였다. 쥐피부로 부터 얻은 Collagen을 이용하여 Collagen gelation에 대한 $Cu^{++}$$H_2O_2$의 효과를 관찰한 결과 $Cu^{++}$ 또는 $H_2O_2$ 단독으로는 gelation에 영향을 미치지 못하였으나, $Cu^{++}$$H_2O_2$가 동시에 첨가된 경우 gelation이 억제되어 maximal turbidity가 감소되고, lag phase가 연장됨을 보였다. 그리고 같은 반응 조건에서 sodium salicylate 첨가에 의해 $Cu^{++}$$H_2O_2$에 의해 억제된 gelation이 회복됨을 볼 수 있었으며 회복정도는 salicylate 농도 증가에 의존적이었다. 한편 $Cu^{++}$에 의한 $H_2O_2$의 decomposition rate가 sodium salicylate에 의해 증가됨을 보였고, salicylate 농도 증가에 의해 점차 saturation되는 양상을 보였다. 이상의 결과로 부터 $Cu^{++}$ 촉매작용에 의한 과산화 현상은 collagen에 작용하여 구조적 또는 기능적인 변화를 초래함을 알 수 있었고, salicylate에 의해 이러한 과산화 현상이 억제되는 것은 $Cu^{++}$에 의한 $H_2O_2$의 decomposition rate를 증가시킨 결과임을 알 수 있었다. 그러므로 $Cu^{++}$ 촉매작용에 의한 과산화현상은 만성염증 반응 특히 rheumatoid arthritis에서 나타나는 관절조직 손상에 관여할 수 있으며, sodium salicylate는 이 과산화반응에 작용하여 항 염증효과를 나타낼 수 있으리라 믿어졌다.

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중국산 바르는 관절약을 복용 후 발생한 살리실레이트 중독 2례 (Salicylate Poisoning After Accidental Ingestion of Chinese Medicated Oil)

  • 이수열;유지영;조규종;유지영
    • 대한임상독성학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.138-141
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    • 2007
  • Because of the ready availability of aspirin, salicylate poisoning remains a common problem in many countries. Another potential source of salicylate poisoning is medicated oil containing methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen). Methyl salicylate poses a much greater safety threat than aspirin tablets because of its liquid, concentrated form and high lipid solubility. Because of this danger, the toxic potential of medicated oil containing methyl salicylate should be fully appreciated both by physicians and by the general public. We encountered two cases of salicylate poisoning resulting from accidental ingestion of Chinese medicated oil. We report these cases along with a review of the literature.

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Effects of Salicylate and Glucose on Biodegradation of Phenanthrene by Burkholderia cepacia PM07

  • LEE DAE SUNG;LEE MIN WOO;WOO SEUNG HAN;PARK JONG MOON
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.859-865
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    • 2005
  • The stimulatory effects of exogenous salicylate as a pathway inducer on phenanthrene biodegradation were investigated using Burkholderia cepacia PM07. The phenanthrene degradation rate was greatly enhanced by increasing the salicylate additions, and the maximum rate was 19.6 mg $I^{-1}\;d^{-1}$ with the addition of 200 mg $I^{-1}$ of salicylate, 3.5 times higher than that (5.6 mg $I^{-1}\;d^{-1}$) without the addition of salicylate. The degradation rate was decreased at higher concentrations of salicylate (above 500 mg$I^{-1}$), and cell growth was significantly inhibited. The phenanthrene degradation was not affected by increasing glucose up to 2 g $I^{-1}$, although dramatic microbial growth was obtained. The stimulatory effect of exogenous salicylate decreased in the presence of glucose. After the addition of 200 mg $I^{-1}$ of salicylate, approximately $60\%$ of the initial phenanthrene (50 mg $I^{-1}$) was degraded after 96 h. However, with extra addition of 200 mg $I^{-1}$ of glucose, the phenanthrene degradation rate decreased, and only $18.5\%$ of the initial phenanthrene was degraded.

Sodium Salicylate Activates p38MAPK Though a Specific-Sensing Mechanism, Distinct from Pathways Used by Oxidative Stress, Heat Shock, and Hyperosmotic Stress

  • Kim, Jung-Mo;Oh, Su-Young;Kim, Min-Young;Seo, Myoung-Suk;Kang, Chi-Duk;Park, Hye-Gyeong;Kang, Ho-Sung
    • 대한의생명과학회지
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.241-248
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    • 2003
  • Sodium salicylate, a plant stress hormone that plays an important role(s) in defenses against pathogenic microbial and herbivore attack, has been shown to induce a variety of cell responses such as anti-inflammation, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in animal cells. p38MAPK plays a critical role(s) in the cell regulation by sodium salicylate. However, the signal pathway for sodium salicylate-induced p38MAPK activation is yet unclear. In this study, we show that although sodium salicylate enhances reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, a general ROS scavenger, did not prevent sodium salicylate-induced p38MAPK, indicating ROS-independent activation of p38MAPK by sodium salicylate. Sodium salicylate-activated p38MAPK appeared to be very rapidly down-regulated 2 min after removal of sodium salicylate. Interestingly, sodium salicylate-pretreated cells remained fully responsive to re-induction of p38MAPK activity by a second sodium salicylate stimulation or by other stresses, $H_2O$$_2$ and methyl jasmonate (MeJA), thereby indicating that sodium salicylate does not exhibit both homologous and heterologous desensitization. In contrast, pre-exposure to MeJA, $H_2O$$_2$, heat shock, or hyperosmotic stress reduced the responsiveness to subsequent homologous stimulation. Sodium salicylate was able to activate p38MAPK in cells desensitized by other heterologous p38MAPK activators. These results indicate that there is a sensing mechanism highly specific to sodium salicylate for activation of p38MAPK, distinct trom pathways used by other stressors such as MeJA, $H_2O$$_2$ heat shock, and hyperosmotic stress.

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Salicylate가 성체줄기세포의 골분화에 미치는 영향 (Salicylate Can Enhance Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Periosteum-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells)

  • 김보규;이아람;이보영;심성보;문동규;황선철;변준호;우동균
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.28 no.12
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    • pp.1455-1460
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    • 2018
  • 최근 들어 급속한 고령화 사회가 진행되고 있으며 이로 인해 골관절염과 골다공증 등의 퇴행성 골질환 환자수도 동반하여 증가하고 있다. 따라서 고령화에 따른 골관련 질환의 새로운 제어와 치료법 개발을 위해 성체줄기세포의 골세포 분화유도를 활용한 재생의학도 활발히 연구되고 있다. 또한 관련 연구에서 줄기세포의 분화과정에서 미토콘드리아의 산화적인산화가 중요하다고 알려지고 있다. 흥미롭게도 최근 연구에서 아스피린의 주성분인 salicylate가 동물세포의 미토콘드리아 생합성을 증진시키는 효과가 보고되었다. 그러나 성체줄기세포에서 salicylate가 골세포분화나 미토콘드리아 생합성을 유도할 수 있는지에 대한 연구결과는 미비한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 인체 골막 유래의 성체줄기세포를 이용하여 골세포분화나 미토콘드리아 생합성에 대한 salicylate의 영향을 분석하였다. 골막 유래 성체줄기세포의 골세포 분화유도 과정에 동반한 salicylate 처리는 잘 알려진 골세포분화 표지자인 alkaline phosphatase의 활성을 증가시키는 결과를 본 연구에서 얻었다. 이러한 연구결과는 salicylate가 줄기세포로부터 골세포로의 분화를 조절할 수 있는 물질이 될 수 있음을 제시한다. 또한 이러한 골세포 분화과정에서 미토콘드리아 생합성도 salicylate 처리에 의해 증가됨이 관찰되었다. 따라서, 미토콘드리아 생합성이나 기능을 조절하는 물질이 성체줄기세포의 골세포 분화과정에도 영향을 줄 수 있으며, 이러한 물질이 골세포분화나 재생의학의 새로운 조절 물질로 응용될 수 있음을 제시한다.

In Vitro Uptake of Salicylate by Human Red Blood Cells

  • Kim, Chone-Kook
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 1979
  • Distribution and binding properties of sodium salicylate the human red blood cells were studied under various experimental conditions. The effect of tonicity and hemolysis on the steady state level of the drug within the human red blood cells were accounted for in this study. When the washed cells were suspended in normal saline solution, the drug was so rapidly permeated into red cells. Since the pH of the system forces nearly complete ionization of the drug, ionic diffusion through aqueous pores is thought to be the mode of salicylate transport. Human red cell binding capacity and association constant for salicylate were estimated. This work supports the view that the red cells act asan important reservior of salicylate.

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살리실산 유사체류의 물성이 우혈청 알부민 결합에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Physicochemical Properties of Salicylate Analogs on Binding to Bovine Serum Albumin)

  • 용철순
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 1993
  • The protein binding of salicylate analogs has been investigated by equilibrium dialysis. A series of binding experiments were performed in order to elucidate the effects of physicochemical properties of salicylate analogs on the binding with bovine serum albumin. Attempts to correlate affinity constants with capacity factor, steric factor and Hammett ${\sigma}$ values suggested hydrophobic forces to be involved in the binding of salicylate analogs. Steric factor contributes to binding process partly, whereas electronic interaction appears to be insignificant.

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Degradation of Salicylic Acid by Free and Immobilized Cells of Pseudomonas sp. Strain NGK1

  • Patil, Neelakanteshwar-K.;Sharanagouda, U.;Niazi, Javed-H.;Kim, Chi-Kyung;Karegoudar, Timmanagouda-B.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2003
  • A Pseudomonas sp. strain NGK1 (NCIM 5120) capable of utilizing salicylate was immobilized in alginate and polyurethane foam (PUF). The degradation rate of salicylate by freely suspended cells was compared with the degradation rate by immobilized cells. In an initial 20 and 40 mM salicylate, free cells ($2{\times}10^{11}\;cfu\;ml^{-1}$) degraded to 16 and 14 mM, alginate-entrapped cells degraded to 18 and 26 mM, and PUF-entrapped cells degraded to 20 and 32 mM salicylate, respectively, in batch cultures. The alginate-and PUF-entrapped cells were used in repeated batch and continuous culture systems. The efficiency of both the immobilized systems f3r the degradation of salicylate was compared. It has been observed that the PUF-entrapped cells could be reused for more than 20 cycles whereas alginate-entrapped cells could be reused for a maximum of only 12 cycles, after which a decrease in degradation rat was observed with the initial 20 and 40 mM salicylate. The continuous degradation of sallcylate by freely suspended cells showed a negligible degradation rate of salicylate when compared with immobilized cells. With the immobilized cells in both alginate and polyurethane foam, the degradation rate increased with an increase in the dilution rate up to $2\;h^{-1}$ for 20 mM, and $1.5\;h^{-1}$ for 40 mM salicylate. The results revealed that PUF-entrapped cells were more efficient for the degradation of salicylate than alginate-entrapped cells and freely suspended cells.

귀판 합 조구등 추출액이 살리실산 나트륨으로 유발된 와우의 형태학적 변화에 미치는 영향 (Therapeutic Effects of Extract of Uncariae Ramulis and Testudinis Plastrum on Cochlear Morphologic Change Induced by Salicylate Ototoxicity)

  • 하미경;구영희;최인화
    • 대한한의학회지
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.160-168
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    • 2004
  • Background and Objectives: Tinnitus is on the increase due to the increase in the elderly population, industrial pollution and noise pollution. This symptom is especially marked in patients with a hearing problem and the relationship between cause, mechanism and treatment is poorly understood. The characteristics of tinnitus and other hearing problems are well brought out using an animal model with salicylate ototoxicity. Therapeutic effects of Uncariae Ramulis and Testudinis Plastrum were expected in tinnitus and hearing problems; therefore we experimented on an animal model with salicylate ototoxicity. Salicylate is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs, although it has been recognized that salicylate induces hearing loss and tinnitus reversibly. The purpose of this study was to find the therapeutic effects of this by the morphologic study using salicylate ototoxicity. Materials and Methods : Twelve healthy Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: normal, control and sample. The sample group was treated with the extract of Uncariae Ramulis and Testudinis Plastrum (1cc/100g, once a day for 6 days). Then, to induce the salicylate ototoxicity in the control and sample groups, rats were injected intraperitoneally with sodium salicylate (500mg/kg). We observed the morphologic changes in the cochlea of the rats every 2, 3, 4 and 5 hours after injection. Results : The outer hair cells showed marked changes. Vacuolization formed in the cuticular plate and the endoplasm of the control group. The endoplasm and the cuticular plates of the sample group after 2 hours were similar to the control group, but the cuticular plates of the sample group observed after 3, 4 and 5 hours were not similar. Conclusions : The results suggest that an extract of Uncariae Ramulis and Testudinis Plastrum has therapeutic effects on an animal model with salicylate ototoxicity.

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