• Title/Summary/Keyword: Salicornia herbacea

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Effects of Different NaCl Concentrations on the Growth of Suaedu asparagoides, Suaeda maritima, and Salicornia herbacea (염분농도에 따른 나문재, 해홍나물, 퉁퉁마디의 생장반응)

  • Nam, Yu-Kyeong;Baik, Jung-Ae;Chiang, Mae-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.349-353
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    • 2007
  • To investigate the effect of NaCl concentration on plant growth in three halophytes, Suaeda asparagoides, Suaeda maritima, and Salicornia herbacea, and to select afforestation species for reclaimed land along the shore, this experiment was conducted by ebb and flow system added fertilize of 1/2 Hoagland solution and halophytes were cultured for 4 month treated by 0, 50, 200, 400 mM NaCl, respectively. The shoot height was increased with 0 and 50 mM NaCl treatment of Suaeda asparagoides and Suaeda maritima and decreased with 200, 400 mM NaCl treatment, whereas them of Salicornia herbacea was increased by 200 mM NaCl treatment. The higher NaCl concentrations, the lower fresh and dry weight in Suaeda asparagoides. In case Suaeda maritima and Salicornia herbacea, fresh and dry weight was increased by 200 mM NaCl treatment. The higher NaCl concentrations, the lower chlorophyll contents in shoot of all treatment. The proline contents of 400 mM treatment in Suaeda maritima was higher than them of other treatments. The shoot water potential was generally lower in 50mM as compared to the control in Suaeda asparagoides, Suaeda maritima, significantly.

IMMUNOSTIMULATION BY THE EXTRACTS OF SALICORNIA HERVACEA

  • Jeon, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.99-99
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    • 2002
  • In the present study, the potent lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mimetic stimulation of B cells and macrophages by hot water extract from Salicornia herbacea (S. europeae L.) is described. The extract activated spleen cells to proliferate in a dose-related manner as measured by [$^3$ H)-thymidine incorporation response.(omitted)

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Chemical Composition of Salicornia Herbacea L.

  • Min, Jin-Gi;Lee, Doo-Seog;Kim, Tae-Jin;Park, Jeong-Heum;Cho, Tae-Yong;Park, Dong-In
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.105-107
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    • 2002
  • To get basic data for the utilization of S. herbacea L. as a raw material in food and Chinese herbs, chemical compositions of its leaves, stem and root were investigated. Leaves had the highest level of moisture and the lowest bevel of total sugar. The crude protein and crude lipid contents of the stem were similar to those of the root. Crude ash and salt contents (dry basis) in leaves were considerably higher than those of the stem and root. Total amino acid contents of leaves, stem and root were 1,270 mg/100 g, 1,525 mg/100 g, and 1,569 mg/100 g, respectively. Although the amino acid compositions of loaves, stein, and root were different, their major amino acids were glutamic acid, leuicine, isoleucine and aspartic acid. The rich minerals in leaves, stem and root were Na, K and Ca.

Tungtungmadic Acid Isolated from Salicornia herbacea Suppresses the Progress of Carbon Tetrachloride-induced Hepatic Fibrosis in Mice

  • Chung, Young-Chul;Choi, Jae-Ho;Oh, Kyo-Nyeo;Chun, Hyo-Kon;Jeong, Hye-Gwang
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.267-273
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    • 2006
  • Tungtungmadic acid(3-caffeoyl, 4-dihydrocaffeoyl quinic acid: CDCQ) is a new chlorogenic acid derivative isolated from the Salicornia herbacea. The suppressive effects of CDCQ on the progress of acute carbon tetrachloride($CCl_4$)-induced hepatic fibrosis were investigated in mice. CDCQ significantly suppressed $CCl_4$-induced hepatic necrosis and inflammation, as determined by serum enzymatic activities of alanine and aspartate aminotransferase and serum TNF-$\alpha$ levels in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, increased hepatic lipid peroxidation and fibrosis after acute $CCl_4$ treatment were suppressed by the administration of CDCQ. CDCQ also significantly prevented the elevation of hepatic hydroxyproline and collagen content and ${\alpha}$-smooth muscle actin(${\alpha}$-SMA) expression in the liver of $CCl_4$-intoxicated mice. These results suggest that the suppressive effects of CDCQ against the acute $CCl_4$-induced hepatic fibrosis possibly related to its ability to block both hepatic inflammation and the activation of hepatic stellate cells.

Qualities of Soybean Dasik with Added Saltwort (Salicornia herbacea L.) Powder (함초 분말을 첨가한 콩다식의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Myung-Hee;Hong, Geum-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.501-505
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    • 2011
  • Soybean powder is a readily-available food ingredient. Furthermore, saltwort powder is an herb with various physiological effects. Therefore, in this study we examined the physiochemical characteristics of soybean dasik prepared with 0, 4, 8, and 12% saltwort powder. We measured Hunter's color values, mechanical characteristics, and sensory qualities. The result of each analysis is as follows. There were not significant differences between the moisture content of the control group and the groups with saltwort powder. The ash content increased while the fat and protein content decreased as the ratio of saltwort powder increased (p<0.001). In the analysis of color differences, the L, a, and b values decreased as the ratio of saltwort powder increased (p<0.001). The hardness (p<0.001) of the groups increased as the ratio of saltwort powder increased, but adhesiveness decreased. Sensory evaluation data showed that softness, hardness, and chewiness decreased while color increased as the ratio of saltwort powder increased. Finally, aroma, sweet taste, nutty taste, and overall acceptability was shown to be best for the 4% addition group.

Studies on Vegetation for Ecological Restoration of Salt Marshes in Saemangeum Reclaimed Land - Germination Strategies and Character of Halophytes - (새만금 간척지일대 염습지 생태복원을 위한 식생학적 연구 - 염생식물 발아 전략 및 특성 -)

  • Kim, Chang-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.451-462
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    • 2009
  • A study on vegetation in the Mangyeong River and Dongjin River basins and the surrounding regions of the Saemangeum Reclaimed Land was conducted in a series of efforts to determine the expected ecological changes in the salt marshes, to restore their vegetation, to explore the restoring force of halophyte, to examine the community mechanism and, ultimately, to rehabilitate marshy land vegetation along the lakeside, coastal dune and salt marshes of the Saemangeum Project Area. The findings of the study may be summed up as follows: Five species such as Suaeda japonica, Salicornia herbacea, Atriplex gmelini, Aster tripolium and Suaeda asparagoides that are mostly distributed in the estuary of the Saemangeum Reclaimed Land were analyzed to examine the mechanism of halophyte to maintain their community. To find out the strategies of plants for survival and the cause of forming community structure, a research was made as for appearance ratio of young sapling. From the results of laboratory analysis into dynamics of the saplings of halophyte, it was revealed that the germination ratio of the dry area and submerged area decreases in the order of Suaeda asparagoides, Suaeda japonica, Salicornia herbacea, Atriplex gmelini and Aster tripolium.

Effects of Water Extract from Enzymic-Treated Hamcho (Salicornia herbacea) on Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed High Cholesterol Diet (효소처리한 함초(Salicornia herbacea) 열수추출물이 고콜레스테롤 식이 흰쥐의 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyung-Ran;Jang, Mi-Jin;Choi, Sang-Won;Woo, Mi-Hee;Choi, Jeong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of water extract from enzymic-treated Salicornia herbacea (Hamcho) on lipid metabolism in rats fed high cholesterol diet. Experimental rats were divided into six groups which were composed of normal diet group, normal and $2\%$ Hamcho extract diet group, high cholesterol diet group, high cholesterol and $1\%,\;2\%\;and\;4\%$ Hamcho extracts diet groups. Body weight gain and food efficiency ratio (FER) of the high cholesterol diet group were significantly increased compared to the normal diet group, while those of the high cholesterol and Hamcho extracts diet groups were decreased compared to the high cholesterol diet group. Food intake was not significantly different among all experimental groups, The serum TG content of the high cholesterol diet group was significantly increased compared to the normal diet group, but that of the high cholesterol and extracts diet group was significantly decreased in dose-dependent concentration. The liver TG, total lipid and total cholesterol contents of the high cholesterol diet group were significantly increased compared to the normal diet group, while those of the high cholesterol and $2\%\;or\;4\%$ Hamcho extracts diet groups were significantly decreased compared to the high cholesterol diet group. The serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol contents, and AI of the high cholesterol diet group were significantly increased compared to the normal diet group, while those of the high cholesterol and Hamcho extracts diet groups were decreased, and especially the high cholesterol and $4\%$ Hamcho extract diet group was significantly decreased compared to the high cholesterol diet group. Serum HDL-cholesterol contents of the high cholesterol diet group were significantly increased compared to the normal diet group. These results suggest that supplementation of water extract from enzymic-treated Salicornia herbacea may have a pronounced impact on lipid metabolism of serum and liver in the rats fed high cholesterol diet.

Effect of Salicornia herbacea L. Supplementation on Tissue Triglyceride Concentrations and PGC-1α & PPAR-γ Expression of Skeletal Muscle of Rats Fed a High-fat Diet (함초의 보충식이가 고지방식이 흰쥐의 혈청 및 조직의 중성지방 농도와 골격근 내 PGC-1α 및 PPAR-γ 단백질 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hahyoung;Kwon, Daekeun;Kim, JinWoo;Song, Youngju
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.28 no.7
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    • pp.857-863
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    • 2018
  • This study examined whether the supplementation of Salicornia herbacea L. (SH), a member of the Chenopodiaceae subfamily, affects tissue specific triglyceride (TG) accumulation and the peroxisome proliferator-activated $receptor-{\gamma}$ $coactivator-1{\alpha}$ ($PGC-1{\alpha}$) and peroxisome proliferator-activated $receptor-{\gamma}$ ($PPAR-{\gamma}$) protein expressions of skeletal muscle in rats with a high-fat diet. Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into three groups: control normal diet group (CD), high-fat diet group (HD), and 5.0% SH supplemented high-fat diet group (SD). The weights of fat tissue of the SD group were reduced by approximately 25%(p<0.01), while the skeletal muscle weight of the SD group increased approximately 5% compared to those in the HD group (p<0.01). The serum and hepatic TG of the SD group decreased approximately 20% compared to those of the HD group (p<0.05). In the protein expression levels in the skeletal muscle, the $PGC-1{\alpha}$ and $PPAR-{\gamma}$ expressions of the SD group were 1.5-folds higher than those of the HD group (p<0.01). From these results, SH supplementation contributes to the improvement of the serum and hepatic TG concentrations, and the $PGC-1{\alpha}$ and $PPAR-{\gamma}$ protein expression levels in the skeletal muscle of fed a high-fat diet. Thus, SH supplementation was effective in reducing fat mass and increasing muscle mass.

Quality Characteristics of Gochujang Sauce with Concentrated Salicornia herbacea L. Extracts (함초 추출물을 첨가한 고추장 소스의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Young-Seon;Park, Geum-Soon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.939-946
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to enhance the quality of gochujang sauces containing Salicornia herbacea L. extracts at concentrations of 0%(C), 1%(RS-1), 2%(RS-2), and 3%(RS-3). Free sugars detected in gochujang sauce were sucrose, glucose, maltose, and fructose. pH level was not significantly different among the samples. As the contents of S. herbacea L. extracts increased, the salinity decreased. The colors of the gochujang sauce as indicated by -L, $a^{\ast\ast\ast}$, and $b^{\ast}$ values decreased as contents of gochujang sauce S. herbacea L. extracts increased. Most of the mineral contents of gochujang sauce containing S. herbacea L. extracts were higher than that of control. Overall acceptabilities of the S. herbacea L. extracts-added groups were in the order of 2%, 3%, 0%, and 1%. The 2% (RS-2) S. herbacea L. extract-added group was highly rated in general charateristics, making it the most desirable for making S. herbacea L. extract-added gochujang sauce.

Growth Inhibitory and Quinone Reductase Induction Activities of Salicornia herbacea L. Fractions on Human Cancer Cell Lines in vitro (함초 분획물의 in vitro에서의 암세포 성장억제 및 Quinone Reductase 활성 유도 효과)

  • Jung, Bok-Mi;Park, Jung-Ae;Bae, Song-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.148-153
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    • 2008
  • We investigated the growth inhibitory effect of Salicornia herbacea L. (SH) on human cancer cell lines in vitro. SH was extracted with methanol (SHM), followed by further fractionation into four subfractions according to polarity: hexane (SHMH), methanol (SHMM), butanol (SHMB), and aqueous (SHMA) soluble fractions. We determined the growth inhibitory effect of these fractions against human cancer cell lines using MTT assay. Among the four subfractions of SHM, the SHMM showed the strongest cytotoxic effects on cancer cell lines. We also observed quinone reductase (QR)-inducing effect of methanol layer (SHMM) on HepG2 cells and it was determined to be 3.00 at $100\;{\mu}g/mL$ level compared to the control value of 1.0. The SHMM showed the highest induction activity of quinone reductase on HepG2 cells among the partition layers. The present work suggests that SH merits further study to confirm its chemopreventive potential.