• Title/Summary/Keyword: Salicornia herbacea

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Immunomodulatory activity of Salicornia herbacea L. Components

  • Im, Sun-A;Kim, Goo-Whan;Lee, Chong-Kil
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.273-277
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    • 2003
  • Salicornia herbacea is an annual herb growing in salt marshes and on muddy seashores. Salicornia herbacea has been used as a fork medicine as well as a seasoned vegetable. In fork medicine, Salicornia herbacea has been used to treat a variety of diseases such as constipation, obesity, diabetes, asthma, arthritis and cancer. However, the biological mechanisms for these activities have not been characterized, nor the active components. The immunomodulatory activity of Salicornia herbacea components were studied in the present study. The components of Salicornia herbacea were prepared from the whole plant by passage through a fine screen, and then dialyzed against PBS overnight. Immunomodulatory activities of the Salicornia herbacea components were examined on a mouse macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7 cells. The Salicornia herbacea components were shown to stimulate cytokine production, nitric oxide release, and expression of surface molecules in a dose dependent manner. The Salicornia herbacea components also induced further differentiation of slightly adherent RAW 264.7 cell into strongly adherent macrophages. These results indicate that Salicornia herbacea contains immunomodulator(s) that induces activation of macrophages.

Effects of Salicornia herbacea L. Powder on Making Wheat Flour Bread (함초 분말 첨가가 제빵적성에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Jong-Yoon;Park, La-Young;Lee, Shin-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.908-913
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Salicornia herbacea L. on baking properties of white breads. Crude fiber and crude ash contents of Salicornia herbacea L. powder were 70.02% and 25.6%, respectively. Fe and Ca contents of Salicornia herbacea L. were 176 ppm and 1,175 ppm, respectively. The pH of dough with Salicornia herbacea L. powder was similar to that of control. Salinity contents did not show any significantly differences between bread added Salicornia herbacea L. powder and control. L (lightness) and b (yellowness) value of the dough were decreased by the addition of Salicornia herbacea L., but a (redness) value was increased. The volume of dough during fermentation and the baking loss did not show significant difference between treatments and control. The weight of bread was increased by the addition of Salicornia herbacea L. but the volume was not.

Quality Characteristics of Mungbean Starch Gel Added with Salicornia herbacea L. Powder (함초 분말을 첨가한 청포묵의 품질 특성)

  • Son, Gi-Ok;Lee, Seung-Joo
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.472-480
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    • 2014
  • This study evaluated the quality characteristics of mungbean starch gel prepared with different amounts of Salicornia herbacea L. powder. In order to determine the optimal addition level of Salicornia herbacea L. powder, samples of mungbean starch with 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8% of Salicornia herbacea L. powder substitute were prepared, after which physicochemical, textural and sensory quality characteristics were measured. Upon increasing Salicornia herbacea L. powder levels in the formulation, moisture contents of samples decreased, except the 6% addition sample, and salinity levels increased. Total phenolic contents and DPPH radical scavenging activities also increased significantly upon addtion of Salicornia herbacea L. powder. According to the texture analysis, hardness and gumminess decreased with increasing amounts of added Salicornia herbacea L. powder. From the sensory tests, 4% Salicornia herbacea L. powder sample received the highest overall acceptability score with proper levels of flavor, saltiness and texture. As a result, to increase usage of Salicornia herbacea L., the optimal formulation consisted of 4% Salicornia herbacea L. powder substitute for mungbean starch.

Quality Characteristics and Storage Properties of Gat Kimchi added with Oyster Shell Powder and Salicornia herbacea Powder (굴 패각 가루와 함초 가루를 첨가하여 제조한 갓김치의 품질특성과 저장성)

  • Jung, Bok-Mi;Jung, Sun-Jin;Kim, Eun-Sil
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.188-197
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    • 2010
  • In this study, the quality characteristics and storage properties of gat kimchi added with oyster shell powder and Salicornia herbacea powder were investigated during a storage time of 80 days at $5^{\circ}C$. After storage for 80 days, the average calcium contents were significantly higher in the kimchi containing the oyster shell powder and Salicornia herbacea powder than the control. In addition, the average hardness value was significantly higher in the OS4 group(oyster shell powder at 4% and Salicornia herbacea powder at 2%) than the control group, as well as the OS10 group(oyster shell powder at 10% and Salicornia herbacea powder at 2%) during storage for 80 days. The hunter b value of the OS4 group was significantly lower than the control group. During fermentation, gat kimchi containing the oyster shell powder and Salicornia herbacea powder had a higher pH and a lower acidity value than the control group. In terms of sensory evaluation, there were no significant differences between the control and calcium-added kimchi during fermentation. After 40 days of storage, the OS4 group showed a lower total viable count, as well as lower lactic acid bacteria, yeast and E. coli, as compared with the control and OS10 groups. Based on the microbial load, the gat kimchi containing the oyster shell powder showed limitations in terms of shelf life.

Constituents of the Halophyte Salicornia herbacea

  • Lee, Yeon-Sil;Lee, Hye-Seung;Shin, Kuk-Hyun;Kim, Bak-Kwang;Lee , Sang-Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1034-1036
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    • 2004
  • Four compounds were isolated from Salicornia herbacea by repeated column chromatography. Their structures were identified as ${\beta}$-sitosterol (1), stigmasterol (2), uracil (3), and isorhamnetin-3-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside (4) by spectral analysis and comparison with the published data.

Optimization of Ultrasound-assisted Extraction of Phenolic Compounds from Salicornia herbacea Powder

  • Kim, Hui-Jeong;Lee, Jun-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.129-133
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    • 2009
  • Salicornia herbacea is rich in natural minerals, dietary fibers, and potentially health-promoting phenolic compounds. In this paper, an experimental design was applied for the optimization of the ultrasound-assisted extraction of phenolic compounds from lyophilized Salicornia herbacea powder. The experiments were conducted in accordance with a five-level, three-variable central composite rotatable design (CCRD), and the effects of solvent concentration, extraction time, and extraction temperature were evaluated via response surface methodology (RSM). The optimal extraction conditions were as follows: ethanol concentration, 76.80%; extraction time, 20 min; and extraction temperature, $33.21^{\circ}C$; and the solvent concentration was the most significant parameter in this process, under which the predicted total phenolic content was 49.91 mg GAE/g sample.

Physiological and Functional Properties of Salicornia herbacea (Tungtungmadi) Leaf Extracts

  • Min, Jin-Gi;Son, Kwang-Tae;Kim, Ji-Hoe;Kim, Tae-Jin;Park, Jeong-Heum
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.261-264
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    • 2002
  • The physiologically relevant functional properties of various solvent extracts from Salicornia herbacea leaves were investigated by measuring lipid peroxidation, DPPH radical scavenging, nitrite scavenging, and xanthine oxidase inhibition. Ethyl ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions obtained from the 80% aqueous ethanol extracts of Salicornia herbacea leaves showed strong antioxidative activities in linoleic acid methyl esters. Peroxide values (POV) were not significantly different among the samples treated with the different fractions; the incubation time required to reach a peroxide value of 80 meq/kg was about 40 hrs. However, control linoleic acid methyl esters had POV of more than 480 meq/kg after 40 hrs. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of the ethyl acetate fraction was much more effective than diethyl ether, n-butanol, chloroform and water fractions, with an $IC_{50}$/ of 279 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, but less effective than ascorbic acid ($IC_{50}$/ : 67 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL). The nitrite scavenging activities of all fractions increased as pH decreased. Among the fractions, nitrite scavenging activities of diethyl ether and ethyl acetate fractions at pH 1.2 were highest at 59.0 and 56.2%, respectively. The diethyl ether fraction obtained from the 80% aqueous ethanol extract of Salicornia herbacea loaves was the most effective inhibitor of xanthine oxidase of all the solvent extracts at 84% inhibition for a 1 mg/mL concentration. These results suggest that Salicornia herbacea leaf extracts may be effective antioxidants, not only in food stability, but also in human health.

Isolation and Identification of Antioxidant Flavonoids from Salicornia herbacea L. (퉁퉁마디에서 항산화 물질의 분리 및 동정)

  • Kim, Kwan-Su;Park, Si-Hyung
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.120-123
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    • 2004
  • Two flavonoids were isolated from the aerial parts of Salicornia herbacea L. by column chromatography. The structures of the flavonoid compound 1 and 2 were identified as quercetin $3-O-{\beta}-D-glucopyranoside$ and isorhamnetin $3-O-{\beta}-D-glucopyranoside$, respectively. The antioxidant activity of compound 1 was similar to those of quercetin and rutin, and the activity of compound 2, which contained methoxyl group at flavonoid B-ring, was lower than that of compound 1. The two compounds 1 and 2 were the first to be reported in this plant.

Salicornia herbacea Prevents High Fat Diet-Induced Hyperglycemia and Hyperlipidemia in ICR Mice

  • Park Sang-Hyun;Ko Sung-Kwon;Choi Jin-Gyu;Chung Sung-Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.256-264
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    • 2006
  • Salicornia herbacea L. (Chenopodiaceae) has been used as a seasoned vegetable by living in coastal areas. S. herbacea (SH) has been demonstrated to stimulate cytokine production, nitric oxide release, and to show anti-oxidative effect. In a series of investigations to develop potential anti-diabetic and/or anti-hyperlipidemic agents from Korean indigenous plants, 50% ethanol extract of Salicornia herbacea was found to prevent the onset of the hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia induced by high fat diet in ICR mice. At 6 week old, the ICR mice were randomly divided into five groups; two control and three treatment groups. The control mice were to receive either a regular diet (RD) or high-fat diet (HFD), and the treatment groups were fed a high fat diet with either 350 mg/kg, 700 mg/kg of SH (SH350 and SH700) or 250 mg/kg of met-formin (MT250) for a 10-week period. SH not only reduced body weight but also corrected associated hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in a dose dependent manner. SH exerted beneficial effects on the plasma glucose and lipid homeostasis possibly ascribed to its specific effects on lipogenesis related genes (SREBP1a, FAS, GAPT), and PEPCK, glucose 6-phosphatase gene expressions in liver. Ethanol extract of S. herbacea has potential as a preventive agent for type 2 diabetes (and possibly hyperlipidemia) and deserves future clinical trial.

Comparative Study of Food Components and Sensory Properties of Common Porphyra yezoensis and Functional Porphyra yezoensis (일반 김과 기능성 김의 식품성분과 관능평가 비교 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Hee-Young;Jung, Bok-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.10
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    • pp.1314-1319
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    • 2007
  • This study is to compare food components and the sensory properties of common and functional Porphyra yezoensis, Pyroligneous liquor, Salicornia herbacea L. and Salicornia herbacea L. treated with oak charcoal. The samples used in this study were provided by a local manufacturer. We analyzed their proximate composition, mineral content, heavy metal content and amino acids. We conducted the sensory evaluation before and after grilling Porphyra yezoenis. Common components are more plentiful in functional Porphyra yezoenis than in common except for carbohydrate and crude fiber. In the case of mineral content, generally functional Porphyra yezoensis contains much more mineral than common except for magnesium and zinc. Especially Salicornia herbacea L. treated with oak charcoal contains abundant iron. Also, Salicornia herbacea L. contains a lot of calcium potassium, copper and sodium. There is a little more heavy metal except for chromium, cadmium and lead in Salicomia herbacea L. treated with oak charcoal than in common that contains a lot of chromium, cadmium and lead, although a wide difference was not discovered between them. In the case of composed amino acid, there are much glutamic acid, glycine, isoleucine and phenylalanine in both Porphyra yezoensis. Especially alanine and phenylalanine are trebled in functional Porphyra yezoensis. Also, there are far more serine and lysine in Salicornia herbacea L. and Salicornia herbacea L. treated with oak charcoal than in common Porphyra yezoensis and Pyroligneous liquor. In the case of the sensory properties, there isn't a big difference before grilling Porphyra yezoensis; however, after grilling, most functional Porphyra yezoenis had good sensory properties results, especially Salicornia herbacea L. were better than Pyroligneous liquor.